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git on Mac OS and precomposed unicode

Mac OS X mangles file names containing unicode on file systems HFS+,
VFAT or SAMBA.  When a file using unicode code points outside ASCII
is created on a HFS+ drive, the file name is converted into
decomposed unicode and written to disk. No conversion is done if
the file name is already decomposed unicode.

Calling open("\xc3\x84", ...) with a precomposed "Ä" yields the same
result as open("\x41\xcc\x88",...) with a decomposed "Ä".

As a consequence, readdir() returns the file names in decomposed
unicode, even if the user expects precomposed unicode.  Unlike on
HFS+, Mac OS X stores files on a VFAT drive (e.g. an USB drive) in
precomposed unicode, but readdir() still returns file names in
decomposed unicode.  When a git repository is stored on a network
share using SAMBA, file names are send over the wire and written to
disk on the remote system in precomposed unicode, but Mac OS X
readdir() returns decomposed unicode to be compatible with its
behaviour on HFS+ and VFAT.

The unicode decomposition causes many problems:

- The names "git add" and other commands get from the end user may
  often be precomposed form (the decomposed form is not easily input
  from the keyboard), but when the commands read from the filesystem
  to see what it is going to update the index with already is on the
  filesystem, readdir() will give decomposed form, which is different.

- Similarly "git log", "git mv" and all other commands that need to
  compare pathnames found on the command line (often but not always
  precomposed form; a command line input resulting from globbing may
  be in decomposed) with pathnames found in the tree objects (should
  be precomposed form to be compatible with other systems and for
  consistency in general).

- The same for names stored in the index, which should be
  precomposed, that may need to be compared with the names read from
  readdir().

NFS mounted from Linux is fully transparent and does not suffer from
the above.

As Mac OS X treats precomposed and decomposed file names as equal,
we can

 - wrap readdir() on Mac OS X to return the precomposed form, and

 - normalize decomposed form given from the command line also to the
   precomposed form,

to ensure that all pathnames used in Git are always in the
precomposed form.  This behaviour can be requested by setting
"core.precomposedunicode" configuration variable to true.

The code in compat/precomposed_utf8.c implements basically 4 new
functions: precomposed_utf8_opendir(), precomposed_utf8_readdir(),
precomposed_utf8_closedir() and precompose_argv().  The first three
are to wrap opendir(3), readdir(3), and closedir(3) functions.

The argv[] conversion allows to use the TAB filename completion done
by the shell on command line.  It tolerates other tools which use
readdir() to feed decomposed file names into git.

When creating a new git repository with "git init" or "git clone",
"core.precomposedunicode" will be set "false".

The user needs to activate this feature manually.  She typically
sets core.precomposedunicode to "true" on HFS and VFAT, or file
systems mounted via SAMBA.

