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/*
* This handles recursive filename detection with exclude
* files, index knowledge etc..
*
* See Documentation/technical/api-directory-listing.txt
*
* Copyright (C) Linus Torvalds, 2005-2006
* Junio Hamano, 2005-2006
*/
#include "cache.h"
#include "dir.h"
#include "refs.h"
#include "wildmatch.h"
#include "pathspec.h"

struct path_simplify {
int len;
const char *path;
};

/*
* Tells read_directory_recursive how a file or directory should be treated.
* Values are ordered by significance, e.g. if a directory contains both
* excluded and untracked files, it is listed as untracked because
* path_untracked > path_excluded.
*/
enum path_treatment {
path_none = 0,
path_recurse,
path_excluded,
path_untracked
};

static enum path_treatment read_directory_recursive(struct dir_struct *dir,
const char *path, int len,
int check_only, const struct path_simplify *simplify);
static int get_dtype(struct dirent *de, const char *path, int len);

/* helper string functions with support for the ignore_case flag */
int strcmp_icase(const char *a, const char *b)
{
return ignore_case ? strcasecmp(a, b) : strcmp(a, b);
}

int strncmp_icase(const char *a, const char *b, size_t count)
{
return ignore_case ? strncasecmp(a, b, count) : strncmp(a, b, count);
}

int fnmatch_icase(const char *pattern, const char *string, int flags)
{
return wildmatch(pattern, string,
flags | (ignore_case ? WM_CASEFOLD : 0),
NULL);
}

int git_fnmatch(const struct pathspec_item *item,
const char *pattern, const char *string,
int prefix)
{
if (prefix > 0) {
if (ps_strncmp(item, pattern, string, prefix))
return WM_NOMATCH;
pattern += prefix;
string += prefix;
}
if (item->flags & PATHSPEC_ONESTAR) {
int pattern_len = strlen(++pattern);
int string_len = strlen(string);
return string_len < pattern_len ||
ps_strcmp(item, pattern,
string + string_len - pattern_len);
}
if (item->magic & PATHSPEC_GLOB)
return wildmatch(pattern, string,
WM_PATHNAME |
(item->magic & PATHSPEC_ICASE ? WM_CASEFOLD : 0),
NULL);
else
/* wildmatch has not learned no FNM_PATHNAME mode yet */
return wildmatch(pattern, string,
item->magic & PATHSPEC_ICASE ? WM_CASEFOLD : 0,
NULL);
}

static int fnmatch_icase_mem(const char *pattern, int patternlen,
const char *string, int stringlen,
int flags)
{
int match_status;
struct strbuf pat_buf = STRBUF_INIT;
struct strbuf str_buf = STRBUF_INIT;
const char *use_pat = pattern;
const char *use_str = string;

if (pattern[patternlen]) {
strbuf_add(&pat_buf, pattern, patternlen);
use_pat = pat_buf.buf;
}
if (string[stringlen]) {
strbuf_add(&str_buf, string, stringlen);
use_str = str_buf.buf;
}

if (ignore_case)
flags |= WM_CASEFOLD;
match_status = wildmatch(use_pat, use_str, flags, NULL);

strbuf_release(&pat_buf);
strbuf_release(&str_buf);

return match_status;
}

static size_t common_prefix_len(const struct pathspec *pathspec)
{
int n;
size_t max = 0;

/*
* ":(icase)path" is treated as a pathspec full of
* wildcard. In other words, only prefix is considered common
* prefix. If the pathspec is abc/foo abc/bar, running in
* subdir xyz, the common prefix is still xyz, not xuz/abc as
* in non-:(icase).
*/
GUARD_PATHSPEC(pathspec,
PATHSPEC_FROMTOP |
PATHSPEC_MAXDEPTH |
PATHSPEC_LITERAL |
PATHSPEC_GLOB |
PATHSPEC_ICASE |
PATHSPEC_EXCLUDE);

for (n = 0; n < pathspec->nr; n++) {
size_t i = 0, len = 0, item_len;
if (pathspec->items[n].magic & PATHSPEC_EXCLUDE)
continue;
if (pathspec->items[n].magic & PATHSPEC_ICASE)
item_len = pathspec->items[n].prefix;
else
item_len = pathspec->items[n].nowildcard_len;
while (i < item_len && (n == 0 || i < max)) {
char c = pathspec->items[n].match[i];
if (c != pathspec->items[0].match[i])
break;
if (c == '/')
len = i + 1;
i++;
}
if (n == 0 || len < max) {
max = len;
if (!max)
break;
}
}
return max;
}

/*
* Returns a copy of the longest leading path common among all
* pathspecs.
*/
char *common_prefix(const struct pathspec *pathspec)
{
unsigned long len = common_prefix_len(pathspec);

return len ? xmemdupz(pathspec->items[0].match, len) : NULL;
}

int fill_directory(struct dir_struct *dir, const struct pathspec *pathspec)
{
size_t len;

/*
* Calculate common prefix for the pathspec, and
* use that to optimize the directory walk
*/
len = common_prefix_len(pathspec);

/* Read the directory and prune it */
read_directory(dir, pathspec->nr ? pathspec->_raw[0] : "", len, pathspec);
return len;
}

int within_depth(const char *name, int namelen,
int depth, int max_depth)
{
const char *cp = name, *cpe = name + namelen;

while (cp < cpe) {
if (*cp++ != '/')
continue;
depth++;
if (depth > max_depth)
return 0;
}
return 1;
}

