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/*
* This file has been copied from commit e7ac713d^ in the GNU grep git
* repository. A few small changes have been made to adapt the code to
* Git.
*/
/* kwset.c - search for any of a set of keywords.
Copyright 1989, 1998, 2000, 2005 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street - Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
02110-1301, USA. */
/* Written August 1989 by Mike Haertel.
The author may be reached (Email) at the address mike@ai.mit.edu,
or (US mail) as Mike Haertel c/o Free Software Foundation. */
/* The algorithm implemented by these routines bears a startling resemblence
to one discovered by Beate Commentz-Walter, although it is not identical.
See "A String Matching Algorithm Fast on the Average," Technical Report,
IBM-Germany, Scientific Center Heidelberg, Tiergartenstrasse 15, D-6900
Heidelberg, Germany. See also Aho, A.V., and M. Corasick, "Efficient
String Matching: An Aid to Bibliographic Search," CACM June 1975,
Vol. 18, No. 6, which describes the failure function used below. */
#include "cache.h"
#include "kwset.h"
#include "compat/obstack.h"
#define NCHAR (UCHAR_MAX + 1)
#define obstack_chunk_alloc xmalloc
#define obstack_chunk_free free
#define U(c) ((unsigned char) (c))
/* Balanced tree of edges and labels leaving a given trie node. */
struct tree
{
struct tree *llink; /* Left link; MUST be first field. */
struct tree *rlink; /* Right link (to larger labels). */
struct trie *trie; /* Trie node pointed to by this edge. */
unsigned char label; /* Label on this edge. */
char balance; /* Difference in depths of subtrees. */
};
/* Node of a trie representing a set of reversed keywords. */
struct trie
{
unsigned int accepting; /* Word index of accepted word, or zero. */
struct tree *links; /* Tree of edges leaving this node. */
struct trie *parent; /* Parent of this node. */
struct trie *next; /* List of all trie nodes in level order. */
struct trie *fail; /* Aho-Corasick failure function. */
int depth; /* Depth of this node from the root. */
int shift; /* Shift function for search failures. */
int maxshift; /* Max shift of self and descendents. */
};
/* Structure returned opaquely to the caller, containing everything. */
struct kwset
{
struct obstack obstack; /* Obstack for node allocation. */
int words; /* Number of words in the trie. */
struct trie *trie; /* The trie itself. */
int mind; /* Minimum depth of an accepting node. */
int maxd; /* Maximum depth of any node. */
unsigned char delta[NCHAR]; /* Delta table for rapid search. */
struct trie *next[NCHAR]; /* Table of children of the root. */
char *target; /* Target string if there's only one. */
int mind2; /* Used in Boyer-Moore search for one string. */
char const *trans; /* Character translation table. */
};
/* Allocate and initialize a keyword set object, returning an opaque
pointer to it. Return NULL if memory is not available. */
kwset_t
kwsalloc (char const *trans)
{
struct kwset *kwset;
kwset = (struct kwset *) xmalloc(sizeof (struct kwset));
obstack_init(&kwset->obstack);
kwset->words = 0;
kwset->trie
= (struct trie *) obstack_alloc(&kwset->obstack, sizeof (struct trie));
if (!kwset->trie)
{
kwsfree((kwset_t) kwset);
return NULL;
}
kwset->trie->accepting = 0;
kwset->trie->links = NULL;
kwset->trie->parent = NULL;
kwset->trie->next = NULL;
kwset->trie->fail = NULL;
kwset->trie->depth = 0;
kwset->trie->shift = 0;
kwset->mind = INT_MAX;
kwset->maxd = -1;
kwset->target = NULL;
kwset->trans = trans;
return (kwset_t) kwset;
}
/* This upper bound is valid for CHAR_BIT >= 4 and
exact for CHAR_BIT in { 4..11, 13, 15, 17, 19 }. */
