Permalink
Browse files

prio-queue: priority queue of pointers to structs

Traditionally we used a singly linked list of commits to hold a set
of in-flight commits while traversing history.  The most typical use
of the list is to add commits that are newly discovered to it, keep
the list sorted by commit timestamp, pick up the newest one from the
list, and keep digging.  The cost of keeping the singly linked list
sorted is nontrivial, and this typical use pattern better matches a
priority queue.

Introduce a prio-queue structure, that can be used either as a LIFO
stack, or a priority queue.  This will be used in the next patch to
hold in-flight commits during sort-in-topological-order.

Tests and the idea to make it usable for any "void *" pointers to
"things" are by Jeff King.  Bugs are mine.

Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
  • Loading branch information...
gitster committed Jun 7, 2013
1 parent 08f704f commit b4b594a3154078430b04fad4f6ffbed9c7274be5
Showing with 209 additions and 0 deletions.
  1. +1 −0 .gitignore
  2. +3 −0 Makefile
  3. +71 −0 prio-queue.c
  4. +45 −0 prio-queue.h
  5. +50 −0 t/t0009-prio-queue.sh
  6. +39 −0 test-prio-queue.c
View
@@ -190,6 +190,7 @@
/test-mktemp
/test-parse-options
/test-path-utils
+/test-prio-queue
/test-regex
/test-revision-walking
/test-run-command
View
@@ -552,6 +552,7 @@ TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-mergesort
TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-mktemp
TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-parse-options
TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-path-utils
+TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-prio-queue
TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-regex
TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-revision-walking
TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-run-command
@@ -685,6 +686,7 @@ LIB_H += parse-options.h
LIB_H += patch-ids.h
LIB_H += pathspec.h
LIB_H += pkt-line.h
+LIB_H += prio-queue.h
LIB_H += progress.h
LIB_H += prompt.h
LIB_H += quote.h
@@ -824,6 +826,7 @@ LIB_OBJS += pathspec.o
LIB_OBJS += pkt-line.o
LIB_OBJS += preload-index.o
LIB_OBJS += pretty.o
+LIB_OBJS += prio-queue.o
LIB_OBJS += progress.o
LIB_OBJS += prompt.o
LIB_OBJS += quote.o
View
@@ -0,0 +1,71 @@
+#include "cache.h"
+#include "commit.h"
+#include "prio-queue.h"
+
+void clear_prio_queue(struct prio_queue *queue)
+{
+ free(queue->array);
+ queue->nr = 0;
+ queue->alloc = 0;
+ queue->array = NULL;
+}
+
+void prio_queue_put(struct prio_queue *queue, void *thing)
+{
+ prio_queue_compare_fn compare = queue->compare;
+ int ix, parent;
+
+ /* Append at the end */
+ ALLOC_GROW(queue->array, queue->nr + 1, queue->alloc);
+ queue->array[queue->nr++] = thing;
+ if (!compare)
+ return; /* LIFO */
+
+ /* Bubble up the new one */
+ for (ix = queue->nr - 1; ix; ix = parent) {
+ parent = (ix - 1) / 2;
+ if (compare(queue->array[parent], queue->array[ix],
+ queue->cb_data) <= 0)
+ break;
+
+ thing = queue->array[parent];
+ queue->array[parent] = queue->array[ix];
+ queue->array[ix] = thing;
+ }
+}
+
+void *prio_queue_get(struct prio_queue *queue)
+{
+ void *result, *swap;
+ int ix, child;
+ prio_queue_compare_fn compare = queue->compare;
+
+ if (!queue->nr)
+ return NULL;
+ if (!compare)
+ return queue->array[--queue->nr]; /* LIFO */
+
+ result = queue->array[0];
+ if (!--queue->nr)
+ return result;
+
+ queue->array[0] = queue->array[queue->nr];
+
+ /* Push down the one at the root */
