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// Copyright 2013 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
// +build aix darwin dragonfly freebsd js,wasm linux netbsd openbsd solaris windows
package runtime
import (
"runtime/internal/atomic"
"unsafe"
)
// Integrated network poller (platform-independent part).
// A particular implementation (epoll/kqueue/port/AIX/Windows)
// must define the following functions:
//
// func netpollinit()
// Initialize the poller. Only called once.
//
// func netpollopen(fd uintptr, pd *pollDesc) int32
// Arm edge-triggered notifications for fd. The pd argument is to pass
// back to netpollready when fd is ready. Return an errno value.
//
// func netpoll(delta int64) gList
// Poll the network. If delta < 0, block indefinitely. If delta == 0,
// poll without blocking. If delta > 0, block for up to delta nanoseconds.
// Return a list of goroutines built by calling netpollready.
//
// func netpollBreak()
// Wake up the network poller, assumed to be blocked in netpoll.
//
// func netpollIsPollDescriptor(fd uintptr) bool
// Reports whether fd is a file descriptor used by the poller.
// Error codes returned by runtime_pollReset and runtime_pollWait.
// These must match the values in internal/poll/fd_poll_runtime.go.
const (
pollNoError = 0 // no error
pollErrClosing = 1 // descriptor is closed
pollErrTimeout = 2 // I/O timeout
pollErrNotPollable = 3 // general error polling descriptor
)
// pollDesc contains 2 binary semaphores, rg and wg, to park reader and writer
// goroutines respectively. The semaphore can be in the following states:
// pdReady - io readiness notification is pending;
// a goroutine consumes the notification by changing the state to nil.
// pdWait - a goroutine prepares to park on the semaphore, but not yet parked;
// the goroutine commits to park by changing the state to G pointer,
// or, alternatively, concurrent io notification changes the state to pdReady,
// or, alternatively, concurrent timeout/close changes the state to nil.
// G pointer - the goroutine is blocked on the semaphore;
// io notification or timeout/close changes the state to pdReady or nil respectively
// and unparks the goroutine.
// nil - none of the above.
const (
pdReady uintptr = 1
pdWait uintptr = 2
)
const pollBlockSize = 4 * 1024
// Network poller descriptor.
//
// No heap pointers.
//
//go:notinheap
type pollDesc struct {
link *pollDesc // in pollcache, protected by pollcache.lock
// The lock protects pollOpen, pollSetDeadline, pollUnblock and deadlineimpl operations.
// This fully covers seq, rt and wt variables. fd is constant throughout the PollDesc lifetime.
// pollReset, pollWait, pollWaitCanceled and runtime·netpollready (IO readiness notification)
// proceed w/o taking the lock. So closing, everr, rg, rd, wg and wd are manipulated
// in a lock-free way by all operations.
// NOTE(dvyukov): the following code uses uintptr to store *g (rg/wg),
// that will blow up when GC starts moving objects.
lock mutex // protects the following fields
fd uintptr
closing bool
everr bool // marks event scanning error happened
user uint32 // user settable cookie
rseq uintptr // protects from stale read timers
rg uintptr // pdReady, pdWait, G waiting for read or nil
rt timer // read deadline timer (set if rt.f != nil)
rd int64 // read deadline
wseq uintptr // protects from stale write timers
wg uintptr // pdReady, pdWait, G waiting for write or nil
wt timer // write deadline timer
wd int64 // write deadline
self *pollDesc // storage for indirect interface. See (*pollDesc).makeArg.
}
type pollCache struct {
lock mutex
first *pollDesc
// PollDesc objects must be type-stable,
// because we can get ready notification from epoll/kqueue
// after the descriptor is closed/reused.
// Stale notifications are detected using seq variable,
// seq is incremented when deadlines are changed or descriptor is reused.
}
var (
netpollInitLock mutex
netpollInited uint32
pollcache pollCache
netpollWaiters uint32
)
//go:linkname poll_runtime_pollServerInit internal/poll.runtime_pollServerInit
func poll_runtime_pollServerInit() {
netpollGenericInit()
}
func netpollGenericInit() {
if atomic.Load(&netpollInited) == 0 {
lockInit(&netpollInitLock, lockRankNetpollInit)
lock(&netpollInitLock)
if netpollInited == 0 {
netpollinit()
atomic.Store(&netpollInited, 1)
}
unlock(&netpollInitLock)
}
}
func netpollinited() bool {
return atomic.Load(&netpollInited) != 0
}
//go:linkname poll_runtime_isPollServerDescriptor internal/poll.runtime_isPollServerDescriptor
// poll_runtime_isPollServerDescriptor reports whether fd is a
// descriptor being used by netpoll.
