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// Copyright 2011 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
package ssh
import (
"errors"
"fmt"
"io"
"math/rand"
"net"
"strconv"
"strings"
"sync"
"time"
)
// Listen requests the remote peer open a listening socket on
// addr. Incoming connections will be available by calling Accept on
// the returned net.Listener. The listener must be serviced, or the
// SSH connection may hang.
// N must be "tcp", "tcp4", "tcp6", or "unix".
func (c *Client) Listen(n, addr string) (net.Listener, error) {
switch n {
case "tcp", "tcp4", "tcp6":
laddr, err := net.ResolveTCPAddr(n, addr)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return c.ListenTCP(laddr)
case "unix":
return c.ListenUnix(addr)
default:
return nil, fmt.Errorf("ssh: unsupported protocol: %s", n)
}
}
// Automatic port allocation is broken with OpenSSH before 6.0. See
// also https://bugzilla.mindrot.org/show_bug.cgi?id=2017. In
// particular, OpenSSH 5.9 sends a channelOpenMsg with port number 0,
// rather than the actual port number. This means you can never open
// two different listeners with auto allocated ports. We work around
// this by trying explicit ports until we succeed.
const openSSHPrefix = "OpenSSH_"
var portRandomizer = rand.New(rand.NewSource(time.Now().UnixNano()))
// isBrokenOpenSSHVersion returns true if the given version string
// specifies a version of OpenSSH that is known to have a bug in port
// forwarding.
func isBrokenOpenSSHVersion(versionStr string) bool {
i := strings.Index(versionStr, openSSHPrefix)
if i < 0 {
return false
}
i += len(openSSHPrefix)
j := i
for ; j < len(versionStr); j++ {
if versionStr[j] < '0' || versionStr[j] > '9' {
break
}
}
version, _ := strconv.Atoi(versionStr[i:j])
return version < 6
}
// autoPortListenWorkaround simulates automatic port allocation by
// trying random ports repeatedly.
func (c *Client) autoPortListenWorkaround(laddr *net.TCPAddr) (net.Listener, error) {
var sshListener net.Listener
var err error
const tries = 10
for i := 0; i < tries; i++ {
addr := *laddr
addr.Port = 1024 + portRandomizer.Intn(60000)
sshListener, err = c.ListenTCP(&addr)
if err == nil {
laddr.Port = addr.Port
return sshListener, err
}
}
return nil, fmt.Errorf("ssh: listen on random port failed after %d tries: %v", tries, err)
}
// RFC 4254 7.1
type channelForwardMsg struct {
addr string
rport uint32
}
// handleForwards starts goroutines handling forwarded connections.
// It's called on first use by (*Client).ListenTCP to not launch
// goroutines until needed.
func (c *Client) handleForwards() {
go c.forwards.handleChannels(c.HandleChannelOpen("forwarded-tcpip"))
go c.forwards.handleChannels(c.HandleChannelOpen("forwarded-streamlocal@openssh.com"))
}
// ListenTCP requests the remote peer open a listening socket
// on laddr. Incoming connections will be available by calling
// Accept on the returned net.Listener.
func (c *Client) ListenTCP(laddr *net.TCPAddr) (net.Listener, error) {
c.handleForwardsOnce.Do(c.handleForwards)
if laddr.Port == 0 && isBrokenOpenSSHVersion(string(c.ServerVersion())) {
return c.autoPortListenWorkaround(laddr)
}
m := channelForwardMsg{
laddr.IP.String(),
uint32(laddr.Port),
}
// send message
ok, resp, err := c.SendRequest("tcpip-forward", true, Marshal(&m))
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
if !ok {
return nil, errors.New("ssh: tcpip-forward request denied by peer")
}
// If the original port was 0, then the remote side will
// supply a real port number in the response.
if laddr.Port == 0 {
var p struct {
Port uint32
}
if err := Unmarshal(resp, &p); err != nil {
return nil, err
}
laddr.Port = int(p.Port)
}
// Register this forward, using the port number we obtained.
ch := c.forwards.add(laddr)
return &tcpListener{laddr, c, ch}, nil
}
// forwardList stores a mapping between remote
// forward requests and the tcpListeners.
type forwardList struct {
sync.Mutex
entries []forwardEntry
}
// forwardEntry represents an established mapping of a laddr on a
// remote ssh server to a channel connected to a tcpListener.
