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// Go MySQL Driver - A MySQL-Driver for Go's database/sql package
//
// Copyright 2016 The Go-MySQL-Driver Authors. All rights reserved.
//
// This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
// License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this file,
// You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/.
package mysql
import (
"bytes"
"crypto/rsa"
"crypto/tls"
"errors"
"fmt"
"net"
"net/url"
"sort"
"strconv"
"strings"
"time"
)
var (
errInvalidDSNUnescaped = errors.New("invalid DSN: did you forget to escape a param value?")
errInvalidDSNAddr = errors.New("invalid DSN: network address not terminated (missing closing brace)")
errInvalidDSNNoSlash = errors.New("invalid DSN: missing the slash separating the database name")
errInvalidDSNUnsafeCollation = errors.New("invalid DSN: interpolateParams can not be used with unsafe collations")
)
// Config is a configuration parsed from a DSN string.
// If a new Config is created instead of being parsed from a DSN string,
// the NewConfig function should be used, which sets default values.
type Config struct {
User string // Username
Passwd string // Password (requires User)
Net string // Network type
Addr string // Network address (requires Net)
DBName string // Database name
Params map[string]string // Connection parameters
Collation string // Connection collation
Loc *time.Location // Location for time.Time values
MaxAllowedPacket int // Max packet size allowed
ServerPubKey string // Server public key name
pubKey *rsa.PublicKey // Server public key
TLSConfig string // TLS configuration name
tls *tls.Config // TLS configuration
Timeout time.Duration // Dial timeout
ReadTimeout time.Duration // I/O read timeout
WriteTimeout time.Duration // I/O write timeout
AllowAllFiles bool // Allow all files to be used with LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE
AllowCleartextPasswords bool // Allows the cleartext client side plugin
AllowNativePasswords bool // Allows the native password authentication method
AllowOldPasswords bool // Allows the old insecure password method
ClientFoundRows bool // Return number of matching rows instead of rows changed
ColumnsWithAlias bool // Prepend table alias to column names
InterpolateParams bool // Interpolate placeholders into query string
MultiStatements bool // Allow multiple statements in one query
ParseTime bool // Parse time values to time.Time
RejectReadOnly bool // Reject read-only connections
}
// NewConfig creates a new Config and sets default values.
func NewConfig() *Config {
return &Config{
Collation: defaultCollation,
Loc: time.UTC,
MaxAllowedPacket: defaultMaxAllowedPacket,
AllowNativePasswords: true,
}
}
func (cfg *Config) normalize() error {
if cfg.InterpolateParams && unsafeCollations[cfg.Collation] {
return errInvalidDSNUnsafeCollation
}
// Set default network if empty
if cfg.Net == "" {
cfg.Net = "tcp"
}
// Set default address if empty
if cfg.Addr == "" {
switch cfg.Net {
case "tcp":
cfg.Addr = "127.0.0.1:3306"
case "unix":
cfg.Addr = "/tmp/mysql.sock"
default:
return errors.New("default addr for network '" + cfg.Net + "' unknown")
}
} else if cfg.Net == "tcp" {
cfg.Addr = ensureHavePort(cfg.Addr)
}
if cfg.tls != nil {
if cfg.tls.ServerName == "" && !cfg.tls.InsecureSkipVerify {
host, _, err := net.SplitHostPort(cfg.Addr)
if err == nil {
cfg.tls.ServerName = host
}
}
}
return nil
}
// FormatDSN formats the given Config into a DSN string which can be passed to
// the driver.
func (cfg *Config) FormatDSN() string {
var buf bytes.Buffer
// [username[:password]@]
if len(cfg.User) > 0 {
buf.WriteString(cfg.User)
if len(cfg.Passwd) > 0 {
buf.WriteByte(':')
buf.WriteString(cfg.Passwd)
}
buf.WriteByte('@')
}
// [protocol[(address)]]
if len(cfg.Net) > 0 {
buf.WriteString(cfg.Net)
if len(cfg.Addr) > 0 {
buf.WriteByte('(')
buf.WriteString(cfg.Addr)
buf.WriteByte(')')
}
}
// /dbname
buf.WriteByte('/')
buf.WriteString(cfg.DBName)
// [?param1=value1&...&paramN=valueN]
hasParam := false
if cfg.AllowAllFiles {
hasParam = true
buf.WriteString("?allowAllFiles=true")
}
if cfg.AllowCleartextPasswords {
if hasParam {
buf.WriteString("&allowCleartextPasswords=true")
} else {
hasParam = true
buf.WriteString("?allowCleartextPasswords=true")
}
}
if !cfg.AllowNativePasswords {
if hasParam {
buf.WriteString("&allowNativePasswords=false")
} else {
hasParam = true
buf.WriteString("?allowNativePasswords=false")