#define DEPTH_SIZE (CHAR_BIT + CHAR_BIT/2)
/* Add the given string to the contents of the keyword set. Return NULL
for success, an error message otherwise. */
const char *
kwsincr (kwset_t kws, char const *text, size_t len)
{
struct kwset *kwset;
register struct trie *trie;
register unsigned char label;
register struct tree *link;
register int depth;
struct tree *links[DEPTH_SIZE];
enum { L, R } dirs[DEPTH_SIZE];
struct tree *t, *r, *l, *rl, *lr;
kwset = (struct kwset *) kws;
trie = kwset->trie;
text += len;
/* Descend the trie (built of reversed keywords) character-by-character,
installing new nodes when necessary. */
while (len--)
{
label = kwset->trans ? kwset->trans[U(*--text)] : *--text;
/* Descend the tree of outgoing links for this trie node,
looking for the current character and keeping track
of the path followed. */
link = trie->links;
links[0] = (struct tree *) &trie->links;
dirs[0] = L;
depth = 1;
while (link && label != link->label)
{
links[depth] = link;
if (label < link->label)
dirs[depth++] = L, link = link->llink;
else
dirs[depth++] = R, link = link->rlink;
}
/* The current character doesn't have an outgoing link at
this trie node, so build a new trie node and install
a link in the current trie node's tree. */
if (!link)
{
link = (struct tree *) obstack_alloc(&kwset->obstack,
sizeof (struct tree));
if (!link)
return "memory exhausted";
link->llink = NULL;
link->rlink = NULL;
link->trie = (struct trie *) obstack_alloc(&kwset->obstack,
sizeof (struct trie));
if (!link->trie)
{
obstack_free(&kwset->obstack, link);
return "memory exhausted";
}
link->trie->accepting = 0;
link->trie->links = NULL;
link->trie->parent = trie;
link->trie->next = NULL;
link->trie->fail = NULL;
link->trie->depth = trie->depth + 1;
link->trie->shift = 0;
link->label = label;
link->balance = 0;
/* Install the new tree node in its parent. */
if (dirs[--depth] == L)
links[depth]->llink = link;
else
links[depth]->rlink = link;
/* Back up the tree fixing the balance flags. */
while (depth && !links[depth]->balance)
{
if (dirs[depth] == L)
--links[depth]->balance;
else
++links[depth]->balance;
--depth;
}
/* Rebalance the tree by pointer rotations if necessary. */
if (depth && ((dirs[depth] == L && --links[depth]->balance)
|| (dirs[depth] == R && ++links[depth]->balance)))
{
switch (links[depth]->balance)
{
case (char) -2:
switch (dirs[depth + 1])
{
case L:
r = links[depth], t = r->llink, rl = t->rlink;
t->rlink = r, r->llink = rl;
t->balance = r->balance = 0;
break;
case R:
r = links[depth], l = r->llink, t = l->rlink;
rl = t->rlink, lr = t->llink;
t->llink = l, l->rlink = lr, t->rlink = r, r->llink = rl;
l->balance = t->balance != 1 ? 0 : -1;
r->balance = t->balance != (char) -1 ? 0 : 1;
t->balance = 0;
break;
default:
abort ();
}
break;
case 2:
switch (dirs[depth + 1])
{
case R:
l = links[depth], t = l->rlink, lr = t->llink;
t->llink = l, l->rlink = lr;
t->balance = l->balance = 0;
break;
case L:
l = links[depth], r = l->rlink, t = r->llink;
lr = t->llink, rl = t->rlink;
t->llink = l, l->rlink = lr, t->rlink = r, r->llink = rl;
l->balance = t->balance != 1 ? 0 : -1;
r->balance = t->balance != (char) -1 ? 0 : 1;
t->balance = 0;
break;
default:
abort ();
}
break;
default:
abort ();
}
if (dirs[depth - 1] == L)
links[depth - 1]->llink = t;
else
links[depth - 1]->rlink = t;
}
}
trie = link->trie;
}
/* Mark the node we finally reached as accepting, encoding the
index number of this word in the keyword set so far. */
if (!trie->accepting)
trie->accepting = 1 + 2 * kwset->words;
++kwset->words;
/* Keep track of the longest and shortest string of the keyword set. */
if (trie->depth < kwset->mind)
