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// Copyright 2011 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
package ssh
import (
"bufio"
"bytes"
"errors"
"io"
"log"
)
// debugTransport if set, will print packet types as they go over the
// wire. No message decoding is done, to minimize the impact on timing.
const debugTransport = false
const (
gcmCipherID = "aes128-gcm@openssh.com"
aes128cbcID = "aes128-cbc"
tripledescbcID = "3des-cbc"
)
// packetConn represents a transport that implements packet based
// operations.
type packetConn interface {
// Encrypt and send a packet of data to the remote peer.
writePacket(packet []byte) error
// Read a packet from the connection. The read is blocking,
// i.e. if error is nil, then the returned byte slice is
// always non-empty.
readPacket() ([]byte, error)
// Close closes the write-side of the connection.
Close() error
}
// transport is the keyingTransport that implements the SSH packet
// protocol.
type transport struct {
reader connectionState
writer connectionState
bufReader *bufio.Reader
bufWriter *bufio.Writer
rand io.Reader
isClient bool
io.Closer
}
// packetCipher represents a combination of SSH encryption/MAC
// protocol. A single instance should be used for one direction only.
type packetCipher interface {
// writePacket encrypts the packet and writes it to w. The
// contents of the packet are generally scrambled.
writePacket(seqnum uint32, w io.Writer, rand io.Reader, packet []byte) error
// readPacket reads and decrypts a packet of data. The
// returned packet may be overwritten by future calls of
// readPacket.
readPacket(seqnum uint32, r io.Reader) ([]byte, error)
}
// connectionState represents one side (read or write) of the
// connection. This is necessary because each direction has its own
// keys, and can even have its own algorithms
type connectionState struct {
packetCipher
seqNum uint32
dir direction
pendingKeyChange chan packetCipher
}
// prepareKeyChange sets up key material for a keychange. The key changes in
// both directions are triggered by reading and writing a msgNewKey packet
// respectively.
func (t *transport) prepareKeyChange(algs *algorithms, kexResult *kexResult) error {
ciph, err := newPacketCipher(t.reader.dir, algs.r, kexResult)
if err != nil {
return err
}
t.reader.pendingKeyChange <- ciph
ciph, err = newPacketCipher(t.writer.dir, algs.w, kexResult)
if err != nil {
return err
}
t.writer.pendingKeyChange <- ciph
return nil
}
func (t *transport) printPacket(p []byte, write bool) {
if len(p) == 0 {
return
}
who := "server"
if t.isClient {
who = "client"
}
what := "read"
if write {
what = "write"
}
log.Println(what, who, p[0])
}
// Read and decrypt next packet.
func (t *transport) readPacket() (p []byte, err error) {
for {
p, err = t.reader.readPacket(t.bufReader)
if err != nil {
break
}
if len(p) == 0 || (p[0] != msgIgnore && p[0] != msgDebug) {
break
}
}
if debugTransport {
t.printPacket(p, false)
}
return p, err
}
func (s *connectionState) readPacket(r *bufio.Reader) ([]byte, error) {
packet, err := s.packetCipher.readPacket(s.seqNum, r)
s.seqNum++
if err == nil && len(packet) == 0 {
err = errors.New("ssh: zero length packet")
}
if len(packet) > 0 {
switch packet[0] {
case msgNewKeys:
select {
case cipher := <-s.pendingKeyChange:
s.packetCipher = cipher
default:
return nil, errors.New("ssh: got bogus newkeys message")
}
case msgDisconnect:
// Transform a disconnect message into an
// error. Since this is lowest level at which
// we interpret message types, doing it here
// ensures that we don't have to handle it
// elsewhere.
var msg disconnectMsg
if err := Unmarshal(packet, &msg); err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return nil, &msg
}
}
// The packet may point to an internal buffer, so copy the
// packet out here.
