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Hugo 0.16 is our best and biggest release ever. The Hugo community has outdone itself with continued performance improvements, beautiful themes and increased stability.
Hugo 0.16

Hugo 0.16 is our best and biggest release ever. The Hugo community has outdone itself with continued performance improvements, beautiful themes for all types of sites from project sites to documentation to blogs to portfolios, and increased stability.

This release represents over 550 contributions by over 110 contributors to the main Hugo code base. Since last release Hugo has gained 3500 stars, 90 contributors and 23 additional themes.

This release celebrates 3 years since {{< gh "@spf13" >}} wrote the first lines of Hugo. During those 3 years Hugo has accomplished some major milestones including...

  • 10,000+ stars on GitHub
  • 320+ contributors
  • 90+ themes
  • 1000s of happy websites
  • Many subprojects like {{< gh "@spf13/cobra">}}, {{< gh "@spf13/viper">}} and {{< gh "@spf13/afero">}} which have experienced broad usage across the Go ecosystem.

{{< gh "@bep" >}} led the development of Hugo for the 3rd consecutive release with nearly half of the contributions to 0.16 in addition to his considerable contributions as lead maintainer. {{< gh "@anthonyfok" >}}, {{< gh "@DigitalCraftsman" >}}, {{< gh "@MooreReason" >}} all made significant contributions. A special thanks to {{< gh "@abourget" >}} for his considerable work on multilingual support. Due to its broad impact we wanted to spend more time testing it and it will be included in Hugo's next release.


Partial Builds: Prior to this release Hugo would always reread and rebuild the entire site. This release introduces support for reactive site building while watching (hugo server). Hugo will watch the filesystem for changes and only re-read the changed files. Depending on the files change Hugo will intelligently re-render only the needed portion of the site. Performance gains depend on the operation performed and size of the site. In our testing build times decreased anywhere from 10% to 99%.

Template Improvements: Template improvements continue to be a mainstay of each Hugo release. Hugo 0.16 adds support for the new block keyword introduced in Go 1.6 -- think base templates with default sections -- as well as many new template functions.

Polish: As Hugo matures releases will inevitably contain fewer huge new features. This release represents hundreds of small improvements across ever facet of Hugo which will make for a much better experience for all of our users. Worth mentioning here is the curious bug where live reloading didn't work in some editors on OS X, including the popular TextMate 2. This is now fixed. Oh, and now any error will exit with an error code, a big thing for automated deployments.

New Features

  • Support reading configuration variables from the OS environment {{<gh 2090 >}}
  • Add emoji support {{<gh 1892>}}
  • Add themesDir option to configuration {{<gh 1556>}}
  • Add support for Go 1.6 block keyword in templates {{<gh 1832>}}
  • Partial static sync {{<gh 1644>}}
  • Source file based relative linking (à la GitHub) {{<gh 0x0f6b334b6715253b030c4e783b88e911b6e53e56>}}
  • Add ByLastmod sort function to pages. {{<gh 0xeb627ca16de6fb5e8646279edd295a8bf0f72bf1 >}}
  • New templates functions:
    • readFile {{<gh 1551 >}}
    • countwords and countrunes {{<gh 1440>}}
    • default {{<gh 1943>}}
    • hasPrefix {{<gh 1243>}}
    • humanize {{<gh 1818>}}
    • jsonify {{<gh 0x435e996c4fd48e9009ffa9f83a19fb55f0777dbd>}}
    • md5 and sha1 {{<gh 1932>}}
    • replaceRE {{<gh 1845>}}
    • findRE {{<gh 2048>}}
    • shuffle {{<gh 1942>}}
    • slice {{<gh 1902>}}
    • plainify {{<gh 1915>}}


  • Hugo now exits with error code on any error. This is a big thing for automated deployments. {{<gh 740 >}}
  • Print error when /index.html is zero-length {{<gh 947>}}
  • Enable dirname and filename bash autocompletion for more flags {{<gh 0x666ddd237791b56fd048992dca9a27d1af50a10e>}}
  • Improve error handling in commands {{<gh 1502>}}
  • Add sanity checks for hugo import jekyll {{<gh 1625 >}}
  • Add description to Page.Params {{<gh 1484>}}
  • Add async version of Google Analytics internal template {{<gh 1711>}}
  • Add autostart option to YouTube shortcode {{<gh 1784>}}
  • Set Date and Lastmod for main home page {{<gh 1903>}}
  • Allow URL with extension in front matter {{<gh 1923>}}
  • Add list support in Scratch {{<gh 0xeaba04e82bdfc5d4c29e970f11b4aab9cc0efeaa>}}
  • Add file option to gist shortcode {{<gh 1955>}}
  • Add config layout and content directory CLI options {{<gh 1698>}}
  • Add boolean value comparison to where template function {{<gh 0xf3c74c9db484c8961e70cb3458f9e41e7832fa12>}}
  • Do not write to cache when ignoreCache is set {{<gh 2067>}}
  • Add option to disable rendering of 404 page {{<gh 2037>}}
  • Mercurial is no longer needed to build Hugo {{<gh 2062 >}}
  • Do not create robots.txt by default {{<gh 2049>}}
  • Disable syntax guessing for PygmentsCodeFences by default. To enable syntax guessing again, add the following to your config file: PygmentsCodeFencesGuessSyntax = true {{<gh 2034>}}
  • Make ByCount sort consistently {{<gh 1930>}}
  • Add Scratch to shortcode {{<gh 2000>}}
  • Add support for symbolic links for content, layout, static, theme {{<gh 1855 >}}
  • Add '+' as one of the valid characters in URLs specified in the front matter {{<gh 1290 >}}
  • Make alias redirect output URLs relative when RelativeURLs = true {{<gh 2093 >}}
  • Hugo injects meta generator tag on homepage if missing {{<gh 2182 >}}


