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log -G: ignore binary files

The -G<regex> option of log looks for the differences whose patch text
contains added/removed lines that match regex.

Currently -G looks also into patches of binary files (which
according to [1]) is binary as well.

This has a couple of issues:

- It makes the pickaxe search slow. In a proprietary repository of the
  author with only ~5500 commits and a total .git size of ~300MB
  searching takes ~13 seconds

    $time git log -Gwave > /dev/null

    real    0m13,241s
    user    0m12,596s
    sys     0m0,644s

  whereas when we ignore binary files with this patch it takes ~4s

    $time ~/devel/git/git log -Gwave > /dev/null

    real    0m3,713s
    user    0m3,608s
    sys     0m0,105s

  which is a speedup of more than fourfold.

- The internally used algorithm for generating patch text is based on
  xdiff and its states in [1]

  > The output format of the binary patch file is proprietary
  > (and binary) and it is basically a collection of copy and insert
  > commands [..]

  which means that the current format could change once the internal
  algorithm is changed as the format is not standardized. In addition
  the git binary patch format used for preparing patches for git apply
  is *different* from the xdiff format as can be seen by comparing

  git log -p -a

    commit 6e95bf4bafccf14650d02ab57f3affe669be10cf
    Author: A U Thor <author@example.com>
    Date:   Thu Apr 7 15:14:13 2005 -0700

        modify binary file

    diff --git a/data.bin b/data.bin
    index f414c84..edfeb6f 100644
    --- a/data.bin
    +++ b/data.bin
    @@ -1,2 +1,4 @@
     a
     a^@A
    +a
    +a^@A

  with git log --binary

    commit 6e95bf4bafccf14650d02ab57f3affe669be10cf
    Author: A U Thor <author@example.com>
    Date:   Thu Apr 7 15:14:13 2005 -0700

        modify binary file

    diff --git a/data.bin b/data.bin
    index f414c84bd3aa25fa07836bb1fb73db784635e24b..edfeb6f501[..]
    GIT binary patch
    literal 12
    QcmYe~N@Pgn0zx1O01)N^ZvX%Q

    literal 6
    NcmYe~N@Pgn0ssWg0XP5v

  which seems unexpected.

To resolve these issues this patch makes -G<regex> ignore binary files
by default. Textconv filters are supported and also -a/--text for
getting the old and broken behaviour back.

The -S<block of text> option of log looks for differences that changes
the number of occurrences of the specified block of text (i.e.
addition/deletion) in a file. As we want to keep the current behaviour,
add a test to ensure it stays that way.

[1]: http://www.xmailserver.org/xdiff.html

Signed-off-by: Thomas Braun <thomas.braun@virtuell-zuhause.de>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
  • Loading branch information...
t-b authored and gitster committed Dec 14, 2018
1 parent a159801 commit e0e7cb8080cb4a0b3a24f288bf363fe517b49790
Showing with 48 additions and 1 deletion.
  1. +5 −0 Documentation/diff-options.txt
  2. +2 −1 Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
  3. +6 −0 diffcore-pickaxe.c
  4. +35 −0 t/t4209-log-pickaxe.sh
@@ -524,6 +524,8 @@ struct), and want to know the history of that block since it first
came into being: use the feature iteratively to feed the interesting
block in the preimage back into `-S`, and keep going until you get the
very first version of the block.
+
Binary files are searched as well.

-G<regex>::
Look for differences whose patch text contains added/removed
@@ -543,6 +545,9 @@ While `git log -G"regexec\(regexp"` will show this commit, `git log
-S"regexec\(regexp" --pickaxe-regex` will not (because the number of
occurrences of that string did not change).
+
Unless `--text` is supplied patches of binary files without a textconv
filter will be ignored.
+
See the 'pickaxe' entry in linkgit:gitdiffcore[7] for more
information.

@@ -242,7 +242,8 @@ textual diff has an added or a deleted line that matches the given
regular expression. This means that it will detect in-file (or what
rename-detection considers the same file) moves, which is noise. The
implementation runs diff twice and greps, and this can be quite
expensive.
expensive. To speed things up binary files without textconv filters
will be ignored.

When `-S` or `-G` are used without `--pickaxe-all`, only filepairs
that match their respective criterion are kept in the output. When
@@ -154,6 +154,12 @@ static int pickaxe_match(struct diff_filepair *p, struct diff_options *o,
if (textconv_one == textconv_two && diff_unmodified_pair(p))
return 0;

if ((o->pickaxe_opts & DIFF_PICKAXE_KIND_G) &&
!o->flags.text &&
((!textconv_one && diff_filespec_is_binary(o->repo, p->one)) ||
(!textconv_two && diff_filespec_is_binary(o->repo, p->two))))
return 0;

mf1.size = fill_textconv(o->repo, textconv_one, p->one, &mf1.ptr);
mf2.size = fill_textconv(o->repo, textconv_two, p->two, &mf2.ptr);

@@ -106,4 +106,39 @@ test_expect_success 'log -S --no-textconv (missing textconv tool)' '
rm .gitattributes
'

test_expect_success 'setup log -[GS] binary & --text' '
git checkout --orphan GS-binary-and-text &&
git read-tree --empty &&
printf "a\na\0a\n" >data.bin &&
git add data.bin &&
git commit -m "create binary file" data.bin &&
printf "a\na\0a\n" >>data.bin &&
git commit -m "modify binary file" data.bin &&
git rm data.bin &&
git commit -m "delete binary file" data.bin &&
git log >full-log
'

test_expect_success 'log -G ignores binary files' '
git log -Ga >log &&
test_must_be_empty log
'

test_expect_success 'log -G looks into binary files with -a' '
git log -a -Ga >log &&
test_cmp log full-log
'

test_expect_success 'log -G looks into binary files with textconv filter' '
test_when_finished "rm .gitattributes" &&
echo "* diff=bin" >.gitattributes &&
git -c diff.bin.textconv=cat log -Ga >log &&
test_cmp log full-log
'

test_expect_success 'log -S looks into binary files' '
git log -Sa >log &&
test_cmp log full-log
'

test_done

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