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Commits on Apr 16, 2013
  1. @peff @gitster

    usage: allow pluggable die-recursion checks

    peff authored gitster committed
    When any git code calls die or die_errno, we use a counter
    to detect recursion into the die functions from any of the
    helper functions. However, such a simple counter is not good
    enough for threaded programs, which may call die from a
    sub-thread, killing only the sub-thread (but incrementing
    the counter for everyone).
    Rather than try to deal with threads ourselves here, let's
    just allow callers to plug in their own recursion-detection
    function. This is similar to how we handle the die routine
    (the caller plugs in a die routine which may kill only the
    Signed-off-by: Jeff King <>
    Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
Commits on Dec 15, 2012
  1. @peff @gitster

    make error()'s constant return value more visible

    peff authored gitster committed
    When git is compiled with "gcc -Wuninitialized -O3", some
    inlined calls provide an additional opportunity for the
    compiler to do static analysis on variable initialization.
    For example, with two functions like this:
      int get_foo(int *foo)
    	if (something_that_might_fail() < 0)
    		return error("unable to get foo");
    	*foo = 0;
    	return 0;
      void some_fun(void)
    	  int foo;
    	  if (get_foo(&foo) < 0)
    		  return -1;
    	  printf("foo is %d\n", foo);
    If get_foo() is not inlined, then when compiling some_fun,
    gcc sees only that a pointer to the local variable is
    passed, and must assume that it is an out parameter that
    is initialized after get_foo returns.
    However, when get_foo() is inlined, the compiler may look at
    all of the code together and see that some code paths in
    get_foo() do not initialize the variable. As a result, it
    prints a warning. But what the compiler can't see is that
    error() always returns -1, and therefore we know that either
    we return early from some_fun, or foo ends up initialized,
    and the code is safe.  The warning is a false positive.
    If we can make the compiler aware that error() will always
    return -1, it can do a better job of analysis. The simplest
    method would be to inline the error() function. However,
    this doesn't work, because gcc will not inline a variadc
    function. We can work around this by defining a macro. This
    relies on two gcc extensions:
      1. Variadic macros (these are present in C99, but we do
         not rely on that).
      2. Gcc treats the "##" paste operator specially between a
         comma and __VA_ARGS__, which lets our variadic macro
         work even if no format parameters are passed to
    Since we are using these extra features, we hide the macro
    behind an #ifdef. This is OK, though, because our goal was
    just to help gcc.
    Signed-off-by: Jeff King <>
    Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
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