func poll_runtime_isPollServerDescriptor(fd uintptr) bool {
return netpollIsPollDescriptor(fd)
}
//go:linkname poll_runtime_pollOpen internal/poll.runtime_pollOpen
func poll_runtime_pollOpen(fd uintptr) (*pollDesc, int) {
pd := pollcache.alloc()
lock(&pd.lock)
if pd.wg != 0 && pd.wg != pdReady {
throw("runtime: blocked write on free polldesc")
}
if pd.rg != 0 && pd.rg != pdReady {
throw("runtime: blocked read on free polldesc")
}
pd.fd = fd
pd.closing = false
pd.everr = false
pd.rseq++
pd.rg = 0
pd.rd = 0
pd.wseq++
pd.wg = 0
pd.wd = 0
pd.self = pd
unlock(&pd.lock)
var errno int32
errno = netpollopen(fd, pd)
return pd, int(errno)
}
//go:linkname poll_runtime_pollClose internal/poll.runtime_pollClose
func poll_runtime_pollClose(pd *pollDesc) {
if !pd.closing {
throw("runtime: close polldesc w/o unblock")
}
if pd.wg != 0 && pd.wg != pdReady {
throw("runtime: blocked write on closing polldesc")
}
if pd.rg != 0 && pd.rg != pdReady {
throw("runtime: blocked read on closing polldesc")
}
netpollclose(pd.fd)
pollcache.free(pd)
}
func (c *pollCache) free(pd *pollDesc) {
lock(&c.lock)
pd.link = c.first
c.first = pd
unlock(&c.lock)
}
// poll_runtime_pollReset, which is internal/poll.runtime_pollReset,
// prepares a descriptor for polling in mode, which is 'r' or 'w'.
// This returns an error code; the codes are defined above.
//go:linkname poll_runtime_pollReset internal/poll.runtime_pollReset
func poll_runtime_pollReset(pd *pollDesc, mode int) int {
errcode := netpollcheckerr(pd, int32(mode))
if errcode != pollNoError {
return errcode
}
if mode == 'r' {
pd.rg = 0
} else if mode == 'w' {
pd.wg = 0
}
return pollNoError
}
// poll_runtime_pollWait, which is internal/poll.runtime_pollWait,
// waits for a descriptor to be ready for reading or writing,
// according to mode, which is 'r' or 'w'.
// This returns an error code; the codes are defined above.
//go:linkname poll_runtime_pollWait internal/poll.runtime_pollWait
func poll_runtime_pollWait(pd *pollDesc, mode int) int {
errcode := netpollcheckerr(pd, int32(mode))
if errcode != pollNoError {
return errcode
}
// As for now only Solaris, illumos, and AIX use level-triggered IO.
if GOOS == "solaris" || GOOS == "illumos" || GOOS == "aix" {
netpollarm(pd, mode)
}
for !netpollblock(pd, int32(mode), false) {
errcode = netpollcheckerr(pd, int32(mode))
if errcode != pollNoError {
return errcode
}
// Can happen if timeout has fired and unblocked us,
// but before we had a chance to run, timeout has been reset.
// Pretend it has not happened and retry.
}
return pollNoError
}
//go:linkname poll_runtime_pollWaitCanceled internal/poll.runtime_pollWaitCanceled
func poll_runtime_pollWaitCanceled(pd *pollDesc, mode int) {
// This function is used only on windows after a failed attempt to cancel
// a pending async IO operation. Wait for ioready, ignore closing or timeouts.
for !netpollblock(pd, int32(mode), true) {
}
}
//go:linkname poll_runtime_pollSetDeadline internal/poll.runtime_pollSetDeadline
func poll_runtime_pollSetDeadline(pd *pollDesc, d int64, mode int) {
lock(&pd.lock)
if pd.closing {
unlock(&pd.lock)
return
}
rd0, wd0 := pd.rd, pd.wd
combo0 := rd0 > 0 && rd0 == wd0
if d > 0 {
d += nanotime()
if d <= 0 {
// If the user has a deadline in the future, but the delay calculation
// overflows, then set the deadline to the maximum possible value.
d = 1<<63 - 1
}
}
if mode == 'r' || mode == 'r'+'w' {
pd.rd = d
}
if mode == 'w' || mode == 'r'+'w' {
pd.wd = d
}
combo := pd.rd > 0 && pd.rd == pd.wd
rtf := netpollReadDeadline
if combo {
rtf = netpollDeadline
}
if pd.rt.f == nil {
if pd.rd > 0 {
pd.rt.f = rtf
// Copy current seq into the timer arg.
