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docs: stop using asciidoc no-inline-literal

In asciidoc 7, backticks like `foo` produced a typographic
effect, but did not otherwise affect the syntax. In asciidoc
8, backticks introduce an "inline literal" inside which markup
is not interpreted. To keep compatibility with existing
documents, asciidoc 8 has a "no-inline-literal" attribute to
keep the old behavior. We enabled this so that the
documentation could be built on either version.

It has been several years now, and asciidoc 7 is no longer
in wide use. We can now decide whether or not we want
inline literals on their own merits, which are:

  1. The source is much easier to read when the literal
     contains punctuation. You can use `master~1` instead
     of `master{tilde}1`.

  2. They are less error-prone. Because of point (1), we
     tend to make mistakes and forget the extra layer of
     quoting.

This patch removes the no-inline-literal attribute from the
Makefile and converts every use of backticks in the
documentation to an inline literal (they must be cleaned up,
or the example above would literally show "{tilde}" in the
output).

Problematic sites were found by grepping for '`.*[{\\]' and
examined and fixed manually. The results were then verified
by comparing the output of "html2text" on the set of
generated html pages. Doing so revealed that in addition to
making the source more readable, this patch fixes several
formatting bugs:

  - HTML rendering used the ellipsis character instead of
    literal "..." in code examples (like "git log A...B")

  - some code examples used the right-arrow character
    instead of '->' because they failed to quote

  - api-config.txt did not quote tilde, and the resulting
    HTML contained a bogus snippet like:

      <tt><sub></tt> foo <tt></sub>bar</tt>

    which caused some parsers to choke and omit whole
    sections of the page.

  - git-commit.txt confused ``foo`` (backticks inside a
    literal) with ``foo'' (matched double-quotes)

  - mentions of `A U Thor <author@example.com>` used to
    erroneously auto-generate a mailto footnote for
    author@example.com

  - the description of --word-diff=plain incorrectly showed
    the output as "[-removed-] and {added}", not "{+added+}".

  - using "prime" notation like:

      commit `C` and its replacement `C'`

    confused asciidoc into thinking that everything between
    the first backtick and the final apostrophe were meant
    to be inside matched quotes

  - asciidoc got confused by the escaping of some of our
    asterisks. In particular,

      `credential.\*` and `credential.<url>.\*`

    properly escaped the asterisk in the first case, but
    literally passed through the backslash in the second
    case.

Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
  • Loading branch information...
1 parent 868d662 commit 6cf378f0cbe7c7f944637892caeb9058c90a185a @peff peff committed with gitster Apr 26, 2012
Showing with 192 additions and 194 deletions.
  1. +1 −1 Documentation/Makefile
  2. +18 −18 Documentation/config.txt
  3. +1 −1 Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
  4. +1 −1 Documentation/diff-options.txt
  5. +2 −2 Documentation/everyday.txt
  6. +1 −1 Documentation/git-archive.txt
  7. +1 −1 Documentation/git-blame.txt
  8. +4 −4 Documentation/git-bundle.txt
  9. +6 −6 Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt
  10. +4 −4 Documentation/git-checkout.txt
  11. +2 −2 Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
  12. +2 −2 Documentation/git-commit.txt
  13. +1 −1 Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt
  14. +1 −1 Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
  15. +3 −3 Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
  16. +17 −17 Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
  17. +2 −2 Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
  18. +1 −1 Documentation/git-gc.txt
  19. +2 −2 Documentation/git-grep.txt
  20. +1 −1 Documentation/git-log.txt
  21. +1 −1 Documentation/git-notes.txt
  22. +1 −1 Documentation/git-pack-refs.txt
  23. +1 −1 Documentation/git-pull.txt
  24. +7 −7 Documentation/git-push.txt
  25. +5 −5 Documentation/git-rebase.txt
  26. +3 −3 Documentation/git-reflog.txt
  27. +4 −4 Documentation/git-remote-helpers.txt
  28. +3 −3 Documentation/git-remote.txt
  29. +3 −3 Documentation/git-rerere.txt
  30. +1 −1 Documentation/git-reset.txt
  31. +3 −4 Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
  32. +2 −2 Documentation/git-revert.txt
  33. +1 −2 Documentation/git-rm.txt
  34. +1 −1 Documentation/git-shortlog.txt
  35. +1 −1 Documentation/git-show-ref.txt
  36. +2 −2 Documentation/git-show.txt
  37. +9 −9 Documentation/git-stash.txt
  38. +2 −2 Documentation/git-status.txt
  39. +1 −1 Documentation/git-tar-tree.txt
  40. +1 −1 Documentation/git-whatchanged.txt
  41. +6 −6 Documentation/gitcli.txt
  42. +14 −14 Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt
  43. +2 −2 Documentation/gitcredentials.txt
  44. +5 −5 Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
  45. +4 −4 Documentation/githooks.txt
  46. +6 −6 Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt
  47. +2 −2 Documentation/gitworkflows.txt
  48. +3 −3 Documentation/pretty-formats.txt
  49. +1 −1 Documentation/pull-fetch-param.txt
  50. +3 −3 Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
  51. +18 −18 Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt
  52. +1 −1 Documentation/technical/protocol-common.txt
  53. +4 −4 Documentation/user-manual.txt
View
@@ -82,7 +82,7 @@ endif
#
ifndef ASCIIDOC7
-ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a asciidoc7compatible -a no-inline-literal
+ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a asciidoc7compatible
endif
ifdef DOCBOOK_XSL_172
ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a git-asciidoc-no-roff
View
@@ -463,8 +463,8 @@ Common unit suffixes of 'k', 'm', or 'g' are supported.
core.excludesfile::
In addition to '.gitignore' (per-directory) and
'.git/info/exclude', git looks into this file for patterns
- of files which are not meant to be tracked. "{tilde}/" is expanded
- to the value of `$HOME` and "{tilde}user/" to the specified user's
+ of files which are not meant to be tracked. "`~/`" is expanded
+ to the value of `$HOME` and "`~user/`" to the specified user's
home directory. See linkgit:gitignore[5].
core.askpass::
@@ -845,7 +845,7 @@ commit.status::
commit.template::
Specify a file to use as the template for new commit messages.
- "{tilde}/" is expanded to the value of `$HOME` and "{tilde}user/" to the
+ "`~/`" is expanded to the value of `$HOME` and "`~user/`" to the
specified user's home directory.
credential.helper::
@@ -970,7 +970,7 @@ format.thread::
a boolean value, or `shallow` or `deep`. `shallow` threading
makes every mail a reply to the head of the series,
where the head is chosen from the cover letter, the
- `\--in-reply-to`, and the first patch mail, in this order.
+ `--in-reply-to`, and the first patch mail, in this order.
`deep` threading makes every mail a reply to the previous one.
A true boolean value is the same as `shallow`, and a false
value disables threading.
@@ -1401,21 +1401,21 @@ instaweb.port::
interactive.singlekey::