Helped-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
Signed-off-by: Torsten Bögershausen <tboegi@web.de>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
  • Loading branch information...
commit 76759c7dff53e8c84e975b88cb8245587c14c7ba 1 parent 0ce2e39
@tboegi tboegi authored gitster committed
View
9 Documentation/config.txt
@@ -210,6 +210,15 @@ The default is false, except linkgit:git-clone[1] or linkgit:git-init[1]
will probe and set core.ignorecase true if appropriate when the repository
is created.
+core.precomposeunicode::
+ This option is only used by Mac OS implementation of git.
+ When core.precomposeunicode=true, git reverts the unicode decomposition
+ of filenames done by Mac OS. This is useful when sharing a repository
+ between Mac OS and Linux or Windows.
+ (Git for Windows 1.7.10 or higher is needed, or git under cygwin 1.7).
+ When false, file names are handled fully transparent by git,
+ which is backward compatible with older versions of git.
+
core.trustctime::
If false, the ctime differences between the index and the
working tree are ignored; useful when the inode change time
View
3  Makefile
@@ -600,6 +600,7 @@ LIB_H += compat/bswap.h
LIB_H += compat/cygwin.h
LIB_H += compat/mingw.h
LIB_H += compat/obstack.h
+LIB_H += compat/precompose_utf8.h
LIB_H += compat/terminal.h
LIB_H += compat/win32/dirent.h
LIB_H += compat/win32/poll.h
@@ -990,6 +991,8 @@ ifeq ($(uname_S),Darwin)
NO_MEMMEM = YesPlease
USE_ST_TIMESPEC = YesPlease
HAVE_DEV_TTY = YesPlease
+ COMPAT_OBJS += compat/precompose_utf8.o
+ BASIC_CFLAGS += -DPRECOMPOSE_UNICODE
endif
ifeq ($(uname_S),SunOS)
NEEDS_SOCKET = YesPlease
View
1  builtin/init-db.c
@@ -290,6 +290,7 @@ static int create_default_files(const char *template_path)
strcpy(path + len, "CoNfIg");
if (!access(path, F_OK))
git_config_set("core.ignorecase", "true");
+ probe_utf8_pathname_composition(path, len);
}
return reinit;
View
1  cache.h
@@ -560,6 +560,7 @@ extern int read_replace_refs;
extern int fsync_object_files;
extern int core_preload_index;
extern int core_apply_sparse_checkout;
+extern int precomposed_unicode;
enum branch_track {
BRANCH_TRACK_UNSPECIFIED = -1,
View
190 compat/precompose_utf8.c
@@ -0,0 +1,190 @@
+/*
+ * Converts filenames from decomposed unicode into precomposed unicode.
+ * Used on MacOS X.
+*/
+
+
+#define PRECOMPOSE_UNICODE_C
+
+#include "cache.h"
+#include "utf8.h"
+#include "precompose_utf8.h"
+
+typedef char *iconv_ibp;
+const static char *repo_encoding = "UTF-8";
+const static char *path_encoding = "UTF-8-MAC";
+
+
+static size_t has_utf8(const char *s, size_t maxlen, size_t *strlen_c)
+{
+ const uint8_t *utf8p = (const uint8_t*) s;
+ size_t strlen_chars = 0;
+ size_t ret = 0;
+
+ if ((!utf8p) || (!*utf8p)) {
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ while((*utf8p) && maxlen) {
+ if (*utf8p & 0x80)
+ ret++;
+ strlen_chars++;
+ utf8p++;
+ maxlen--;
+ }
+ if (strlen_c)
+ *strlen_c = strlen_chars;
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+
+void probe_utf8_pathname_composition(char *path, int len)
+{
+ const static char *auml_nfc = "\xc3\xa4";
+ const static char *auml_nfd = "\x61\xcc\x88";
+ int output_fd;
+ if (precomposed_unicode != -1)
+ return; /* We found it defined in the global config, respect it */
+ path[len] = 0;