  • Fix file change watcher for TextMate 2 and friends on OS X {{<gh 1053 >}}
  • Make dynamic reloading of config file reliable on all platform {{<gh 1684 >}}
  • Hugo now works on Linux/arm64 {{<gh 1772 >}}
  • plainIDAnchors now defaults to true {{<gh 2057>}}
  • Win32 and ARM builds fixed {{<gh 1716>}}
  • Copy static dir files without theme's static dir {{<gh 1656>}}
  • Make noTimes command flag work {{<gh 1657>}}
  • Change most global CLI flags into local ones {{<gh 1624>}}
  • Remove transformation of menu URLs {{<gh 1239>}}
  • Do not fail on unknown Jekyll file {{<gh 1705>}}
  • Use absolute path when editing with editor {{<gh 1589>}}
  • Fix hugo server "Watching for changes" path display {{<gh 1721>}}
  • Do not strip special characters out of URLs {{<gh 1292>}}
  • Fix RSSLink when uglyURLs are enabled {{<gh 175>}}
  • Get BaseURL from viper in server mode {{<gh 1821>}}
  • Fix shortcode handling in RST {{<gh 1904>}}
  • Use default sitemap configuration for homepage {{<gh 1304>}}
  • Exit if specific port is unavailable in server mode {{<gh 1901>}}
  • Fix regression in "section menus for lazy blogger" {{<gh 2065>}}

0.15.0 November 25, 2015

The v0.15.0 Hugo release brings a lot of polish to Hugo. Exactly 6 months after the 0.14 release, Hugo has seen massive growth and changes. Most notably, this is Hugo's first release under the Apache 2.0 license. With this license change we hope to expand the great community around Hugo and make it easier for our many users to contribute. This release represents over 377 contributions by 87 contributors to the main Hugo repo and hundreds of improvements to the libraries Hugo uses. Hugo also launched a new theme showcase and participated in Hacktoberfest.

Hugo now has:

  • 6700 (+2700) stars on GitHub
  • 235 (+75) contributors
  • 65 (+30) themes

Template Improvements: This release takes Hugo to a new level of speed and usability. Considerable work has been done adding features and performance to the template system which now has full support of Ace, Amber and Go Templates.

Hugo Import: Have a Jekyll site, but dreaming of porting it to Hugo? This release introduces a new hugo import jekyllcommand that makes this easier than ever.

Performance Improvements: Just when you thought Hugo couldn't get any faster, Hugo continues to improve in speed while adding features. Notably Hugo 0.15 introduces the ability to render and serve directly from memory resulting in 30%+ lower render times.

Huge thanks to all who participated in this release. A special thanks to {{< gh "@bep" >}} who led the development of Hugo this release again, {{< gh "@anthonyfok" >}}, {{< gh "@eparis" >}}, {{< gh "@tatsushid" >}} and {{< gh "@DigitalCraftsman" >}}.

New features

  • new hugo import jekyll command. {{< gh 1469 >}}
  • The new Param convenience method on Page and Node can be used to get the most specific parameter value for a given key. {{< gh 1462 >}}
  • Several new information elements have been added to Page and Node:
    • RuneCount: The number of runes in the content, excluding any whitespace. This may be a good alternative to .WordCount for Japanese and other CJK languages where a word-split by spaces makes no sense. {{< gh 1266 >}}
    • RawContent: Raw Markdown as a string. One use case may be of embedding slides.
    • IsHome: tells the truth about whether you're on the home page or not.


