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Revision history for URI
2014-11-05 Karen Etheridge <>
Release 1.65
Karen Etheridge:
- add a TO_JSON method, to assist JSON serialization
2014-07-13 Karen Etheridge <>
Release 1.64
Eric Brine:
- better fix for RT#96941, that also works around utf8 bugs on older perls
2014-07-13 Karen Etheridge <>
Release 1.63
Karen Etheridge:
- mark utf8-related test failures on older perls caused by recent string
parsing changes as TODO (RT#97177, RT#96941)
2014-07-12 Karen Etheridge <>
Release 1.62
Karen Etheridge (2):
- use strict and warnings in all modules, tests and scripts
- remove all remaining uses of "use vars"
Eric Brine:
- fixed new "\C is deprecated in regex" warning in 5.21.2 (RT#96941)
2014-07-01 Karen Etheridge <>
Release 1.61
David Schmidt:
Fix test failure if local hostname is 'foo' [RT#75519]
Gisle Aas (2):
New 'has_recognized_scheme' interface [RT#71204]
Interfaces that return a single value now return undef rather than an
empty list in list context
Slaven Rezic:
Fix bad regex when parsing hostnames
Piotr Roszatycki:
Preferentially use $ENV{TMPDIR} for temporary test files over /tmp
(fixes tests on Android)
2012-03-25 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.60
Gisle Aas (3):
Merge pull request #4 from hiratara/fix-repourl
Updated repository URL
Avoid failure if the local hostname is 'foo' [RT#75519]
Masahiro Honma (1):
Fix the URL of the repository.
Matt Lawrence (1):
Do not reverse the order of new parameters
Peter Rabbitson (1):
Fix RT#59274 - courtesy of a stupid 5.8.[12] join bug
2011-08-15 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.59
Make sure accessor methods don't return utf8::upgraded() bytes
for URLs initialized from Unicode strings.
Version number increments.
Documentation tweaks.
2011-01-23 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.58
This release reverts the patch in 1.57 that made query_form distingush
between empty and undef values. It broke stuff. [RT#62708]
2011-01-22 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.57
Mark Stosberg (8):
typo fix: s/do deal/to deal/
best practice: s/foreach /for /
Whitespace: fix inconsistent use of tabs vs spaces
Code style: fix inconsistency with subroutine braces at the end of the line vs below it.
Modernize: s/use vars/our/ ... since we require 5.6 as a minimum version now
Whitespace: fix indentation so blocks are consistently indented
Add formal terms "Percent-encode" and "Percent-decode" to the NAME and description to match the RFC
Drop support for Perl < 5.8.1 Perl 5.8 was released almost 10 years ago. It's time.
Gisle Aas (6):
Convert test to use Test::More
Adjust tests for query_form
Avoid "Use of uninitialized value"-noise from query_form
State test dependencies [RT#61538]
We also depend on ExtUtils::MakeMaker
State 5.8 dependency in the META.yml file
Ville Skyttä (2):
Guess HTTPS and FTP from URI::Heuristic input with port but no scheme.
Try harder to guess scheme from hostnames besides just "$scheme.*" ones.
John Miller (1):
Distingush between empty and undef values in query_form [RT#62708]
2010-10-06 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.56
Don't depend on DNS for the heuristics test
2010-09-01 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.55
Gisle Aas (2):
Treat ? as a reserved character in file: URIs
" is not a URI character [RT#56421]
Torsten F<C3><B6>rtsch (1):
Avoid test failure unless defined $Config{useperlio}
2010-03-31 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.54
Alex Kapranoff (1):
Fix heuristic test fails on hosts in .su (or .uk) domains [RT#56135]
2010-03-14 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.53
Ville Skyttä (6):
Remove unneeded execute permissions.
Add $uri->secure() method.
Documentation and comment spelling fixes.
Fix heuristics when COUNTRY is set to "gb".
Use HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE, LC_ALL, and LANG in country heuristics.
POD linking improvements.
