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push: Provide situational hints for non-fast-forward errors

Pushing a non-fast-forward update to a remote repository will result in
an error, but the hint text doesn't provide the correct resolution in
every case. Give better resolution advice in three push scenarios:

1) If you push your current branch and it triggers a non-fast-forward
error, you should merge remote changes with 'git pull' before pushing
again.

2) If you push to a shared repository others push to, and your local
tracking branches are not kept up to date, the 'matching refs' default
will generate non-fast-forward errors on outdated branches. If this is
your workflow, the 'matching refs' default is not for you. Consider
setting the 'push.default' configuration variable to 'current' or
'upstream' to ensure only your current branch is pushed.

3) If you explicitly specify a ref that is not your current branch or
push matching branches with ':', you will generate a non-fast-forward
error if any pushed branch tip is out of date. You should checkout the
offending branch and merge remote changes before pushing again.

Teach transport.c to recognize these scenarios and configure push.c
to hint for them. If 'git push's default behavior changes or we
discover more scenarios, extension is easy. Standardize on the
advice API and add three new advice variables, 'pushNonFFCurrent',
'pushNonFFDefault', and 'pushNonFFMatching'. Setting any of these
to 'false' will disable their affiliated advice. Setting
'pushNonFastForward' to false will disable all three, thus preserving the
config option for users who already set it, but guaranteeing new
users won't disable push advice accidentally.

