Permalink
Find file
Fetching contributors…
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
1151 lines (1067 sloc) 38.5 KB
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.1//EN"
"http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml11/DTD/xhtml11.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="application/xhtml+xml; charset=UTF-8" />
<meta name="generator" content="AsciiDoc 8.6.9" />
<title>githooks(5)</title>
<style type="text/css">
/* Shared CSS for AsciiDoc xhtml11 and html5 backends */
/* Default font. */
body {
font-family: Georgia,serif;
}
/* Title font. */
h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6,
div.title, caption.title,
thead, p.table.header,
#toctitle,
#author, #revnumber, #revdate, #revremark,
#footer {
font-family: Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;
}
body {
margin: 1em 5% 1em 5%;
}
a {
color: blue;
text-decoration: underline;
}
a:visited {
color: fuchsia;
}
em {
font-style: italic;
color: navy;
}
strong {
font-weight: bold;
color: #083194;
}
h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6 {
color: #527bbd;
margin-top: 1.2em;
margin-bottom: 0.5em;
line-height: 1.3;
}
h1, h2, h3 {
border-bottom: 2px solid silver;
}
h2 {
padding-top: 0.5em;
}
h3 {
float: left;
}
h3 + * {
clear: left;
}
h5 {
font-size: 1.0em;
}
div.sectionbody {
margin-left: 0;
}
hr {
border: 1px solid silver;
}
p {
margin-top: 0.5em;
margin-bottom: 0.5em;
}
ul, ol, li > p {
margin-top: 0;
}
ul > li { color: #aaa; }
ul > li > * { color: black; }
.monospaced, code, pre {
font-family: "Courier New", Courier, monospace;
font-size: inherit;
color: navy;
padding: 0;
margin: 0;
}
pre {
white-space: pre-wrap;
}
#author {
color: #527bbd;
font-weight: bold;
font-size: 1.1em;
}
#email {
}
#revnumber, #revdate, #revremark {
}
#footer {
font-size: small;
border-top: 2px solid silver;
padding-top: 0.5em;
margin-top: 4.0em;
}
#footer-text {
float: left;
padding-bottom: 0.5em;
}
#footer-badges {
float: right;
padding-bottom: 0.5em;
}
#preamble {
margin-top: 1.5em;
margin-bottom: 1.5em;
}
div.imageblock, div.exampleblock, div.verseblock,
div.quoteblock, div.literalblock, div.listingblock, div.sidebarblock,
div.admonitionblock {
margin-top: 1.0em;
margin-bottom: 1.5em;
}
div.admonitionblock {
margin-top: 2.0em;
margin-bottom: 2.0em;
margin-right: 10%;
color: #606060;
}
div.content { /* Block element content. */
padding: 0;
}
/* Block element titles. */
div.title, caption.title {
color: #527bbd;
font-weight: bold;
text-align: left;
margin-top: 1.0em;
margin-bottom: 0.5em;
}
div.title + * {
margin-top: 0;
}
td div.title:first-child {
margin-top: 0.0em;
}
div.content div.title:first-child {
margin-top: 0.0em;
}
div.content + div.title {
margin-top: 0.0em;
}
div.sidebarblock > div.content {
background: #ffffee;
border: 1px solid #dddddd;
border-left: 4px solid #f0f0f0;
padding: 0.5em;
}
div.listingblock > div.content {
border: 1px solid #dddddd;
border-left: 5px solid #f0f0f0;
background: #f8f8f8;
padding: 0.5em;
}
div.quoteblock, div.verseblock {
padding-left: 1.0em;
margin-left: 1.0em;
margin-right: 10%;
border-left: 5px solid #f0f0f0;
color: #888;
}
div.quoteblock > div.attribution {
padding-top: 0.5em;
text-align: right;
}
div.verseblock > pre.content {
font-family: inherit;
font-size: inherit;
}
div.verseblock > div.attribution {
padding-top: 0.75em;
text-align: left;
}
/* DEPRECATED: Pre version 8.2.7 verse style literal block. */
div.verseblock + div.attribution {
text-align: left;
}
div.admonitionblock .icon {
vertical-align: top;
font-size: 1.1em;
font-weight: bold;
text-decoration: underline;
color: #527bbd;
padding-right: 0.5em;
}
div.admonitionblock td.content {
padding-left: 0.5em;
border-left: 3px solid #dddddd;