In interactive commands, allow the user to provide one-letter
input with a single key (i.e., without hitting enter).
- Currently this is used by the `\--patch` mode of
+ Currently this is used by the `--patch` mode of
linkgit:git-add[1], linkgit:git-checkout[1], linkgit:git-commit[1],
linkgit:git-reset[1], and linkgit:git-stash[1]. Note that this
setting is silently ignored if portable keystroke input
is not available.
log.abbrevCommit::
If true, makes linkgit:git-log[1], linkgit:git-show[1], and
- linkgit:git-whatchanged[1] assume `\--abbrev-commit`. You may
- override this option with `\--no-abbrev-commit`.
+ linkgit:git-whatchanged[1] assume `--abbrev-commit`. You may
+ override this option with `--no-abbrev-commit`.
log.date::
Set the default date-time mode for the 'log' command.
Setting a value for log.date is similar to using 'git log''s
- `\--date` option. Possible values are `relative`, `local`,
+ `--date` option. Possible values are `relative`, `local`,
`default`, `iso`, `rfc`, and `short`; see linkgit:git-log[1]
for details.
@@ -1605,18 +1605,18 @@ pack.indexVersion::
and this config option ignored whenever the corresponding pack is
larger than 2 GB.
+
-If you have an old git that does not understand the version 2 `{asterisk}.idx` file,
+If you have an old git that does not understand the version 2 `*.idx` file,
cloning or fetching over a non native protocol (e.g. "http" and "rsync")
-that will copy both `{asterisk}.pack` file and corresponding `{asterisk}.idx` file from the
+that will copy both `*.pack` file and corresponding `*.idx` file from the
other side may give you a repository that cannot be accessed with your
-older version of git. If the `{asterisk}.pack` file is smaller than 2 GB, however,
+older version of git. If the `*.pack` file is smaller than 2 GB, however,
you can use linkgit:git-index-pack[1] on the *.pack file to regenerate
-the `{asterisk}.idx` file.
+the `*.idx` file.
pack.packSizeLimit::
The maximum size of a pack. This setting only affects
packing to a file when repacking, i.e. the git:// protocol
- is unaffected. It can be overridden by the `\--max-pack-size`
+ is unaffected. It can be overridden by the `--max-pack-size`
option of linkgit:git-repack[1]. The minimum size allowed is
limited to 1 MiB. The default is unlimited.
Common unit suffixes of 'k', 'm', or 'g' are
@@ -1626,18 +1626,18 @@ pager.<cmd>::
If the value is boolean, turns on or off pagination of the
output of a particular git subcommand when writing to a tty.
Otherwise, turns on pagination for the subcommand using the
- pager specified by the value of `pager.<cmd>`. If `\--paginate`
- or `\--no-pager` is specified on the command line, it takes
+ pager specified by the value of `pager.<cmd>`. If `--paginate`
+ or `--no-pager` is specified on the command line, it takes
precedence over this option. To disable pagination for all
commands, set `core.pager` or `GIT_PAGER` to `cat`.
pretty.<name>::
Alias for a --pretty= format string, as specified in
linkgit:git-log[1]. Any aliases defined here can be used just
as the built-in pretty formats could. For example,
- running `git config pretty.changelog "format:{asterisk} %H %s"`
+ running `git config pretty.changelog "format:* %H %s"`
would cause the invocation `git log --pretty=changelog`
- to be equivalent to running `git log "--pretty=format:{asterisk} %H %s"`.
+ to be equivalent to running `git log "--pretty=format:* %H %s"`.
Note that an alias with the same name as a built-in format
will be silently ignored.
@@ -1750,7 +1750,7 @@ remote.<name>.push::
remote.<name>.mirror::
If true, pushing to this remote will automatically behave
- as if the `\--mirror` option was given on the command line.
+ as if the `--mirror` option was given on the command line.
remote.<name>.skipDefaultUpdate::
If true, this remote will be skipped by default when updating
@@ -175,7 +175,7 @@ In the above example output, the function signature was changed
from both files (hence two `-` removals from both file1 and
file2, plus `++` to mean one line that was added does not appear
in either file1 nor file2). Also eight other lines are the same
-from file1 but do not appear in file2 (hence prefixed with `{plus}`).
+from file1 but do not appear in file2 (hence prefixed with `+`).
When shown by `git diff-tree -c`, it compares the parents of a
merge commit with the merge result (i.e. file1..fileN are the
@@ -74,7 +74,7 @@ These parameters can also be set individually with `--stat-width=<width>`,
`--stat-name-width=<name-width>` and `--stat-count=<count>`.
