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// Copyright 2010 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
package image
import (
"bufio"
"errors"
"io"
"sync"
"sync/atomic"
)
// ErrFormat indicates that decoding encountered an unknown format.
var ErrFormat = errors.New("image: unknown format")
// A format holds an image format's name, magic header and how to decode it.
type format struct {
name, magic string
decode func(io.Reader) (Image, error)
decodeConfig func(io.Reader) (Config, error)
}
// Formats is the list of registered formats.
var (
formatsMu sync.Mutex
atomicFormats atomic.Value
)
// RegisterFormat registers an image format for use by Decode.
// Name is the name of the format, like "jpeg" or "png".
// Magic is the magic prefix that identifies the format's encoding. The magic
// string can contain "?" wildcards that each match any one byte.
// Decode is the function that decodes the encoded image.
// DecodeConfig is the function that decodes just its configuration.
func RegisterFormat(name, magic string, decode func(io.Reader) (Image, error), decodeConfig func(io.Reader) (Config, error)) {
formatsMu.Lock()
formats, _ := atomicFormats.Load().([]format)
atomicFormats.Store(append(formats, format{name, magic, decode, decodeConfig}))
formatsMu.Unlock()
}
// A reader is an io.Reader that can also peek ahead.
type reader interface {
io.Reader
Peek(int) ([]byte, error)
}
// asReader converts an io.Reader to a reader.
func asReader(r io.Reader) reader {
if rr, ok := r.(reader); ok {
return rr
}
return bufio.NewReader(r)
}
// Match reports whether magic matches b. Magic may contain "?" wildcards.
func match(magic string, b []byte) bool {
if len(magic) != len(b) {
return false
}
for i, c := range b {
if magic[i] != c && magic[i] != '?' {
return false
}
}
return true
}
// Sniff determines the format of r's data.
func sniff(r reader) format {
formats, _ := atomicFormats.Load().([]format)
for _, f := range formats {
b, err := r.Peek(len(f.magic))
if err == nil && match(f.magic, b) {
return f
}
}
return format{}
}
// Decode decodes an image that has been encoded in a registered format.
// The string returned is the format name used during format registration.
// Format registration is typically done by an init function in the codec-
// specific package.
func Decode(r io.Reader) (Image, string, error) {
rr := asReader(r)
f := sniff(rr)
if f.decode == nil {
return nil, "", ErrFormat
}
m, err := f.decode(rr)
return m, f.name, err
}
// DecodeConfig decodes the color model and dimensions of an image that has
// been encoded in a registered format. The string returned is the format name
// used during format registration. Format registration is typically done by
// an init function in the codec-specific package.
func DecodeConfig(r io.Reader) (Config, string, error) {
rr := asReader(r)
f := sniff(rr)
if f.decodeConfig == nil {
return Config{}, "", ErrFormat
}
c, err := f.decodeConfig(rr)
return c, f.name, err
}
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