}
div.exampleblock > div.content {
border-left: 3px solid #dddddd;
padding-left: 0.5em;
}
div.imageblock div.content { padding-left: 0; }
span.image img { border-style: none; vertical-align: text-bottom; }
a.image:visited { color: white; }
dl {
margin-top: 0.8em;
margin-bottom: 0.8em;
}
dt {
margin-top: 0.5em;
margin-bottom: 0;
font-style: normal;
color: navy;
}
dd > *:first-child {
margin-top: 0.1em;
}
ul, ol {
list-style-position: outside;
}
ol.arabic {
list-style-type: decimal;
}
ol.loweralpha {
list-style-type: lower-alpha;
}
ol.upperalpha {
list-style-type: upper-alpha;
}
ol.lowerroman {
list-style-type: lower-roman;
}
ol.upperroman {
list-style-type: upper-roman;
}
div.compact ul, div.compact ol,
div.compact p, div.compact p,
div.compact div, div.compact div {
margin-top: 0.1em;
margin-bottom: 0.1em;
}
tfoot {
font-weight: bold;
}
td > div.verse {
white-space: pre;
}
div.hdlist {
margin-top: 0.8em;
margin-bottom: 0.8em;
}
div.hdlist tr {
padding-bottom: 15px;
}
dt.hdlist1.strong, td.hdlist1.strong {
font-weight: bold;
}
td.hdlist1 {
vertical-align: top;
font-style: normal;
padding-right: 0.8em;
color: navy;
}
td.hdlist2 {
vertical-align: top;
}
div.hdlist.compact tr {
margin: 0;
padding-bottom: 0;
}
.comment {
background: yellow;
}
.footnote, .footnoteref {
font-size: 0.8em;
}
span.footnote, span.footnoteref {
vertical-align: super;
}
#footnotes {
margin: 20px 0 20px 0;
padding: 7px 0 0 0;
}
#footnotes div.footnote {
margin: 0 0 5px 0;
}
#footnotes hr {
border: none;
border-top: 1px solid silver;
height: 1px;
text-align: left;
margin-left: 0;
width: 20%;
min-width: 100px;
}
div.colist td {
padding-right: 0.5em;
padding-bottom: 0.3em;
vertical-align: top;
}
div.colist td img {
margin-top: 0.3em;
}
@media print {
#footer-badges { display: none; }
}
#toc {
margin-bottom: 2.5em;
}
#toctitle {
color: #527bbd;
font-size: 1.1em;
font-weight: bold;
margin-top: 1.0em;
margin-bottom: 0.1em;
}
div.toclevel0, div.toclevel1, div.toclevel2, div.toclevel3, div.toclevel4 {
margin-top: 0;
margin-bottom: 0;
}
div.toclevel2 {
margin-left: 2em;
font-size: 0.9em;
}
div.toclevel3 {
margin-left: 4em;
font-size: 0.9em;
}
div.toclevel4 {
margin-left: 6em;
font-size: 0.9em;
}
span.aqua { color: aqua; }
span.black { color: black; }
span.blue { color: blue; }
span.fuchsia { color: fuchsia; }
span.gray { color: gray; }
span.green { color: green; }
span.lime { color: lime; }
span.maroon { color: maroon; }
span.navy { color: navy; }
span.olive { color: olive; }
span.purple { color: purple; }
span.red { color: red; }
span.silver { color: silver; }
span.teal { color: teal; }
span.white { color: white; }
span.yellow { color: yellow; }
span.aqua-background { background: aqua; }
span.black-background { background: black; }
span.blue-background { background: blue; }
span.fuchsia-background { background: fuchsia; }
span.gray-background { background: gray; }
span.green-background { background: green; }
span.lime-background { background: lime; }
span.maroon-background { background: maroon; }
span.navy-background { background: navy; }
span.olive-background { background: olive; }
span.purple-background { background: purple; }
span.red-background { background: red; }
span.silver-background { background: silver; }
span.teal-background { background: teal; }
span.white-background { background: white; }
span.yellow-background { background: yellow; }
span.big { font-size: 2em; }
span.small { font-size: 0.6em; }
span.underline { text-decoration: underline; }
span.overline { text-decoration: overline; }
span.line-through { text-decoration: line-through; }
div.unbreakable { page-break-inside: avoid; }
/*
* xhtml11 specific
*
* */
div.tableblock {
margin-top: 1.0em;