--numstat::
- Similar to `\--stat`, but shows number of added and
+ Similar to `--stat`, but shows number of added and
deleted lines in decimal notation and pathname without
abbreviation, to make it more machine friendly. For
binary files, outputs two `-` instead of saying
@@ -98,8 +98,8 @@ you originally wrote.
<9> switch to the master branch.
<10> merge a topic branch into your master branch.
<11> review commit logs; other forms to limit output can be
-combined and include `\--max-count=10` (show 10 commits),
-`\--until=2005-12-10`, etc.
+combined and include `--max-count=10` (show 10 commits),
+`--until=2005-12-10`, etc.
<12> view only the changes that touch what's in `curses/`
directory, since `v2.43` tag.
@@ -160,7 +160,7 @@ EXAMPLES
Same as above, but the format is inferred from the output file.
-`git archive --format=tar --prefix=git-1.4.0/ v1.4.0{caret}\{tree\} | gzip >git-1.4.0.tar.gz`::
+`git archive --format=tar --prefix=git-1.4.0/ v1.4.0^{tree} | gzip >git-1.4.0.tar.gz`::
Create a compressed tarball for v1.4.0 release, but without a
global extended pax header.
@@ -160,7 +160,7 @@ introduced the file with:
git log --diff-filter=A --pretty=short -- foo
and then annotate the change between the commit and its
-parents, using `commit{caret}!` notation:
+parents, using `commit^!` notation:
git blame -C -C -f $commit^! -- foo
@@ -61,7 +61,7 @@ unbundle <file>::
A list of arguments, acceptable to 'git rev-parse' and
'git rev-list' (and containing a named ref, see SPECIFYING REFERENCES
below), that specifies the specific objects and references
- to transport. For example, `master{tilde}10..master` causes the
+ to transport. For example, `master~10..master` causes the
current master reference to be packaged along with all objects
added since its 10th ancestor commit. There is no explicit
limit to the number of references and objects that may be
@@ -80,12 +80,12 @@ SPECIFYING REFERENCES
'git bundle' will only package references that are shown by
'git show-ref': this includes heads, tags, and remote heads. References
-such as `master{tilde}1` cannot be packaged, but are perfectly suitable for
+such as `master~1` cannot be packaged, but are perfectly suitable for
defining the basis. More than one reference may be packaged, and more
than one basis can be specified. The objects packaged are those not
contained in the union of the given bases. Each basis can be
-specified explicitly (e.g. `^master{tilde}10`), or implicitly (e.g.
-`master{tilde}10..master`, `--since=10.days.ago master`).
+specified explicitly (e.g. `^master~10`), or implicitly (e.g.
+`master~10..master`, `--since=10.days.ago master`).
It is very important that the basis used be held by the destination.
It is okay to err on the side of caution, causing the bundle file
@@ -40,9 +40,9 @@ git imposes the following rules on how references are named:
. They cannot have ASCII control characters (i.e. bytes whose
values are lower than \040, or \177 `DEL`), space, tilde `~`,
- caret `{caret}`, or colon `:` anywhere.
+ caret `^`, or colon `:` anywhere.
-. They cannot have question-mark `?`, asterisk `{asterisk}`, or open
+. They cannot have question-mark `?`, asterisk `*`, or open
bracket `[` anywhere. See the `--refspec-pattern` option below for
an exception to this rule.
@@ -62,10 +62,10 @@ unquoted (by mistake), and also avoids ambiguities in certain
reference name expressions (see linkgit:gitrevisions[7]):
. A double-dot `..` is often used as in `ref1..ref2`, and in some
- contexts this notation means `{caret}ref1 ref2` (i.e. not in
+ contexts this notation means `^ref1 ref2` (i.e. not in
`ref1` and in `ref2`).
-. A tilde `~` and caret `{caret}` are used to introduce the postfix
+. A tilde `~` and caret `^` are used to introduce the postfix
'nth parent' and 'peel onion' operation.
. A colon `:` is used as in `srcref:dstref` to mean "use srcref\'s
@@ -92,9 +92,9 @@ OPTIONS
--refspec-pattern::
Interpret <refname> as a reference name pattern for a refspec
(as used with remote repositories). If this option is
- enabled, <refname> is allowed to contain a single `{asterisk}`
+ enabled, <refname> is allowed to contain a single `*`
in place of a one full pathname component (e.g.,
- `foo/{asterisk}/bar` but not `foo/bar{asterisk}`).
+ `foo/*/bar` but not `foo/bar*`).
--normalize::
Normalize 'refname' by removing any leading slash (`/`)
@@ -184,7 +184,7 @@ the conflicted merge in the specified paths.
+
This means that you can use `git checkout -p` to selectively discard