+ for (ix = 0; ix * 2 + 1 < queue->nr; ix = child) {
+ child = ix * 2 + 1; /* left */
+ if ((child + 1 < queue->nr) &&
+ (compare(queue->array[child], queue->array[child + 1],
+ queue->cb_data) >= 0))
+ child++; /* use right child */
+
+ if (compare(queue->array[ix], queue->array[child],
+ queue->cb_data) <= 0)
+ break;
+
+ swap = queue->array[child];
+ queue->array[child] = queue->array[ix];
+ queue->array[ix] = swap;
+ }
+ return result;
+}
View
@@ -0,0 +1,45 @@
+#ifndef PRIO_QUEUE_H
+#define PRIO_QUEUE_H
+
+/*
+ * A priority queue implementation, primarily for keeping track of
+ * commits in the 'date-order' so that we process them from new to old
+ * as they are discovered, but can be used to hold any pointer to
+ * struct. The caller is responsible for supplying a function to
+ * compare two "things".
+ *
+ * Alternatively, this data structure can also be used as a LIFO stack
+ * by specifying NULL as the comparison function.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Compare two "things", one and two; the third parameter is cb_data
+ * in the prio_queue structure. The result is returned as a sign of
+ * the return value, being the same as the sign of the result of
+ * subtracting "two" from "one" (i.e. negative if "one" sorts earlier
+ * than "two").
+ */
+typedef int (*prio_queue_compare_fn)(const void *one, const void *two, void *cb_data);
+
+struct prio_queue {
+ prio_queue_compare_fn compare;
+ void *cb_data;
+ int alloc, nr;
+ void **array;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Add the "thing" to the queue.
+ */
+extern void prio_queue_put(struct prio_queue *, void *thing);
+
+/*
+ * Extract the "thing" that compares the smallest out of the queue,
+ * or NULL. If compare function is NULL, the queue acts as a LIFO
+ * stack.
+ */
+extern void *prio_queue_get(struct prio_queue *);
+
+extern void clear_prio_queue(struct prio_queue *);
+
+#endif /* PRIO_QUEUE_H */
View
@@ -0,0 +1,50 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+
+test_description='basic tests for priority queue implementation'
+. ./test-lib.sh
+
+cat >expect <<'EOF'
+1
+2
+3
+4
+5
+5
+6
+7
+8
+9
+10
+EOF
+test_expect_success 'basic ordering' '
+ test-prio-queue 2 6 3 10 9 5 7 4 5 8 1 dump >actual &&
+ test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
+cat >expect <<'EOF'
+2
+3
+4
+1
+5
+6
+EOF
+test_expect_success 'mixed put and get' '
+ test-prio-queue 6 2 4 get 5 3 get get 1 dump >actual &&
+ test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
+cat >expect <<'EOF'
+1
+2
+NULL
+1
+2
+NULL
+EOF
+test_expect_success 'notice empty queue' '
+ test-prio-queue 1 2 get get get 1 2 get get get >actual &&
+ test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_done
View
@@ -0,0 +1,39 @@
+#include "cache.h"
+#include "prio-queue.h"
+
+static int intcmp(const void *va, const void *vb, void *data)
+{
+ const int *a = va, *b = vb;
+ return *a - *b;
+}
+
+static void show(int *v)
+{
+ if (!v)
+ printf("NULL\n");
+ else
+ printf("%d\n", *v);
+ free(v);
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ struct prio_queue pq = { intcmp };
+
+ while (*++argv) {
+ if (!strcmp(*argv, "get"))
+ show(prio_queue_get(&pq));
+ else if (!strcmp(*argv, "dump")) {
+ int *v;
+ while ((v = prio_queue_get(&pq)))
+ show(v);
+ }
+ else {
+ int *v = malloc(sizeof(*v));
+ *v = atoi(*argv);
+ prio_queue_put(&pq, v);
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}

0 comments on commit b4b594a

Please sign in to comment.