+ strcpy(path + len, auml_nfc);
+ output_fd = open(path, O_CREAT|O_EXCL|O_RDWR, 0600);
+ if (output_fd >=0) {
+ close(output_fd);
+ path[len] = 0;
+ strcpy(path + len, auml_nfd);
+ /* Indicate to the user, that we can configure it to true */
+ if (0 == access(path, R_OK))
+ git_config_set("core.precomposeunicode", "false");
+ /* To be backward compatible, set precomposed_unicode to 0 */
+ precomposed_unicode = 0;
+ path[len] = 0;
+ strcpy(path + len, auml_nfc);
+ unlink(path);
+ }
+}
+
+
+void precompose_argv(int argc, const char **argv)
+{
+ int i = 0;
+ const char *oldarg;
+ char *newarg;
+ iconv_t ic_precompose;
+
+ if (precomposed_unicode != 1)
+ return;
+
+ ic_precompose = iconv_open(repo_encoding, path_encoding);
+ if (ic_precompose == (iconv_t) -1)
+ return;
+
+ while (i < argc) {
+ size_t namelen;
+ oldarg = argv[i];
+ if (has_utf8(oldarg, (size_t)-1, &namelen)) {
+ newarg = reencode_string_iconv(oldarg, namelen, ic_precompose);
+ if (newarg)
+ argv[i] = newarg;
+ }
+ i++;
+ }
+ iconv_close(ic_precompose);
+}
+
+
+PREC_DIR *precompose_utf8_opendir(const char *dirname)
+{
+ PREC_DIR *prec_dir = xmalloc(sizeof(PREC_DIR));
+ prec_dir->dirent_nfc = xmalloc(sizeof(dirent_prec_psx));
+ prec_dir->dirent_nfc->max_name_len = sizeof(prec_dir->dirent_nfc->d_name);
+
+ prec_dir->dirp = opendir(dirname);
+ if (!prec_dir->dirp) {
+ free(prec_dir->dirent_nfc);
+ free(prec_dir);
+ return NULL;
+ } else {
+ int ret_errno = errno;
+ prec_dir->ic_precompose = iconv_open(repo_encoding, path_encoding);
+ /* if iconv_open() fails, die() in readdir() if needed */
+ errno = ret_errno;
+ }
+
+ return prec_dir;
+}
+
+struct dirent_prec_psx *precompose_utf8_readdir(PREC_DIR *prec_dir)
+{
+ struct dirent *res;
+ res = readdir(prec_dir->dirp);
+ if (res) {
+ size_t namelenz = strlen(res->d_name) + 1; /* \0 */
+ size_t new_maxlen = namelenz;
+
+ int ret_errno = errno;
+
+ if (new_maxlen > prec_dir->dirent_nfc->max_name_len) {
+ size_t new_len = sizeof(dirent_prec_psx) + new_maxlen -
+ sizeof(prec_dir->dirent_nfc->d_name);
+
+ prec_dir->dirent_nfc = xrealloc(prec_dir->dirent_nfc, new_len);
+ prec_dir->dirent_nfc->max_name_len = new_maxlen;
+ }
+
+ prec_dir->dirent_nfc->d_ino = res->d_ino;
+ prec_dir->dirent_nfc->d_type = res->d_type;
+
+ if ((precomposed_unicode == 1) && has_utf8(res->d_name, (size_t)-1, NULL)) {
+ if (prec_dir->ic_precompose == (iconv_t)-1) {
+ die("iconv_open(%s,%s) failed, but needed:\n"
+ " precomposed unicode is not supported.\n"
+ " If you wnat to use decomposed unicode, run\n"
+ " \"git config core.precomposeunicode false\"\n",
+ repo_encoding, path_encoding);
+ } else {
+ iconv_ibp cp = (iconv_ibp)res->d_name;
+ size_t inleft = namelenz;
+ char *outpos = &prec_dir->dirent_nfc->d_name[0];
+ size_t outsz = prec_dir->dirent_nfc->max_name_len;
+ size_t cnt;
+ errno = 0;
+ cnt = iconv(prec_dir->ic_precompose, &cp, &inleft, &outpos, &outsz);
+ if (errno || inleft) {
+ /*
+ * iconv() failed and errno could be E2BIG, EILSEQ, EINVAL, EBADF
+ * MacOS X avoids illegal byte sequemces.
+ * If they occur on a mounted drive (e.g. NFS) it is not worth to
+ * die() for that, but rather let the user see the original name
+ */
+ namelenz = 0; /* trigger strlcpy */
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ else