margin-bottom: 1.5em;
}
div.tableblock > table {
border: 3px solid #527bbd;
}
thead, p.table.header {
font-weight: bold;
color: #527bbd;
}
p.table {
margin-top: 0;
}
/* Because the table frame attribute is overriden by CSS in most browsers. */
div.tableblock > table[frame="void"] {
border-style: none;
}
div.tableblock > table[frame="hsides"] {
border-left-style: none;
border-right-style: none;
}
div.tableblock > table[frame="vsides"] {
border-top-style: none;
border-bottom-style: none;
}
/*
* html5 specific
*
* */
table.tableblock {
margin-top: 1.0em;
margin-bottom: 1.5em;
}
thead, p.tableblock.header {
font-weight: bold;
color: #527bbd;
}
p.tableblock {
margin-top: 0;
}
table.tableblock {
border-width: 3px;
border-spacing: 0px;
border-style: solid;
border-color: #527bbd;
border-collapse: collapse;
}
th.tableblock, td.tableblock {
border-width: 1px;
padding: 4px;
border-style: solid;
border-color: #527bbd;
}
table.tableblock.frame-topbot {
border-left-style: hidden;
border-right-style: hidden;
}
table.tableblock.frame-sides {
border-top-style: hidden;
border-bottom-style: hidden;
}
table.tableblock.frame-none {
border-style: hidden;
}
th.tableblock.halign-left, td.tableblock.halign-left {
text-align: left;
}
th.tableblock.halign-center, td.tableblock.halign-center {
text-align: center;
}
th.tableblock.halign-right, td.tableblock.halign-right {
text-align: right;
}
th.tableblock.valign-top, td.tableblock.valign-top {
vertical-align: top;
}
th.tableblock.valign-middle, td.tableblock.valign-middle {
vertical-align: middle;
}
th.tableblock.valign-bottom, td.tableblock.valign-bottom {
vertical-align: bottom;
}
/*
* manpage specific
*
* */
body.manpage h1 {
padding-top: 0.5em;
padding-bottom: 0.5em;
border-top: 2px solid silver;
border-bottom: 2px solid silver;
}
body.manpage h2 {
border-style: none;
}
body.manpage div.sectionbody {
margin-left: 3em;
}
@media print {
body.manpage div#toc { display: none; }
}
</style>
<script type="text/javascript">
/*<![CDATA[*/
var asciidoc = { // Namespace.
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Table Of Contents generator
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
/* Author: Mihai Bazon, September 2002
* http://students.infoiasi.ro/~mishoo
*
* Table Of Content generator
* Version: 0.4
*
* Feel free to use this script under the terms of the GNU General Public
* License, as long as you do not remove or alter this notice.
*/
/* modified by Troy D. Hanson, September 2006. License: GPL */
/* modified by Stuart Rackham, 2006, 2009. License: GPL */
// toclevels = 1..4.
toc: function (toclevels) {
function getText(el) {
var text = "";
for (var i = el.firstChild; i != null; i = i.nextSibling) {
if (i.nodeType == 3 /* Node.TEXT_NODE */) // IE doesn't speak constants.
text += i.data;
else if (i.firstChild != null)
text += getText(i);
}
return text;
}
function TocEntry(el, text, toclevel) {
this.element = el;
this.text = text;
this.toclevel = toclevel;
}
function tocEntries(el, toclevels) {
var result = new Array;
var re = new RegExp('[hH]([1-'+(toclevels+1)+'])');
// Function that scans the DOM tree for header elements (the DOM2
// nodeIterator API would be a better technique but not supported by all
// browsers).
var iterate = function (el) {
for (var i = el.firstChild; i != null; i = i.nextSibling) {
if (i.nodeType == 1 /* Node.ELEMENT_NODE */) {
var mo = re.exec(i.tagName);
if (mo && (i.getAttribute("class") || i.getAttribute("className")) != "float") {
result[result.length] = new TocEntry(i, getText(i), mo[1]-1);
}
iterate(i);
}
}
}
iterate(el);
return result;
}
var toc = document.getElementById("toc");
if (!toc) {
return;
}
// Delete existing TOC entries in case we're reloading the TOC.
