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// Copyright 2009 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
package sync
import (
"internal/race"
"sync/atomic"
"unsafe"
)
// There is a modified copy of this file in runtime/rwmutex.go.
// If you make any changes here, see if you should make them there.
// A RWMutex is a reader/writer mutual exclusion lock.
// The lock can be held by an arbitrary number of readers or a single writer.
// The zero value for a RWMutex is an unlocked mutex.
//
// A RWMutex must not be copied after first use.
//
// If a goroutine holds a RWMutex for reading and another goroutine might
// call Lock, no goroutine should expect to be able to acquire a read lock
// until the initial read lock is released. In particular, this prohibits
// recursive read locking. This is to ensure that the lock eventually becomes
// available; a blocked Lock call excludes new readers from acquiring the
// lock.
type RWMutex struct {
w Mutex // held if there are pending writers
writerSem uint32 // semaphore for writers to wait for completing readers
readerSem uint32 // semaphore for readers to wait for completing writers
readerCount int32 // number of pending readers
readerWait int32 // number of departing readers
}
const rwmutexMaxReaders = 1 << 30
// Happens-before relationships are indicated to the race detector via:
// - Unlock -> Lock: readerSem
// - Unlock -> RLock: readerSem
// - RUnlock -> Lock: writerSem
//
// The methods below temporarily disable handling of race synchronization
// events in order to provide the more precise model above to the race
// detector.
//
// For example, atomic.AddInt32 in RLock should not appear to provide
// acquire-release semantics, which would incorrectly synchronize racing
// readers, thus potentially missing races.
// RLock locks rw for reading.
//
// It should not be used for recursive read locking; a blocked Lock
// call excludes new readers from acquiring the lock. See the
// documentation on the RWMutex type.
func (rw *RWMutex) RLock() {
if race.Enabled {
_ = rw.w.state
race.Disable()
}
if atomic.AddInt32(&rw.readerCount, 1) < 0 {
// A writer is pending, wait for it.
runtime_SemacquireMutex(&rw.readerSem, false, 0)
}
if race.Enabled {
race.Enable()
race.Acquire(unsafe.Pointer(&rw.readerSem))
}
}
// RUnlock undoes a single RLock call;
// it does not affect other simultaneous readers.
// It is a run-time error if rw is not locked for reading
// on entry to RUnlock.
func (rw *RWMutex) RUnlock() {
if race.Enabled {
_ = rw.w.state
race.ReleaseMerge(unsafe.Pointer(&rw.writerSem))
race.Disable()
}
if r := atomic.AddInt32(&rw.readerCount, -1); r < 0 {
// Outlined slow-path to allow the fast-path to be inlined
rw.rUnlockSlow(r)
}
if race.Enabled {
race.Enable()
}
}
func (rw *RWMutex) rUnlockSlow(r int32) {
if r+1 == 0 || r+1 == -rwmutexMaxReaders {
race.Enable()
throw("sync: RUnlock of unlocked RWMutex")
}
// A writer is pending.
if atomic.AddInt32(&rw.readerWait, -1) == 0 {
// The last reader unblocks the writer.
runtime_Semrelease(&rw.writerSem, false, 1)
}
}
// Lock locks rw for writing.
// If the lock is already locked for reading or writing,
// Lock blocks until the lock is available.
func (rw *RWMutex) Lock() {
if race.Enabled {
_ = rw.w.state
race.Disable()
}
// First, resolve competition with other writers.
rw.w.Lock()
// Announce to readers there is a pending writer.
r := atomic.AddInt32(&rw.readerCount, -rwmutexMaxReaders) + rwmutexMaxReaders
// Wait for active readers.
if r != 0 && atomic.AddInt32(&rw.readerWait, r) != 0 {
runtime_SemacquireMutex(&rw.writerSem, false, 0)
}
if race.Enabled {
race.Enable()
race.Acquire(unsafe.Pointer(&rw.readerSem))
race.Acquire(unsafe.Pointer(&rw.writerSem))
}
}
// Unlock unlocks rw for writing. It is a run-time error if rw is
// not locked for writing on entry to Unlock.
//
// As with Mutexes, a locked RWMutex is not associated with a particular
// goroutine. One goroutine may RLock (Lock) a RWMutex and then
// arrange for another goroutine to RUnlock (Unlock) it.
func (rw *RWMutex) Unlock() {
if race.Enabled {
_ = rw.w.state
race.Release(unsafe.Pointer(&rw.readerSem))
race.Disable()
}
// Announce to readers there is no active writer.
r := atomic.AddInt32(&rw.readerCount, rwmutexMaxReaders)
if r >= rwmutexMaxReaders {
race.Enable()
throw("sync: Unlock of unlocked RWMutex")
}
// Unblock blocked readers, if any.
for i := 0; i < int(r); i++ {
runtime_Semrelease(&rw.readerSem, false, 0)
}
// Allow other writers to proceed.
rw.w.Unlock()
if race.Enabled {
race.Enable()
}
}
// RLocker returns a Locker interface that implements
// the Lock and Unlock methods by calling rw.RLock and rw.RUnlock.
func (rw *RWMutex) RLocker() Locker {
return (*rlocker)(rw)
}
type rlocker RWMutex
func (r *rlocker) Lock() { (*RWMutex)(r).RLock() }
func (r *rlocker) Unlock() { (*RWMutex)(r).RUnlock() }