promise_pool is a promise implementation backed by threads or threads pool.
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README.md

promise_pool Build Status Coverage Status Join the chat at https://gitter.im/godfat/promise_pool

by Lin Jen-Shin (godfat)

LINKS:

DESCRIPTION:

promise_pool is a promise implementation backed by threads or threads pool.

FEATURES:

  • PromisePool::Promise
  • PromisePool::ThreadPool
  • PromisePool::Timer

WHY?

This was extracted from rest-core because rest-core itself is getting too complex, and extracting promises from it could greatly reduce complexity and improve modularity for both rest-core and promise_pool.

REQUIREMENTS:

  • Tested with MRI (official CRuby), Rubinius and JRuby.
  • gem timers

INSTALLATION:

gem install promise_pool

Or if you want development version, put this in Gemfile:

gem 'promise_pool', :git => 'git://github.com/godfat/promise_pool.git',
                    :submodules => true

SYNOPSIS:

Basic Usage

require 'promise_pool/promise'
promise = PromisePool::Promise.new
promise.defer do
  sleep 1
  puts "Doing works..."
  sleep 1
  "Done!"
end
puts "It's not blocking!"
puts promise.yield

Prints:

It's not blocking!
Doing works...
Done!

Multiple Concurrent Promises

Doing multiple things at the same time, and wait for all of them at once.

require 'promise_pool/promise'

futures = 3.times.map do |i|
  PromisePool::Promise.new.defer do
    sleep i
    i
  end.future
end

futures.each(&method(:puts))

Prints:

0
1
2

Error Handling

If an exception was raised in the defer block, it would propagate whenever yield is called. Note that futures would implicitly call yield for you.

require 'promise_pool/promise'

future = PromisePool::Promise.new.defer do
  raise 'nnf'
end.future

begin
  future.to_s
  never reached
rescue RuntimeError => e
  puts e
end

Prints:

nnf

Serialization for single future

Sometimes we would like to serialize the result from future, however although futures are full-blown proxies, some serializers just can't serialize them.

For example, while JSON could dump and load them, Marshal can't. So it would be great that if we could somehow uncover the future and get the result underneath.

For single value future, we could just call itself or tap{} to do that.

require 'promise_pool/promise'

future = PromisePool::Promise.new.defer{ 0 }.future
puts Marshal.load(Marshal.dump(future.itself))

Prints:

0

Serialization for nested futures

For nested futures, we could use PromisePool::Future.resolve to help us.

require 'promise_pool/promise'

value = PromisePool::Promise.new.defer{ 0 }.future
array = PromisePool::Promise.new.defer{ [value] }.future

puts Marshal.load(Marshal.dump(PromisePool::Future.resolve(array)))

Prints:

[0]

PromisePool::ThreadPool

With a thread pool, we could throttle the process and avoid exhausting resources whenever needed.

require 'promise_pool/promise'
require 'promise_pool/thread_pool'

pool = PromisePool::ThreadPool.new(10, 60) # max_size=10, idle_time=60
future = PromisePool::Promise.new.defer(pool) do
  'Only process this whenever a worker is available.'
end.future

puts future

pool.shutdown # Make sure all the tasks are done in the pool before exit.
              # You'll surely need this for shutting down gracefully.

Prints:

Only process this whenever a worker is available.

PromisePool::Timer

If a task is taking too much time, we could time it out.

require 'promise_pool/promise'
require 'promise_pool/timer'

timer = PromisePool::Timer.new(1)
future = PromisePool::Promise.new(timer).defer do
  sleep
  never reached
end.future

begin
  future.to_s
rescue PromisePool::Timer::Error => e
  puts e.message
end

Prints:

execution expired

CHANGES:

CONTRIBUTORS:

  • Lin Jen-Shin (@godfat)

LICENSE:

Apache License 2.0

Copyright (c) 2016-2017, Lin Jen-Shin (godfat)

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.