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// Copyright 2014 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
package runtime
import (
"runtime/internal/atomic"
"runtime/internal/sys"
"unsafe"
)
const itabInitSize = 512
var (
itabLock mutex // lock for accessing itab table
itabTable = &itabTableInit // pointer to current table
itabTableInit = itabTableType{size: itabInitSize} // starter table
)
// Note: change the formula in the mallocgc call in itabAdd if you change these fields.
type itabTableType struct {
size uintptr // length of entries array. Always a power of 2.
count uintptr // current number of filled entries.
entries [itabInitSize]*itab // really [size] large
}
func itabHashFunc(inter *interfacetype, typ *_type) uintptr {
// compiler has provided some good hash codes for us.
return uintptr(inter.typ.hash ^ typ.hash)
}
func getitab(inter *interfacetype, typ *_type, canfail bool) *itab {
if len(inter.mhdr) == 0 {
throw("internal error - misuse of itab")
}
// easy case
if typ.tflag&tflagUncommon == 0 {
if canfail {
return nil
}
name := inter.typ.nameOff(inter.mhdr[0].name)
panic(&TypeAssertionError{nil, typ, &inter.typ, name.name()})
}
var m *itab
// First, look in the existing table to see if we can find the itab we need.
// This is by far the most common case, so do it without locks.
// Use atomic to ensure we see any previous writes done by the thread
// that updates the itabTable field (with atomic.Storep in itabAdd).
t := (*itabTableType)(atomic.Loadp(unsafe.Pointer(&itabTable)))
if m = t.find(inter, typ); m != nil {
goto finish
}
// Not found. Grab the lock and try again.
lock(&itabLock)
if m = itabTable.find(inter, typ); m != nil {
unlock(&itabLock)
goto finish
}
// Entry doesn't exist yet. Make a new entry & add it.
m = (*itab)(persistentalloc(unsafe.Sizeof(itab{})+uintptr(len(inter.mhdr)-1)*sys.PtrSize, 0, &memstats.other_sys))
m.inter = inter
m._type = typ
m.init()
itabAdd(m)
unlock(&itabLock)
finish:
if m.fun[0] != 0 {
return m
}
if canfail {
return nil
}
// this can only happen if the conversion
// was already done once using the , ok form
// and we have a cached negative result.
// The cached result doesn't record which
// interface function was missing, so initialize
// the itab again to get the missing function name.
panic(&TypeAssertionError{concrete: typ, asserted: &inter.typ, missingMethod: m.init()})
}
// find finds the given interface/type pair in t.
// Returns nil if the given interface/type pair isn't present.
func (t *itabTableType) find(inter *interfacetype, typ *_type) *itab {
// Implemented using quadratic probing.
// Probe sequence is h(i) = h0 + i*(i+1)/2 mod 2^k.
// We're guaranteed to hit all table entries using this probe sequence.
mask := t.size - 1
h := itabHashFunc(inter, typ) & mask
for i := uintptr(1); ; i++ {
p := (**itab)(add(unsafe.Pointer(&t.entries), h*sys.PtrSize))
// Use atomic read here so if we see m != nil, we also see
// the initializations of the fields of m.
// m := *p
m := (*itab)(atomic.Loadp(unsafe.Pointer(p)))
if m == nil {
return nil
}
if m.inter == inter && m._type == typ {
return m
}
h += i
h &= mask
}
}
// itabAdd adds the given itab to the itab hash table.
// itabLock must be held.
func itabAdd(m *itab) {
// Bugs can lead to calling this while mallocing is set,
// typically because this is called while panicing.
// Crash reliably, rather than only when we need to grow
// the hash table.
if getg().m.mallocing != 0 {
throw("malloc deadlock")
}
t := itabTable
if t.count >= 3*(t.size/4) { // 75% load factor
// Grow hash table.
// t2 = new(itabTableType) + some additional entries
// We lie and tell malloc we want pointer-free memory because
// all the pointed-to values are not in the heap.
t2 := (*itabTableType)(mallocgc((2+2*t.size)*sys.PtrSize, nil, true))
t2.size = t.size * 2
// Copy over entries.
// Note: while copying, other threads may look for an itab and
// fail to find it. That's ok, they will then try to get the itab lock
// and as a consequence wait until this copying is complete.
iterate_itabs(t2.add)
if t2.count != t.count {
throw("mismatched count during itab table copy")
}
// Publish new hash table. Use an atomic write: see comment in getitab.
atomicstorep(unsafe.Pointer(&itabTable), unsafe.Pointer(t2))
// Adopt the new table as our own.
t = itabTable
// Note: the old table can be GC'ed here.
}
t.add(m)
}
// add adds the given itab to itab table t.