var tocEntriesToRemove = [];
var i;
for (i = 0; i < toc.childNodes.length; i++) {
var entry = toc.childNodes[i];
if (entry.nodeName.toLowerCase() == 'div'
&& entry.getAttribute("class")
&& entry.getAttribute("class").match(/^toclevel/))
tocEntriesToRemove.push(entry);
}
for (i = 0; i < tocEntriesToRemove.length; i++) {
toc.removeChild(tocEntriesToRemove[i]);
}
// Rebuild TOC entries.
var entries = tocEntries(document.getElementById("content"), toclevels);
for (var i = 0; i < entries.length; ++i) {
var entry = entries[i];
if (entry.element.id == "")
entry.element.id = "_toc_" + i;
var a = document.createElement("a");
a.href = "#" + entry.element.id;
a.appendChild(document.createTextNode(entry.text));
var div = document.createElement("div");
div.appendChild(a);
div.className = "toclevel" + entry.toclevel;
toc.appendChild(div);
}
if (entries.length == 0)
toc.parentNode.removeChild(toc);
},
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Footnotes generator
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
/* Based on footnote generation code from:
* http://www.brandspankingnew.net/archive/2005/07/format_footnote.html
*/
footnotes: function () {
// Delete existing footnote entries in case we're reloading the footnodes.
var i;
var noteholder = document.getElementById("footnotes");
if (!noteholder) {
return;
}
var entriesToRemove = [];
for (i = 0; i < noteholder.childNodes.length; i++) {
var entry = noteholder.childNodes[i];
if (entry.nodeName.toLowerCase() == 'div' && entry.getAttribute("class") == "footnote")
entriesToRemove.push(entry);
}
for (i = 0; i < entriesToRemove.length; i++) {
noteholder.removeChild(entriesToRemove[i]);
}
// Rebuild footnote entries.
var cont = document.getElementById("content");
var spans = cont.getElementsByTagName("span");
var refs = {};
var n = 0;
for (i=0; i<spans.length; i++) {
if (spans[i].className == "footnote") {
n++;
var note = spans[i].getAttribute("data-note");
if (!note) {
// Use [\s\S] in place of . so multi-line matches work.
// Because JavaScript has no s (dotall) regex flag.
note = spans[i].innerHTML.match(/\s*\[([\s\S]*)]\s*/)[1];
spans[i].innerHTML =
"[<a id='_footnoteref_" + n + "' href='#_footnote_" + n +
"' title='View footnote' class='footnote'>" + n + "</a>]";
spans[i].setAttribute("data-note", note);
}
noteholder.innerHTML +=
"<div class='footnote' id='_footnote_" + n + "'>" +
"<a href='#_footnoteref_" + n + "' title='Return to text'>" +
n + "</a>. " + note + "</div>";
var id =spans[i].getAttribute("id");
if (id != null) refs["#"+id] = n;
}
}
if (n == 0)
noteholder.parentNode.removeChild(noteholder);
else {
// Process footnoterefs.
for (i=0; i<spans.length; i++) {
if (spans[i].className == "footnoteref") {
var href = spans[i].getElementsByTagName("a")[0].getAttribute("href");
href = href.match(/#.*/)[0]; // Because IE return full URL.