Michael G. Schwern (2):
Rewrite the URI::Escape tests with Test::More
Update URI::Escape for RFC 3986
Gisle Aas (1):
Bump MIN_PERL_VERSION to 5.6.1 [RT#54078]
Salvatore Bonaccorso (1):
Suppress wide caracters warnings in iri.t [RT#53737]
2009-12-30 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.52
Gisle Aas (7):
Encode::decode('UTF-8',...) with callback implemented in 2.39
%%host%% hack can be removed when URI::_server::as_iri works
Don't croak on IRIs that can't be IDNA encoded
IDNA roundtrip test on wrong variable
Check behaviour when feeded URI constructor Latin-1 chars
Add some test examples from draft-duerst-iri-bis.txt
Need to recognize lower case hex digits as well
2009-11-23 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.51
Fixup a test that was broken on Windows
2009-11-21 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.50
The main news in this release is the initial attempt at providing
support to IRIs. URI objects now support the 'as_iri' and 'ihost'
Gisle Aas (28):
Added more tests for setting IPv6 addresses using the host method
Document how the host methods deal with IPv6 addresses
A "test case" to start IDNA prototype from
Escape IDNA hostnames
Introduce the as_unicode method
Make as_unicode undo punycode for server URLs
An IRI class might be helpful (RFC 3987)
Must punycode each part of the domain name separately
Include initial private Punycode module
Get URI::_punycode working
punycode of plain ascii should not edit with "-"
Some more tests from RFC 3492
Add private URI::_idna module based on encodings/
Start using URI::_idna for encoding of URIs
Avoid various use of undef warnings
Fix test affected by IDNA
Keep reference to IDNA::Punycode in the URI::_punycode docs
Ensure upgraded strings as input
Update manifest with the new idna/punycode files
Rename as_unicde to as_iri
draft-duerst-iri-bis-07: The proposed RFC 3987 update
Load Encode when its used
Rename host_unicode as ihost
Add basic iri test
Hack to make as_iri turn A-labels into U-labels
Make as_iri leave escapes not forming valid UTF-8 sequences
Merge branch 'iri'
Don't include RFCs in the cpan tarball
Michael G. Schwern (3):
Fix != overloading to match ==
Note that mailto does not contain a host() and this is not a bug.
Strip brackets off IPv6 hosts [RT#34309]
2009-08-14 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.40
Even stricter test for working DNS, 2nd try.
2009-08-13 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.39
Even stricter test for working DNS, hopefully this gets rid of the rest of
the heuristics.t failures.
2009-05-27 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.38
Ville Skyttä (3):
Spelling fixes.
Tatsuhiko Miyagawa (1):
skip DNS test if wildcard domain catcher (e.g. OpenDNS) is there
Gisle Aas (1):
Avoid "Insecure $ENV{PATH} while running with -T switch" error with perl-5.6.
2008-06-16 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.37
Gisle Aas (1):
Support ";" delimiter in $u->query_form
Jan Dubois (1):
We get different test result when doesn't resolve.
Kenichi Ishigaki (1):
URI::Heuristic didn't work for generic country code [RT#35156]
2008-04-03 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.36
<>: Escape Unicode strings as UTF-8.
Bjoern Hoehrmann <>: fixed URL encoded data: URLs
GAAS: uri_escape_utf8() now exported by default as documented.
BDFOY: Test fails with Business::ISBN installed [RT#33220]
JDHEDDEN: lc(undef) reports warning in blead [RT#32742]
GEOFFR: add some tests for gopher URIs [RT#29211]
2004-11-05 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.35
Documentation update.
Simplified uri_escape_utf8 implementation. No need to load the
Encode module. Contributed by Alexey Tourbin.
Work around bug in perl-5.6.0 that made t/query.t fail.
2004-10-05 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.34
URI->canonical will now always unescape any escaped unreserved
chars. Previously this only happened for the http and https scheme.
Patch contributed by Eric Promislow <>.
2004-09-19 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.33
URI::file->canonical will now try to change the 'authority'
to the default one.
Fix heuristic test. Apparently is no more.
2004-09-07 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.32
Introduce $URI::file::DEFAULT_AUTHORITY which control what
authority string to use for absolute file URIs. Its value
default to "" which produce file URIs that better interoperates
with other implementations. The old mapping behaviour can be
requested by setting this variable to undef.
2004-06-08 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.31
Added uri_escape_utf8() function to URI::Escape module.
Fixed abs/rel behaviour for sip: URIs. Fixed by
Ville Skyttä <>.
Avoid croaking on code like $u->query_form(a => { foo => 1 }).
It will still not really do anything useful.
2004-01-14 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.30
Documentation fixes by Paul Croome <>.
2004-01-02 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.29
Added support for the ldapi: and ldaps: schemes.
The ldaps: implementation was contributed by Graham Barr.
Added support for mms: scheme. Contributed by
Dan Sully <>.
2003-11-30 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.28
The query_param_delete() method was not able to delete
the last parameter from a form. Similar problem existing
when deleting via query_param(). Patch by <>.
The query_form() method now allow an array or hash
reference to be passed to set the value. This makes it
possible to set the value to an empty form, something that
the old API did not allow.
The query_keywords() method now allow an array reference
to be passed to set the value.
2003-10-06 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.27
The URI module is now less strict about the values accepted
for gopher_type attribute of gopher:-URLs. Patch suggested
by the Net::Gopher author; William G. Davis.
2003-10-03 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.26
Help Storable deal with URI objects. Patch contributed
by <>.
Fix failure under OS/2. Patch contributed by Ilya Zakharevich.