edits from your current working tree. See the ``Interactive Mode''
-section of linkgit:git-add[1] to learn how to operate the `\--patch` mode.
+section of linkgit:git-add[1] to learn how to operate the `--patch` mode.
<branch>::
Branch to checkout; if it refers to a branch (i.e., a name that,
@@ -193,11 +193,11 @@ section of linkgit:git-add[1] to learn how to operate the `\--patch` mode.
commit, your HEAD becomes "detached" and you are no longer on
any branch (see below for details).
+
-As a special case, the `"@\{-N\}"` syntax for the N-th last branch
+As a special case, the `"@{-N}"` syntax for the N-th last branch
checks out the branch (instead of detaching). You may also specify
-`-` which is synonymous with `"@\{-1\}"`.
+`-` which is synonymous with `"@{-1}"`.
+
-As a further special case, you may use `"A\...B"` as a shortcut for the
+As a further special case, you may use `"A...B"` as a shortcut for the
merge base of `A` and `B` if there is exactly one merge base. You can
leave out at most one of `A` and `B`, in which case it defaults to `HEAD`.
@@ -130,7 +130,7 @@ EXAMPLES
Apply the changes introduced by all commits that are ancestors
of master but not of HEAD to produce new commits.
-`git cherry-pick master{tilde}4 master{tilde}2`::
+`git cherry-pick master~4 master~2`::
Apply the changes introduced by the fifth and third last
commits pointed to by master and create 2 new commits with
@@ -151,7 +151,7 @@ EXAMPLES
are in next but not HEAD to the current branch, creating a new
commit for each new change.
-`git rev-list --reverse master \-- README | git cherry-pick -n --stdin`::
+`git rev-list --reverse master -- README | git cherry-pick -n --stdin`::
Apply the changes introduced by all commits on the master
branch that touched README to the working tree and index,
@@ -42,7 +42,7 @@ The content to be added can be specified in several ways:
5. by using the --interactive or --patch switches with the 'commit' command
to decide one by one which files or hunks should be part of the commit,
- before finalizing the operation. See the ``Interactive Mode`` section of
+ before finalizing the operation. See the ``Interactive Mode'' section of
linkgit:git-add[1] to learn how to operate these modes.
The `--dry-run` option can be used to obtain a
@@ -287,7 +287,7 @@ When recording your own work, the contents of modified files in
your working tree are temporarily stored to a staging area
called the "index" with 'git add'. A file can be
reverted back, only in the index but not in the working tree,
-to that of the last commit with `git reset HEAD \-- <file>`,
+to that of the last commit with `git reset HEAD -- <file>`,
which effectively reverts 'git add' and prevents the changes to
this file from participating in the next commit. After building
the state to be committed incrementally with these commands,
@@ -252,7 +252,7 @@ Configuring database backend
'git-cvsserver' uses the Perl DBI module. Please also read
its documentation if changing these variables, especially
-about `DBI\->connect()`.
+about `DBI->connect()`.
gitcvs.dbname::
Database name. The exact meaning depends on the
@@ -104,7 +104,7 @@ marks the same across runs.
[<git-rev-list-args>...]::
A list of arguments, acceptable to 'git rev-parse' and
'git rev-list', that specifies the specific objects and references
- to export. For example, `master{tilde}10..master` causes the
+ to export. For example, `master~10..master` causes the
current master reference to be exported along with all objects
added since its 10th ancestor commit.
@@ -478,9 +478,9 @@ current branch value should be written as:
----
from refs/heads/branch^0
----
-The `{caret}0` suffix is necessary as fast-import does not permit a branch to
+The `^0` suffix is necessary as fast-import does not permit a branch to
start from itself, and the branch is created in memory before the
-`from` command is even read from the input. Adding `{caret}0` will force
+`from` command is even read from the input. Adding `^0` will force
fast-import to resolve the commit through Git's revision parsing library,
rather than its internal branch table, thereby loading in the
existing value of the branch.
@@ -975,7 +975,7 @@ Reading from a named tree::
See `filemodify` above for a detailed description of `<path>`.
-Output uses the same format as `git ls-tree <tree> {litdd} <path>`:
+Output uses the same format as `git ls-tree <tree> -- <path>`:
====
<mode> SP ('blob' | 'tree' | 'commit') SP <dataref> HT <path> LF
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