#define DO_MATCH_EXCLUDE 1
#define DO_MATCH_DIRECTORY 2

/*
* Does 'match' match the given name?
* A match is found if
*
* (1) the 'match' string is leading directory of 'name', or
* (2) the 'match' string is a wildcard and matches 'name', or
* (3) the 'match' string is exactly the same as 'name'.
*
* and the return value tells which case it was.
*
* It returns 0 when there is no match.
*/
static int match_pathspec_item(const struct pathspec_item *item, int prefix,
const char *name, int namelen, unsigned flags)
{
/* name/namelen has prefix cut off by caller */
const char *match = item->match + prefix;
int matchlen = item->len - prefix;

/*
* The normal call pattern is:
* 1. prefix = common_prefix_len(ps);
* 2. prune something, or fill_directory
* 3. match_pathspec()
*
* 'prefix' at #1 may be shorter than the command's prefix and
* it's ok for #2 to match extra files. Those extras will be
* trimmed at #3.
*
* Suppose the pathspec is 'foo' and '../bar' running from
* subdir 'xyz'. The common prefix at #1 will be empty, thanks
* to "../". We may have xyz/foo _and_ XYZ/foo after #2. The
* user does not want XYZ/foo, only the "foo" part should be
* case-insensitive. We need to filter out XYZ/foo here. In
* other words, we do not trust the caller on comparing the
* prefix part when :(icase) is involved. We do exact
* comparison ourselves.
*
* Normally the caller (common_prefix_len() in fact) does
* _exact_ matching on name[-prefix+1..-1] and we do not need
* to check that part. Be defensive and check it anyway, in
* case common_prefix_len is changed, or a new caller is
* introduced that does not use common_prefix_len.
*
* If the penalty turns out too high when prefix is really
* long, maybe change it to
* strncmp(match, name, item->prefix - prefix)
*/
if (item->prefix && (item->magic & PATHSPEC_ICASE) &&
strncmp(item->match, name - prefix, item->prefix))
return 0;

/* If the match was just the prefix, we matched */
if (!*match)
return MATCHED_RECURSIVELY;

if (matchlen <= namelen && !ps_strncmp(item, match, name, matchlen)) {
if (matchlen == namelen)
return MATCHED_EXACTLY;

if (match[matchlen-1] == '/' || name[matchlen] == '/')
return MATCHED_RECURSIVELY;
} else if ((flags & DO_MATCH_DIRECTORY) &&
match[matchlen - 1] == '/' &&
namelen == matchlen - 1 &&
!ps_strncmp(item, match, name, namelen))
return MATCHED_EXACTLY;

if (item->nowildcard_len < item->len &&
!git_fnmatch(item, match, name,
item->nowildcard_len - prefix))
return MATCHED_FNMATCH;

return 0;
}

/*
* Given a name and a list of pathspecs, returns the nature of the
* closest (i.e. most specific) match of the name to any of the
* pathspecs.
*
* The caller typically calls this multiple times with the same
* pathspec and seen[] array but with different name/namelen
* (e.g. entries from the index) and is interested in seeing if and
* how each pathspec matches all the names it calls this function
* with. A mark is left in the seen[] array for each pathspec element
* indicating the closest type of match that element achieved, so if
* seen[n] remains zero after multiple invocations, that means the nth
* pathspec did not match any names, which could indicate that the
* user mistyped the nth pathspec.
*/
static int do_match_pathspec(const struct pathspec *ps,
const char *name, int namelen,
int prefix, char *seen,
unsigned flags)
{
int i, retval = 0, exclude = flags & DO_MATCH_EXCLUDE;

GUARD_PATHSPEC(ps,
PATHSPEC_FROMTOP |
PATHSPEC_MAXDEPTH |
PATHSPEC_LITERAL |
PATHSPEC_GLOB |
PATHSPEC_ICASE |
PATHSPEC_EXCLUDE);

if (!ps->nr) {
if (!ps->recursive ||
!(ps->magic & PATHSPEC_MAXDEPTH) ||
ps->max_depth == -1)
return MATCHED_RECURSIVELY;

if (within_depth(name, namelen, 0, ps->max_depth))
return MATCHED_EXACTLY;
else
return 0;
}

name += prefix;
namelen -= prefix;

for (i = ps->nr - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
int how;

if ((!exclude && ps->items[i].magic & PATHSPEC_EXCLUDE) ||
( exclude && !(ps->items[i].magic & PATHSPEC_EXCLUDE)))
continue;

if (seen && seen[i] == MATCHED_EXACTLY)
continue;
/*
* Make exclude patterns optional and never report
* "pathspec ':(exclude)foo' matches no files"
*/
if (seen && ps->items[i].magic & PATHSPEC_EXCLUDE)
seen[i] = MATCHED_FNMATCH;
how = match_pathspec_item(ps->items+i, prefix, name,
namelen, flags);
if (ps->recursive &&
(ps->magic & PATHSPEC_MAXDEPTH) &&
ps->max_depth != -1 &&
how && how != MATCHED_FNMATCH) {
int len = ps->items[i].len;
if (name[len] == '/')
len++;
if (within_depth(name+len, namelen-len, 0, ps->max_depth))
how = MATCHED_EXACTLY;
else
how = 0;
}
if (how) {
if (retval < how)
retval = how;
if (seen && seen[i] < how)
seen[i] = how;
}
}
return retval;
}

int match_pathspec(const struct pathspec *ps,
const char *name, int namelen,
int prefix, char *seen, int is_dir)
{
int positive, negative;
unsigned flags = is_dir ? DO_MATCH_DIRECTORY : 0;
positive = do_match_pathspec(ps, name, namelen,
prefix, seen, flags);
if (!(ps->magic & PATHSPEC_EXCLUDE) || !positive)
return positive;
negative = do_match_pathspec(ps, name, namelen,
prefix, seen,
flags | DO_MATCH_EXCLUDE);
return negative ? 0 : positive;
}

