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// Copyright 2009 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
// This file contains the exported entry points for invoking the parser.
package parser
import (
"bytes"
"errors"
"go/ast"
"go/token"
"io"
"io/ioutil"
"os"
"path/filepath"
"strings"
)
// If src != nil, readSource converts src to a []byte if possible;
// otherwise it returns an error. If src == nil, readSource returns
// the result of reading the file specified by filename.
//
func readSource(filename string, src interface{}) ([]byte, error) {
if src != nil {
switch s := src.(type) {
case string:
return []byte(s), nil
case []byte:
return s, nil
case *bytes.Buffer:
// is io.Reader, but src is already available in []byte form
if s != nil {
return s.Bytes(), nil
}
case io.Reader:
return ioutil.ReadAll(s)
}
return nil, errors.New("invalid source")
}
return ioutil.ReadFile(filename)
}
// A Mode value is a set of flags (or 0).
// They control the amount of source code parsed and other optional
// parser functionality.
//
type Mode uint
const (
PackageClauseOnly Mode = 1 << iota // stop parsing after package clause
ImportsOnly // stop parsing after import declarations
ParseComments // parse comments and add them to AST
Trace // print a trace of parsed productions
DeclarationErrors // report declaration errors
SpuriousErrors // same as AllErrors, for backward-compatibility
AllErrors = SpuriousErrors // report all errors (not just the first 10 on different lines)
)
// ParseFile parses the source code of a single Go source file and returns
// the corresponding ast.File node. The source code may be provided via
// the filename of the source file, or via the src parameter.
//
// If src != nil, ParseFile parses the source from src and the filename is
// only used when recording position information. The type of the argument
// for the src parameter must be string, []byte, or io.Reader.
// If src == nil, ParseFile parses the file specified by filename.
//
// The mode parameter controls the amount of source text parsed and other
// optional parser functionality. Position information is recorded in the
// file set fset, which must not be nil.
//
// If the source couldn't be read, the returned AST is nil and the error
// indicates the specific failure. If the source was read but syntax
// errors were found, the result is a partial AST (with ast.Bad* nodes
// representing the fragments of erroneous source code). Multiple errors
// are returned via a scanner.ErrorList which is sorted by source position.
//
func ParseFile(fset *token.FileSet, filename string, src interface{}, mode Mode) (f *ast.File, err error) {
if fset == nil {
panic("parser.ParseFile: no token.FileSet provided (fset == nil)")
}
// get source
text, err := readSource(filename, src)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
var p parser
defer func() {
if e := recover(); e != nil {
// resume same panic if it's not a bailout
if _, ok := e.(bailout); !ok {
panic(e)
}
}
// set result values
if f == nil {
// source is not a valid Go source file - satisfy
// ParseFile API and return a valid (but) empty
// *ast.File
f = &ast.File{
Name: new(ast.Ident),
Scope: ast.NewScope(nil),
}
}
p.errors.Sort()
err = p.errors.Err()
}()
// parse source
p.init(fset, filename, text, mode)
f = p.parseFile()
return
}
// ParseDir calls ParseFile for all files with names ending in ".go" in the
// directory specified by path and returns a map of package name -> package
// AST with all the packages found.
//
// If filter != nil, only the files with os.FileInfo entries passing through
// the filter (and ending in ".go") are considered. The mode bits are passed
// to ParseFile unchanged. Position information is recorded in fset, which
// must not be nil.
//
// If the directory couldn't be read, a nil map and the respective error are
// returned. If a parse error occurred, a non-nil but incomplete map and the
// first error encountered are returned.
//
func ParseDir(fset *token.FileSet, path string, filter func(os.FileInfo) bool, mode Mode) (pkgs map[string]*ast.Package, first error) {
fd, err := os.Open(path)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
defer fd.Close()
list, err := fd.Readdir(-1)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
pkgs = make(map[string]*ast.Package)
for _, d := range list {
if strings.HasSuffix(d.Name(), ".go") && (filter == nil || filter(d)) {
filename := filepath.Join(path, d.Name())
if src, err := ParseFile(fset, filename, nil, mode); err == nil {
name := src.Name.Name
pkg, found := pkgs[name]
if !found {
pkg = &ast.Package{
Name: name,
Files: make(map[string]*ast.File),
}
pkgs[name] = pkg
}
pkg.Files[filename] = src
} else if first == nil {
first = err
}
}
}
return
}
// ParseExprFrom is a convenience function for parsing an expression.
// The arguments have the same meaning as for ParseFile, but the source must
// be a valid Go (type or value) expression. Specifically, fset must not
// be nil.
//
// If the source couldn't be read, the returned AST is nil and the error
// indicates the specific failure. If the source was read but syntax
// errors were found, the result is a partial AST (with ast.Bad* nodes
// representing the fragments of erroneous source code). Multiple errors
// are returned via a scanner.ErrorList which is sorted by source position.
//
func ParseExprFrom(fset *token.FileSet, filename string, src interface{}, mode Mode) (expr ast.Expr, err error) {
if fset == nil {
panic("parser.ParseExprFrom: no token.FileSet provided (fset == nil)")
}
// get source
text, err := readSource(filename, src)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
var p parser
defer func() {
if e := recover(); e != nil {
// resume same panic if it's not a bailout
if _, ok := e.(bailout); !ok {
panic(e)
}
}
p.errors.Sort()
err = p.errors.Err()
}()
// parse expr
p.init(fset, filename, text, mode)
// Set up pkg-level scopes to avoid nil-pointer errors.
// This is not needed for a correct expression x as the
// parser will be ok with a nil topScope, but be cautious
// in case of an erroneous x.
p.openScope()
p.pkgScope = p.topScope
expr = p.parseRhsOrType()
p.closeScope()
assert(p.topScope == nil, "unbalanced scopes")
// If a semicolon was inserted, consume it;
// report an error if there's more tokens.
if p.tok == token.SEMICOLON && p.lit == "\n" {
p.next()
}
p.expect(token.EOF)
return
}
// ParseExpr is a convenience function for obtaining the AST of an expression x.
// The position information recorded in the AST is undefined. The filename used
// in error messages is the empty string.
//
// If syntax errors were found, the result is a partial AST (with ast.Bad* nodes
// representing the fragments of erroneous source code). Multiple errors are
// returned via a scanner.ErrorList which is sorted by source position.
//
func ParseExpr(x string) (ast.Expr, error) {
return ParseExprFrom(token.NewFileSet(), "", []byte(x), 0)
}
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