// itabLock must be held.
func (t *itabTableType) add(m *itab) {
// See comment in find about the probe sequence.
// Insert new itab in the first empty spot in the probe sequence.
mask := t.size - 1
h := itabHashFunc(m.inter, m._type) & mask
for i := uintptr(1); ; i++ {
p := (**itab)(add(unsafe.Pointer(&t.entries), h*sys.PtrSize))
m2 := *p
if m2 == m {
// A given itab may be used in more than one module
// and thanks to the way global symbol resolution works, the
// pointed-to itab may already have been inserted into the
// global 'hash'.
return
}
if m2 == nil {
// Use atomic write here so if a reader sees m, it also
// sees the correctly initialized fields of m.
// NoWB is ok because m is not in heap memory.
// *p = m
atomic.StorepNoWB(unsafe.Pointer(p), unsafe.Pointer(m))
t.count++
return
}
h += i
h &= mask
}
}
// init fills in the m.fun array with all the code pointers for
// the m.inter/m._type pair. If the type does not implement the interface,
// it sets m.fun[0] to 0 and returns the name of an interface function that is missing.
// It is ok to call this multiple times on the same m, even concurrently.
func (m *itab) init() string {
inter := m.inter
typ := m._type
x := typ.uncommon()
// both inter and typ have method sorted by name,
// and interface names are unique,
// so can iterate over both in lock step;
// the loop is O(ni+nt) not O(ni*nt).
ni := len(inter.mhdr)
nt := int(x.mcount)
xmhdr := (*[1 << 16]method)(add(unsafe.Pointer(x), uintptr(x.moff)))[:nt:nt]
j := 0
imethods:
for k := 0; k < ni; k++ {
i := &inter.mhdr[k]
itype := inter.typ.typeOff(i.ityp)
name := inter.typ.nameOff(i.name)
iname := name.name()
ipkg := name.pkgPath()
if ipkg == "" {
ipkg = inter.pkgpath.name()
}
for ; j < nt; j++ {
t := &xmhdr[j]
tname := typ.nameOff(t.name)
if typ.typeOff(t.mtyp) == itype && tname.name() == iname {
pkgPath := tname.pkgPath()
if pkgPath == "" {
pkgPath = typ.nameOff(x.pkgpath).name()
}
if tname.isExported() || pkgPath == ipkg {
if m != nil {
ifn := typ.textOff(t.ifn)
*(*unsafe.Pointer)(add(unsafe.Pointer(&m.fun[0]), uintptr(k)*sys.PtrSize)) = ifn
}
continue imethods
}
}
}
// didn't find method
m.fun[0] = 0
return iname
}
m.hash = typ.hash
return ""
}
func itabsinit() {
lock(&itabLock)
for _, md := range activeModules() {
for _, i := range md.itablinks {
itabAdd(i)
}
}
unlock(&itabLock)
}
// panicdottypeE is called when doing an e.(T) conversion and the conversion fails.
// have = the dynamic type we have.
// want = the static type we're trying to convert to.
// iface = the static type we're converting from.
func panicdottypeE(have, want, iface *_type) {
panic(&TypeAssertionError{iface, have, want, ""})
}
// panicdottypeI is called when doing an i.(T) conversion and the conversion fails.
// Same args as panicdottypeE, but "have" is the dynamic itab we have.
func panicdottypeI(have *itab, want, iface *_type) {
var t *_type
if have != nil {
t = have._type
}
panicdottypeE(t, want, iface)
}
// panicnildottype is called when doing a i.(T) conversion and the interface i is nil.
// want = the static type we're trying to convert to.
func panicnildottype(want *_type) {
panic(&TypeAssertionError{nil, nil, want, ""})
// TODO: Add the static type we're converting from as well.
// It might generate a better error message.
// Just to match other nil conversion errors, we don't for now.
}
// The specialized convTx routines need a type descriptor to use when calling mallocgc.
// We don't need the type to be exact, just to have the correct size, alignment, and pointer-ness.
// However, when debugging, it'd be nice to have some indication in mallocgc where the types came from,
// so we use named types here.
// We then construct interface values of these types,
// and then extract the type word to use as needed.
type (
uint16InterfacePtr uint16
uint32InterfacePtr uint32
uint64InterfacePtr uint64
stringInterfacePtr string
sliceInterfacePtr []byte
)
var (
uint16Eface interface{} = uint16InterfacePtr(0)
uint32Eface interface{} = uint32InterfacePtr(0)
uint64Eface interface{} = uint64InterfacePtr(0)
stringEface interface{} = stringInterfacePtr("")
sliceEface interface{} = sliceInterfacePtr(nil)
uint16Type *_type = (*eface)(unsafe.Pointer(&uint16Eface))._type
uint32Type *_type = (*eface)(unsafe.Pointer(&uint32Eface))._type
uint64Type *_type = (*eface)(unsafe.Pointer(&uint64Eface))._type
stringType *_type = (*eface)(unsafe.Pointer(&stringEface))._type
sliceType *_type = (*eface)(unsafe.Pointer(&sliceEface))._type
)
// The conv and assert functions below do very similar things.