/*
* Return the length of the "simple" part of a path match limiter.
*/
int simple_length(const char *match)
{
int len = -1;

for (;;) {
unsigned char c = *match++;
len++;
if (c == '\0' || is_glob_special(c))
return len;
}
}

int no_wildcard(const char *string)
{
return string[simple_length(string)] == '\0';
}

void parse_exclude_pattern(const char **pattern,
int *patternlen,
int *flags,
int *nowildcardlen)
{
const char *p = *pattern;
size_t i, len;

*flags = 0;
if (*p == '!') {
*flags |= EXC_FLAG_NEGATIVE;
p++;
}
len = strlen(p);
if (len && p[len - 1] == '/') {
len--;
*flags |= EXC_FLAG_MUSTBEDIR;
}
for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
if (p[i] == '/')
break;
}
if (i == len)
*flags |= EXC_FLAG_NODIR;
*nowildcardlen = simple_length(p);
/*
* we should have excluded the trailing slash from 'p' too,
* but that's one more allocation. Instead just make sure
* nowildcardlen does not exceed real patternlen
*/
if (*nowildcardlen > len)
*nowildcardlen = len;
if (*p == '*' && no_wildcard(p + 1))
*flags |= EXC_FLAG_ENDSWITH;
*pattern = p;
*patternlen = len;
}

void add_exclude(const char *string, const char *base,
int baselen, struct exclude_list *el, int srcpos)
{
struct exclude *x;
int patternlen;
int flags;
int nowildcardlen;

parse_exclude_pattern(&string, &patternlen, &flags, &nowildcardlen);
if (flags & EXC_FLAG_MUSTBEDIR) {
char *s;
x = xmalloc(sizeof(*x) + patternlen + 1);
s = (char *)(x+1);
memcpy(s, string, patternlen);
s[patternlen] = '\0';
x->pattern = s;
} else {
x = xmalloc(sizeof(*x));
x->pattern = string;
}
x->patternlen = patternlen;
x->nowildcardlen = nowildcardlen;
x->base = base;
x->baselen = baselen;
x->flags = flags;
x->srcpos = srcpos;
ALLOC_GROW(el->excludes, el->nr + 1, el->alloc);
el->excludes[el->nr++] = x;
x->el = el;
}

static void *read_skip_worktree_file_from_index(const char *path, size_t *size)
{
int pos, len;
unsigned long sz;
enum object_type type;
void *data;

len = strlen(path);
pos = cache_name_pos(path, len);
if (pos < 0)
return NULL;
if (!ce_skip_worktree(active_cache[pos]))
return NULL;
data = read_sha1_file(active_cache[pos]->sha1, &type, &sz);
if (!data || type != OBJ_BLOB) {
free(data);
return NULL;
}
*size = xsize_t(sz);
return data;
}

/*
* Frees memory within el which was allocated for exclude patterns and
* the file buffer. Does not free el itself.
*/
void clear_exclude_list(struct exclude_list *el)
{
int i;

for (i = 0; i < el->nr; i++)
free(el->excludes[i]);
free(el->excludes);
free(el->filebuf);

el->nr = 0;
el->excludes = NULL;
el->filebuf = NULL;
}

static void trim_trailing_spaces(char *buf)
{
int i, last_space = -1, nr_spaces, len = strlen(buf);
for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
if (buf[i] == '\\')
i++;
else if (buf[i] == ' ') {
if (last_space == -1) {
last_space = i;
nr_spaces = 1;
} else
nr_spaces++;
} else
last_space = -1;

if (last_space != -1 && last_space + nr_spaces == len)
buf[last_space] = '\0';
}

int add_excludes_from_file_to_list(const char *fname,
const char *base,
int baselen,
struct exclude_list *el,
int check_index)
{
struct stat st;
int fd, i, lineno = 1;
size_t size = 0;
char *buf, *entry;

fd = open(fname, O_RDONLY);
if (fd < 0 || fstat(fd, &st) < 0) {
if (errno != ENOENT)
warn_on_inaccessible(fname);
if (0 <= fd)
close(fd);
if (!check_index ||
(buf = read_skip_worktree_file_from_index(fname, &size)) == NULL)
return -1;
if (size == 0) {
free(buf);
return 0;
}
if (buf[size-1] != '\n') {
buf = xrealloc(buf, size+1);
buf[size++] = '\n';
}
}
else {
size = xsize_t(st.st_size);
if (size == 0) {
close(fd);
return 0;
}
buf = xmalloc(size+1);
if (read_in_full(fd, buf, size) != size) {
free(buf);
close(fd);
return -1;
}
buf[size++] = '\n';
close(fd);
}

el->filebuf = buf;
entry = buf;
for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
if (buf[i] == '\n') {
if (entry != buf + i && entry[0] != '#') {
buf[i - (i && buf[i-1] == '\r')] = 0;
trim_trailing_spaces(entry);
add_exclude(entry, base, baselen, el, lineno);
}
lineno++;
entry = buf + i + 1;
}
}
return 0;
}

struct exclude_list *add_exclude_list(struct dir_struct *dir,
int group_type, const char *src)
{
struct exclude_list *el;
struct exclude_list_group *group;

group = &dir->exclude_list_group[group_type];
ALLOC_GROW(group->el, group->nr + 1, group->alloc);
el = &group->el[group->nr++];
memset(el, 0, sizeof(*el));
el->src = src;
return el;
}