+ namelenz = 0;
+
+ if (!namelenz)
+ strlcpy(prec_dir->dirent_nfc->d_name, res->d_name,
+ prec_dir->dirent_nfc->max_name_len);
+
+ errno = ret_errno;
+ return prec_dir->dirent_nfc;
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+
+int precompose_utf8_closedir(PREC_DIR *prec_dir)
+{
+ int ret_value;
+ int ret_errno;
+ ret_value = closedir(prec_dir->dirp);
+ ret_errno = errno;
+ if (prec_dir->ic_precompose != (iconv_t)-1)
+ iconv_close(prec_dir->ic_precompose);
+ free(prec_dir->dirent_nfc);
+ free(prec_dir);
+ errno = ret_errno;
+ return ret_value;
+}
View
45 compat/precompose_utf8.h
@@ -0,0 +1,45 @@
+#ifndef PRECOMPOSE_UNICODE_H
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <dirent.h>
+#include <iconv.h>
+
+
+typedef struct dirent_prec_psx {
+ ino_t d_ino; /* Posix */
+ size_t max_name_len; /* See below */
+ unsigned char d_type; /* available on all systems git runs on */
+
+ /*
+ * See http://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/9699919799/basedefs/dirent.h.html
+ * NAME_MAX + 1 should be enough, but some systems have
+ * NAME_MAX=255 and strlen(d_name) may return 508 or 510
+ * Solution: allocate more when needed, see precompose_utf8_readdir()
+ */
+ char d_name[NAME_MAX+1];
+} dirent_prec_psx;
+
+
+typedef struct {
+ iconv_t ic_precompose;
+ DIR *dirp;
+ struct dirent_prec_psx *dirent_nfc;
+} PREC_DIR;
+
+void precompose_argv(int argc, const char **argv);
+void probe_utf8_pathname_composition(char *, int);
+
+PREC_DIR *precompose_utf8_opendir(const char *dirname);
+struct dirent_prec_psx *precompose_utf8_readdir(PREC_DIR *dirp);
+int precompose_utf8_closedir(PREC_DIR *dirp);
+
+#ifndef PRECOMPOSE_UNICODE_C
+#define dirent dirent_prec_psx
+#define opendir(n) precompose_utf8_opendir(n)
+#define readdir(d) precompose_utf8_readdir(d)
+#define closedir(d) precompose_utf8_closedir(d)
+#define DIR PREC_DIR
+#endif /* PRECOMPOSE_UNICODE_C */
+
+#define PRECOMPOSE_UNICODE_H
+#endif /* PRECOMPOSE_UNICODE_H */
View
5 config.c
@@ -758,6 +758,11 @@ static int git_default_core_config(const char *var, const char *value)
return 0;
}
+ if (!strcmp(var, "core.precomposeunicode")) {
+ precomposed_unicode = git_config_bool(var, value);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
/* Add other config variables here and to Documentation/config.txt. */
return 0;
}
View
1  environment.c
@@ -58,6 +58,7 @@ char *notes_ref_name;
int grafts_replace_parents = 1;
int core_apply_sparse_checkout;
int merge_log_config = -1;
+int precomposed_unicode = -1; /* see probe_utf8_pathname_composition() */
struct startup_info *startup_info;
unsigned long pack_size_limit_cfg;
View
9 git-compat-util.h
@@ -153,6 +153,15 @@
#endif
#endif
+/* used on Mac OS X */
+#ifdef PRECOMPOSE_UNICODE
+#include "compat/precompose_utf8.h"
+#else
+#define precompose_str(in,i_nfd2nfc)
+#define precompose_argv(c,v)
+#define probe_utf8_pathname_composition(a,b)
+#endif
+
#ifndef NO_LIBGEN_H
#include <libgen.h>
#else
View
1  parse-options.c
@@ -476,6 +476,7 @@ int parse_options(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix,
usage_with_options(usagestr, options);
}
+ precompose_argv(argc, argv);
return parse_options_end(&ctx);
}
View
164 t/t3910-mac-os-precompose.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,164 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+#