2003-08-18 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.25
Allow literal '@' in userinfo. If there are multiple '@' chars
in the 'authority' component use the last (instead of first) as
the 'userinfo' delimiter.
Make URI->query_form escape '[' and ']'. These chars where added
to the reserved set in RFC 2732. This also matches MSIE behaviour.
Silence warning from 'sip' support class.
2003-07-24 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.24
Relative URIs that start with the query string directly (i.e. "?q")
are now absolutized as specified in rfc2396bis. See:
Added URI::Split module. It's a lightweight module that can be
used to parse and compose URI string to/from its component parts.
The rel() method will now work from canonical URIs. That allow it
to extract a relative URI in more cases.
2003-01-01 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.23
Support for tn3270 URIs.
Use anchored DNS lookups in URI::Heuristic as suggested
by Malcolm Weir <>.
Delay calculation of MY_COUNTRY() in URI::Heuristic.
Patch by Ed Avis <>.
Make test suite work for UNC paths.
Patch by Warren Jones <>.
2002-09-02 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.22
Added URI::QueryParam module. It contains some
extra methods to manipulate the query form
key/value pairs.
Added support for the sip: and sips: URI scheme.
Contributed by Ryan Kereliuk <>.
2002-08-04 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.21
Restore perl-5.004 and perl-5.005 compatibility.
2002-07-18 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.20
Direct support for some new schemes urn:, urn:isbn:,
urn:oid:, rtsp:, and rtspu:. The rtsp support was
contributed by Matt Selsky <>.
Documentation fix for $URI::ABS_REMOTE_LEADING_DOTS.
CPAN-RT-Bug #1224.
The host for URI::file was not unescaped.
Patch by Ville Skyttä <>.
2002-05-09 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.19
URI::Heuristic will guess better on strings
like "". It used to think that
the numbers before ":" was a scheme.
URI::WithBase will not keep the full history of
any base URI's base URI etc. This used to make
these objects grow into to monsters for some
web spiders.
URI::URL->new("foo", "bar")->base used to return
a "URI" object. Now an URI::URL object is returned
Deal properly with file:///-URIs.
2001-12-30 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.18
Added support for ssh: URIs.
Contributed by Jean-Philippe Bouchard <>
URI::Escape: Make sure cache is not set when the RE
wouldn't compile. Fix suggested by <>.
Applied patch as suggested by Randal L. Schwartz.
Don't try to come up with the e-mail address of the user as
the anonymous password.
Patch by Eduardo Pérez <>.
2001-09-14 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.17
Fixed unescape of %30 in $http_uri->canonical.
Fixed test failure for t/heuristic.t on cygwin.
Fixed warning noise from t/old-base.t on bleadperl.
Perl now warns for pack("c*", $i) when $i > 127.
2001-08-27 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.16
URI::Escape::uri_escape default has changed. Reserved
characters are now escaped when no second argument is
The perl5.004 backwards compatibility patching taking place
in the Makefile.PL should now work for MacPerl.
Patch by KIMURA Takeshi <>.
URI::WithBase now overrides the can() method and delegate it to
the URI member. This also affects the URI::URL behaviour.
Patch by Sean M. Burke <>.
2001-07-19 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.15
[This release was made just to document the changes that went
into the (unreleased) URI-1.13 but never made it into this
change-log. There is no functional difference between the 1.14
and 1.15 release.]
2001-07-18 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.14
The module failed on perl5.004 because \z is not supported
in regexps. The Makefile.PL will now try to patch the module
to be compatible.
2001-05-15 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.13 (never made it to CPAN) now conforms to RFC 2732 which specify how literal IPv6
addresses are to be included in URLs.
URI/Escape now allows "/" in the $unsafe pattern argument.
2001-04-23 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.12
URI->new($u, $scheme) does no longer fail if given a badly
formatted scheme string.
URI::WithBase's clone and base method was basically just
broken. This also affected the URI::URL subclass.
The clone() method did not copy the base, and updating
the base with the base method always set it to "1".
2001-02-27 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.11
The t/heuristic.t test relied on the fact that ''
was not registered in DNS. This is no longer true.
The penguins at Bouvet Island will hopefully be ignorant
of Perl forever.
2001-01-10 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.10
The $u->query_form method will now escape spaces in
form keys or values as '+' (instead of '%20'). This also
affect the $mailto_uri->header() method. This is actually
the wrong thing to do, but this practise is now even
documented in official places like
so we might as well follow the stream.
URI::Heuristic did not work for domain-names with dashes '-'
in them. Fixed.
Documented that $uri->xxx($1) might not work.
2000-08-16 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.09
uri_unescape() did not work when given multiple strings
to decode. Patch by Nicholas Clark <>.
2000-08-02 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.08
ldap URIs now support _scope() and _filter() methods that
don't have default values. Suggested by Graham Barr.