/*
* Used to set up core.excludesfile and .git/info/exclude lists.
*/
void add_excludes_from_file(struct dir_struct *dir, const char *fname)
{
struct exclude_list *el;
el = add_exclude_list(dir, EXC_FILE, fname);
if (add_excludes_from_file_to_list(fname, "", 0, el, 0) < 0)
die("cannot use %s as an exclude file", fname);
}

int match_basename(const char *basename, int basenamelen,
const char *pattern, int prefix, int patternlen,
int flags)
{
if (prefix == patternlen) {
if (patternlen == basenamelen &&
!strncmp_icase(pattern, basename, basenamelen))
return 1;
} else if (flags & EXC_FLAG_ENDSWITH) {
/* "*literal" matching against "fooliteral" */
if (patternlen - 1 <= basenamelen &&
!strncmp_icase(pattern + 1,
basename + basenamelen - (patternlen - 1),
patternlen - 1))
return 1;
} else {
if (fnmatch_icase_mem(pattern, patternlen,
basename, basenamelen,
0) == 0)
return 1;
}
return 0;
}

int match_pathname(const char *pathname, int pathlen,
const char *base, int baselen,
const char *pattern, int prefix, int patternlen,
int flags)
{
const char *name;
int namelen;

/*
* match with FNM_PATHNAME; the pattern has base implicitly
* in front of it.
*/
if (*pattern == '/') {
pattern++;
patternlen--;
prefix--;
}

/*
* baselen does not count the trailing slash. base[] may or
* may not end with a trailing slash though.
*/
if (pathlen < baselen + 1 ||
(baselen && pathname[baselen] != '/') ||
strncmp_icase(pathname, base, baselen))
return 0;

namelen = baselen ? pathlen - baselen - 1 : pathlen;
name = pathname + pathlen - namelen;

if (prefix) {
/*
* if the non-wildcard part is longer than the
* remaining pathname, surely it cannot match.
*/
if (prefix > namelen)
return 0;

if (strncmp_icase(pattern, name, prefix))
return 0;
pattern += prefix;
patternlen -= prefix;
name += prefix;
namelen -= prefix;

/*
* If the whole pattern did not have a wildcard,
* then our prefix match is all we need; we
* do not need to call fnmatch at all.
*/
if (!patternlen && !namelen)
return 1;
}

return fnmatch_icase_mem(pattern, patternlen,
name, namelen,
WM_PATHNAME) == 0;
}

/*
* Scan the given exclude list in reverse to see whether pathname
* should be ignored. The first match (i.e. the last on the list), if
* any, determines the fate. Returns the exclude_list element which
* matched, or NULL for undecided.
*/
static struct exclude *last_exclude_matching_from_list(const char *pathname,
int pathlen,
const char *basename,
int *dtype,
struct exclude_list *el)
{
int i;

if (!el->nr)
return NULL; /* undefined */

for (i = el->nr - 1; 0 <= i; i--) {
struct exclude *x = el->excludes[i];
const char *exclude = x->pattern;
int prefix = x->nowildcardlen;

if (x->flags & EXC_FLAG_MUSTBEDIR) {
if (*dtype == DT_UNKNOWN)
*dtype = get_dtype(NULL, pathname, pathlen);
if (*dtype != DT_DIR)
continue;
}

if (x->flags & EXC_FLAG_NODIR) {
if (match_basename(basename,
pathlen - (basename - pathname),
exclude, prefix, x->patternlen,
x->flags))
return x;
continue;
}

assert(x->baselen == 0 || x->base[x->baselen - 1] == '/');
if (match_pathname(pathname, pathlen,
x->base, x->baselen ? x->baselen - 1 : 0,
exclude, prefix, x->patternlen, x->flags))
return x;
}
return NULL; /* undecided */
}

/*
* Scan the list and let the last match determine the fate.
* Return 1 for exclude, 0 for include and -1 for undecided.
*/
int is_excluded_from_list(const char *pathname,
int pathlen, const char *basename, int *dtype,
struct exclude_list *el)
{
struct exclude *exclude;
exclude = last_exclude_matching_from_list(pathname, pathlen, basename, dtype, el);
if (exclude)
return exclude->flags & EXC_FLAG_NEGATIVE ? 0 : 1;
return -1; /* undecided */
}

static struct exclude *last_exclude_matching_from_lists(struct dir_struct *dir,
const char *pathname, int pathlen, const char *basename,
int *dtype_p)
{
int i, j;
struct exclude_list_group *group;
struct exclude *exclude;
for (i = EXC_CMDL; i <= EXC_FILE; i++) {
group = &dir->exclude_list_group[i];
for (j = group->nr - 1; j >= 0; j--) {
exclude = last_exclude_matching_from_list(
pathname, pathlen, basename, dtype_p,
&group->el[j]);
if (exclude)
return exclude;
}
}
return NULL;
}

/*
* Loads the per-directory exclude list for the substring of base
* which has a char length of baselen.
*/
static void prep_exclude(struct dir_struct *dir, const char *base, int baselen)
{
struct exclude_list_group *group;
struct exclude_list *el;
struct exclude_stack *stk = NULL;
int current;

group = &dir->exclude_list_group[EXC_DIRS];

/* Pop the exclude lists from the EXCL_DIRS exclude_list_group
* which originate from directories not in the prefix of the
* path being checked. */
while ((stk = dir->exclude_stack) != NULL) {
if (stk->baselen <= baselen &&
!strncmp(dir->basebuf, base, stk->baselen))
break;
el = &group->el[dir->exclude_stack->exclude_ix];
dir->exclude_stack = stk->prev;
dir->exclude = NULL;
free((char *)el->src); /* see strdup() below */
clear_exclude_list(el);
free(stk);
group->nr--;
}

/* Skip traversing into sub directories if the parent is excluded */
if (dir->exclude)
return;

/* Read from the parent directories and push them down. */
current = stk ? stk->baselen : -1;
while (current < baselen) {
struct exclude_stack *stk = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*stk));
const char *cp;

if (current < 0) {
cp = base;
current = 0;
}
else {
cp = strchr(base + current + 1, '/');
if (!cp)
die("oops in prep_exclude");
cp++;
}
stk->prev = dir->exclude_stack;
stk->baselen = cp - base;
stk->exclude_ix = group->nr;
el = add_exclude_list(dir, EXC_DIRS, NULL);
memcpy(dir->basebuf + current, base + current,
stk->baselen - current);