Based-on-patch-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
Signed-off-by: Christopher Tiwald <christiwald@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
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1 parent 0e2d57f commit f25950f3475e263ed6c8f0797bb058ba6444f85e @ctiwald ctiwald committed with Mar 20, 2012
Showing with 99 additions and 12 deletions.
  1. +17 −2 Documentation/config.txt
  2. +6 −0 advice.c
  3. +3 −0 advice.h
  4. +55 −5 builtin/push.c
  5. +6 −2 cache.h
  6. +1 −1 environment.c
  7. +11 −2 transport.c
View
19 Documentation/config.txt
@@ -138,8 +138,23 @@ advice.*::
+
--
pushNonFastForward::
- Advice shown when linkgit:git-push[1] refuses
- non-fast-forward refs.
+ Set this variable to 'false' if you want to disable
+ 'pushNonFFCurrent', 'pushNonFFDefault', and
+ 'pushNonFFMatching' simultaneously.
+ pushNonFFCurrent::
+ Advice shown when linkgit:git-push[1] fails due to a
+ non-fast-forward update to the current branch.
+ pushNonFFDefault::
+ Advice to set 'push.default' to 'upstream' or 'current'
+ when you ran linkgit:git-push[1] and pushed 'matching
+ refs' by default (i.e. you did not provide an explicit
+ refspec, and no 'push.default' configuration was set)
+ and it resulted in a non-fast-forward error.
+ pushNonFFMatching::
+ Advice shown when you ran linkgit:git-push[1] and pushed
+ 'matching refs' explicitly (i.e. you used ':', or
+ specified a refspec that isn't your current branch) and
+ it resulted in a non-fast-forward error.
statusHints::
Directions on how to stage/unstage/add shown in the
output of linkgit:git-status[1] and the template shown
View
6 advice.c
@@ -1,6 +1,9 @@
#include "cache.h"
int advice_push_nonfastforward = 1;
+int advice_push_non_ff_current = 1;
+int advice_push_non_ff_default = 1;
+int advice_push_non_ff_matching = 1;
int advice_status_hints = 1;
int advice_commit_before_merge = 1;
int advice_resolve_conflict = 1;
@@ -12,6 +15,9 @@ static struct {
int *preference;
} advice_config[] = {
{ "pushnonfastforward", &advice_push_nonfastforward },
+ { "pushnonffcurrent", &advice_push_non_ff_current },
+ { "pushnonffdefault", &advice_push_non_ff_default },
+ { "pushnonffmatching", &advice_push_non_ff_matching },
{ "statushints", &advice_status_hints },
{ "commitbeforemerge", &advice_commit_before_merge },
{ "resolveconflict", &advice_resolve_conflict },
View
3 advice.h
@@ -4,6 +4,9 @@
#include "git-compat-util.h"
extern int advice_push_nonfastforward;
+extern int advice_push_non_ff_current;
+extern int advice_push_non_ff_default;
+extern int advice_push_non_ff_matching;
extern int advice_status_hints;
extern int advice_commit_before_merge;
extern int advice_resolve_conflict;
View
60 builtin/push.c
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@ static int progress = -1;
static const char **refspec;
static int refspec_nr;
static int refspec_alloc;
+static int default_matching_used;
static void add_refspec(const char *ref)
{
@@ -95,6 +96,9 @@ static void setup_default_push_refspecs(struct remote *remote)
{
switch (push_default) {
default:
+ case PUSH_DEFAULT_UNSPECIFIED:
+ default_matching_used = 1;
+ /* fallthru */
case PUSH_DEFAULT_MATCHING:
add_refspec(":");
break;
@@ -114,6 +118,45 @@ static void setup_default_push_refspecs(struct remote *remote)
}
}
+static const char message_advice_pull_before_push[] =
+ N_("Updates were rejected because the tip of your current branch is behind\n"
+ "its remote counterpart. Merge the remote changes (e.g. 'git pull')\n"
+ "before pushing again.\n"
+ "See the 'Note about fast-forwards' in 'git push --help' for details.");
+
+static const char message_advice_use_upstream[] =
+ N_("Updates were rejected because a pushed branch tip is behind its remote\n"
+ "counterpart. If you did not intend to push that branch, you may want to\n"
+ "specify branches to push or set the 'push.default' configuration\n"
+ "variable to 'current' or 'upstream' to push only the current branch.");
+
+static const char message_advice_checkout_pull_push[] =
+ N_("Updates were rejected because a pushed branch tip is behind its remote\n"
+ "counterpart. Check out this branch and merge the remote changes\n"
+ "(e.g. 'git pull') before pushing again.\n"
+ "See the 'Note about fast-forwards' in 'git push --help' for details.");
+
+static void advise_pull_before_push(void)
+{
+ if (!advice_push_non_ff_current || !advice_push_nonfastforward)
+ return;
+ advise(_(message_advice_pull_before_push));
+}
+
+static void advise_use_upstream(void)
+{
+ if (!advice_push_non_ff_default || !advice_push_nonfastforward)
+ return;
+ advise(_(message_advice_use_upstream));
+}
+
+static void advise_checkout_pull_push(void)
+{
+ if (!advice_push_non_ff_matching || !advice_push_nonfastforward)
+ return;
+ advise(_(message_advice_checkout_pull_push));
+}
+
static int push_with_options(struct transport *transport, int flags)
{
int err;
@@ -135,14 +178,21 @@ static int push_with_options(struct transport *transport, int flags)
error(_("failed to push some refs to '%s'"), transport->url);
err |= transport_disconnect(transport);
-
if (!err)
return 0;
- if (nonfastforward && advice_push_nonfastforward) {
- fprintf(stderr, _("To prevent you from losing history, non-fast-forward updates were rejected\n"
- "Merge the remote changes (e.g. 'git pull') before pushing again. See the\n"
- "'Note about fast-forwards' section of 'git push --help' for details.\n"));
+ switch (nonfastforward) {
+ default:
+ break;
+ case NON_FF_HEAD:
+ advise_pull_before_push();
+ break;
+ case NON_FF_OTHER:
+ if (default_matching_used)
+ advise_use_upstream();
+ else
+ advise_checkout_pull_push();
+ break;
}
return 1;
View
8 cache.h
@@ -625,7 +625,8 @@ enum push_default_type {
PUSH_DEFAULT_NOTHING = 0,
PUSH_DEFAULT_MATCHING,
PUSH_DEFAULT_UPSTREAM,
- PUSH_DEFAULT_CURRENT
+ PUSH_DEFAULT_CURRENT,
+ PUSH_DEFAULT_UNSPECIFIED
};
extern enum branch_track git_branch_track;
@@ -1008,7 +1009,6 @@ struct ref {
char *symref;
unsigned int force:1,
merge:1,
- nonfastforward:1,
deletion:1;
enum {
REF_STATUS_NONE = 0,
@@ -1019,6 +1019,10 @@ struct ref {
REF_STATUS_REMOTE_REJECT,
REF_STATUS_EXPECTING_REPORT
} status;
+ enum {
+ NON_FF_HEAD = 1,
+ NON_FF_OTHER
+ } nonfastforward;
char *remote_status;
struct ref *peer_ref; /* when renaming */
char name[FLEX_ARRAY]; /* more */
View
2 environment.c
@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@ enum safe_crlf safe_crlf = SAFE_CRLF_WARN;
unsigned whitespace_rule_cfg = WS_DEFAULT_RULE;
enum branch_track git_branch_track = BRANCH_TRACK_REMOTE;
enum rebase_setup_type autorebase = AUTOREBASE_NEVER;
-enum push_default_type push_default = PUSH_DEFAULT_MATCHING;
+enum push_default_type push_default = PUSH_DEFAULT_UNSPECIFIED;
#ifndef OBJECT_CREATION_MODE
#define OBJECT_CREATION_MODE OBJECT_CREATION_USES_HARDLINKS
#endif
View
13 transport.c
@@ -721,6 +721,10 @@ void transport_print_push_status(const char *dest, struct ref *refs,
{
struct ref *ref;
int n = 0;
+ unsigned char head_sha1[20];
+ char *head;
+
+ head = resolve_refdup("HEAD", head_sha1, 1, NULL);
if (verbose) {
for (ref = refs; ref; ref = ref->next)
@@ -738,8 +742,13 @@ void transport_print_push_status(const char *dest, struct ref *refs,
ref->status != REF_STATUS_UPTODATE &&
ref->status != REF_STATUS_OK)
n += print_one_push_status(ref, dest, n, porcelain);
- if (ref->status == REF_STATUS_REJECT_NONFASTFORWARD)
- *nonfastforward = 1;
+ if (ref->status == REF_STATUS_REJECT_NONFASTFORWARD &&
+ *nonfastforward != NON_FF_HEAD) {
+ if (!strcmp(head, ref->name))
+ *nonfastforward = NON_FF_HEAD;
+ else
+ *nonfastforward = NON_FF_OTHER;
+ }
}
}

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