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attr: more matching optimizations from .gitignore

.gitattributes and .gitignore share the same pattern syntax but has
separate matching implementation. Over the years, ignore's
implementation accumulates more optimizations while attr's stays the
same.

This patch reuses the core matching functions that are also used by
excluded_from_list. excluded_from_list and path_matches can't be
merged due to differences in exclude and attr, for example:

* "!pattern" syntax is forbidden in .gitattributes.  As an attribute
  can be unset (i.e. set to a special value "false") or made back to
  unspecified (i.e. not even set to "false"), "!pattern attr" is unclear
  which one it means.

* we support attaching attributes to directories, but git-core
  internally does not currently make use of attributes on
  directories.

Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <pclouds@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
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1 parent 84460ee commit 82dce998c2028b6ee96691921b7037a6e182ec89 @pclouds pclouds committed with Oct 15, 2012
Showing with 64 additions and 32 deletions.
  1. +1 −0 Documentation/gitattributes.txt
  2. +31 −21 attr.c
  3. +11 −11 dir.c
  4. +11 −0 dir.h
  5. +10 −0 t/t0003-attributes.sh
@@ -56,6 +56,7 @@ When more than one pattern matches the path, a later line
overrides an earlier line. This overriding is done per
attribute. The rules how the pattern matches paths are the
same as in `.gitignore` files; see linkgit:gitignore[5].
+Unlike `.gitignore`, negative patterns are forbidden.
When deciding what attributes are assigned to a path, git
consults `$GIT_DIR/info/attributes` file (which has the highest
View
52 attr.c
@@ -115,6 +115,13 @@ struct attr_state {
const char *setto;
};
+struct pattern {
+ const char *pattern;
+ int patternlen;
+ int nowildcardlen;
+ int flags; /* EXC_FLAG_* */
+};
+
/*
* One rule, as from a .gitattributes file.
*
@@ -131,7 +138,7 @@ struct attr_state {
*/
struct match_attr {
union {
- char *pattern;
+ struct pattern pat;
struct git_attr *attr;
} u;
char is_macro;
@@ -241,9 +248,16 @@ static struct match_attr *parse_attr_line(const char *line, const char *src,
if (is_macro)
res->u.attr = git_attr_internal(name, namelen);
else {
- res->u.pattern = (char *)&(res->state[num_attr]);
- memcpy(res->u.pattern, name, namelen);
- res->u.pattern[namelen] = 0;
+ char *p = (char *)&(res->state[num_attr]);
+ memcpy(p, name, namelen);
+ res->u.pat.pattern = p;
+ parse_exclude_pattern(&res->u.pat.pattern,
+ &res->u.pat.patternlen,
+ &res->u.pat.flags,
+ &res->u.pat.nowildcardlen);
+ if (res->u.pat.flags & EXC_FLAG_NEGATIVE)
+ die(_("Negative patterns are forbidden in git attributes\n"
+ "Use '\\!' for literal leading exclamation."));
}
res->is_macro = is_macro;
res->num_attr = num_attr;
@@ -640,25 +654,21 @@ static void prepare_attr_stack(const char *path)
static int path_matches(const char *pathname, int pathlen,
const char *basename,
- const char *pattern,
+ const struct pattern *pat,
const char *base, int baselen)
{
- if (!strchr(pattern, '/')) {
- return (fnmatch_icase(pattern, basename, 0) == 0);
+ const char *pattern = pat->pattern;
+ int prefix = pat->nowildcardlen;
+
+ if (pat->flags & EXC_FLAG_NODIR) {
+ return match_basename(basename,
+ pathlen - (basename - pathname),
+ pattern, prefix,
+ pat->patternlen, pat->flags);
}
- /*
- * match with FNM_PATHNAME; the pattern has base implicitly
- * in front of it.
- */
- if (*pattern == '/')
- pattern++;
- if (pathlen < baselen ||
- (baselen && pathname[baselen] != '/') ||
- strncmp(pathname, base, baselen))