+# Copyright (c) 2012 Torsten Bögershausen
+#
+
+test_description='utf-8 decomposed (nfd) converted to precomposed (nfc)'
+
+. ./test-lib.sh
+
+Adiarnfc=`printf '\303\204'`
+Adiarnfd=`printf 'A\314\210'`
+
+# check if the feature is compiled in
+mkdir junk &&
+>junk/"$Adiarnfc" &&
+case "$(cd junk && echo *)" in
+ "$Adiarnfd")
+ test_nfd=1
+ ;;
+ *) ;;
+esac
+rm -rf junk
+
+
+if test "$test_nfd"
+then
+ # create more utf-8 variables
+ Odiarnfc=`printf '\303\226'`
+ Odiarnfd=`printf 'O\314\210'`
+ AEligatu=`printf '\303\206'`
+ Invalidu=`printf '\303\377'`
+
+
+ #Create a string with 255 bytes (decomposed)
+ Alongd=$Adiarnfd$Adiarnfd$Adiarnfd$Adiarnfd$Adiarnfd$Adiarnfd$Adiarnfd #21 Byte
+ Alongd=$Alongd$Alongd$Alongd #63 Byte
+ Alongd=$Alongd$Alongd$Alongd$Alongd$Adiarnfd #255 Byte
+
+ #Create a string with 254 bytes (precomposed)
+ Alongc=$AEligatu$AEligatu$AEligatu$AEligatu$AEligatu #10 Byte
+ Alongc=$Alongc$Alongc$Alongc$Alongc$Alongc #50 Byte
+ Alongc=$Alongc$Alongc$Alongc$Alongc$Alongc #250 Byte
+ Alongc=$Alongc$AEligatu$AEligatu #254 Byte
+
+ test_expect_success "detect if nfd needed" '
+ precomposeunicode=`git config core.precomposeunicode` &&
+ test "$precomposeunicode" = false &&
+ git config core.precomposeunicode true
+ '
+ test_expect_success "setup" '
+ >x &&
+ git add x &&
+ git commit -m "1st commit" &&
+ git rm x &&
+ git commit -m "rm x"
+ '
+ test_expect_success "setup case mac" '
+ git checkout -b mac_os
+ '
+ # This will test nfd2nfc in readdir()
+ test_expect_success "add file Adiarnfc" '
+ echo f.Adiarnfc >f.$Adiarnfc &&
+ git add f.$Adiarnfc &&
+ git commit -m "add f.$Adiarnfc"
+ '
+ # This will test nfd2nfc in git stage()
+ test_expect_success "stage file d.Adiarnfd/f.Adiarnfd" '
+ mkdir d.$Adiarnfd &&
+ echo d.$Adiarnfd/f.$Adiarnfd >d.$Adiarnfd/f.$Adiarnfd &&
+ git stage d.$Adiarnfd/f.$Adiarnfd &&
+ git commit -m "add d.$Adiarnfd/f.$Adiarnfd"
+ '
+ test_expect_success "add link Adiarnfc" '
+ ln -s d.$Adiarnfd/f.$Adiarnfd l.$Adiarnfc &&
+ git add l.$Adiarnfc &&
+ git commit -m "add l.Adiarnfc"
+ '
+ # This will test git log
+ test_expect_success "git log f.Adiar" '
+ git log f.$Adiarnfc > f.Adiarnfc.log &&
+ git log f.$Adiarnfd > f.Adiarnfd.log &&
+ test -s f.Adiarnfc.log &&
+ test -s f.Adiarnfd.log &&
+ test_cmp f.Adiarnfc.log f.Adiarnfd.log &&
+ rm f.Adiarnfc.log f.Adiarnfd.log
+ '
+ # This will test git ls-files
+ test_expect_success "git lsfiles f.Adiar" '
+ git ls-files f.$Adiarnfc > f.Adiarnfc.log &&
+ git ls-files f.$Adiarnfd > f.Adiarnfd.log &&
+ test -s f.Adiarnfc.log &&
+ test -s f.Adiarnfd.log &&
+ test_cmp f.Adiarnfc.log f.Adiarnfd.log &&
+ rm f.Adiarnfc.log f.Adiarnfd.log
+ '
+ # This will test git mv
+ test_expect_success "git mv" '
+ git mv f.$Adiarnfd f.$Odiarnfc &&
+ git mv d.$Adiarnfd d.$Odiarnfc &&
+ git mv l.$Adiarnfd l.$Odiarnfc &&
+ git commit -m "mv Adiarnfd Odiarnfc"
+ '
+ # Files can be checked out as nfc
+ # And the link has been corrected from nfd to nfc
+ test_expect_success "git checkout nfc" '
+ rm f.$Odiarnfc &&
+ git checkout f.$Odiarnfc
+ '
+ # Make it possible to checkout files with their NFD names
+ test_expect_success "git checkout file nfd" '
+ rm -f f.* &&
+ git checkout f.$Odiarnfd
+ '
+ # Make it possible to checkout links with their NFD names