fresh := make([]byte, len(packet))
copy(fresh, packet)
return fresh, err
}
func (t *transport) writePacket(packet []byte) error {
if debugTransport {
t.printPacket(packet, true)
}
return t.writer.writePacket(t.bufWriter, t.rand, packet)
}
func (s *connectionState) writePacket(w *bufio.Writer, rand io.Reader, packet []byte) error {
changeKeys := len(packet) > 0 && packet[0] == msgNewKeys
err := s.packetCipher.writePacket(s.seqNum, w, rand, packet)
if err != nil {
return err
}
if err = w.Flush(); err != nil {
return err
}
s.seqNum++
if changeKeys {
select {
case cipher := <-s.pendingKeyChange:
s.packetCipher = cipher
default:
panic("ssh: no key material for msgNewKeys")
}
}
return err
}
func newTransport(rwc io.ReadWriteCloser, rand io.Reader, isClient bool) *transport {
t := &transport{
bufReader: bufio.NewReader(rwc),
bufWriter: bufio.NewWriter(rwc),
rand: rand,
reader: connectionState{
packetCipher: &streamPacketCipher{cipher: noneCipher{}},
pendingKeyChange: make(chan packetCipher, 1),
},
writer: connectionState{
packetCipher: &streamPacketCipher{cipher: noneCipher{}},
pendingKeyChange: make(chan packetCipher, 1),
},
Closer: rwc,
}
t.isClient = isClient
if isClient {
t.reader.dir = serverKeys
t.writer.dir = clientKeys
} else {
t.reader.dir = clientKeys
t.writer.dir = serverKeys
}
return t
}
type direction struct {
ivTag []byte
keyTag []byte
macKeyTag []byte
}
var (
serverKeys = direction{[]byte{'B'}, []byte{'D'}, []byte{'F'}}
clientKeys = direction{[]byte{'A'}, []byte{'C'}, []byte{'E'}}
)
// setupKeys sets the cipher and MAC keys from kex.K, kex.H and sessionId, as
// described in RFC 4253, section 6.4. direction should either be serverKeys
// (to setup server->client keys) or clientKeys (for client->server keys).
func newPacketCipher(d direction, algs directionAlgorithms, kex *kexResult) (packetCipher, error) {
cipherMode := cipherModes[algs.Cipher]
macMode := macModes[algs.MAC]
iv := make([]byte, cipherMode.ivSize)
key := make([]byte, cipherMode.keySize)
macKey := make([]byte, macMode.keySize)
generateKeyMaterial(iv, d.ivTag, kex)
generateKeyMaterial(key, d.keyTag, kex)
generateKeyMaterial(macKey, d.macKeyTag, kex)
return cipherModes[algs.Cipher].create(key, iv, macKey, algs)
}
// generateKeyMaterial fills out with key material generated from tag, K, H
// and sessionId, as specified in RFC 4253, section 7.2.
func generateKeyMaterial(out, tag []byte, r *kexResult) {
var digestsSoFar []byte
h := r.Hash.New()
for len(out) > 0 {
h.Reset()
h.Write(r.K)
h.Write(r.H)
if len(digestsSoFar) == 0 {
h.Write(tag)
h.Write(r.SessionID)
} else {
h.Write(digestsSoFar)
}
digest := h.Sum(nil)
n := copy(out, digest)
out = out[n:]
if len(out) > 0 {
digestsSoFar = append(digestsSoFar, digest...)
}
}
}
const packageVersion = "SSH-2.0-Go"
// Sends and receives a version line. The versionLine string should
// be US ASCII, start with "SSH-2.0-", and should not include a
// newline. exchangeVersions returns the other side's version line.
func exchangeVersions(rw io.ReadWriter, versionLine []byte) (them []byte, err error) {
// Contrary to the RFC, we do not ignore lines that don't
// start with "SSH-2.0-" to make the library usable with
// nonconforming servers.
for _, c := range versionLine {
// The spec disallows non US-ASCII chars, and
// specifically forbids null chars.
if c < 32 {
return nil, errors.New("ssh: junk character in version line")
}
}
if _, err = rw.Write(append(versionLine, '\r', '\n')); err != nil {
return
}
them, err = readVersion(rw)
return them, err
}
// maxVersionStringBytes is the maximum number of bytes that we'll
// accept as a version string. RFC 4253 section 4.2 limits this at 255
// chars
const maxVersionStringBytes = 255
// Read version string as specified by RFC 4253, section 4.2.
func readVersion(r io.Reader) ([]byte, error) {
versionString := make([]byte, 0, 64)
var ok bool
var buf [1]byte
for length := 0; length < maxVersionStringBytes; length++ {
_, err := io.ReadFull(r, buf[:])
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
// The RFC says that the version should be terminated with \r\n
// but several SSH servers actually only send a \n.
if buf[0] == '\n' {
if !bytes.HasPrefix(versionString, []byte("SSH-")) {
// RFC 4253 says we need to ignore all version string lines
// except the one containing the SSH version (provided that
// all the lines do not exceed 255 bytes in total).
versionString = versionString[:0]
continue
}
ok = true
break
}
// non ASCII chars are disallowed, but we are lenient,
// since Go doesn't use null-terminated strings.
// The RFC allows a comment after a space, however,
// all of it (version and comments) goes into the
// session hash.
versionString = append(versionString, buf[0])
}
if !ok {
return nil, errors.New("ssh: overflow reading version string")
}
// There might be a '\r' on the end which we should remove.
if len(versionString) > 0 && versionString[len(versionString)-1] == '\r' {
versionString = versionString[:len(versionString)-1]
}
return versionString, nil
}