GCC's format __attribute__ is good for checking errors, especially with -Wformat=2 parameter. This fixes most of the reported problems against 2005-08-09 snapshot.
… file descriptor We'll use this soon to write pack-files to stdout.
Also, make the writing of the SHA1 as a end-header be conditional: not every user will necessarily want to write the SHA1 to the file itself, even though current users do (but we migh end up using the same helper functions for the object files themselves, that don't do this). This also makes the packed index file contain the SHA1 of the packed data file at the end (just before its own SHA1). That way you can validate the pairing of the two if you want to.
We want to be able to check their integrity later, and putting the sha1-sum of the contents at the end is a good thing. The writing routines are generic, so we could try to re-use them for the index file, instead of having the same logic duplicated. Update unpack-objects to know about the extra 20 bytes at the end of the index.