Skip to content
Permalink
Branch: master
Find file Copy path
Find file Copy path
Fetching contributors…
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
178 lines (133 sloc) 5.04 KB
title description godocref date publishdate lastmod categories menu keywords signature workson hugoversion relatedfuncs deprecated toc needsexample
where
Filters an array to only the elements containing a matching value for a given field.
2017-02-01
2017-02-01
2017-02-01
functions
docs
parent
functions
filtering
where COLLECTION KEY [OPERATOR] MATCH
lists
taxonomies
terms
groups
intersect
first
after
last
false
true
true

where filters an array to only the elements containing a matching value for a given field.

It works in a similar manner to the where keyword in SQL.

{{ range where .Pages "Section" "foo" }}
  {{ .Content }}
{{ end }}

It can be used by dot-chaining the second argument to refer to a nested element of a value.

+++
series: golang
+++
{{ range where .Site.Pages "Params.series" "golang" }}
   {{ .Content }}
{{ end }}

It can also be used with the logical operators !=, >=, in, etc. Without an operator, where compares a given field with a matching value equivalent to =.

{{ range where .Pages "Section" "!=" "foo" }}
   {{ .Content }}
{{ end }}

The following logical operators are available with where:

=, ==, eq : true if a given field value equals a matching value

!=, <>, ne : true if a given field value doesn't equal a matching value

>=, ge : true if a given field value is greater than or equal to a matching value

>, gt : true if a given field value is greater than a matching value

<=, le : true if a given field value is lesser than or equal to a matching value

<, lt : true if a given field value is lesser than a matching value

in : true if a given field value is included in a matching value; a matching value must be an array or a slice

not in : true if a given field value isn't included in a matching value; a matching value must be an array or a slice

intersect : true if a given field value that is a slice/array of strings or integers contains elements in common with the matching value; it follows the same rules as the intersect function.

Use where with Booleans

When using booleans you should not put quotation marks.

{{range where .Pages ".Draft" true}}
        <p>{{.Title}}</p>
{{end}}

Use where with intersect

{{ range where .Site.Pages ".Params.tags" "intersect" .Params.tags }}
  {{ if ne .Permalink $.Permalink }}
    {{ .Render "summary" }}
  {{ end }}
{{ end }}

You can also put the returned value of the where clauses into a variable:

{{< code file="where-intersect-variables.html" >}} {{ $v1 := where .Site.Pages "Params.a" "v1" }} {{ $v2 := where .Site.Pages "Params.b" "v2" }} {{ $filtered := $v1 | intersect $v2 }} {{ range $filtered }} {{ end }} {{< /code >}}

Use where with first

Using first and [where][wherefunction] together can be very powerful. Below snippet gets a list of posts only from main sections, sorts it using the default ordering for lists (i.e., weight => date), and then ranges through only the first 5 posts in that list:

{{< code file="first-and-where-together.html" >}} {{ range first 5 (where site.RegularPages "Type" "in" site.Params.mainSections) }} {{ .Content }} {{ end }} {{< /code >}}

Nest where Clauses

You can also nest where clauses to drill down on lists of content by more than one parameter. The following first grabs all pages in the "blog" section and then ranges through the result of the first where clause and finds all pages that are not featured:

{{ range where (where .Pages "Section" "blog" ) ".Params.featured" "!=" true }}

Unset Fields

Filtering only works for set fields. To check whether a field is set or exists, you can use the operand nil.

This can be useful to filter a small amount of pages from a large pool. Instead of set field on all pages, you can set field on required pages only.

Only the following operators are available for nil

  • =, ==, eq: True if the given field is not set.
  • !=, <>, ne: True if the given field is set.
{{ range where .Pages ".Params.specialpost" "!=" nil }}
   {{ .Content }}
{{ end }}

Portable where filters -- site.Params.mainSections {#mainsections}

This is especially important for themes.

To list the most relevant pages on the front page or similar, you should use the site.Params.mainSections list instead of comparing section names to hard-coded values like "posts" or "post".

{{ $pages := where site.RegularPages "Type" "in" site.Params.mainSections }}

If the user has not set this config parameter in their site config, it will default to the section with the most pages.

The user can override the default in config.toml:

[params]
  mainSections = ["blog", "docs"]
You can’t perform that action at this time.