n = refs[href];
spans[i].innerHTML =
"[<a href='#_footnote_" + n +
"' title='View footnote' class='footnote'>" + n + "</a>]";
}
}
}
},
install: function(toclevels) {
var timerId;
function reinstall() {
asciidoc.footnotes();
if (toclevels) {
asciidoc.toc(toclevels);
}
}
function reinstallAndRemoveTimer() {
clearInterval(timerId);
reinstall();
}
timerId = setInterval(reinstall, 500);
if (document.addEventListener)
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", reinstallAndRemoveTimer, false);
else
window.onload = reinstallAndRemoveTimer;
}
}
asciidoc.install();
/*]]>*/
</script>
</head>
<body class="manpage">
<div id="header">
<h1>
githooks(5) Manual Page
</h1>
<h2>NAME</h2>
<div class="sectionbody">
<p>githooks -
Hooks used by Git
</p>
</div>
</div>
<div id="content">
<div class="sect1">
<h2 id="_synopsis">SYNOPSIS</h2>
<div class="sectionbody">
<div class="paragraph"><p>$GIT_DIR/hooks/* (or `git config core.hooksPath`/*)</p></div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="sect1">
<h2 id="_description">DESCRIPTION</h2>
<div class="sectionbody">
<div class="paragraph"><p>Hooks are programs you can place in a hooks directory to trigger
actions at certain points in git&#8217;s execution. Hooks that don&#8217;t have
the executable bit set are ignored.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>By default the hooks directory is <code>$GIT_DIR/hooks</code>, but that can be
changed via the <code>core.hooksPath</code> configuration variable (see
<a href="git-config.html">git-config(1)</a>).</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>Before Git invokes a hook, it changes its working directory to either
the root of the working tree in a non-bare repository, or to the
$GIT_DIR in a bare repository.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>Hooks can get their arguments via the environment, command-line
arguments, and stdin. See the documentation for each hook below for
details.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p><em>git init</em> may copy hooks to the new repository, depending on its
configuration. See the "TEMPLATE DIRECTORY" section in
<a href="git-init.html">git-init(1)</a> for details. When the rest of this document refers
to "default hooks" it&#8217;s talking about the default template shipped
with Git.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The currently supported hooks are described below.</p></div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="sect1">
<h2 id="_hooks">HOOKS</h2>
<div class="sectionbody">
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_applypatch_msg">applypatch-msg</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is invoked by <em>git am</em>. It takes a single
parameter, the name of the file that holds the proposed commit
log message. Exiting with a non-zero status causes <em>git am</em> to abort
before applying the patch.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The hook is allowed to edit the message file in place, and can
be used to normalize the message into some project standard
format. It can also be used to refuse the commit after inspecting
the message file.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The default <em>applypatch-msg</em> hook, when enabled, runs the
<em>commit-msg</em> hook, if the latter is enabled.</p></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_pre_applypatch">pre-applypatch</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is invoked by <em>git am</em>. It takes no parameter, and is
invoked after the patch is applied, but before a commit is made.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>If it exits with non-zero status, then the working tree will not be
committed after applying the patch.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>It can be used to inspect the current working tree and refuse to
make a commit if it does not pass certain test.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The default <em>pre-applypatch</em> hook, when enabled, runs the
<em>pre-commit</em> hook, if the latter is enabled.</p></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_post_applypatch">post-applypatch</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is invoked by <em>git am</em>. It takes no parameter,
and is invoked after the patch is applied and a commit is made.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is meant primarily for notification, and cannot affect
the outcome of <em>git am</em>.</p></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_pre_commit">pre-commit</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is invoked by <em>git commit</em>, and can be bypassed
with the <code>--no-verify</code> option. It takes no parameters, and is
invoked before obtaining the proposed commit log message and
making a commit. Exiting with a non-zero status from this script
causes the <em>git commit</em> command to abort before creating a commit.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The default <em>pre-commit</em> hook, when enabled, catches introduction
of lines with trailing whitespaces and aborts the commit when
such a line is found.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>All the <em>git commit</em> hooks are invoked with the environment
variable <code>GIT_EDITOR=:</code> if the command will not bring up an editor
to modify the commit message.</p></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_prepare_commit_msg">prepare-commit-msg</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is invoked by <em>git commit</em> right after preparing the
default log message, and before the editor is started.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>It takes one to three parameters. The first is the name of the file
that contains the commit log message. The second is the source of the commit
message, and can be: <code>message</code> (if a <code>-m</code> or <code>-F</code> option was
given); <code>template</code> (if a <code>-t</code> option was given or the
configuration option <code>commit.template</code> is set); <code>merge</code> (if the
commit is a merge or a <code>.git/MERGE_MSG</code> file exists); <code>squash</code>
(if a <code>.git/SQUASH_MSG</code> file exists); or <code>commit</code>, followed by
a commit SHA-1 (if a <code>-c</code>, <code>-C</code> or <code>--amend</code> option was given).</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>If the exit status is non-zero, <em>git commit</em> will abort.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The purpose of the hook is to edit the message file in place, and
it is not suppressed by the <code>--no-verify</code> option. A non-zero exit
means a failure of the hook and aborts the commit. It should not
be used as replacement for pre-commit hook.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The sample <code>prepare-commit-msg</code> hook that comes with Git comments
out the <code>Conflicts:</code> part of a merge&#8217;s commit message.</p></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_commit_msg">commit-msg</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is invoked by <em>git commit</em>, and can be bypassed
with the <code>--no-verify</code> option. It takes a single parameter, the
name of the file that holds the proposed commit log message.
