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README.md

Calc Service

This example provides a basic overview of Goa. It consists of a single service that implements an endpoints that adds two integers and returns the result (exciting I know).

The example shows how to generate server and client code that supports both the HTTP and gRPC transports.

Design

The calc service provides a single method add which takes the integer operands as the payload and returns the integer sum as the result.

// design/design.go

var _ = Service("calc", func() {
  Method("add", func() {
    Payload(func() {
      Attribute("a", Int, "Left operand", func() {
        Meta("rpc:tag", "1")
      })
      Field(2, "b", Int, "Right operand")
      Required("a", "b")
    })
    Result(Int)
...
})

The design then describes how the add method must be served via HTTP and gRPC transports.

    // HTTP describes the HTTP tranport mapping.
    HTTP(func() {
      GET("/add/{a}/{b}")
      Response(StatusOK)
    })

    // GRPC describes the gRPC transport mapping.
    GRPC(func() {
      Response(CodeOK)
    })

The design also describes an endpoint that serves the auto-generated open API specification using the HTTP file server.

  Files("/swagger.json", "../../gen/http/openapi.json")

Generating Code

goa gen command generates the boilerplate code needed to serve the add method via HTTP and gRPC transports.

$ goa gen goa.design/examples/basic/design -o $GOPATH/src/goa.design/examples/basic

The above command creates a gen folder inside the directory $GOPATH/src/goa.design/examples/basic with the following layout


├── design
│   └── design.go
└── gen
    ├── calc
    │   ├── client.go
    │   ├── endpoints.go
    │   └── service.go
    ├── grpc
    │   ├── calc
    │   │   ├── client
    │   │   │   ├── client.go
    │   │   │   ├── cli.go
    │   │   │   ├── encode_decode.go
    │   │   │   └── types.go
    │   │   ├── pb
    │   │   │   ├── calc.pb.go
    │   │   │   └── calc.proto
    │   │   └── server
    │   │       ├── encode_decode.go
    │   │       ├── server.go
    │   │       └── types.go
    │   └── cli
    │       └── calc
    │           └── cli.go
    └── http
        ├── calc
        │   ├── client
        │   │   ├── client.go
        │   │   ├── cli.go
        │   │   ├── encode_decode.go
        │   │   ├── paths.go
        │   │   └── types.go
        │   └── server
        │       ├── encode_decode.go
        │       ├── paths.go
        │       ├── server.go
        │       └── types.go
        ├── cli
        │   └── calc
        │       └── cli.go
        ├── openapi.json
        └── openapi.yaml
  • gen/calc contains the transport-independent logic that exposes the business logic to the HTTP and gRPC transports via goa endpoints.
  • gen/http and gen/grpc contain the HTTP and gRPC transport server and client code respectively.

Users SHOULD NOT edit the code generated by goa gen command. Instead user code should consume the generated code using the usual Go constructs: function calls, structs that implement generated interfaces etc.

The goa example command creates an example service implementation along with the example server code to spin up both HTTP and gRPC servers and their client counterparts. Users SHOULD edit the code generated by goa example, this command is intended to be run once to get started.

$ goa example goa.design/examples/basic/design -o $GOPATH/src/goa.design/examples/basic

├── calc.go
├── cmd
│   ├── calc
│   │   ├── grpc.go
│   │   ├── http.go
│   │   └── main.go
│   └── calc-cli
│       ├── grpc.go
│       ├── http.go
│       └── main.go
├── design
└── gen
  • calc.go contains the service implementation where users add the business logic.
func (s *calcSvc) Add(ctx context.Context, p *calcsvc.AddPayload) (int, error) {
  return p.A + p.B, nil
}
  • The directories in the cmd correspond to the optional Server DSL described in the design. A directory is created for each Server DSL.

Building and Running the Generated Server and Client

The generated example server and client can be built and run as follows

$ go build ./cmd/calc && go build ./cmd/calc-cli

# Run the server

$ ./calc
[calc] 12:27:57 HTTP "Add" mounted on GET /add/{a}/{b}
[calc] 12:27:57 HTTP "../../gen/http/openapi.json" mounted on GET /swagger.json
[calc] 12:27:57 serving gRPC method calc.Calc/Add
[calc] 12:27:57 HTTP server listening on "localhost:8000"
[calc] 12:27:57 gRPC server listening on "localhost:8080"

# Run the client

# Contact HTTP server
$ ./calc-cli --url="http://localhost:8000" calc add --a 1 --b 2
3

# Contact gRPC server
$ ./calc-cli --url="grpc://localhost:8080" calc add --message '{"a": 1, "b": 2}'
3
  • -h/--help provides more information on using the server and client executables.

Viewing Open API Docs

Goa generates Open API v2.0 specifications for every service that defines an HTTP transport. Users can view the generated docs using their choice of swagger documentation viewer.

Goa also generates a proto file for each service that defines a gRPC transport.

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