Skip to content
Branch: master
Go to file
Code

Latest commit

Files

Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.
Type
Name
Latest commit message
Commit time
 
 
ast
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

README.md

YAML support for the Go language

GoDoc CircleCI codecov Go Report Card

Why a new library?

As of this writing, there already exists a defacto standard library for YAML processing Go: https://github.com/go-yaml/yaml. However we feel that some features are lacking, namely:

  • Pretty format for error notifications
  • Directly manipulate the YAML abstract syntax tree
  • Support Anchor and Alias when marshaling
  • Allow referencing elements declared in another file via anchors

Features

  • Pretty format for error notifications
  • Support Scanner or Lexer or Parser as public API
  • Support Anchor and Alias to Marshaler
  • Allow referencing elements declared in another file via anchors
  • Extract value or AST by YAMLPath ( YAMLPath is like a JSONPath )

Synopsis

1. Simple Encode/Decode

Support compatible interface to go-yaml/yaml by using reflect

var v struct {
	A int
	B string
}
v.A = 1
v.B = "hello"
bytes, err := yaml.Marshal(v)
if err != nil {
	...
}
fmt.Println(string(bytes)) // "a: 1\nb: hello\n"
	yml := `
%YAML 1.2
---
a: 1
b: c
`
var v struct {
	A int
	B string
}
if err := yaml.Unmarshal([]byte(yml), &v); err != nil {
	...
}

To control marshal/unmarshal behavior, you can use the yaml tag

	yml := `---
foo: 1
bar: c
`
var v struct {
	A int    `yaml:"foo"`
	B string `yaml:"bar"`
}
if err := yaml.Unmarshal([]byte(yml), &v); err != nil {
	...
}

For convenience, we also accept the json tag. Note that not all options from the json tag will have significance when parsing YAML documents. If both tags exist, yaml tag will take precedence.

	yml := `---
foo: 1
bar: c
`
var v struct {
	A int    `json:"foo"`
	B string `json:"bar"`
}
if err := yaml.Unmarshal([]byte(yml), &v); err != nil {
	...
}

For custom marshal/unmarshaling, implement one of Bytes or Interface Marshaler/Unmarshaler. The difference is that while BytesMarshaler/BytesUnmarshaler behave like encoding.json, InterfaceMarshaler/InterfaceUnmarshaler behave like gopkg.in/yaml.v2.

Semantically both are the same, but they differ in performance. Because indentation matter in YAML, you cannot simply accept a valid YAML fragment from a Marshaler, and expect it to work when it is attached to the parent container's serialized form. Therefore when we receive use the BytesMarshaler, which returns []byte, we must decode it once to figure out how to make it work in the given context. If you use the InterfaceMarshaler, we can skip the decoding.

If you are repeatedly marshaling complex objects, the latter is always better performance wise. But if you are, for example, just providing a choice between a config file format that is read only once, the former is probably easier to code.

2. Reference elements in declared in another file

testdata directory includes anchor.yml file

├── testdata
   └── anchor.yml

And anchor.yml is defined the following.

a: &a
  b: 1
  c: hello

Then, if yaml.ReferenceDirs("testdata") option passed to yaml.Decoder, Decoder try to find anchor definition from YAML files the under testdata directory.

buf := bytes.NewBufferString("a: *a\n")
dec := yaml.NewDecoder(buf, yaml.ReferenceDirs("testdata"))
var v struct {
	A struct {
		B int
		C string
	}
}
if err := dec.Decode(&v); err != nil {
	...
}
fmt.Printf("%+v\n", v) // {A:{B:1 C:hello}}

3. Encode with Anchor and Alias

3.1. Explicitly declaration Anchor name and Alias name

If you want to use anchor or alias, you can define it as a struct tag.

type T struct {
  A int
  B string
}
var v struct {
  C *T `yaml:"c,anchor=x"`
  D *T `yaml:"d,alias=x"`
}
v.C = &T{A: 1, B: "hello"}
v.D = v.C
bytes, err := yaml.Marshal(v)
if err != nil {
  panic(err)
}
fmt.Println(string(bytes))
/*
c: &x
  a: 1
  b: hello
d: *x
*/

3.2. Implicitly declared Anchor and Alias names

If you do not explicitly declare the anchor name, the default behavior is to use the equivalent of strings.ToLower($FieldName) as the name of the anchor.