Exiting with a non-zero status causes the <em>git commit</em> to
abort.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The hook is allowed to edit the message file in place, and can be used
to normalize the message into some project standard format. It
can also be used to refuse the commit after inspecting the message
file.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The default <em>commit-msg</em> hook, when enabled, detects duplicate
"Signed-off-by" lines, and aborts the commit if one is found.</p></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_post_commit">post-commit</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is invoked by <em>git commit</em>. It takes no parameters, and is
invoked after a commit is made.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is meant primarily for notification, and cannot affect
the outcome of <em>git commit</em>.</p></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_pre_rebase">pre-rebase</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is called by <em>git rebase</em> and can be used to prevent a
branch from getting rebased. The hook may be called with one or
two parameters. The first parameter is the upstream from which
the series was forked. The second parameter is the branch being
rebased, and is not set when rebasing the current branch.</p></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_post_checkout">post-checkout</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is invoked when a <em>git checkout</em> is run after having updated the
worktree. The hook is given three parameters: the ref of the previous HEAD,
the ref of the new HEAD (which may or may not have changed), and a flag
indicating whether the checkout was a branch checkout (changing branches,
flag=1) or a file checkout (retrieving a file from the index, flag=0).
This hook cannot affect the outcome of <em>git checkout</em>.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>It is also run after <em>git clone</em>, unless the --no-checkout (-n) option is
used. The first parameter given to the hook is the null-ref, the second the
ref of the new HEAD and the flag is always 1.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook can be used to perform repository validity checks, auto-display
differences from the previous HEAD if different, or set working dir metadata
properties.</p></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_post_merge">post-merge</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is invoked by <em>git merge</em>, which happens when a <em>git pull</em>
is done on a local repository. The hook takes a single parameter, a status
flag specifying whether or not the merge being done was a squash merge.
This hook cannot affect the outcome of <em>git merge</em> and is not executed,
if the merge failed due to conflicts.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook can be used in conjunction with a corresponding pre-commit hook to
save and restore any form of metadata associated with the working tree
(e.g.: permissions/ownership, ACLS, etc). See contrib/hooks/setgitperms.perl
for an example of how to do this.</p></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_pre_push">pre-push</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is called by <em>git push</em> and can be used to prevent a push from taking
place. The hook is called with two parameters which provide the name and
location of the destination remote, if a named remote is not being used both
values will be the same.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>Information about what is to be pushed is provided on the hook&#8217;s standard
input with lines of the form:</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>&lt;local ref&gt; SP &lt;local sha1&gt; SP &lt;remote ref&gt; SP &lt;remote sha1&gt; LF</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>For instance, if the command <code>git push origin master:foreign</code> were run the
hook would receive a line like the following:</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>refs/heads/master 67890 refs/heads/foreign 12345</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>although the full, 40-character SHA-1s would be supplied. If the foreign ref
does not yet exist the <code>&lt;remote SHA-1&gt;</code> will be 40 <code>0</code>. If a ref is to be
deleted, the <code>&lt;local ref&gt;</code> will be supplied as <code>(delete)</code> and the <code>&lt;local
SHA-1&gt;</code> will be 40 <code>0</code>. If the local commit was specified by something other
than a name which could be expanded (such as <code>HEAD~</code>, or a SHA-1) it will be
supplied as it was originally given.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>If this hook exits with a non-zero status, <em>git push</em> will abort without
pushing anything. Information about why the push is rejected may be sent
to the user by writing to standard error.</p></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="pre-receive">pre-receive</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is invoked by <em>git-receive-pack</em> on the remote repository,
which happens when a <em>git push</em> is done on a local repository.
Just before starting to update refs on the remote repository, the
pre-receive hook is invoked. Its exit status determines the success
or failure of the update.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook executes once for the receive operation. It takes no
arguments, but for each ref to be updated it receives on standard
input a line of the format:</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>&lt;old-value&gt; SP &lt;new-value&gt; SP &lt;ref-name&gt; LF</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>where <code>&lt;old-value&gt;</code> is the old object name stored in the ref,
<code>&lt;new-value&gt;</code> is the new object name to be stored in the ref and
<code>&lt;ref-name&gt;</code> is the full name of the ref.