}
}
if cfg.AllowOldPasswords {
if hasParam {
buf.WriteString("&allowOldPasswords=true")
} else {
hasParam = true
buf.WriteString("?allowOldPasswords=true")
}
}
if cfg.ClientFoundRows {
if hasParam {
buf.WriteString("&clientFoundRows=true")
} else {
hasParam = true
buf.WriteString("?clientFoundRows=true")
}
}
if col := cfg.Collation; col != defaultCollation && len(col) > 0 {
if hasParam {
buf.WriteString("&collation=")
} else {
hasParam = true
buf.WriteString("?collation=")
}
buf.WriteString(col)
}
if cfg.ColumnsWithAlias {
if hasParam {
buf.WriteString("&columnsWithAlias=true")
} else {
hasParam = true
buf.WriteString("?columnsWithAlias=true")
}
}
if cfg.InterpolateParams {
if hasParam {
buf.WriteString("&interpolateParams=true")
} else {
hasParam = true
buf.WriteString("?interpolateParams=true")
}
}
if cfg.Loc != time.UTC && cfg.Loc != nil {
if hasParam {
buf.WriteString("&loc=")
} else {
hasParam = true
buf.WriteString("?loc=")
}
buf.WriteString(url.QueryEscape(cfg.Loc.String()))
}
if cfg.MultiStatements {
if hasParam {
buf.WriteString("&multiStatements=true")
} else {
hasParam = true
buf.WriteString("?multiStatements=true")
}
}
if cfg.ParseTime {
if hasParam {
buf.WriteString("&parseTime=true")
} else {
hasParam = true
buf.WriteString("?parseTime=true")
}
}
if cfg.ReadTimeout > 0 {
if hasParam {
buf.WriteString("&readTimeout=")
} else {
hasParam = true
buf.WriteString("?readTimeout=")
}
buf.WriteString(cfg.ReadTimeout.String())
}
if cfg.RejectReadOnly {
if hasParam {
buf.WriteString("&rejectReadOnly=true")
} else {
hasParam = true
buf.WriteString("?rejectReadOnly=true")
}
}
if len(cfg.ServerPubKey) > 0 {
if hasParam {
buf.WriteString("&serverPubKey=")
} else {
hasParam = true
buf.WriteString("?serverPubKey=")
}
buf.WriteString(url.QueryEscape(cfg.ServerPubKey))
}
if cfg.Timeout > 0 {
if hasParam {
buf.WriteString("&timeout=")
} else {
hasParam = true
buf.WriteString("?timeout=")
}
buf.WriteString(cfg.Timeout.String())
}
if len(cfg.TLSConfig) > 0 {
if hasParam {
buf.WriteString("&tls=")
} else {
hasParam = true
buf.WriteString("?tls=")
}
buf.WriteString(url.QueryEscape(cfg.TLSConfig))
}
if cfg.WriteTimeout > 0 {
if hasParam {
buf.WriteString("&writeTimeout=")
} else {
hasParam = true
buf.WriteString("?writeTimeout=")
}
buf.WriteString(cfg.WriteTimeout.String())
}
if cfg.MaxAllowedPacket != defaultMaxAllowedPacket {
if hasParam {
buf.WriteString("&maxAllowedPacket=")
} else {
hasParam = true
buf.WriteString("?maxAllowedPacket=")
}
buf.WriteString(strconv.Itoa(cfg.MaxAllowedPacket))
}
// other params
if cfg.Params != nil {
var params []string
for param := range cfg.Params {
params = append(params, param)
}
sort.Strings(params)
for _, param := range params {
if hasParam {
buf.WriteByte('&')
} else {
hasParam = true
buf.WriteByte('?')
}
buf.WriteString(param)
buf.WriteByte('=')
buf.WriteString(url.QueryEscape(cfg.Params[param]))
}
}
return buf.String()
}
// ParseDSN parses the DSN string to a Config
func ParseDSN(dsn string) (cfg *Config, err error) {
// New config with some default values
cfg = NewConfig()
// [user[:password]@][net[(addr)]]/dbname[?param1=value1&paramN=valueN]
// Find the last '/' (since the password or the net addr might contain a '/')
foundSlash := false
for i := len(dsn) - 1; i >= 0; i-- {
if dsn[i] == '/' {
foundSlash = true
var j, k int
// left part is empty if i <= 0
if i > 0 {
// [username[:password]@][protocol[(address)]]
// Find the last '@' in dsn[:i]
for j = i; j >= 0; j-- {
if dsn[j] == '@' {
// username[:password]
// Find the first ':' in dsn[:j]
for k = 0; k < j; k++ {
if dsn[k] == ':' {
cfg.Passwd = dsn[k+1 : j]
break
}
}
cfg.User = dsn[:k]
break
}
}
// [protocol[(address)]]
// Find the first '(' in dsn[j+1:i]
for k = j + 1; k < i; k++ {
if dsn[k] == '(' {
// dsn[i-1] must be == ')' if an address is specified
if dsn[i-1] != ')' {
if strings.ContainsRune(dsn[k+1:i], ')') {
return nil, errInvalidDSNUnescaped
}
return nil, errInvalidDSNAddr
}
cfg.Addr = dsn[k+1 : i-1]
break
}
}
cfg.Net = dsn[j+1 : k]
}
// dbname[?param1=value1&...&paramN=valueN]
// Find the first '?' in dsn[i+1:]
for j = i + 1; j < len(dsn); j++ {
if dsn[j] == '?' {
if err = parseDSNParams(cfg, dsn[j+1:]); err != nil {
return
}
break
}
}
cfg.DBName = dsn[i+1 : j]
break
}
}
if !foundSlash && len(dsn) > 0 {
return nil, errInvalidDSNNoSlash
}
if err = cfg.normalize(); err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return