/* Abort if the directory is excluded */
if (stk->baselen) {
int dt = DT_DIR;
dir->basebuf[stk->baselen - 1] = 0;
dir->exclude = last_exclude_matching_from_lists(dir,
dir->basebuf, stk->baselen - 1,
dir->basebuf + current, &dt);
dir->basebuf[stk->baselen - 1] = '/';
if (dir->exclude &&
dir->exclude->flags & EXC_FLAG_NEGATIVE)
dir->exclude = NULL;
if (dir->exclude) {
dir->basebuf[stk->baselen] = 0;
dir->exclude_stack = stk;
return;
}
}

/* Try to read per-directory file unless path is too long */
if (dir->exclude_per_dir &&
stk->baselen + strlen(dir->exclude_per_dir) < PATH_MAX) {
strcpy(dir->basebuf + stk->baselen,
dir->exclude_per_dir);
/*
* dir->basebuf gets reused by the traversal, but we
* need fname to remain unchanged to ensure the src
* member of each struct exclude correctly
* back-references its source file. Other invocations
* of add_exclude_list provide stable strings, so we
* strdup() and free() here in the caller.
*/
el->src = strdup(dir->basebuf);
add_excludes_from_file_to_list(dir->basebuf,
dir->basebuf, stk->baselen, el, 1);
}
dir->exclude_stack = stk;
current = stk->baselen;
}
dir->basebuf[baselen] = '\0';
}

/*
* Loads the exclude lists for the directory containing pathname, then
* scans all exclude lists to determine whether pathname is excluded.
* Returns the exclude_list element which matched, or NULL for
* undecided.
*/
struct exclude *last_exclude_matching(struct dir_struct *dir,
const char *pathname,
int *dtype_p)
{
int pathlen = strlen(pathname);
const char *basename = strrchr(pathname, '/');
basename = (basename) ? basename+1 : pathname;

prep_exclude(dir, pathname, basename-pathname);

if (dir->exclude)
return dir->exclude;

return last_exclude_matching_from_lists(dir, pathname, pathlen,
basename, dtype_p);
}

/*
* Loads the exclude lists for the directory containing pathname, then
* scans all exclude lists to determine whether pathname is excluded.
* Returns 1 if true, otherwise 0.
*/
int is_excluded(struct dir_struct *dir, const char *pathname, int *dtype_p)
{
struct exclude *exclude =
last_exclude_matching(dir, pathname, dtype_p);
if (exclude)
return exclude->flags & EXC_FLAG_NEGATIVE ? 0 : 1;
return 0;
}

static struct dir_entry *dir_entry_new(const char *pathname, int len)
{
struct dir_entry *ent;

ent = xmalloc(sizeof(*ent) + len + 1);
ent->len = len;
memcpy(ent->name, pathname, len);
ent->name[len] = 0;
return ent;
}

static struct dir_entry *dir_add_name(struct dir_struct *dir, const char *pathname, int len)
{
if (cache_file_exists(pathname, len, ignore_case))
return NULL;

ALLOC_GROW(dir->entries, dir->nr+1, dir->alloc);
return dir->entries[dir->nr++] = dir_entry_new(pathname, len);
}

struct dir_entry *dir_add_ignored(struct dir_struct *dir, const char *pathname, int len)
{
if (!cache_name_is_other(pathname, len))
return NULL;

ALLOC_GROW(dir->ignored, dir->ignored_nr+1, dir->ignored_alloc);
return dir->ignored[dir->ignored_nr++] = dir_entry_new(pathname, len);
}

enum exist_status {
index_nonexistent = 0,
index_directory,
index_gitdir
};

/*
* Do not use the alphabetically sorted index to look up
* the directory name; instead, use the case insensitive
* directory hash.
*/
static enum exist_status directory_exists_in_index_icase(const char *dirname, int len)
{
const struct cache_entry *ce = cache_dir_exists(dirname, len);
unsigned char endchar;

if (!ce)
return index_nonexistent;
endchar = ce->name[len];

/*
* The cache_entry structure returned will contain this dirname
* and possibly additional path components.
*/
if (endchar == '/')
return index_directory;

/*
* If there are no additional path components, then this cache_entry
* represents a submodule. Submodules, despite being directories,
* are stored in the cache without a closing slash.
*/
if (!endchar && S_ISGITLINK(ce->ce_mode))
return index_gitdir;

/* This should never be hit, but it exists just in case. */
return index_nonexistent;
}

/*
* The index sorts alphabetically by entry name, which
* means that a gitlink sorts as '\0' at the end, while
* a directory (which is defined not as an entry, but as
* the files it contains) will sort with the '/' at the
* end.
*/
static enum exist_status directory_exists_in_index(const char *dirname, int len)
{
int pos;

if (ignore_case)
return directory_exists_in_index_icase(dirname, len);

pos = cache_name_pos(dirname, len);
if (pos < 0)
pos = -pos-1;
while (pos < active_nr) {
const struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[pos++];
unsigned char endchar;

if (strncmp(ce->name, dirname, len))
break;
endchar = ce->name[len];
if (endchar > '/')
break;
if (endchar == '/')
return index_directory;
if (!endchar && S_ISGITLINK(ce->ce_mode))
return index_gitdir;
}
return index_nonexistent;
}