// The convXXX functions are guaranteed by the compiler to succeed.
// The assertXXX functions may fail (either panicking or returning false,
// depending on whether they are 1-result or 2-result).
// The convXXX functions succeed on a nil input, whereas the assertXXX
// functions fail on a nil input.
func convT2E(t *_type, elem unsafe.Pointer) (e eface) {
if raceenabled {
raceReadObjectPC(t, elem, getcallerpc(), funcPC(convT2E))
}
if msanenabled {
msanread(elem, t.size)
}
x := mallocgc(t.size, t, true)
// TODO: We allocate a zeroed object only to overwrite it with actual data.
// Figure out how to avoid zeroing. Also below in convT2Eslice, convT2I, convT2Islice.
typedmemmove(t, x, elem)
e._type = t
e.data = x
return
}
func convT16(val uint16) (x unsafe.Pointer) {
if val == 0 {
x = unsafe.Pointer(&zeroVal[0])
} else {
x = mallocgc(2, uint16Type, false)
*(*uint16)(x) = val
}
return
}
func convT32(val uint32) (x unsafe.Pointer) {
if val == 0 {
x = unsafe.Pointer(&zeroVal[0])
} else {
x = mallocgc(4, uint32Type, false)
*(*uint32)(x) = val
}
return
}
func convT64(val uint64) (x unsafe.Pointer) {
if val == 0 {
x = unsafe.Pointer(&zeroVal[0])
} else {
x = mallocgc(8, uint64Type, false)
*(*uint64)(x) = val
}
return
}
func convTstring(val string) (x unsafe.Pointer) {
if val == "" {
x = unsafe.Pointer(&zeroVal[0])
} else {
x = mallocgc(unsafe.Sizeof(val), stringType, true)
*(*string)(x) = val
}
return
}
func convTslice(val []byte) (x unsafe.Pointer) {
// Note: this must work for any element type, not just byte.
if (*slice)(unsafe.Pointer(&val)).array == nil {
x = unsafe.Pointer(&zeroVal[0])
} else {
x = mallocgc(unsafe.Sizeof(val), sliceType, true)
*(*[]byte)(x) = val
}
return
}
func convT2Enoptr(t *_type, elem unsafe.Pointer) (e eface) {
if raceenabled {
raceReadObjectPC(t, elem, getcallerpc(), funcPC(convT2Enoptr))
}
if msanenabled {
msanread(elem, t.size)
}
x := mallocgc(t.size, t, false)
memmove(x, elem, t.size)
e._type = t
e.data = x
return
}
func convT2I(tab *itab, elem unsafe.Pointer) (i iface) {
t := tab._type
if raceenabled {
raceReadObjectPC(t, elem, getcallerpc(), funcPC(convT2I))
}
if msanenabled {
msanread(elem, t.size)
}
x := mallocgc(t.size, t, true)
typedmemmove(t, x, elem)
i.tab = tab
i.data = x
return
}
func convT2Inoptr(tab *itab, elem unsafe.Pointer) (i iface) {
t := tab._type
if raceenabled {
raceReadObjectPC(t, elem, getcallerpc(), funcPC(convT2Inoptr))
}
if msanenabled {
msanread(elem, t.size)
}
x := mallocgc(t.size, t, false)
memmove(x, elem, t.size)
i.tab = tab
i.data = x
return
}
func convI2I(inter *interfacetype, i iface) (r iface) {
tab := i.tab
if tab == nil {
return
}
if tab.inter == inter {
r.tab = tab
r.data = i.data
return
}
r.tab = getitab(inter, tab._type, false)
r.data = i.data
return
}
func assertI2I(inter *interfacetype, i iface) (r iface) {
tab := i.tab
if tab == nil {
// explicit conversions require non-nil interface value.
panic(&TypeAssertionError{nil, nil, &inter.typ, ""})
}
if tab.inter == inter {
r.tab = tab
r.data = i.data
return
}
r.tab = getitab(inter, tab._type, false)
r.data = i.data
return
}
func assertI2I2(inter *interfacetype, i iface) (r iface, b bool) {
tab := i.tab
if tab == nil {
return
}
if tab.inter != inter {
tab = getitab(inter, tab._type, true)
if tab == nil {
return
}
}
r.tab = tab
r.data = i.data
b = true
return
}
func assertE2I(inter *interfacetype, e eface) (r iface) {
t := e._type
if t == nil {
// explicit conversions require non-nil interface value.
