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<div id="header">
<h1>
git-annotate(1) Manual Page
</h1>
<h2>NAME</h2>
<div class="sectionbody">
<p>git-annotate -
Annotate file lines with commit information
</p>
</div>
</div>
<div id="content">
<h2 id="_synopsis">SYNOPSIS</h2>
<div class="sectionbody">
<div class="verseblock">
<div class="verseblock-content"><em>git annotate</em> [options] file [revision]</div>
<div class="verseblock-attribution">
</div></div>
</div>
<h2 id="_description">DESCRIPTION</h2>
<div class="sectionbody">
<div class="paragraph"><p>Annotates each line in the given file with information from the commit
which introduced the line. Optionally annotates from a given revision.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The only difference between this command and <a href="git-blame.html">git-blame(1)</a> is that
they use slightly different output formats, and this command exists only
for backward compatibility to support existing scripts, and provide a more
familiar command name for people coming from other SCM systems.</p></div>
</div>
<h2 id="_options">OPTIONS</h2>
<div class="sectionbody">
<div class="dlist"><dl>
<dt class="hdlist1">
-b
</dt>
<dd>
<p>
Show blank SHA-1 for boundary commits. This can also
be controlled via the <tt>blame.blankboundary</tt> config option.
</p>
</dd>
<dt class="hdlist1">
--root
</dt>
<dd>
<p>
Do not treat root commits as boundaries. This can also be
controlled via the <tt>blame.showroot</tt> config option.
</p>
</dd>
<dt class="hdlist1">
--show-stats
</dt>
<dd>
<p>
Include additional statistics at the end of blame output.
</p>
</dd>
<dt class="hdlist1">
-L &lt;start&gt;,&lt;end&gt;
</dt>
<dd>
<p>
Annotate only the given line range. &lt;start&gt; and &lt;end&gt; can take
one of these forms:
</p>
<div class="ulist"><ul>
<li>
<p>
number
</p>
<div class="paragraph"><p>If &lt;start&gt; or &lt;end&gt; is a number, it specifies an
absolute line number (lines count from 1).</p></div>
</li>
<li>
<p>
/regex/
</p>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This form will use the first line matching the given
POSIX regex. If &lt;end&gt; is a regex, it will search
starting at the line given by &lt;start&gt;.</p></div>
</li>
<li>
<p>
+offset or -offset
</p>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This is only valid for &lt;end&gt; and will specify a number
of lines before or after the line given by &lt;start&gt;.</p></div>
</li>
</ul></div>
</dd>
<dt class="hdlist1">
-l
</dt>
<dd>
<p>
Show long rev (Default: off).
</p>
</dd>
<dt class="hdlist1">
-t
</dt>
<dd>
<p>
Show raw timestamp (Default: off).
</p>
</dd>
<dt class="hdlist1">
-S &lt;revs-file&gt;
</dt>
<dd>
<p>
Use revisions from revs-file instead of calling <a href="git-rev-list.html">git-rev-list(1)</a>.
</p>
</dd>
<dt class="hdlist1">
--reverse
</dt>
<dd>
<p>
Walk history forward instead of backward. Instead of showing
the revision in which a line appeared, this shows the last
revision in which a line has existed. This requires a range of
revision like START..END where the path to blame exists in
START.
</p>
</dd>
<dt class="hdlist1">
-p
</dt>
<dt class="hdlist1">
--porcelain
</dt>
<dd>
<p>
Show in a format designed for machine consumption.
</p>
</dd>
<dt class="hdlist1">
--line-porcelain
</dt>
<dd>
<p>
Show the porcelain format, but output commit information for
each line, not just the first time a commit is referenced.
Implies --porcelain.
</p>
</dd>
<dt class="hdlist1">
--incremental
</dt>
<dd>
<p>
Show the result incrementally in a format designed for
machine consumption.
</p>
</dd>
<dt class="hdlist1">
--encoding=&lt;encoding&gt;
</dt>
<dd>
<p>
Specifies the encoding used to output author names
and commit summaries. Setting it to <tt>none</tt> makes blame
output unconverted data. For more information see the
discussion about encoding in the <a href="git-log.html">git-log(1)</a>
manual page.
</p>
</dd>
<dt class="hdlist1">
--contents &lt;file&gt;
</dt>
<dd>
<p>
When &lt;rev&gt; is not specified, the command annotates the
changes starting backwards from the working tree copy.
This flag makes the command pretend as if the working
tree copy has the contents of the named file (specify
<tt>-</tt> to make the command read from the standard input).
</p>
</dd>
<dt class="hdlist1">
--date &lt;format&gt;
</dt>
<dd>
<p>
The value is one of the following alternatives:
{relative,local,default,iso,rfc,short}. If --date is not
provided, the value of the blame.date config variable is
used. If the blame.date config variable is also not set, the
iso format is used. For more information, See the discussion
of the --date option at <a href="git-log.html">git-log(1)</a>.
</p>
</dd>
<dt class="hdlist1">
-M|&lt;num&gt;|
</dt>
<dd>
<p>
Detect moved or copied lines within a file. When a commit
moves or copies a block of lines (e.g. the original file
has A and then B, and the commit changes it to B and then
A), the traditional <em>blame</em> algorithm notices only half of
the movement and typically blames the lines that were moved
up (i.e. B) to the parent and assigns blame to the lines that
were moved down (i.e. A) to the child commit. With this
option, both groups of lines are blamed on the parent by
running extra passes of inspection.
</p>
<div class="paragraph"><p>&lt;num&gt; is optional but it is the lower bound on the number of
alphanumeric characters that git must detect as moving/copying
within a file for it to associate those lines with the parent
commit. The default value is 20.</p></div>
</dd>
<dt class="hdlist1">
-C|&lt;num&gt;|
</dt>
<dd>
<p>
In addition to <tt>-M</tt>, detect lines moved or copied from other
files that were modified in the same commit. This is
useful when you reorganize your program and move code
around across files. When this option is given twice,
the command additionally looks for copies from other
files in the commit that creates the file. When this
option is given three times, the command additionally
looks for copies from other files in any commit.
</p>
<div class="paragraph"><p>&lt;num&gt; is optional but it is the lower bound on the number of
alphanumeric characters that git must detect as moving/copying
between files for it to associate those lines with the parent
commit. And the default value is 40. If there are more than one
<tt>-C</tt> options given, the &lt;num&gt; argument of the last <tt>-C</tt> will
take effect.</p></div>
</dd>
<dt class="hdlist1">
-h
</dt>
<dd>
<p>
Show help message.
</p>
</dd>
</dl></div>
</div>
<h2 id="_see_also">SEE ALSO</h2>
<div class="sectionbody">
<div class="paragraph"><p><a href="git-blame.html">git-blame(1)</a></p></div>
</div>
<h2 id="_git">GIT</h2>
<div class="sectionbody">
<div class="paragraph"><p>Part of the <a href="git.html">git(1)</a> suite</p></div>
</div>
</div>
<div id="footnotes"><hr /></div>
<div id="footer">
<div id="footer-text">
Last updated 2011-11-15 13:45:02 PDT
</div>
</div>
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