  • hugo server now builds ~30%+ faster by rendering to memory instead of disk. To get the old behavior, start the server with --renderToDisk=true.
  • Hugo now supports dynamic reloading of the config file when watching.
  • We now use a custom-built LazyFileReader for reading file contents, which means we don't read media files in /content into memory anymore -- and file reading is now performed in parallel on multicore PCs. {{< gh 1181 >}}
  • Hugo is now built with Go 1.5 which, among many other improvements, have fixed the last known data race in Hugo. {{< gh 917 >}}
  • Paginator now also supports page groups. {{< gh 1274 >}}
  • Markdown improvements:
    • Hugo now supports GitHub-flavoured markdown code fences for highlighting for md-files (Blackfriday rendered markdown) and mmark files (MMark rendered markdown). {{< gh 362 1258 >}}
    • Several new Blackfriday options are added:
      • Option to disable Blackfriday's Smartypants.
      • Option for Blackfriday to open links in a new window/tab. {{< gh 1220 >}}
      • Option to disable Blackfriday's LaTeX style dashes {{< gh 1231 >}}
      • Definition lists extension support.
  • Scratch now has built-in map support.
  • We now fall back to link title for the default page sort. {{< gh 1299 >}}
  • Some notable new configuration options:
    • IgnoreFiles can be set with a list of Regular Expressions that matches files to be ignored during build. {{< gh 1189 >}}
    • PreserveTaxonomyNames, when set to true, will preserve what you type as the taxonomy name both in the folders created and the taxonomy key, but it will be normalized for the URL. {{< gh 1180 >}}
  • hugo gen can now generate man files, bash auto complete and markdown documentation
  • Hugo will now make suggestions when a command is mistyped
  • Shortcodes now have a boolean .IsNamedParams property. {{< gh 1597 >}}

New Template Features

  • All template engines:
    • The new dict function that could be used to pass maps into a template. {{< gh 1463 >}}
    • The new pluralize and singularize template funcs.
    • The new base64Decode and base64Encode template funcs.
    • The sort template func now accepts field/key chaining arguments and pointer values. {{< gh 1330 >}}
    • Several fixes for slicestr and substr, most importantly, they now have full utf-8-support. {{< gh 1190 1333 1347 >}}
    • The new last template function allows the user to select the last N items of a slice. {{< gh 1148 >}}
    • The new after func allows the user to select the items after the Nth item. {{< gh 1200 >}}
    • Add time.Time type support to the where, ge, gt, le, and lt template functions.
    • It is now possible to use constructs like where Values ".Param.key" nil to filter pages that doesn't have a particular parameter. {{< gh 1232 >}}
    • getJSON/getCSV: Add retry on invalid content. {{< gh 1166 >}}
    • The new readDir func lists local files. {{< gh 1204 >}}
    • The new safeJS function allows the embedding of content into JavaScript contexts in Go templates.
    • Get the main site RSS link from any page by accessing the .Site.RSSLink property. {{< gh 1566 >}}
  • Ace templates:
    • Base templates now also works in themes. {{< gh 1215 >}}.
    • And now also on Windows. {{< gh 1178 >}}
  • Full support for Amber templates including all template functions.
  • A built-in template for Google Analytics. {{< gh 1505 >}}
  • Hugo is now shipped with new built-in shortcodes: {{< gh 1576 >}}
    • youtube for YouTube videos
    • vimeo for Vimeo videos
    • gist for GitHub gists
    • tweet for Twitter Tweets
    • speakerdeck for Speakerdeck slides


  • Fix data races in page sorting and page reversal. These operations are now also cached. {{< gh 1293 >}}
  • page.HasMenuCurrent() and node.HasMenuCurrent() now work correctly in multi-level nested menus.
  • Support Fish and Chips style section titles. Previously, this would end up as Fish And Chips. Now, the first character is made toupper, but the rest are preserved as-is. {{< gh 1176 >}}
  • Hugo now removes superfluous p-tags around shortcodes. {{< gh 1148 >}}


  • hugo server will watch by default now.
  • Some fields and methods were deprecated in 0.14. These are now removed, so the error message isn't as friendly if you still use the old values. So please change:
    • getJson to getJSON, getCsv to getCSV, safeHtml to safeHTML, safeCss to safeCSS, safeUrl to safeURL, Url to URL, UrlPath to URLPath, BaseUrl to BaseURL, Recent to Pages.

Known Issues

Using the Hugo v0.15 32-bit Windows or ARM binary, running hugo server would crash or hang due to a memory alignment issue in Afero. The bug was discovered shortly after the v0.15.0 release and has since been fixed by {{< gh "@tpng" >}}. If you encounter this bug, you may either compile Hugo v0.16-DEV from source, or use the following solution/workaround:

  • 64-bit Windows users: Please use (amd64 == x86-64). It is only the 32-bit that crashes/hangs (see {{< gh 1621 >}} and {{< gh 1628 >}}).
  • 32-bit Windows and ARM users: Please run hugo server --renderToDisk as a workaround until Hugo v0.16 is released (see “hugo server” returns runtime error on armhf and {{< gh 1716 >}}).
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