// Timer func will check the seq against current descriptor seq,
// if they differ the descriptor was reused or timers were reset.
pd.rt.arg = pd.makeArg()
pd.rt.seq = pd.rseq
resettimer(&pd.rt, pd.rd)
}
} else if pd.rd != rd0 || combo != combo0 {
pd.rseq++ // invalidate current timers
if pd.rd > 0 {
modtimer(&pd.rt, pd.rd, 0, rtf, pd.makeArg(), pd.rseq)
} else {
deltimer(&pd.rt)
pd.rt.f = nil
}
}
if pd.wt.f == nil {
if pd.wd > 0 && !combo {
pd.wt.f = netpollWriteDeadline
pd.wt.arg = pd.makeArg()
pd.wt.seq = pd.wseq
resettimer(&pd.wt, pd.wd)
}
} else if pd.wd != wd0 || combo != combo0 {
pd.wseq++ // invalidate current timers
if pd.wd > 0 && !combo {
modtimer(&pd.wt, pd.wd, 0, netpollWriteDeadline, pd.makeArg(), pd.wseq)
} else {
deltimer(&pd.wt)
pd.wt.f = nil
}
}
// If we set the new deadline in the past, unblock currently pending IO if any.
var rg, wg *g
if pd.rd < 0 || pd.wd < 0 {
atomic.StorepNoWB(noescape(unsafe.Pointer(&wg)), nil) // full memory barrier between stores to rd/wd and load of rg/wg in netpollunblock
if pd.rd < 0 {
rg = netpollunblock(pd, 'r', false)
}
if pd.wd < 0 {
wg = netpollunblock(pd, 'w', false)
}
}
unlock(&pd.lock)
if rg != nil {
netpollgoready(rg, 3)
}
if wg != nil {
netpollgoready(wg, 3)
}
}
//go:linkname poll_runtime_pollUnblock internal/poll.runtime_pollUnblock
func poll_runtime_pollUnblock(pd *pollDesc) {
lock(&pd.lock)
if pd.closing {
throw("runtime: unblock on closing polldesc")
}
pd.closing = true
pd.rseq++
pd.wseq++
var rg, wg *g
atomic.StorepNoWB(noescape(unsafe.Pointer(&rg)), nil) // full memory barrier between store to closing and read of rg/wg in netpollunblock
rg = netpollunblock(pd, 'r', false)
wg = netpollunblock(pd, 'w', false)
if pd.rt.f != nil {
deltimer(&pd.rt)
pd.rt.f = nil
}
if pd.wt.f != nil {
deltimer(&pd.wt)
pd.wt.f = nil
}
unlock(&pd.lock)
if rg != nil {
netpollgoready(rg, 3)
}
if wg != nil {
netpollgoready(wg, 3)
}
}
// netpollready is called by the platform-specific netpoll function.
// It declares that the fd associated with pd is ready for I/O.
// The toRun argument is used to build a list of goroutines to return
// from netpoll. The mode argument is 'r', 'w', or 'r'+'w' to indicate
// whether the fd is ready for reading or writing or both.
//
// This may run while the world is stopped, so write barriers are not allowed.
//go:nowritebarrier
func netpollready(toRun *gList, pd *pollDesc, mode int32) {
var rg, wg *g
if mode == 'r' || mode == 'r'+'w' {
rg = netpollunblock(pd, 'r', true)
}
if mode == 'w' || mode == 'r'+'w' {
wg = netpollunblock(pd, 'w', true)
}
if rg != nil {
toRun.push(rg)
}
if wg != nil {
toRun.push(wg)
}
}
func netpollcheckerr(pd *pollDesc, mode int32) int {
if pd.closing {
return pollErrClosing
}
if (mode == 'r' && pd.rd < 0) || (mode == 'w' && pd.wd < 0) {
return pollErrTimeout
}
// Report an event scanning error only on a read event.
// An error on a write event will be captured in a subsequent
// write call that is able to report a more specific error.
if mode == 'r' && pd.everr {
return pollErrNotPollable
}
return pollNoError
}
func netpollblockcommit(gp *g, gpp unsafe.Pointer) bool {
r := atomic.Casuintptr((*uintptr)(gpp), pdWait, uintptr(unsafe.Pointer(gp)))
if r {
// Bump the count of goroutines waiting for the poller.