/*
* When we find a directory when traversing the filesystem, we
* have three distinct cases:
*
* - ignore it
* - see it as a directory
* - recurse into it
*
* and which one we choose depends on a combination of existing
* git index contents and the flags passed into the directory
* traversal routine.
*
* Case 1: If we *already* have entries in the index under that
* directory name, we always recurse into the directory to see
* all the files.
*
* Case 2: If we *already* have that directory name as a gitlink,
* we always continue to see it as a gitlink, regardless of whether
* there is an actual git directory there or not (it might not
* be checked out as a subproject!)
*
* Case 3: if we didn't have it in the index previously, we
* have a few sub-cases:
*
* (a) if "show_other_directories" is true, we show it as
* just a directory, unless "hide_empty_directories" is
* also true, in which case we need to check if it contains any
* untracked and / or ignored files.
* (b) if it looks like a git directory, and we don't have
* 'no_gitlinks' set we treat it as a gitlink, and show it
* as a directory.
* (c) otherwise, we recurse into it.
*/
static enum path_treatment treat_directory(struct dir_struct *dir,
const char *dirname, int len, int exclude,
const struct path_simplify *simplify)
{
/* The "len-1" is to strip the final '/' */
switch (directory_exists_in_index(dirname, len-1)) {
case index_directory:
return path_recurse;

case index_gitdir:
return path_none;

case index_nonexistent:
if (dir->flags & DIR_SHOW_OTHER_DIRECTORIES)
break;
if (!(dir->flags & DIR_NO_GITLINKS)) {
unsigned char sha1[20];
if (resolve_gitlink_ref(dirname, "HEAD", sha1) == 0)
return path_untracked;
}
return path_recurse;
}

/* This is the "show_other_directories" case */

if (!(dir->flags & DIR_HIDE_EMPTY_DIRECTORIES))
return exclude ? path_excluded : path_untracked;

return read_directory_recursive(dir, dirname, len, 1, simplify);
}

/*
* This is an inexact early pruning of any recursive directory
* reading - if the path cannot possibly be in the pathspec,
* return true, and we'll skip it early.
*/
static int simplify_away(const char *path, int pathlen, const struct path_simplify *simplify)
{
if (simplify) {
for (;;) {
const char *match = simplify->path;
int len = simplify->len;

if (!match)
break;
if (len > pathlen)
len = pathlen;
if (!memcmp(path, match, len))
return 0;
simplify++;
}
return 1;
}
return 0;
}

/*
* This function tells us whether an excluded path matches a
* list of "interesting" pathspecs. That is, whether a path matched
* by any of the pathspecs could possibly be ignored by excluding
* the specified path. This can happen if:
*
* 1. the path is mentioned explicitly in the pathspec
*
* 2. the path is a directory prefix of some element in the
* pathspec
*/
static int exclude_matches_pathspec(const char *path, int len,
const struct path_simplify *simplify)
{
if (simplify) {
for (; simplify->path; simplify++) {
if (len == simplify->len
&& !memcmp(path, simplify->path, len))
return 1;
if (len < simplify->len
&& simplify->path[len] == '/'
&& !memcmp(path, simplify->path, len))
return 1;
}
}
return 0;
}

static int get_index_dtype(const char *path, int len)
{
int pos;
const struct cache_entry *ce;

ce = cache_file_exists(path, len, 0);
if (ce) {
if (!ce_uptodate(ce))
return DT_UNKNOWN;
if (S_ISGITLINK(ce->ce_mode))
return DT_DIR;
/*
* Nobody actually cares about the
* difference between DT_LNK and DT_REG
*/
return DT_REG;
}

/* Try to look it up as a directory */
pos = cache_name_pos(path, len);
if (pos >= 0)
return DT_UNKNOWN;
pos = -pos-1;
while (pos < active_nr) {
ce = active_cache[pos++];
if (strncmp(ce->name, path, len))
break;
if (ce->name[len] > '/')
break;
if (ce->name[len] < '/')
continue;
if (!ce_uptodate(ce))
break; /* continue? */
return DT_DIR;
}
return DT_UNKNOWN;
}

static int get_dtype(struct dirent *de, const char *path, int len)
{
int dtype = de ? DTYPE(de) : DT_UNKNOWN;
struct stat st;

if (dtype != DT_UNKNOWN)
return dtype;
dtype = get_index_dtype(path, len);
if (dtype != DT_UNKNOWN)
return dtype;
if (lstat(path, &st))
return dtype;
if (S_ISREG(st.st_mode))
return DT_REG;
if (S_ISDIR(st.st_mode))
return DT_DIR;
if (S_ISLNK(st.st_mode))
return DT_LNK;
return dtype;
}

static enum path_treatment treat_one_path(struct dir_struct *dir,
struct strbuf *path,
const struct path_simplify *simplify,
int dtype, struct dirent *de)
{
int exclude;
int has_path_in_index = !!cache_file_exists(path->buf, path->len, ignore_case);

if (dtype == DT_UNKNOWN)
dtype = get_dtype(de, path->buf, path->len);

/* Always exclude indexed files */
if (dtype != DT_DIR && has_path_in_index)
return path_none;

/*
* When we are looking at a directory P in the working tree,
* there are three cases:
*
* (1) P exists in the index. Everything inside the directory P in
* the working tree needs to go when P is checked out from the
* index.
*
* (2) P does not exist in the index, but there is P/Q in the index.
* We know P will stay a directory when we check out the contents
* of the index, but we do not know yet if there is a directory
* P/Q in the working tree to be killed, so we need to recurse.
*
* (3) P does not exist in the index, and there is no P/Q in the index
* to require P to be a directory, either. Only in this case, we
* know that everything inside P will not be killed without
* recursing.
*/
if ((dir->flags & DIR_COLLECT_KILLED_ONLY) &&
(dtype == DT_DIR) &&
!has_path_in_index &&
(directory_exists_in_index(path->buf, path->len) == index_nonexistent))
return path_none;

exclude = is_excluded(dir, path->buf, &dtype);

