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README.md

package tracing

package tracing provides Dapper-style request tracing to services.

Rationale

Request tracing is a fundamental building block for large distributed applications. It's instrumental in understanding request flows, identifying hot spots, and diagnosing errors. All microservice infrastructures will benefit from request tracing; sufficiently large infrastructures will require it.

Zipkin

Zipkin is one of the most used OSS distributed tracing platforms available with support for many different languages and frameworks. Go kit provides bindings to the native Go tracing implementation zipkin-go. If using Zipkin with Go kit in a polyglot microservices environment, this is the preferred binding to use. Instrumentation exists for kit/transport/http and kit/transport/grpc. The bindings are highlighted in the addsvc example. For more information regarding Zipkin feel free to visit Zipkin's Gitter.

OpenCensus

Go kit supports transport and endpoint middlewares for the OpenCensus instrumentation library. OpenCensus provides a cross language consistent data model and instrumentation libraries for tracing and metrics. From this data model it allows exports to various tracing and metrics backends including but not limited to Zipkin, Prometheus, Stackdriver Trace & Monitoring, Jaeger, AWS X-Ray and Datadog. Go kit uses the opencensus-go implementation to power its middlewares.

OpenTracing

Go kit supports the OpenTracing API and uses the opentracing-go package to provide tracing middlewares for its servers and clients. Currently OpenTracing instrumentation exists for kit/transport/http and kit/transport/grpc.

Since OpenTracing is an effort to provide a generic API, Go kit should support a multitude of tracing backends. If a Tracer implementation or OpenTracing bridge in Go for your back-end exists, it should work out of the box.

Please note that the "world view" of existing tracing systems do differ. OpenTracing can not guarantee you that tracing alignment is perfect in a microservice environment especially one which is not exclusively OpenTracing enabled or switching from one tracing backend to another truly entails just a change in configuration.

The following tracing back-ends are known to work with Go kit through the OpenTracing interface and are highlighted in the addsvc example.

AppDash

Appdash support is available straight from their system repository in the appdash/opentracing directory.

LightStep

LightStep support is available through their standard Go package lightstep-tracer-go.

Zipkin

Zipkin support is available through the zipkin-go-opentracing package.