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Expressions

Delve can evaluate a subset of go expression language, specifically the following features are supported:

  • All (binary and unary) on basic types except <-, ++ and --
  • Comparison operators on any type
  • Type casts between numeric types
  • Type casts of integer constants into any pointer type and vice versa
  • Type casts between string, []byte and []rune
  • Struct member access (i.e. somevar.memberfield)
  • Slicing and indexing operators on arrays, slices and strings
  • Map access
  • Pointer dereference
  • Calls to builtin functions: cap, len, complex, imag and real
  • Type assertion on interface variables (i.e. somevar.(concretetype))

Nesting limit

When delve evaluates a memory address it will automatically return the value of nested struct members, array and slice items and dereference pointers. However to limit the size of the output evaluation will be limited to two levels deep. Beyond two levels only the address of the item will be returned, for example:

(dlv) print c1
main.cstruct {
	pb: *struct main.bstruct {
		a: (*main.astruct)(0xc82000a430),
	},
	sa: []*main.astruct len: 3, cap: 3, [
		*(*main.astruct)(0xc82000a440),
		*(*main.astruct)(0xc82000a450),
		*(*main.astruct)(0xc82000a460),
	],
}

To see the contents of the first item of the slice c1.sa there are two possibilities:

  1. Execute print c1.sa[0]
  2. Use the address directly, executing: print *(*main.astruct)(0xc82000a440)

Elements limit

For arrays, slices, strings and maps delve will only return a maximum of 64 elements at a time:

(dlv) print ba
[]int len: 200, cap: 200, [0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,...+136 more]

To see more values use the slice operator:

(dlv) print ba[64:]
[]int len: 136, cap: 136, [0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,...+72 more]

For this purpose delve allows use of the slice operator on maps, m[64:] will return the key/value pairs of map m that follow the first 64 key/value pairs (note that delve iterates over maps using a fixed ordering).

Interfaces

Interfaces will be printed using the following syntax:

<interface name>(<concrete type>) <value>

For example:

(dlv) p iface1
(dlv) p iface1
interface {}(*struct main.astruct) *{A: 1, B: 2}
(dlv) p iface2
interface {}(*struct string) *"test"
(dlv) p err1
error(*struct main.astruct) *{A: 1, B: 2}

To use the contents of an interface variable use a type assertion:

(dlv) p iface1.(*main.astruct).B
2

Or just use the special .(data) type assertion:

(dlv) p iface1.(data).B
2

If the contents of the interface variable are a struct or a pointer to struct the fields can also be accessed directly:

(dlv) p iface1.B
2

Specifying package paths

Packages with the same name can be disambiguated by using the full package path. For example, if the application imports two packages, some/package and some/other/package, both defining a variable A, the two variables can be accessed using this syntax:

(dlv) p "some/package".A
(dlv) p "some/other/package".A
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