If you do not explicitly declare the alias name AND the value is a pointer to another element, we look up the anchor name by finding out which anchor field the value is assigned to by looking up its pointer address.

type T struct {
	I int
	S string
}
var v struct {
	A *T `yaml:"a,anchor"`
	B *T `yaml:"b,anchor"`
	C *T `yaml:"c,alias"`
	D *T `yaml:"d,alias"`
}
v.A = &T{I: 1, S: "hello"}
v.B = &T{I: 2, S: "world"}
v.C = v.A // C has same pointer address to A
v.D = v.B // D has same pointer address to B
bytes, err := yaml.Marshal(v)
if err != nil {
	...
}
fmt.Println(string(bytes)) 
/*
a: &a
  i: 1
  s: hello
b: &b
  i: 2
  s: world
c: *a
d: *b
*/

3.3 MergeKey and Alias

Merge key and alias ( <<: *alias ) can be used by embedding a structure with the inline,alias tag .

type Person struct {
	*Person `yaml:",omitempty,inline,alias"` // embed Person type for default value
	Name    string `yaml:",omitempty"`
	Age     int    `yaml:",omitempty"`
}
defaultPerson := &Person{
	Name: "John Smith",
	Age:  20,
}
people := []*Person{
	{
		Person: defaultPerson, // assign default value
		Name:   "Ken",         // override Name property
		Age:    10,            // override Age property
	},
	{
		Person: defaultPerson, // assign default value only
	},
}
var doc struct {
	Default *Person   `yaml:"default,anchor"`
	People  []*Person `yaml:"people"`
}
doc.Default = defaultPerson
doc.People = people
bytes, err := yaml.Marshal(doc)
if err != nil {
	...
}
fmt.Println(string(bytes))
/*
default: &default
  name: John Smith
  age: 20
people:
- <<: *default
  name: Ken
  age: 10
- <<: *default
*/

4. Pretty Formatted Errors

Error values produced during parsing has two extra features over regular error values.

First by default they contain extra information on the location of the error from the source YAML document, to make it easier finding the error location.

Second, the error messages can optionally be colorized.

If you would like to control exactly how the output looks like, consider using yaml.FormatError, which accepts two boolean values to control turning on/off these features

5. Use YAMLPath

	yml := `
store:
  book:
    - author: john
      price: 10
    - author: ken
      price: 12
  bicycle:
    color: red
    price: 19.95
`
path, err := yaml.PathString("$.store.book[*].author")
if err != nil {
 ...
}
var authors []string
if err := path.Read(strings.NewReader(yml), &authors); err != nil {
 ...
}
fmt.Println(authors)
// [john ken]

5.1 Print customized error with YAML source code

package main

import (
  "fmt"

  "github.com/goccy/go-yaml"
)

func main() {
  yml := `
a: 1
b: "hello"
`
  var v struct {
    A int
    B string
  }
  if err := yaml.Unmarshal([]byte(yml), &v); err != nil {
    panic(err)
  }
  if v.A != 2 {
    // output error with YAML source
    path, err := yaml.PathString("$.a")
    if err != nil {
      panic(err)
    }
    source, err := path.AnnotateSource([]byte(yml), true)
    if err != nil {
      panic(err)
    }
    fmt.Printf("a value expected 2 but actual %d:\n%s\n", v.A, string(source))
  }
}

output result is the following.

Installation

$ go get -u github.com/goccy/go-yaml

Tools

ycat

print yaml file with color

ycat

Install

$ go get -u github.com/goccy/go-yaml/cmd/ycat

License

MIT

You can’t perform that action at this time.