panic(&TypeAssertionError{nil, nil, &inter.typ, ""})
}
r.tab = getitab(inter, t, false)
r.data = e.data
return
}
func assertE2I2(inter *interfacetype, e eface) (r iface, b bool) {
t := e._type
if t == nil {
return
}
tab := getitab(inter, t, true)
if tab == nil {
return
}
r.tab = tab
r.data = e.data
b = true
return
}
//go:linkname reflect_ifaceE2I reflect.ifaceE2I
func reflect_ifaceE2I(inter *interfacetype, e eface, dst *iface) {
*dst = assertE2I(inter, e)
}
func iterate_itabs(fn func(*itab)) {
// Note: only runs during stop the world or with itabLock held,
// so no other locks/atomics needed.
t := itabTable
for i := uintptr(0); i < t.size; i++ {
m := *(**itab)(add(unsafe.Pointer(&t.entries), i*sys.PtrSize))
if m != nil {
fn(m)
}
}
}
// staticbytes is used to avoid convT2E for byte-sized values.
var staticbytes = [...]byte{
0x00, 0x01, 0x02, 0x03, 0x04, 0x05, 0x06, 0x07,
0x08, 0x09, 0x0a, 0x0b, 0x0c, 0x0d, 0x0e, 0x0f,
0x10, 0x11, 0x12, 0x13, 0x14, 0x15, 0x16, 0x17,
0x18, 0x19, 0x1a, 0x1b, 0x1c, 0x1d, 0x1e, 0x1f,
0x20, 0x21, 0x22, 0x23, 0x24, 0x25, 0x26, 0x27,
0x28, 0x29, 0x2a, 0x2b, 0x2c, 0x2d, 0x2e, 0x2f,
0x30, 0x31, 0x32, 0x33, 0x34, 0x35, 0x36, 0x37,
0x38, 0x39, 0x3a, 0x3b, 0x3c, 0x3d, 0x3e, 0x3f,
0x40, 0x41, 0x42, 0x43, 0x44, 0x45, 0x46, 0x47,
0x48, 0x49, 0x4a, 0x4b, 0x4c, 0x4d, 0x4e, 0x4f,
0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0x54, 0x55, 0x56, 0x57,
0x58, 0x59, 0x5a, 0x5b, 0x5c, 0x5d, 0x5e, 0x5f,
0x60, 0x61, 0x62, 0x63, 0x64, 0x65, 0x66, 0x67,
0x68, 0x69, 0x6a, 0x6b, 0x6c, 0x6d, 0x6e, 0x6f,
0x70, 0x71, 0x72, 0x73, 0x74, 0x75, 0x76, 0x77,
0x78, 0x79, 0x7a, 0x7b, 0x7c, 0x7d, 0x7e, 0x7f,
0x80, 0x81, 0x82, 0x83, 0x84, 0x85, 0x86, 0x87,
0x88, 0x89, 0x8a, 0x8b, 0x8c, 0x8d, 0x8e, 0x8f,
0x90, 0x91, 0x92, 0x93, 0x94, 0x95, 0x96, 0x97,
0x98, 0x99, 0x9a, 0x9b, 0x9c, 0x9d, 0x9e, 0x9f,
0xa0, 0xa1, 0xa2, 0xa3, 0xa4, 0xa5, 0xa6, 0xa7,
0xa8, 0xa9, 0xaa, 0xab, 0xac, 0xad, 0xae, 0xaf,
0xb0, 0xb1, 0xb2, 0xb3, 0xb4, 0xb5, 0xb6, 0xb7,
0xb8, 0xb9, 0xba, 0xbb, 0xbc, 0xbd, 0xbe, 0xbf,
0xc0, 0xc1, 0xc2, 0xc3, 0xc4, 0xc5, 0xc6, 0xc7,
0xc8, 0xc9, 0xca, 0xcb, 0xcc, 0xcd, 0xce, 0xcf,
0xd0, 0xd1, 0xd2, 0xd3, 0xd4, 0xd5, 0xd6, 0xd7,
0xd8, 0xd9, 0xda, 0xdb, 0xdc, 0xdd, 0xde, 0xdf,
0xe0, 0xe1, 0xe2, 0xe3, 0xe4, 0xe5, 0xe6, 0xe7,
0xe8, 0xe9, 0xea, 0xeb, 0xec, 0xed, 0xee, 0xef,
0xf0, 0xf1, 0xf2, 0xf3, 0xf4, 0xf5, 0xf6, 0xf7,
0xf8, 0xf9, 0xfa, 0xfb, 0xfc, 0xfd, 0xfe, 0xff,
}