A GNU Radio module for the GN3S USB dongle
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README.md

README.md

gr-gn3s

GR-GN3S is a GNU Radio module intended to be used either with GNSS-SDR as a signal source, or as standalone signal source block instantiated from a GNU Radio flow graph from C++ or using Python (also includes a gnuradio-companion interface).

This document describes how to build the GN3S V2 GPS Sampler GNU Radio Source USB 2.0 driver.

More information on the device (not available anymore) can be found at http://www.sparkfun.com/products/8238

The driver core is based on Gregory W. Hecker driver available at http://github.com/gps-sdr/gps-sdr.

Install GNU Radio:

You can install GNU Radio through a .deb package or by using PyBOMBS. Please choose only one of these two procedures.

In Ubuntu 12.10 and later, or Debian Jessie or later, install GNU Radio and other dependencies through a .deb package:

$ sudo apt-get install gnuradio-dev libusb-dev libusb-1.0.0-dev

Semi-automatic installation of GNU Radio using PyBOMBS:

Downloading, building and installing GNU Radio and all its dependencies is not a simple task. We recommend to use PyBOMBS (Python Build Overlay Managed Bundle System), the GNU Radio install management system that automatically does all the work for you. In a terminal, type:

First of all, install some basic packages:

$ sudo apt-get install git python-pip

Download, build and install PyBOMBS:

$ sudo pip install git+https://github.com/gnuradio/pybombs.git

Add some software recipes (i.e., instructions on how to install software dependencies):

$ pybombs recipes add gr-recipes git+https://github.com/gnuradio/gr-recipes.git
$ pybombs recipes add gr-etcetera git+https://github.com/gnuradio/gr-etcetera.git

Download, build and install GNU Radio, related drivers and some other extra modules into the directory /path/to/prefix (replace this path by your preferred one, for instance $HOME/sdr):

$ pybombs prefix init /path/to/prefix -a myprefix -R gnuradio-default

This will perform a local installation of the dependencies under /path/to/prefix, so they will not be visible when opening a new terminal. In order to make them available, you will need to set up the adequate environment variables:

$ cd /path/to/prefix
$ . ./setup_env.sh

In case you do not want to use PyBOMBS and prefer to build and install GNU Radio step by step, follow instructions at the GNU Radio Build Guide.

Get the latest version of gr-gn3s:

$ git clone https://github.com/gnss-sdr/gr-gn3s

Build GR-GN3S:

  • Go to GR-GN3S root directory and compile the driver:
$ cd gr-gn3s/build
$ cmake ../
$ make

NOTE: If you have installed GNU Radio via the gnuradio-dev package, you might need to use cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr ../ instead of cmake ../ in order to make the module visible from gnuradio-companion once installed.

  • If everything went fine, install the driver as root
$ sudo make install

When using Ubuntu, you might need to type this line when the installation is finished:

$ sudo ldconfig

Check that the module is usable by gnuradio-companion

Open gnuradio-companion and check the gn3s_source module under the GN3S tab. In order to gain access to USB ports, gnuradio-companion should be used as root. In addition, the driver requires access to the GN3S firmware binary file. It should be available in the same path where the application is called. gr-gn3s comes with a pre-compiled custom GN3S firmware available at gr-gn3s/firmware/GN3S_v2/bin/gn3s_firmware.ihx. Please copy this file to the application path.

Build gnss-sdr with the GN3S option enabled:

$ git clone https://github.com/gnss-sdr/gnss-sdr
$ cd gnss-sdr/build
$ cmake -DENABLE_GN3S=ON ../
$ make
$ sudo make install

This will enable the GN3S_Signal_Source implementation, which is able to read from the GN3S V2 GPS Sampler in real-time.