type forwardEntry struct {
laddr net.Addr
c chan forward
}
// forward represents an incoming forwarded tcpip connection. The
// arguments to add/remove/lookup should be address as specified in
// the original forward-request.
type forward struct {
newCh NewChannel // the ssh client channel underlying this forward
raddr net.Addr // the raddr of the incoming connection
}
func (l *forwardList) add(addr net.Addr) chan forward {
l.Lock()
defer l.Unlock()
f := forwardEntry{
laddr: addr,
c: make(chan forward, 1),
}
l.entries = append(l.entries, f)
return f.c
}
// See RFC 4254, section 7.2
type forwardedTCPPayload struct {
Addr string
Port uint32
OriginAddr string
OriginPort uint32
}
// parseTCPAddr parses the originating address from the remote into a *net.TCPAddr.
func parseTCPAddr(addr string, port uint32) (*net.TCPAddr, error) {
if port == 0 || port > 65535 {
return nil, fmt.Errorf("ssh: port number out of range: %d", port)
}
ip := net.ParseIP(string(addr))
if ip == nil {
return nil, fmt.Errorf("ssh: cannot parse IP address %q", addr)
}
return &net.TCPAddr{IP: ip, Port: int(port)}, nil
}
func (l *forwardList) handleChannels(in <-chan NewChannel) {
for ch := range in {
var (
laddr net.Addr
raddr net.Addr
err error
)
switch channelType := ch.ChannelType(); channelType {
case "forwarded-tcpip":
var payload forwardedTCPPayload
if err = Unmarshal(ch.ExtraData(), &payload); err != nil {
ch.Reject(ConnectionFailed, "could not parse forwarded-tcpip payload: "+err.Error())
continue
}
// RFC 4254 section 7.2 specifies that incoming
// addresses should list the address, in string
// format. It is implied that this should be an IP
// address, as it would be impossible to connect to it
// otherwise.
laddr, err = parseTCPAddr(payload.Addr, payload.Port)
if err != nil {
ch.Reject(ConnectionFailed, err.Error())
continue
}
raddr, err = parseTCPAddr(payload.OriginAddr, payload.OriginPort)
if err != nil {
ch.Reject(ConnectionFailed, err.Error())
continue
}
case "forwarded-streamlocal@openssh.com":
var payload forwardedStreamLocalPayload
if err = Unmarshal(ch.ExtraData(), &payload); err != nil {
ch.Reject(ConnectionFailed, "could not parse forwarded-streamlocal@openssh.com payload: "+err.Error())
continue
}
laddr = &net.UnixAddr{
Name: payload.SocketPath,
Net: "unix",
}
raddr = &net.UnixAddr{
Name: "@",
Net: "unix",
}
default:
panic(fmt.Errorf("ssh: unknown channel type %s", channelType))
}
if ok := l.forward(laddr, raddr, ch); !ok {
// Section 7.2, implementations MUST reject spurious incoming
// connections.
ch.Reject(Prohibited, "no forward for address")
continue
}
}
}
// remove removes the forward entry, and the channel feeding its
// listener.
func (l *forwardList) remove(addr net.Addr) {
l.Lock()
defer l.Unlock()
for i, f := range l.entries {
if addr.Network() == f.laddr.Network() && addr.String() == f.laddr.String() {
l.entries = append(l.entries[:i], l.entries[i+1:]...)
close(f.c)
return
}
}
}
// closeAll closes and clears all forwards.
func (l *forwardList) closeAll() {
l.Lock()
defer l.Unlock()
for _, f := range l.entries {
close(f.c)
}
l.entries = nil
}
func (l *forwardList) forward(laddr, raddr net.Addr, ch NewChannel) bool {
l.Lock()
defer l.Unlock()
for _, f := range l.entries {
if laddr.Network() == f.laddr.Network() && laddr.String() == f.laddr.String() {
f.c <- forward{newCh: ch, raddr: raddr}
return true
}
}
return false
}
type tcpListener struct {
laddr *net.TCPAddr
conn *Client
in <-chan forward
}
// Accept waits for and returns the next connection to the listener.
func (l *tcpListener) Accept() (net.Conn, error) {
s, ok := <-l.in
if !ok {
return nil, io.EOF
}
ch, incoming, err := s.newCh.Accept()
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
go DiscardRequests(incoming)
return &chanConn{
Channel: ch,
laddr: l.laddr,
raddr: s.raddr,
}, nil
}
// Close closes the listener.