// The scheduler uses this to decide whether to block
// waiting for the poller if there is nothing else to do.
atomic.Xadd(&netpollWaiters, 1)
}
return r
}
func netpollgoready(gp *g, traceskip int) {
atomic.Xadd(&netpollWaiters, -1)
goready(gp, traceskip+1)
}
// returns true if IO is ready, or false if timedout or closed
// waitio - wait only for completed IO, ignore errors
func netpollblock(pd *pollDesc, mode int32, waitio bool) bool {
gpp := &pd.rg
if mode == 'w' {
gpp = &pd.wg
}
// set the gpp semaphore to pdWait
for {
old := *gpp
if old == pdReady {
*gpp = 0
return true
}
if old != 0 {
throw("runtime: double wait")
}
if atomic.Casuintptr(gpp, 0, pdWait) {
break
}
}
// need to recheck error states after setting gpp to pdWait
// this is necessary because runtime_pollUnblock/runtime_pollSetDeadline/deadlineimpl
// do the opposite: store to closing/rd/wd, membarrier, load of rg/wg
if waitio || netpollcheckerr(pd, mode) == 0 {
gopark(netpollblockcommit, unsafe.Pointer(gpp), waitReasonIOWait, traceEvGoBlockNet, 5)
}
// be careful to not lose concurrent pdReady notification
old := atomic.Xchguintptr(gpp, 0)
if old > pdWait {
throw("runtime: corrupted polldesc")
}
return old == pdReady
}
func netpollunblock(pd *pollDesc, mode int32, ioready bool) *g {
gpp := &pd.rg
if mode == 'w' {
gpp = &pd.wg
}
for {
old := *gpp
if old == pdReady {
return nil
}
if old == 0 && !ioready {
// Only set pdReady for ioready. runtime_pollWait
// will check for timeout/cancel before waiting.
return nil
}
var new uintptr
if ioready {
new = pdReady
}
if atomic.Casuintptr(gpp, old, new) {
if old == pdWait {
old = 0
}
return (*g)(unsafe.Pointer(old))
}
}
}
func netpolldeadlineimpl(pd *pollDesc, seq uintptr, read, write bool) {
lock(&pd.lock)
// Seq arg is seq when the timer was set.
// If it's stale, ignore the timer event.
currentSeq := pd.rseq
if !read {
currentSeq = pd.wseq
}
if seq != currentSeq {
// The descriptor was reused or timers were reset.
unlock(&pd.lock)
return
}
var rg *g
if read {
if pd.rd <= 0 || pd.rt.f == nil {
throw("runtime: inconsistent read deadline")
}
pd.rd = -1
atomic.StorepNoWB(unsafe.Pointer(&pd.rt.f), nil) // full memory barrier between store to rd and load of rg in netpollunblock
rg = netpollunblock(pd, 'r', false)
}
var wg *g
if write {
if pd.wd <= 0 || pd.wt.f == nil && !read {
throw("runtime: inconsistent write deadline")
}
pd.wd = -1
atomic.StorepNoWB(unsafe.Pointer(&pd.wt.f), nil) // full memory barrier between store to wd and load of wg in netpollunblock
wg = netpollunblock(pd, 'w', false)
}
unlock(&pd.lock)
if rg != nil {
netpollgoready(rg, 0)
}
if wg != nil {
netpollgoready(wg, 0)
}
}
func netpollDeadline(arg interface{}, seq uintptr) {
netpolldeadlineimpl(arg.(*pollDesc), seq, true, true)
}
func netpollReadDeadline(arg interface{}, seq uintptr) {
netpolldeadlineimpl(arg.(*pollDesc), seq, true, false)
}
func netpollWriteDeadline(arg interface{}, seq uintptr) {
netpolldeadlineimpl(arg.(*pollDesc), seq, false, true)
}
func (c *pollCache) alloc() *pollDesc {
lock(&c.lock)
if c.first == nil {
const pdSize = unsafe.Sizeof(pollDesc{})
n := pollBlockSize / pdSize
if n == 0 {
n = 1
}
// Must be in non-GC memory because can be referenced
// only from epoll/kqueue internals.
mem := persistentalloc(n*pdSize, 0, &memstats.other_sys)
for i := uintptr(0); i < n; i++ {
pd := (*pollDesc)(add(mem, i*pdSize))
pd.link = c.first
c.first = pd
}
}
pd := c.first
c.first = pd.link
lockInit(&pd.lock, lockRankPollDesc)
unlock(&c.lock)
return pd
}
// makeArg converts pd to an interface{}.
// makeArg does not do any allocation. Normally, such
// a conversion requires an allocation because pointers to
// go:notinheap types (which pollDesc is) must be stored
// in interfaces indirectly. See issue 42076.
func (pd *pollDesc) makeArg() (i interface{}) {
x := (*eface)(unsafe.Pointer(&i))
x._type = pdType
x.data = unsafe.Pointer(&pd.self)
return
}
var (
pdEface interface{} = (*pollDesc)(nil)
pdType *_type = efaceOf(&pdEface)._type
)