- return 0;
- if (baselen != 0)
- baselen++;
- return fnmatch_icase(pattern, pathname + baselen, FNM_PATHNAME) == 0;
+ return match_pathname(pathname, pathlen,
+ base, baselen,
+ pattern, prefix, pat->patternlen, pat->flags);
}
static int macroexpand_one(int attr_nr, int rem);
@@ -696,7 +706,7 @@ static int fill(const char *path, int pathlen, const char *basename,
if (a->is_macro)
continue;
if (path_matches(path, pathlen, basename,
- a->u.pattern, base, stk->originlen))
+ &a->u.pat, base, stk->originlen))
rem = fill_one("fill", a, rem);
}
return rem;
View
22 dir.c
@@ -308,10 +308,10 @@ static int no_wildcard(const char *string)
return string[simple_length(string)] == '\0';
}
-static void parse_exclude_pattern(const char **pattern,
- int *patternlen,
- int *flags,
- int *nowildcardlen)
+void parse_exclude_pattern(const char **pattern,
+ int *patternlen,
+ int *flags,
+ int *nowildcardlen)
{
const char *p = *pattern;
size_t i, len;
@@ -530,9 +530,9 @@ static void prep_exclude(struct dir_struct *dir, const char *base, int baselen)
dir->basebuf[baselen] = '\0';
}
-static int match_basename(const char *basename, int basenamelen,
- const char *pattern, int prefix, int patternlen,
- int flags)
+int match_basename(const char *basename, int basenamelen,
+ const char *pattern, int prefix, int patternlen,
+ int flags)
{
if (prefix == patternlen) {
if (!strcmp_icase(pattern, basename))
@@ -549,10 +549,10 @@ static int match_basename(const char *basename, int basenamelen,
return 0;
}
-static int match_pathname(const char *pathname, int pathlen,
- const char *base, int baselen,
- const char *pattern, int prefix, int patternlen,
- int flags)
+int match_pathname(const char *pathname, int pathlen,
+ const char *base, int baselen,
+ const char *pattern, int prefix, int patternlen,
+ int flags)
{
const char *name;
int namelen;
View
11 dir.h
@@ -80,6 +80,16 @@ extern int excluded_from_list(const char *pathname, int pathlen, const char *bas
int *dtype, struct exclude_list *el);
struct dir_entry *dir_add_ignored(struct dir_struct *dir, const char *pathname, int len);
+/*
+ * these implement the matching logic for dir.c:excluded_from_list and
+ * attr.c:path_matches()
+ */
+extern int match_basename(const char *, int,
+ const char *, int, int, int);
+extern int match_pathname(const char *, int,
+ const char *, int,
+ const char *, int, int, int);
+
/*
* The excluded() API is meant for callers that check each level of leading
* directory hierarchies with excluded() to avoid recursing into excluded
@@ -97,6 +107,7 @@ extern int path_excluded(struct path_exclude_check *, const char *, int namelen,
extern int add_excludes_from_file_to_list(const char *fname, const char *base, int baselen,
char **buf_p, struct exclude_list *which, int check_index);
extern void add_excludes_from_file(struct dir_struct *, const char *fname);
+extern void parse_exclude_pattern(const char **string, int *patternlen, int *flags, int *nowildcardlen);
extern void add_exclude(const char *string, const char *base,
int baselen, struct exclude_list *which);
extern void free_excludes(struct exclude_list *el);
View
@@ -206,6 +206,16 @@ test_expect_success 'root subdir attribute test' '
attr_check subdir/a/i unspecified
'
+test_expect_success 'negative patterns' '
+ echo "!f test=bar" >.gitattributes &&
+ test_must_fail git check-attr test -- f
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'patterns starting with exclamation' '
+ echo "\!f test=foo" >.gitattributes &&
+ attr_check "!f" foo
+'
+
test_expect_success 'setup bare' '
git clone --bare . bare.git &&
cd bare.git

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