kwset->mind = trie->depth;
if (trie->depth > kwset->maxd)
kwset->maxd = trie->depth;
return NULL;
}
/* Enqueue the trie nodes referenced from the given tree in the
given queue. */
static void
enqueue (struct tree *tree, struct trie **last)
{
if (!tree)
return;
enqueue(tree->llink, last);
enqueue(tree->rlink, last);
(*last) = (*last)->next = tree->trie;
}
/* Compute the Aho-Corasick failure function for the trie nodes referenced
from the given tree, given the failure function for their parent as
well as a last resort failure node. */
static void
treefails (register struct tree const *tree, struct trie const *fail,
struct trie *recourse)
{
register struct tree *link;
if (!tree)
return;
treefails(tree->llink, fail, recourse);
treefails(tree->rlink, fail, recourse);
/* Find, in the chain of fails going back to the root, the first
node that has a descendent on the current label. */
while (fail)
{
link = fail->links;
while (link && tree->label != link->label)
if (tree->label < link->label)
link = link->llink;
else
link = link->rlink;
if (link)
{
tree->trie->fail = link->trie;
return;
}
fail = fail->fail;
}
tree->trie->fail = recourse;
}
/* Set delta entries for the links of the given tree such that
the preexisting delta value is larger than the current depth. */
static void
treedelta (register struct tree const *tree,
register unsigned int depth,
unsigned char delta[])
{
if (!tree)
return;
treedelta(tree->llink, depth, delta);
treedelta(tree->rlink, depth, delta);
if (depth < delta[tree->label])
delta[tree->label] = depth;
}
/* Return true if A has every label in B. */
static int
hasevery (register struct tree const *a, register struct tree const *b)
{
if (!b)
return 1;
if (!hasevery(a, b->llink))
return 0;
if (!hasevery(a, b->rlink))
return 0;
while (a && b->label != a->label)
if (b->label < a->label)
a = a->llink;
else
a = a->rlink;
return !!a;
}
/* Compute a vector, indexed by character code, of the trie nodes
referenced from the given tree. */
static void
treenext (struct tree const *tree, struct trie *next[])
{
if (!tree)
return;
treenext(tree->llink, next);
treenext(tree->rlink, next);
next[tree->label] = tree->trie;
}
/* Compute the shift for each trie node, as well as the delta
table and next cache for the given keyword set. */
const char *
kwsprep (kwset_t kws)
{
register struct kwset *kwset;
register int i;
register struct trie *curr;
register char const *trans;
unsigned char delta[NCHAR];
kwset = (struct kwset *) kws;
/* Initial values for the delta table; will be changed later. The
delta entry for a given character is the smallest depth of any
node at which an outgoing edge is labeled by that character. */
memset(delta, kwset->mind < UCHAR_MAX ? kwset->mind : UCHAR_MAX, NCHAR);
/* Check if we can use the simple boyer-moore algorithm, instead
of the hairy commentz-walter algorithm. */
if (kwset->words == 1 && kwset->trans == NULL)
{
char c;
/* Looking for just one string. Extract it from the trie. */
kwset->target = obstack_alloc(&kwset->obstack, kwset->mind);
if (!kwset->target)
return "memory exhausted";
for (i = kwset->mind - 1, curr = kwset->trie; i >= 0; --i)
{
kwset->target[i] = curr->links->label;
curr = curr->links->trie;
}
/* Build the Boyer Moore delta. Boy that's easy compared to CW. */
for (i = 0; i < kwset->mind; ++i)
delta[U(kwset->target[i])] = kwset->mind - (i + 1);
/* Find the minimal delta2 shift that we might make after
a backwards match has failed. */
c = kwset->target[kwset->mind - 1];
for (i = kwset->mind - 2; i >= 0; --i)
if (kwset->target[i] == c)
break;
kwset->mind2 = kwset->mind - (i + 1);
}
else
{
register struct trie *fail;