+ test_expect_success "git checkout link nfd" '
+ rm l.* &&
+ git checkout l.$Odiarnfd
+ '
+ test_expect_success "setup case mac2" '
+ git checkout master &&
+ git reset --hard &&
+ git checkout -b mac_os_2
+ '
+ # This will test nfd2nfc in git commit
+ test_expect_success "commit file d2.Adiarnfd/f.Adiarnfd" '
+ mkdir d2.$Adiarnfd &&
+ echo d2.$Adiarnfd/f.$Adiarnfd >d2.$Adiarnfd/f.$Adiarnfd &&
+ git add d2.$Adiarnfd/f.$Adiarnfd &&
+ git commit -m "add d2.$Adiarnfd/f.$Adiarnfd" -- d2.$Adiarnfd/f.$Adiarnfd
+ '
+ test_expect_success "setup for long decomposed filename" '
+ git checkout master &&
+ git reset --hard &&
+ git checkout -b mac_os_long_nfd_fn
+ '
+ test_expect_success "Add long decomposed filename" '
+ echo longd >$Alongd &&
+ git add * &&
+ git commit -m "Long filename"
+ '
+ test_expect_success "setup for long precomposed filename" '
+ git checkout master &&
+ git reset --hard &&
+ git checkout -b mac_os_long_nfc_fn
+ '
+ test_expect_success "Add long precomposed filename" '
+ echo longc >$Alongc &&
+ git add * &&
+ git commit -m "Long filename"
+ '
+ # Test if the global core.precomposeunicode stops autosensing
+ # Must be the last test case
+ test_expect_success "respect git config --global core.precomposeunicode" '
+ git config --global core.precomposeunicode true &&
+ rm -rf .git &&
+ git init &&
+ precomposeunicode=`git config core.precomposeunicode` &&
+ test "$precomposeunicode" = "true"
+ '
+else
+ say "Skipping nfc/nfd tests"
+fi
+
+test_done
View
26 utf8.c
@@ -433,19 +433,12 @@ int is_encoding_utf8(const char *name)
#else
typedef char * iconv_ibp;
#endif
-char *reencode_string(const char *in, const char *out_encoding, const char *in_encoding)
+char *reencode_string_iconv(const char *in, size_t insz, iconv_t conv)
{
- iconv_t conv;
- size_t insz, outsz, outalloc;
+ size_t outsz, outalloc;
char *out, *outpos;
iconv_ibp cp;
- if (!in_encoding)
- return NULL;
- conv = iconv_open(out_encoding, in_encoding);
- if (conv == (iconv_t) -1)
- return NULL;
- insz = strlen(in);
outsz = insz;
outalloc = outsz + 1; /* for terminating NUL */
out = xmalloc(outalloc);
@@ -459,7 +452,6 @@ char *reencode_string(const char *in, const char *out_encoding, const char *in_e
size_t sofar;
if (errno != E2BIG) {
free(out);
- iconv_close(conv);
return NULL;
}
/* insz has remaining number of bytes.
@@ -478,6 +470,20 @@ char *reencode_string(const char *in, const char *out_encoding, const char *in_e
break;
}
}
+ return out;
+}
+
+char *reencode_string(const char *in, const char *out_encoding, const char *in_encoding)
+{
+ iconv_t conv;
+ char *out;
+
+ if (!in_encoding)
+ return NULL;
+ conv = iconv_open(out_encoding, in_encoding);
+ if (conv == (iconv_t) -1)
+ return NULL;
+ out = reencode_string_iconv(in, strlen(in), conv);
iconv_close(conv);
return out;
}
View
1  utf8.h
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@ int strbuf_add_wrapped_bytes(struct strbuf *buf, const char *data, int len,
int indent, int indent2, int width);
#ifndef NO_ICONV
+char *reencode_string_iconv(const char *in, size_t insz, iconv_t conv);
char *reencode_string(const char *in, const char *out_encoding, const char *in_encoding);
#else
#define reencode_string(a,b,c) NULL
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