Using the GN3S V2 GPS Sampler as a signal source with GNSS-SDR

GN3S V2's sampling frequency is 8.1838 Msps, delivering a signal with an intermediate frequency of 38400 Hz. This is an example of a gnss-sdr configuration file for a GPS L1 C/A receiver using the GN3S_Signal_Source implementation:

GNSS-SDR.internal_fs_hz=2727933.33  ; 8183800/3 

;######### SIGNAL_SOURCE CONFIG ############
SignalSource.implementation=GN3S_Signal_Source
SignalSource.item_type=gr_complex
SignalSource.sampling_frequency=8183800
SignalSource.dump=false
SignalSource.dump_filename=../signal_source.dat

;######### SIGNAL_CONDITIONER CONFIG ############
SignalConditioner.implementation=Signal_Conditioner

;######### DATA_TYPE_ADAPTER CONFIG ############
DataTypeAdapter.implementation=Pass_Through

;######### INPUT_FILTER CONFIG ############
InputFilter.implementation=Freq_Xlating_Fir_Filter
InputFilter.dump=false
InputFilter.dump_filename=../data/input_filter.dat
InputFilter.input_item_type=gr_complex
InputFilter.output_item_type=gr_complex
InputFilter.taps_item_type=float
InputFilter.number_of_taps=5
InputFilter.number_of_bands=2
InputFilter.band1_begin=0.0
InputFilter.band1_end=0.45
InputFilter.band2_begin=0.55
InputFilter.band2_end=1.0
InputFilter.ampl1_begin=1.0
InputFilter.ampl1_end=1.0
InputFilter.ampl2_begin=0.0
InputFilter.ampl2_end=0.0
InputFilter.band1_error=1.0
InputFilter.band2_error=1.0
InputFilter.filter_type=bandpass
InputFilter.grid_density=16
InputFilter.sampling_frequency=8183800
InputFilter.IF=38400
InputFilter.decimation_factor=3

;######### RESAMPLER CONFIG ############
Resampler.implementation=Pass_Through
Resampler.dump=false
Resampler.dump_filename=../data/resampler.dat


;######### CHANNELS GLOBAL CONFIG ############
Channels_1C.count=8
Channels.in_acquisition=1
Channel.signal=1C

;######### ACQUISITION GLOBAL CONFIG ############
Acquisition_1C.dump=false
Acquisition_1C.dump_filename=./acq_dump.dat
Acquisition_1C.item_type=gr_complex
Acquisition_1C.if=0
Acquisition_1C.sampled_ms=1
Acquisition_1C.implementation=GPS_L1_CA_PCPS_Acquisition
Acquisition_1C.threshold=0.008
Acquisition_1C.doppler_max=10000
Acquisition_1C.doppler_step=500

;######### TRACKING GLOBAL CONFIG ############
Tracking_1C.implementation=GPS_L1_CA_DLL_PLL_Tracking
Tracking_1C.item_type=gr_complex
Tracking_1C.if=0 
Tracking_1C.dump=false
Tracking_1C.dump_filename=../data/epl_tracking_ch_
Tracking_1C.pll_bw_hz=45.0;
Tracking_1C.dll_bw_hz=2.0;
Tracking_1C.order=3;

;######### TELEMETRY DECODER GPS CONFIG ############
TelemetryDecoder_1C.implementation=GPS_L1_CA_Telemetry_Decoder
TelemetryDecoder_1C.dump=false
TelemetryDecoder_1C.decimation_factor=1;

;######### OBSERVABLES CONFIG ############
Observables.implementation=GPS_L1_CA_Observables
Observables.dump=false.
Observables.dump_filename=./observables.dat

;######### PVT CONFIG ############
PVT.implementation=GPS_L1_CA_PVT
PVT.averaging_depth=100
PVT.flag_averaging=false
PVT.output_rate_ms=10
PVT.display_rate_ms=500
PVT.dump_filename=./PVT
PVT.nmea_dump_filename=./gnss_sdr_pvt.nmea
PVT.flag_nmea_tty_port=false;
PVT.nmea_dump_devname=/dev/pts/4
PVT.dump=false

Save this configuration in a file, for instance my_GN3S_receiver.conf, copy the file located at gr-gn3s/firmware/GN3S_v2/bin/gn3s_firmware.ihx to your working directory, and instantiate gnss-sdr by doing:

$ gnss-sdr --config_file=./my_GN3S_receiver.conf