struct trie *last, *next[NCHAR];
/* Traverse the nodes of the trie in level order, simultaneously
computing the delta table, failure function, and shift function. */
for (curr = last = kwset->trie; curr; curr = curr->next)
{
/* Enqueue the immediate descendents in the level order queue. */
enqueue(curr->links, &last);
curr->shift = kwset->mind;
curr->maxshift = kwset->mind;
/* Update the delta table for the descendents of this node. */
treedelta(curr->links, curr->depth, delta);
/* Compute the failure function for the decendents of this node. */
treefails(curr->links, curr->fail, kwset->trie);
/* Update the shifts at each node in the current node's chain
of fails back to the root. */
for (fail = curr->fail; fail; fail = fail->fail)
{
/* If the current node has some outgoing edge that the fail
doesn't, then the shift at the fail should be no larger
than the difference of their depths. */
if (!hasevery(fail->links, curr->links))
if (curr->depth - fail->depth < fail->shift)
fail->shift = curr->depth - fail->depth;
/* If the current node is accepting then the shift at the
fail and its descendents should be no larger than the
difference of their depths. */
if (curr->accepting && fail->maxshift > curr->depth - fail->depth)
fail->maxshift = curr->depth - fail->depth;
}
}
/* Traverse the trie in level order again, fixing up all nodes whose
shift exceeds their inherited maxshift. */
for (curr = kwset->trie->next; curr; curr = curr->next)
{
if (curr->maxshift > curr->parent->maxshift)
curr->maxshift = curr->parent->maxshift;
if (curr->shift > curr->maxshift)
curr->shift = curr->maxshift;
}
/* Create a vector, indexed by character code, of the outgoing links
from the root node. */
for (i = 0; i < NCHAR; ++i)
next[i] = NULL;
treenext(kwset->trie->links, next);
if ((trans = kwset->trans) != NULL)
for (i = 0; i < NCHAR; ++i)
kwset->next[i] = next[U(trans[i])];
else
memcpy(kwset->next, next, NCHAR * sizeof(struct trie *));
}
/* Fix things up for any translation table. */
if ((trans = kwset->trans) != NULL)
for (i = 0; i < NCHAR; ++i)
kwset->delta[i] = delta[U(trans[i])];
else
memcpy(kwset->delta, delta, NCHAR);
return NULL;
}
/* Fast boyer-moore search. */
static size_t
bmexec (kwset_t kws, char const *text, size_t size)
{
struct kwset const *kwset;
register unsigned char const *d1;
register char const *ep, *sp, *tp;
register int d, gc, i, len, md2;
kwset = (struct kwset const *) kws;
len = kwset->mind;
if (len == 0)
return 0;
if (len > size)
return -1;
if (len == 1)
{
tp = memchr (text, kwset->target[0], size);
return tp ? tp - text : -1;
}
d1 = kwset->delta;
sp = kwset->target + len;
gc = U(sp[-2]);
md2 = kwset->mind2;
tp = text + len;
/* Significance of 12: 1 (initial offset) + 10 (skip loop) + 1 (md2). */
if (size > 12 * len)
/* 11 is not a bug, the initial offset happens only once. */
for (ep = text + size - 11 * len;;)
{
while (tp <= ep)
{
d = d1[U(tp[-1])], tp += d;
d = d1[U(tp[-1])], tp += d;
if (d == 0)
goto found;
d = d1[U(tp[-1])], tp += d;
d = d1[U(tp[-1])], tp += d;
d = d1[U(tp[-1])], tp += d;
if (d == 0)
goto found;
d = d1[U(tp[-1])], tp += d;
d = d1[U(tp[-1])], tp += d;
d = d1[U(tp[-1])], tp += d;
if (d == 0)
goto found;
d = d1[U(tp[-1])], tp += d;
d = d1[U(tp[-1])], tp += d;
}
break;
found:
if (U(tp[-2]) == gc)
{
for (i = 3; i <= len && U(tp[-i]) == U(sp[-i]); ++i)
;
if (i > len)
return tp - len - text;
}
tp += md2;
}
/* Now we have only a few characters left to search. We
carefully avoid ever producing an out-of-bounds pointer. */
ep = text + size;
d = d1[U(tp[-1])];
while (d <= ep - tp)
{
d = d1[U((tp += d)[-1])];
if (d != 0)
continue;
if (U(tp[-2]) == gc)
{