func (l *tcpListener) Close() error {
m := channelForwardMsg{
l.laddr.IP.String(),
uint32(l.laddr.Port),
}
// this also closes the listener.
l.conn.forwards.remove(l.laddr)
ok, _, err := l.conn.SendRequest("cancel-tcpip-forward", true, Marshal(&m))
if err == nil && !ok {
err = errors.New("ssh: cancel-tcpip-forward failed")
}
return err
}
// Addr returns the listener's network address.
func (l *tcpListener) Addr() net.Addr {
return l.laddr
}
// Dial initiates a connection to the addr from the remote host.
// The resulting connection has a zero LocalAddr() and RemoteAddr().
func (c *Client) Dial(n, addr string) (net.Conn, error) {
var ch Channel
switch n {
case "tcp", "tcp4", "tcp6":
// Parse the address into host and numeric port.
host, portString, err := net.SplitHostPort(addr)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
port, err := strconv.ParseUint(portString, 10, 16)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
ch, err = c.dial(net.IPv4zero.String(), 0, host, int(port))
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
// Use a zero address for local and remote address.
zeroAddr := &net.TCPAddr{
IP: net.IPv4zero,
Port: 0,
}
return &chanConn{
Channel: ch,
laddr: zeroAddr,
raddr: zeroAddr,
}, nil
case "unix":
var err error
ch, err = c.dialStreamLocal(addr)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return &chanConn{
Channel: ch,
laddr: &net.UnixAddr{
Name: "@",
Net: "unix",
},
raddr: &net.UnixAddr{
Name: addr,
Net: "unix",
},
}, nil
default:
return nil, fmt.Errorf("ssh: unsupported protocol: %s", n)
}
}
// DialTCP connects to the remote address raddr on the network net,
// which must be "tcp", "tcp4", or "tcp6". If laddr is not nil, it is used
// as the local address for the connection.
func (c *Client) DialTCP(n string, laddr, raddr *net.TCPAddr) (net.Conn, error) {
if laddr == nil {
laddr = &net.TCPAddr{
IP: net.IPv4zero,
Port: 0,
}
}
ch, err := c.dial(laddr.IP.String(), laddr.Port, raddr.IP.String(), raddr.Port)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return &chanConn{
Channel: ch,
laddr: laddr,
raddr: raddr,
}, nil
}
// RFC 4254 7.2
type channelOpenDirectMsg struct {
raddr string
rport uint32
laddr string
lport uint32
}
func (c *Client) dial(laddr string, lport int, raddr string, rport int) (Channel, error) {
msg := channelOpenDirectMsg{
raddr: raddr,
rport: uint32(rport),
laddr: laddr,
lport: uint32(lport),
}
ch, in, err := c.OpenChannel("direct-tcpip", Marshal(&msg))
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
go DiscardRequests(in)
return ch, err
}
type tcpChan struct {
Channel // the backing channel
}
// chanConn fulfills the net.Conn interface without
// the tcpChan having to hold laddr or raddr directly.
type chanConn struct {
Channel
laddr, raddr net.Addr
}
// LocalAddr returns the local network address.
func (t *chanConn) LocalAddr() net.Addr {
return t.laddr
}
// RemoteAddr returns the remote network address.
func (t *chanConn) RemoteAddr() net.Addr {
return t.raddr
}
// SetDeadline sets the read and write deadlines associated
// with the connection.
func (t *chanConn) SetDeadline(deadline time.Time) error {
if err := t.SetReadDeadline(deadline); err != nil {
return err
}
return t.SetWriteDeadline(deadline)
}
// SetReadDeadline sets the read deadline.
// A zero value for t means Read will not time out.
// After the deadline, the error from Read will implement net.Error
// with Timeout() == true.
func (t *chanConn) SetReadDeadline(deadline time.Time) error {
// for compatibility with previous version,
// the error message contains "tcpChan"
return errors.New("ssh: tcpChan: deadline not supported")
}
// SetWriteDeadline exists to satisfy the net.Conn interface
// but is not implemented by this type. It always returns an error.
func (t *chanConn) SetWriteDeadline(deadline time.Time) error {
return errors.New("ssh: tcpChan: deadline not supported")
}