Incorporated old rejected MSWin32 patch to t/old-base.t.
Hope it works.
2000-06-13 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.07
URI::WithBase (and URI::URL) now support $u->new_abs
URI::WithBase->new("foo", "URI::URL") bug fixed.
2000-04-09 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.06
Clean test/install on VMS.
Patch by Charles Lane <lane@DUPHY4.Physics.Drexel.Edu>
2000-02-14 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.05
QNX file support by Norton Allen <>.
Support for rsync:-URI by Dave Beckett <>
1999-08-03 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.04
Avoid testing for defined(@ISA) and defined(%class::). Patch
by Nathan Torkington <>.
$uri->abs() did wrong when the fragment contained a "?"
Typo in URI::ldap spotted by Graham Barr.
1999-06-24 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.03
Escape all reserved query characters in the individual components
of $uri->query_form and $uri->query_keywords.
Make compatibility URI::URL->new("")->netloc
work again.
1999-03-26 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.02
Added URI::ldap. Contributed by Graham Barr <>.
Documentation update.
1999-03-20 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.01
MacOS patches from Paul J. Schinder <>
Documentation patch from Michael A. Chase <>
1998-11-19 Gisle Aas <>
Release 1.00
Added new URI->new_abs method
Replaced a few die calls with croak.
1998-10-12 Gisle Aas <>
Release 0.90_02
Implemented new $uri->host_port method.
$uri->epath and $uri->equery aliases to make URI::URL
compatibility easier.
1998-09-23 Gisle Aas <>
Release 0.90_01
Makefile.PL list MIME::Base64 as PREREQ_PM
Original $scheme argument not passed to _init() method.
Automatically add scheme to empty URIs where the scheme
is required: URI->new("", "data")
Documentation update.
New URI::URL::strict implementation.
1998-09-22 Gisle Aas <>
Release 0.09_02
New internal URI::file::* interface. Implemented 8.3 mapping
for "dos".
More documentation.
1998-09-13 Gisle Aas <>
Release 0.09_01
Use version number with underscore to avoid that the CPAN
indexer hides the URI::URL from libwww-perl that contains
all the documentation.
Started to document the new modules.
URI::file->new() escape fix which allow Mac file names like
::.. to be treated as they should (I think).
1998-09-12 Gisle Aas <>
Release 0.09
Included URI::Escape and URI::Heuristic from LWP. URI::Escape
updated with new default set of characters to escape (according
to RFC 2396) and a faster uri_unescape() function. URI::Heuristic
updated with a new function that returns an URI object.
First argument to URI->new is always treated as a string now.
URI->new("", URI::WithBase("foo:")) now works. It returns an
URI::WithBase object.
Included Roy T. Fielding's URI parsing/abs tests from
<>. We did in fact agree
with RFC 2396 on all tests.
Allow authority "A|" in Win32 file:-URIs to denote A:. Treat
escaped chars.
1998-09-10 Gisle Aas <>
Release 0.08
Implemented transformations between various file: URIs and
actual file names. New URI::file methods:
1998-09-09 Gisle Aas <>
Release 0.07
Implemented rlogin, telnet and file URLs.
Implemented URI::WithBase
Implemented URI::URL emulator (ported old URI::URL test suite)
Can now use schemes with "-", "+" or "." characters in them.
$u->scheme will downcase. $u->_scheme will keep it as it is.
Configuration variables for $u->abs
$u->query_form and $u->query_keyword is more careful about escaping
"+" and "=".
$u->host unescaped
$u->_port if you want to bypass $u->default_port
Can handle news message-ids with embedded "/" now
1998-09-08 Gisle Aas <>
Release 0.06
Implemented gopher URLs
Implemented ftp URLs
Second ctor argument can be a plain scheme name. If it is an
object, then we use the class of the object as implementor.
Protect literal % in various places by escaping
Path segments with parameters are not arrays of class URI::_segment,
which overloads the stringify operator.
URI::http->canonical will now unescape unreserved characters.
1998-09-08 Gisle Aas <>
Release 0.05
Implemented news URLs (together with snews/nntp)
Implemented pop URLs (RFC 2384)
Can now use '==' to compare if two URI objects are the same or not.
$u->opaque_part renamed as $u->opaque
Better canonicalization
Faster $u->abs (especially for URI that already are absolute)
$u->query_form will keep more chars unescaped
1998-09-06 Gisle Aas <>
Release 0.04
Implemented mailto:-URLs (specified in RFC 2368)
Moved query() methods to internal URI::_query mixin class.
Escape stuff in the media_type field of data:-URLs.
1998-09-06 Gisle Aas <>
Release 0.03 based on simplified scalar object.
1998-09-02 Gisle Aas <>
Release 0.02 based on perl5.005 and
1998-04-10 Gisle Aas <>
Release 0.01