}
// parseDSNParams parses the DSN "query string"
// Values must be url.QueryEscape'ed
func parseDSNParams(cfg *Config, params string) (err error) {
for _, v := range strings.Split(params, "&") {
param := strings.SplitN(v, "=", 2)
if len(param) != 2 {
continue
}
// cfg params
switch value := param[1]; param[0] {
// Disable INFILE whitelist / enable all files
case "allowAllFiles":
var isBool bool
cfg.AllowAllFiles, isBool = readBool(value)
if !isBool {
return errors.New("invalid bool value: " + value)
}
// Use cleartext authentication mode (MySQL 5.5.10+)
case "allowCleartextPasswords":
var isBool bool
cfg.AllowCleartextPasswords, isBool = readBool(value)
if !isBool {
return errors.New("invalid bool value: " + value)
}
// Use native password authentication
case "allowNativePasswords":
var isBool bool
cfg.AllowNativePasswords, isBool = readBool(value)
if !isBool {
return errors.New("invalid bool value: " + value)
}
// Use old authentication mode (pre MySQL 4.1)
case "allowOldPasswords":
var isBool bool
cfg.AllowOldPasswords, isBool = readBool(value)
if !isBool {
return errors.New("invalid bool value: " + value)
}
// Switch "rowsAffected" mode
case "clientFoundRows":
var isBool bool
cfg.ClientFoundRows, isBool = readBool(value)
if !isBool {
return errors.New("invalid bool value: " + value)
}
// Collation
case "collation":
cfg.Collation = value
break
case "columnsWithAlias":
var isBool bool
cfg.ColumnsWithAlias, isBool = readBool(value)
if !isBool {
return errors.New("invalid bool value: " + value)
}
// Compression
case "compress":
return errors.New("compression not implemented yet")
// Enable client side placeholder substitution
case "interpolateParams":
var isBool bool
cfg.InterpolateParams, isBool = readBool(value)
if !isBool {
return errors.New("invalid bool value: " + value)
}
// Time Location
case "loc":
if value, err = url.QueryUnescape(value); err != nil {
return
}
cfg.Loc, err = time.LoadLocation(value)
if err != nil {
return
}
// multiple statements in one query
case "multiStatements":
var isBool bool
cfg.MultiStatements, isBool = readBool(value)
if !isBool {
return errors.New("invalid bool value: " + value)
}
// time.Time parsing
case "parseTime":
var isBool bool
cfg.ParseTime, isBool = readBool(value)
if !isBool {
return errors.New("invalid bool value: " + value)
}
// I/O read Timeout
case "readTimeout":
cfg.ReadTimeout, err = time.ParseDuration(value)
if err != nil {
return
}
// Reject read-only connections
case "rejectReadOnly":
var isBool bool
cfg.RejectReadOnly, isBool = readBool(value)
if !isBool {
return errors.New("invalid bool value: " + value)
}
// Server public key
case "serverPubKey":
name, err := url.QueryUnescape(value)
if err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("invalid value for server pub key name: %v", err)
}
if pubKey := getServerPubKey(name); pubKey != nil {
cfg.ServerPubKey = name
cfg.pubKey = pubKey
} else {
return errors.New("invalid value / unknown server pub key name: " + name)
}
// Strict mode
case "strict":
panic("strict mode has been removed. See https://github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql/wiki/strict-mode")
// Dial Timeout
case "timeout":
cfg.Timeout, err = time.ParseDuration(value)
if err != nil {
return
}
// TLS-Encryption
case "tls":
boolValue, isBool := readBool(value)
if isBool {
if boolValue {
cfg.TLSConfig = "true"
cfg.tls = &tls.Config{}
} else {
cfg.TLSConfig = "false"
}
} else if vl := strings.ToLower(value); vl == "skip-verify" {
cfg.TLSConfig = vl
cfg.tls = &tls.Config{InsecureSkipVerify: true}
} else {
name, err := url.QueryUnescape(value)
if err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("invalid value for TLS config name: %v", err)
}
if tlsConfig := getTLSConfigClone(name); tlsConfig != nil {
cfg.TLSConfig = name
cfg.tls = tlsConfig
} else {
return errors.New("invalid value / unknown config name: " + name)
}
}
// I/O write Timeout
case "writeTimeout":
cfg.WriteTimeout, err = time.ParseDuration(value)
if err != nil {
return
}
case "maxAllowedPacket":
cfg.MaxAllowedPacket, err = strconv.Atoi(value)
if err != nil {
return
}
default:
// lazy init
if cfg.Params == nil {
cfg.Params = make(map[string]string)
}
if cfg.Params[param[0]], err = url.QueryUnescape(value); err != nil {
return
}
}
}
return
}
func ensureHavePort(addr string) string {
if _, _, err := net.SplitHostPort(addr); err != nil {
return net.JoinHostPort(addr, "3306")
}
return addr
}