PyTorch implementation of Progressive Growing of GANs for Improved Quality, Stability, and Variation.
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samples fix 'resize_activation' bug Nov 18, 2017
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.gitignore 1.add tensorboard Dec 21, 2017 Update Feb 4, 2018 1.add tensorboard Dec 21, 2017 1.add tensorboard Dec 21, 2017 1.add tensorboard Dec 21, 2017 add comments Dec 23, 2017 add comments Dec 23, 2017

PyTorch implementation of Progressive Growing of GANs for Improved Quality, Stability, and Variation.

Warning: the master branch might collapse. To obtain similar result in README, you can fall back to this commit, but remembered that some ops were not correctly implemented under that commit. Besides, you'd better use a lower learning rate, 1e-4 would be fine.

How to create CelebA-HQ dataset

I borrowed from official code. To create CelebA-HQ dataset, we have to download the original CelebA dataset, and the additional deltas files from here. After that, run

python2 create_celeba_hq file_name_to_save /path/to/celeba_dataset/ /path/to/celeba_hq_deltas

This is what I used on my laptop

python2 create_celeba_hq /Users/yuan/Downloads/CelebA-HQ /Users/yuan/Downloads/CelebA/Original\ CelebA/ /Users/yuan/Downloads/CelebA/CelebA-HQ-Deltas

I found that MD5 checking were always failed, so I just commented out the MD5 checking part(LN 568 and LN 589)

With default setting, it took 1 day on my server. You can specific num_threads and num_tasks for accleration.

Training from scratch

You have to create CelebA-HQ dataset first, please follow the instructions above.

To obtain the similar results in samples directory, see or scipt for details(with default options). Both should work well. For example, you could run

conda create -n pytorch_p36 python=3.6 h5py matplotlib
source activate pytorch_p36
conda install pytorch torchvision -c pytorch
conda install scipy
pip install tensorflow

#0=first gpu, 1=2nd gpu ,2=3rd gpu etc...
python --gpu 0,1,2 --train_kimg 600 --transition_kimg 600 --beta1 0 --beta2 0.99 --gan lsgan --first_resol 4 --target_resol 256 --no_tanh

train_kimg(transition_kimg) means after seeing train_kimg * 1000(transition_kimg * 1000) real images, switching to fade in(stabilize) phase. Currently only support LSGAN and GAN with --no_noise option, since WGAN-GP is unavailable, --drift option does not affect the result. --no_tanh means do not use tanh at generator's output layer.

If you are Python 2 user, You'd better add this to the top of since I use print('something...', file=f) to write experiment settings to file.

from __future__ import print_function


tensorboard --logdir='./logs'

Update history

  • Update(20171213): Update, now when fading in, real images are weighted combination of current resolution images and 0.5x resolution images. This weighting trick is similar to the one used in Generator's outputs or Discriminator's inputs. This helps stabilize when fading in.

  • Update(20171129): Add restoration mode. Basides, after many trying, I failed to combine BEGAN and PG-GAN. It's removed from the repository.

  • Update(20171124): Now training with CelebA-HQ dataset. Besides, still failing to introduce progressive growing to BEGAN, even with many modifications.

  • Update(20171121): Introduced progressive growing to BEGAN, see script. However, experiments showed that it did not work at this moment. Finding bugs and tuning network structure...

  • Update(20171119): Unstable came from resize_activation function, after replacing repeat by torch.nn.functional.upsample, problem solved. And now I believe that both and train_no_tanh should be stable. Restored from 128x128 stabilize, and continued training, currently at 256x256, phase = fade in, temporary results(first 2 columns on the left were generated, and the other 2 columns were taken from dataset):

  • Update(20171118): Making mistake in resize activation function(repeat is not a right in this function), though it's wrong, it's still effective when resolution<256, but collapsed at resolution>=256. Changing it now, scripts will be updated tomorrow. Sorry for this mistake.

  • Update(20171117): 128x128 fade in results(first 2 columns on the left were generated, and the other 2 columns were taken from dataset):

  • Update(20171116): Adding noise only to RGB images might still collapse. Switching to the same trick as the paper suggested. Besides, the paper used linear as activation of G's output layer, which is reasonable, as I observed in the experiments. Temporary results: 64x64, phase=fade in, the left 4 columns are Generated, and the right 4 columns are from real samples(when fading in, instability might occur, for example, the following results is not so promising, however, as the training goes, it gets better), higher resolution will be available soon.

  • Update(20171115): Mode collapse happened when fading in, debugging... => It turns out that unstable seems to be normal when fading in, after some more iterations, it gets better. Now I'm not using the same noise adding trick as the paper suggested, however, it had been implemented, I will test it and plug it into the network.

  • Update(20171114): First version, seems that the generator tends to generate white image. Debugging now. => Fixed some bugs. Now seems normal, training... => There are some unknown problems when fading in, debugging...

  • Update(20171113): Generator and Discriminator: ok, simple test passed.

  • Update(20171112): It's now under reimplementation.

  • Update(20171111): It's still under implementation. I did not care design the structure, and now I had to reimplement(phase='fade in' is hard to implement under current structure). I also fixed some bugs, since reimplementation is needed, I do not plan to pull requests at this moment.

Reference implementation