When creating a new ref, <code>&lt;old-value&gt;</code> is 40 <code>0</code>.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>If the hook exits with non-zero status, none of the refs will be
updated. If the hook exits with zero, updating of individual refs can
still be prevented by the <a href="#update"><em>update</em></a> hook.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>Both standard output and standard error output are forwarded to
<em>git send-pack</em> on the other end, so you can simply <code>echo</code> messages
for the user.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The number of push options given on the command line of
<code>git push --push-option=...</code> can be read from the environment
variable <code>GIT_PUSH_OPTION_COUNT</code>, and the options themselves are
found in <code>GIT_PUSH_OPTION_0</code>, <code>GIT_PUSH_OPTION_1</code>,&#8230;
If it is negotiated to not use the push options phase, the
environment variables will not be set. If the client selects
to use push options, but doesn&#8217;t transmit any, the count variable
will be set to zero, <code>GIT_PUSH_OPTION_COUNT=0</code>.</p></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="update">update</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is invoked by <em>git-receive-pack</em> on the remote repository,
which happens when a <em>git push</em> is done on a local repository.
Just before updating the ref on the remote repository, the update hook
is invoked. Its exit status determines the success or failure of
the ref update.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The hook executes once for each ref to be updated, and takes
three parameters:</p></div>
<div class="ulist"><ul>
<li>
<p>
the name of the ref being updated,
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
the old object name stored in the ref,
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
and the new object name to be stored in the ref.
</p>
</li>
</ul></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>A zero exit from the update hook allows the ref to be updated.
Exiting with a non-zero status prevents <em>git-receive-pack</em>
from updating that ref.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook can be used to prevent <em>forced</em> update on certain refs by
making sure that the object name is a commit object that is a
descendant of the commit object named by the old object name.
That is, to enforce a "fast-forward only" policy.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>It could also be used to log the old..new status. However, it
does not know the entire set of branches, so it would end up
firing one e-mail per ref when used naively, though. The
<a href="#post-receive"><em>post-receive</em></a> hook is more suited to that.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>In an environment that restricts the users' access only to git
commands over the wire, this hook can be used to implement access
control without relying on filesystem ownership and group
membership. See <a href="git-shell.html">git-shell(1)</a> for how you might use the login
shell to restrict the user&#8217;s access to only git commands.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>Both standard output and standard error output are forwarded to
<em>git send-pack</em> on the other end, so you can simply <code>echo</code> messages
for the user.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The default <em>update</em> hook, when enabled&#8212;and with
<code>hooks.allowunannotated</code> config option unset or set to false&#8212;prevents
unannotated tags to be pushed.</p></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="post-receive">post-receive</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is invoked by <em>git-receive-pack</em> on the remote repository,
which happens when a <em>git push</em> is done on a local repository.
It executes on the remote repository once after all the refs have
been updated.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook executes once for the receive operation. It takes no
arguments, but gets the same information as the
<a href="#pre-receive"><em>pre-receive</em></a>
hook does on its standard input.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook does not affect the outcome of <em>git-receive-pack</em>, as it
is called after the real work is done.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This supersedes the <a href="#post-update"><em>post-update</em></a> hook in that it gets
both old and new values of all the refs in addition to their
names.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>Both standard output and standard error output are forwarded to
<em>git send-pack</em> on the other end, so you can simply <code>echo</code> messages
for the user.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The default <em>post-receive</em> hook is empty, but there is
a sample script <code>post-receive-email</code> provided in the <code>contrib/hooks</code>
directory in Git distribution, which implements sending commit
emails.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The number of push options given on the command line of
<code>git push --push-option=...</code> can be read from the environment
variable <code>GIT_PUSH_OPTION_COUNT</code>, and the options themselves are
found in <code>GIT_PUSH_OPTION_0</code>, <code>GIT_PUSH_OPTION_1</code>,&#8230;
If it is negotiated to not use the push options phase, the
environment variables will not be set. If the client selects
to use push options, but doesn&#8217;t transmit any, the count variable
will be set to zero, <code>GIT_PUSH_OPTION_COUNT=0</code>.</p></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="post-update">post-update</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is invoked by <em>git-receive-pack</em> on the remote repository,
which happens when a <em>git push</em> is done on a local repository.