/*
* Excluded? If we don't explicitly want to show
* ignored files, ignore it
*/
if (exclude && !(dir->flags & (DIR_SHOW_IGNORED|DIR_SHOW_IGNORED_TOO)))
return path_excluded;

switch (dtype) {
default:
return path_none;
case DT_DIR:
strbuf_addch(path, '/');
return treat_directory(dir, path->buf, path->len, exclude,
simplify);
case DT_REG:
case DT_LNK:
return exclude ? path_excluded : path_untracked;
}
}

static enum path_treatment treat_path(struct dir_struct *dir,
struct dirent *de,
struct strbuf *path,
int baselen,
const struct path_simplify *simplify)
{
int dtype;

if (is_dot_or_dotdot(de->d_name) || !strcmp(de->d_name, ".git"))
return path_none;
strbuf_setlen(path, baselen);
strbuf_addstr(path, de->d_name);
if (simplify_away(path->buf, path->len, simplify))
return path_none;

dtype = DTYPE(de);
return treat_one_path(dir, path, simplify, dtype, de);
}

/*
* Read a directory tree. We currently ignore anything but
* directories, regular files and symlinks. That's because git
* doesn't handle them at all yet. Maybe that will change some
* day.
*
* Also, we ignore the name ".git" (even if it is not a directory).
* That likely will not change.
*
* Returns the most significant path_treatment value encountered in the scan.
*/
static enum path_treatment read_directory_recursive(struct dir_struct *dir,
const char *base, int baselen,
int check_only,
const struct path_simplify *simplify)
{
DIR *fdir;
enum path_treatment state, subdir_state, dir_state = path_none;
struct dirent *de;
struct strbuf path = STRBUF_INIT;

strbuf_add(&path, base, baselen);

fdir = opendir(path.len ? path.buf : ".");
if (!fdir)
goto out;

while ((de = readdir(fdir)) != NULL) {
/* check how the file or directory should be treated */
state = treat_path(dir, de, &path, baselen, simplify);
if (state > dir_state)
dir_state = state;

/* recurse into subdir if instructed by treat_path */
if (state == path_recurse) {
subdir_state = read_directory_recursive(dir, path.buf,
path.len, check_only, simplify);
if (subdir_state > dir_state)
dir_state = subdir_state;
}

if (check_only) {
/* abort early if maximum state has been reached */
if (dir_state == path_untracked)
break;
/* skip the dir_add_* part */
continue;
}

/* add the path to the appropriate result list */
switch (state) {
case path_excluded:
if (dir->flags & DIR_SHOW_IGNORED)
dir_add_name(dir, path.buf, path.len);
else if ((dir->flags & DIR_SHOW_IGNORED_TOO) ||
((dir->flags & DIR_COLLECT_IGNORED) &&
exclude_matches_pathspec(path.buf, path.len,
simplify)))
dir_add_ignored(dir, path.buf, path.len);
break;

case path_untracked:
if (!(dir->flags & DIR_SHOW_IGNORED))
dir_add_name(dir, path.buf, path.len);
break;

default:
break;
}
}
closedir(fdir);
 out:
strbuf_release(&path);

return dir_state;
}

static int cmp_name(const void *p1, const void *p2)
{
const struct dir_entry *e1 = *(const struct dir_entry **)p1;
const struct dir_entry *e2 = *(const struct dir_entry **)p2;

return cache_name_compare(e1->name, e1->len,
e2->name, e2->len);
}

static struct path_simplify *create_simplify(const char **pathspec)
{
int nr, alloc = 0;
struct path_simplify *simplify = NULL;

if (!pathspec)
return NULL;

for (nr = 0 ; ; nr++) {
const char *match;
ALLOC_GROW(simplify, nr + 1, alloc);
match = *pathspec++;
if (!match)
break;
simplify[nr].path = match;
simplify[nr].len = simple_length(match);
}
simplify[nr].path = NULL;
simplify[nr].len = 0;
return simplify;
}

static void free_simplify(struct path_simplify *simplify)
{
free(simplify);
}

static int treat_leading_path(struct dir_struct *dir,
const char *path, int len,
const struct path_simplify *simplify)
{
struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
int baselen, rc = 0;
const char *cp;
int old_flags = dir->flags;

while (len && path[len - 1] == '/')
len--;
if (!len)
return 1;
baselen = 0;
dir->flags &= ~DIR_SHOW_OTHER_DIRECTORIES;
while (1) {
cp = path + baselen + !!baselen;
cp = memchr(cp, '/', path + len - cp);
if (!cp)
baselen = len;
else
baselen = cp - path;
strbuf_setlen(&sb, 0);
strbuf_add(&sb, path, baselen);
if (!is_directory(sb.buf))
break;
if (simplify_away(sb.buf, sb.len, simplify))
break;
if (treat_one_path(dir, &sb, simplify,
DT_DIR, NULL) == path_none)
break; /* do not recurse into it */
if (len <= baselen) {
rc = 1;
break; /* finished checking */
}
}
strbuf_release(&sb);
dir->flags = old_flags;
return rc;
}

int read_directory(struct dir_struct *dir, const char *path, int len, const struct pathspec *pathspec)
{
struct path_simplify *simplify;

/*
* Check out create_simplify()
*/
if (pathspec)
GUARD_PATHSPEC(pathspec,
PATHSPEC_FROMTOP |
PATHSPEC_MAXDEPTH |
PATHSPEC_LITERAL |
PATHSPEC_GLOB |
PATHSPEC_ICASE |
PATHSPEC_EXCLUDE);

if (has_symlink_leading_path(path, len))
return dir->nr;

