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Bumps [json5](https://github.com/json5/json5) from 1.0.1 to 1.0.2.
- [Release notes](https://github.com/json5/json5/releases)
- [Changelog](https://github.com/json5/json5/blob/main/CHANGELOG.md)
- [Commits](json5/json5@v1.0.1...v1.0.2)

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- dependency-name: json5
  dependency-type: indirect
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react-native-dotenv CircleCI

Load environment variables using import statements.

npm version dependencies Status codecov XO code style Join the chat at https://gitter.im/pass-it-on/react-native-dotenv npm downloads works with dotenv-vault

Installation

$ npm install -D react-native-dotenv

Breaking changes: moving from v0.x to v2.x changes both the setup and usage of this package. Please see the migration guide.

Many have been asking about the reasons behind recent changes in this repo. Please see the story wiki page.

Introduction

This babel plugin lets you inject your environment variables into your Javascript environment using dotenv for multiple environments. It is best suited for use with react native and works with all flavors including web.

Usage

.babelrc

Basic setup:

{
  "plugins": [
    ["module:react-native-dotenv"]
  ]
}

If the defaults do not cut it for your project, this outlines the available options for your Babel configuration and their respective default values, but you do not need to add them if you are using the default settings.

{
  "plugins": [
    ["module:react-native-dotenv", {
      "envName": "APP_ENV",
      "moduleName": "@env",
      "path": ".env",
      "blocklist": null,
      "allowlist": null,
      "blacklist": null, // DEPRECATED
      "whitelist": null, // DEPRECATED
      "safe": false,
      "allowUndefined": true,
      "verbose": false
    }]
  ]
}

Note: for safe mode, it's highly recommended to set allowUndefined to false.

.env

API_URL=https://api.example.org
API_TOKEN=abc123

In users.js

import {API_URL, API_TOKEN} from "@env"

fetch(`${API_URL}/users`, {
  headers: {
    'Authorization': `Bearer ${API_TOKEN}`
  }
})

Also preview the expo test app.

[DEPRECATED] White and black lists

Moving forward to a more inclusive language, terms like white and black are being moved away. Future versions will just use allowlist and blocklist while whitelist/blacklist are still supported.

Allow and Block lists

It is possible to limit the scope of env variables that will be imported by specifying a allowlist and/or a blocklist as an array of strings.

{
  "plugins": [
    ["module:react-native-dotenv", {
      "blocklist": [
        "GITHUB_TOKEN"
      ]
    }]
  ]
}
{
  "plugins": [
    ["module:react-native-dotenv", {
      "allowlist": [
        "API_URL",
        "API_TOKEN"
      ]
    }]
  ]
}

Safe mode

Enable safe mode to only allow environment variables defined in the .env file. This will completely ignore everything that is already defined in the environment.

The .env file has to exist.

{
  "plugins": [
    ["module:react-native-dotenv", {
      "safe": true
    }]
  ]
}

Allow undefined

Allow importing undefined variables, their value will be undefined.

{
  "plugins": [
    ["module:react-native-dotenv", {
      "allowUndefined": true
    }]
  ]
}
import {UNDEFINED_VAR} from '@env'

console.log(UNDEFINED_VAR === undefined) // true

When set to false, an error will be thrown. This is no longer default behavior.

Override envName

One thing that we've noticed is that metro overwrites the test environment variable even if you specify a config, so we've added a way to fix this. By default, defining the APP_ENV variable can be used to set your preferred environment, separate from NODE_ENV.

// package.json
{
  "scripts": {
    "start:staging": "APP_ENV=staging npx react-native start",
  }
}

The above example would use the .env.staging file. The standard word is test, but go nuts.

To use your own defined name as the environment override, you can define it using envName:

{
  "plugins": [
    ["module:react-native-dotenv", {
     "envName": "MY_ENV"
    }]
  ]
}

Now you can define MY_ENV:

// package.json
{
  "scripts": {
    "start:staging": "MY_ENV=staging npx react-native start",
  }
}

Note: if you're using APP_ENV (or envName), you should avoid using development nor production as values, and you should avoid having a .env.development or .env.production. This is a Babel and Node thing that I have little control over unfortunately and is consistent with many other platforms that have an override option, like Gatsby. If you want to use development and production, you should not use APP_ENV (or envName), but rather the built-in NODE_ENV=development or NODE_ENV=production.

Multi-env

This package now supports environment specific variables. This means you may now import environment variables from multiple files, i.e. .env, .env.development, .env.production, and .env.test. This is based on dotenv-flow.

Note: it is not recommended that you commit any sensitive information in .env file to code in case your git repo is exposed. The best practice is to put a .env.template or .env.development.template that contains dummy values so other developers know what to configure. Then add your .env and .env.development to .gitignore. You can also keep sensitive keys in a separate .env.local (and respective .env.local.template) in .gitignore and you can use your other .env files for non-sensitive config.

If you are publishing your apps on an auto-publishing platform like EAS (Expo Application Services), make sure to put your secrets on the platform dashboard directly. If you are wondering what environment the platforms choose it is likely .env.production (not .env.prod) and there is likely no way to change this.

The base set of variables will be .env and the environment-specific variables will overwrite them.

The variables will automatically be pulled from the appropriate environment and development is the default. The choice of environment is based on your Babel environment first and if that value is not set, your NPM environment, which should actually be the same, but this makes it more robust.

In general, Release is production and Debug is development.

To choose, setup your scripts with NODE_ENV for each environment

// package.json
{
  "scripts": {
    "start:development": "NODE_ENV=development npx react-native start",
    "start:production": "NODE_ENV=production npx react-native start",
  }
}

TypeScript

For the library to work with TypeScript, you must manually specify the types for the module.

  • Create a types folder in your project
  • Inside that folder, create a *.d.tsxfile, say, env.d.tsx
  • in that file, declare a module as the following format:
declare module '@env' {
  export const API_BASE: string;
}

Add all of your .env variables inside this module.

  • Finally, add this folder into the typeRoots field in your tsconfig.json file:
{
...
    "typeRoots": ["./src/types"],
...
}

Reference Material

If you are not familiar with how dotenv or Babel work, make sure to read the following reference materials:

How this works

This Babel plugin processes your .env files and your environment variables and replaces the references to the environment variables in your code before it runs. This is because the environment variables will no longer be accessible once the React Native engine generates the app outputs.

Cacheing

When using with babel-loader with caching enabled you will run into issues where environment changes won’t be picked up. This is due to the fact that babel-loader computes a cacheIdentifier that does not take your .env file(s) into account. The good news is that a recent update has fixed this problem as long as you're using a new version of Babel. Many react native libraries have not updated their Babel version yet so to force the version, add in your package.json:

"resolutions": {
  "@babel/core": "^7.20.2",
  "babel-loader": "^8.3.0"
}

If this does not work, you should set api.cache(false) in your babel config

metro.config.jsresetCache: true

You can easily clear the cache:

rm -rf node_modules/.cache/babel-loader/*

or

yarn start --reset-cache

or

yarn start --clear

or

expo r -c

and

expo start --clear

or

rm -rf .expo/web/cache

or

react-native-clean-project

Maybe a solution for updating package.json scripts:

"cc": "rimraf node_modules/.cache/babel-loader/*,",
"android": "npm run cc && react-native run-android",
"ios": "npm run cc && react-native run-ios",

Or you can override the default cacheIdentifier to include some of your environment variables.

The tests that use require('@env') are also not passing.

For nextjs, you must set moduleName to react-native-dotenv.

Credits

If you'd like to become an active contributor, please send us a message.

Miscellaneous

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