It executes on the remote repository once after all the refs have
been updated.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>It takes a variable number of parameters, each of which is the
name of ref that was actually updated.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is meant primarily for notification, and cannot affect
the outcome of <em>git-receive-pack</em>.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The <em>post-update</em> hook can tell what are the heads that were pushed,
but it does not know what their original and updated values are,
so it is a poor place to do log old..new. The
<a href="#post-receive"><em>post-receive</em></a> hook does get both original and
updated values of the refs. You might consider it instead if you need
them.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>When enabled, the default <em>post-update</em> hook runs
<em>git update-server-info</em> to keep the information used by dumb
transports (e.g., HTTP) up-to-date. If you are publishing
a Git repository that is accessible via HTTP, you should
probably enable this hook.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>Both standard output and standard error output are forwarded to
<em>git send-pack</em> on the other end, so you can simply <code>echo</code> messages
for the user.</p></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_push_to_checkout">push-to-checkout</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is invoked by <em>git-receive-pack</em> on the remote repository,
which happens when a <em>git push</em> is done on a local repository, when
the push tries to update the branch that is currently checked out
and the <code>receive.denyCurrentBranch</code> configuration variable is set to
<code>updateInstead</code>. Such a push by default is refused if the working
tree and the index of the remote repository has any difference from
the currently checked out commit; when both the working tree and the
index match the current commit, they are updated to match the newly
pushed tip of the branch. This hook is to be used to override the
default behaviour.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The hook receives the commit with which the tip of the current
branch is going to be updated. It can exit with a non-zero status
to refuse the push (when it does so, it must not modify the index or
the working tree). Or it can make any necessary changes to the
working tree and to the index to bring them to the desired state
when the tip of the current branch is updated to the new commit, and
exit with a zero status.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>For example, the hook can simply run <code>git read-tree -u -m HEAD "$1"</code>
in order to emulate <em>git fetch</em> that is run in the reverse direction
with <code>git push</code>, as the two-tree form of <code>read-tree -u -m</code> is
essentially the same as <code>git checkout</code> that switches branches while
keeping the local changes in the working tree that do not interfere
with the difference between the branches.</p></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_pre_auto_gc">pre-auto-gc</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is invoked by <em>git gc --auto</em>. It takes no parameter, and
exiting with non-zero status from this script causes the <em>git gc --auto</em>
to abort.</p></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_post_rewrite">post-rewrite</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This hook is invoked by commands that rewrite commits (<code>git commit
--amend</code>, <em>git-rebase</em>; currently <em>git-filter-branch</em> does <em>not</em> call
it!). Its first argument denotes the command it was invoked by:
currently one of <code>amend</code> or <code>rebase</code>. Further command-dependent
arguments may be passed in the future.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The hook receives a list of the rewritten commits on stdin, in the
format</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>&lt;old-sha1&gt; SP &lt;new-sha1&gt; [ SP &lt;extra-info&gt; ] LF</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The <em>extra-info</em> is again command-dependent. If it is empty, the
preceding SP is also omitted. Currently, no commands pass any
<em>extra-info</em>.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The hook always runs after the automatic note copying (see
"notes.rewrite.&lt;command&gt;" in <a href="git-config.html">git-config(1)</a>) has happened, and
thus has access to these notes.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The following command-specific comments apply:</p></div>
<div class="dlist"><dl>
<dt class="hdlist1">
rebase
</dt>
<dd>
<p>
For the <em>squash</em> and <em>fixup</em> operation, all commits that were
squashed are listed as being rewritten to the squashed commit.
This means that there will be several lines sharing the same
<em>new-sha1</em>.
</p>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The commits are guaranteed to be listed in the order that they were
processed by rebase.</p></div>
</dd>
</dl></div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="sect1">
<h2 id="_git">GIT</h2>
<div class="sectionbody">
<div class="paragraph"><p>Part of the <a href="git.html">git(1)</a> suite</p></div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
<div id="footnotes"><hr /></div>
<div id="footer">
<div id="footer-text">
Last updated 2016-08-03 15:39:49 PDT
</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>