/*
* exclude patterns are treated like positive ones in
* create_simplify. Usually exclude patterns should be a
* subset of positive ones, which has no impacts on
* create_simplify().
*/
simplify = create_simplify(pathspec ? pathspec->_raw : NULL);
if (!len || treat_leading_path(dir, path, len, simplify))
read_directory_recursive(dir, path, len, 0, simplify);
free_simplify(simplify);
qsort(dir->entries, dir->nr, sizeof(struct dir_entry *), cmp_name);
qsort(dir->ignored, dir->ignored_nr, sizeof(struct dir_entry *), cmp_name);
return dir->nr;
}

int file_exists(const char *f)
{
struct stat sb;
return lstat(f, &sb) == 0;
}

/*
* Given two normalized paths (a trailing slash is ok), if subdir is
* outside dir, return -1. Otherwise return the offset in subdir that
* can be used as relative path to dir.
*/
int dir_inside_of(const char *subdir, const char *dir)
{
int offset = 0;

assert(dir && subdir && *dir && *subdir);

while (*dir && *subdir && *dir == *subdir) {
dir++;
subdir++;
offset++;
}

/* hel[p]/me vs hel[l]/yeah */
if (*dir && *subdir)
return -1;

if (!*subdir)
return !*dir ? offset : -1; /* same dir */

/* foo/[b]ar vs foo/[] */
if (is_dir_sep(dir[-1]))
return is_dir_sep(subdir[-1]) ? offset : -1;

/* foo[/]bar vs foo[] */
return is_dir_sep(*subdir) ? offset + 1 : -1;
}

int is_inside_dir(const char *dir)
{
char cwd[PATH_MAX];
if (!dir)
return 0;
if (!getcwd(cwd, sizeof(cwd)))
die_errno("can't find the current directory");
return dir_inside_of(cwd, dir) >= 0;
}

int is_empty_dir(const char *path)
{
DIR *dir = opendir(path);
struct dirent *e;
int ret = 1;

if (!dir)
return 0;

while ((e = readdir(dir)) != NULL)
if (!is_dot_or_dotdot(e->d_name)) {
ret = 0;
break;
}

closedir(dir);
return ret;
}

static int remove_dir_recurse(struct strbuf *path, int flag, int *kept_up)
{
DIR *dir;
struct dirent *e;
int ret = 0, original_len = path->len, len, kept_down = 0;
int only_empty = (flag & REMOVE_DIR_EMPTY_ONLY);
int keep_toplevel = (flag & REMOVE_DIR_KEEP_TOPLEVEL);
unsigned char submodule_head[20];

if ((flag & REMOVE_DIR_KEEP_NESTED_GIT) &&
!resolve_gitlink_ref(path->buf, "HEAD", submodule_head)) {
/* Do not descend and nuke a nested git work tree. */
if (kept_up)
*kept_up = 1;
return 0;
}

flag &= ~REMOVE_DIR_KEEP_TOPLEVEL;
dir = opendir(path->buf);
if (!dir) {
if (errno == ENOENT)
return keep_toplevel ? -1 : 0;
else if (errno == EACCES && !keep_toplevel)
/*
* An empty dir could be removable even if it
* is unreadable:
*/
return rmdir(path->buf);
else
return -1;
}
if (path->buf[original_len - 1] != '/')
strbuf_addch(path, '/');

len = path->len;
while ((e = readdir(dir)) != NULL) {
struct stat st;
if (is_dot_or_dotdot(e->d_name))
continue;

strbuf_setlen(path, len);
strbuf_addstr(path, e->d_name);
if (lstat(path->buf, &st)) {
if (errno == ENOENT)
/*
* file disappeared, which is what we
* wanted anyway
*/
continue;
/* fall thru */
} else if (S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) {
if (!remove_dir_recurse(path, flag, &kept_down))
continue; /* happy */
} else if (!only_empty &&
(!unlink(path->buf) || errno == ENOENT)) {
continue; /* happy, too */
}

/* path too long, stat fails, or non-directory still exists */
ret = -1;
break;
}
closedir(dir);

strbuf_setlen(path, original_len);
if (!ret && !keep_toplevel && !kept_down)
ret = (!rmdir(path->buf) || errno == ENOENT) ? 0 : -1;
else if (kept_up)
/*
* report the uplevel that it is not an error that we
* did not rmdir() our directory.
*/
*kept_up = !ret;
return ret;
}

int remove_dir_recursively(struct strbuf *path, int flag)
{
return remove_dir_recurse(path, flag, NULL);
}

void setup_standard_excludes(struct dir_struct *dir)
{
const char *path;
char *xdg_path;

dir->exclude_per_dir = ".gitignore";
path = git_path("info/exclude");
if (!excludes_file) {
home_config_paths(NULL, &xdg_path, "ignore");
excludes_file = xdg_path;
}
if (!access_or_warn(path, R_OK, 0))
add_excludes_from_file(dir, path);
if (excludes_file && !access_or_warn(excludes_file, R_OK, 0))
add_excludes_from_file(dir, excludes_file);
}

int remove_path(const char *name)
{
char *slash;

if (unlink(name) && errno != ENOENT && errno != ENOTDIR)
return -1;

slash = strrchr(name, '/');
if (slash) {
char *dirs = xstrdup(name);
slash = dirs + (slash - name);
do {
*slash = '\0';
} while (rmdir(dirs) == 0 && (slash = strrchr(dirs, '/')));
free(dirs);
}
return 0;
}

/*
* Frees memory within dir which was allocated for exclude lists and
* the exclude_stack. Does not free dir itself.
*/
void clear_directory(struct dir_struct *dir)
{
int i, j;
struct exclude_list_group *group;
struct exclude_list *el;
struct exclude_stack *stk;

for (i = EXC_CMDL; i <= EXC_FILE; i++) {
group = &dir->exclude_list_group[i];
for (j = 0; j < group->nr; j++) {
el = &group->el[j];
if (i == EXC_DIRS)
free((char *)el->src);
clear_exclude_list(el);
}
free(group->el);
}

stk = dir->exclude_stack;
while (stk) {
struct exclude_stack *prev = stk->prev;
free(stk);
stk = prev;
}
}
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