for (i = 3; i <= len && U(tp[-i]) == U(sp[-i]); ++i)
;
if (i > len)
return tp - len - text;
}
d = md2;
}
return -1;
}
/* Hairy multiple string search. */
static size_t
cwexec (kwset_t kws, char const *text, size_t len, struct kwsmatch *kwsmatch)
{
struct kwset const *kwset;
struct trie * const *next;
struct trie const *trie;
struct trie const *accept;
char const *beg, *lim, *mch, *lmch;
register unsigned char c;
register unsigned char const *delta;
register int d;
register char const *end, *qlim;
register struct tree const *tree;
register char const *trans;
accept = NULL;
/* Initialize register copies and look for easy ways out. */
kwset = (struct kwset *) kws;
if (len < kwset->mind)
return -1;
next = kwset->next;
delta = kwset->delta;
trans = kwset->trans;
lim = text + len;
end = text;
if ((d = kwset->mind) != 0)
mch = NULL;
else
{
mch = text, accept = kwset->trie;
goto match;
}
if (len >= 4 * kwset->mind)
qlim = lim - 4 * kwset->mind;
else
qlim = NULL;
while (lim - end >= d)
{
if (qlim && end <= qlim)
{
end += d - 1;
while ((d = delta[c = *end]) && end < qlim)
{
end += d;
end += delta[U(*end)];
end += delta[U(*end)];
}
++end;
}
else
d = delta[c = (end += d)[-1]];
if (d)
continue;
beg = end - 1;
trie = next[c];
if (trie->accepting)
{
mch = beg;
accept = trie;
}
d = trie->shift;
while (beg > text)
{
c = trans ? trans[U(*--beg)] : *--beg;
tree = trie->links;
while (tree && c != tree->label)
if (c < tree->label)
tree = tree->llink;
else
tree = tree->rlink;
if (tree)
{
trie = tree->trie;
if (trie->accepting)
{
mch = beg;
accept = trie;
}
}
else
break;
d = trie->shift;
}
if (mch)
goto match;
}
return -1;
match:
/* Given a known match, find the longest possible match anchored
at or before its starting point. This is nearly a verbatim
copy of the preceding main search loops. */
if (lim - mch > kwset->maxd)
lim = mch + kwset->maxd;
lmch = NULL;
d = 1;
while (lim - end >= d)
{
if ((d = delta[c = (end += d)[-1]]) != 0)
continue;
beg = end - 1;
if (!(trie = next[c]))
{
d = 1;
continue;
}
if (trie->accepting && beg <= mch)
{
lmch = beg;
accept = trie;
}
d = trie->shift;
while (beg > text)
{
c = trans ? trans[U(*--beg)] : *--beg;
tree = trie->links;
while (tree && c != tree->label)
if (c < tree->label)
tree = tree->llink;
else
tree = tree->rlink;
if (tree)
{
trie = tree->trie;
if (trie->accepting && beg <= mch)
{
lmch = beg;
accept = trie;
}
}
else
break;
d = trie->shift;
}
if (lmch)
{
mch = lmch;
goto match;
}
if (!d)
d = 1;
}
if (kwsmatch)
{
kwsmatch->index = accept->accepting / 2;
kwsmatch->offset[0] = mch - text;
kwsmatch->size[0] = accept->depth;
}
return mch - text;
}
/* Search through the given text for a match of any member of the
given keyword set. Return a pointer to the first character of
the matching substring, or NULL if no match is found. If FOUNDLEN
is non-NULL store in the referenced location the length of the
matching substring. Similarly, if FOUNDIDX is non-NULL, store
in the referenced location the index number of the particular
keyword matched. */
size_t
kwsexec (kwset_t kws, char const *text, size_t size,
struct kwsmatch *kwsmatch)
{
struct kwset const *kwset = (struct kwset *) kws;
if (kwset->words == 1 && kwset->trans == NULL)
{
size_t ret = bmexec (kws, text, size);
if (kwsmatch != NULL && ret != (size_t) -1)
{
kwsmatch->index = 0;
kwsmatch->offset[0] = ret;
kwsmatch->size[0] = kwset->mind;
}
return ret;
}
else
return cwexec(kws, text, size, kwsmatch);
}
/* Free the components of the given keyword set. */
void
kwsfree (kwset_t kws)
{
struct kwset *kwset;
kwset = (struct kwset *) kws;
obstack_free(&kwset->obstack, NULL);
free(kws);
}
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