Skip to content
New issue

Have a question about this project? Sign up for a free GitHub account to open an issue and contact its maintainers and the community.

By clicking “Sign up for GitHub”, you agree to our terms of service and privacy statement. We’ll occasionally send you account related emails.

Already on GitHub? Sign in to your account

cmd/compile: enable mid-stack inlining #19348

Closed
davidlazar opened this issue Mar 1, 2017 · 61 comments
Closed

cmd/compile: enable mid-stack inlining #19348

davidlazar opened this issue Mar 1, 2017 · 61 comments

Comments

@davidlazar
Copy link
Member

@davidlazar davidlazar commented Mar 1, 2017

Design doc: https://golang.org/design/19348-midstack-inlining

@davidlazar davidlazar added the Proposal label Mar 1, 2017
@davidlazar davidlazar self-assigned this Mar 1, 2017
@gopherbot
Copy link

@gopherbot gopherbot commented Mar 1, 2017

CL https://golang.org/cl/37231 mentions this issue.

@gopherbot
Copy link

@gopherbot gopherbot commented Mar 3, 2017

CL https://golang.org/cl/37233 mentions this issue.

gopherbot pushed a commit that referenced this issue Mar 3, 2017
In order to generate accurate tracebacks, the runtime needs to know the
inlined call stack for a given PC. This creates two tables per function
for this purpose. The first table is the inlining tree (stored in the
function's funcdata), which has a node containing the file, line, and
function name for every inlined call. The second table is a PC-value
table that maps each PC to a node in the inlining tree (or -1 if the PC
is not the result of inlining).

To give the appearance that inlining hasn't happened, the runtime also
needs the original source position information of inlined AST nodes.
Previously the compiler plastered over the line numbers of inlined AST
nodes with the line number of the call. This meant that the PC-line
table mapped each PC to line number of the outermost call in its inlined
call stack, with no way to access the innermost line number.

Now the compiler retains line numbers of inlined AST nodes and writes
the innermost source position information to the PC-line and PC-file
tables. Some tools and tests expect to see outermost line numbers, so we
provide the OutermostLine function for displaying line info.

To keep track of the inlined call stack for an AST node, we extend the
src.PosBase type with an index into a global inlining tree. Every time
the compiler inlines a call, it creates a node in the global inlining
tree for the call, and writes its index to the PosBase of every inlined
AST node. The parent of this node is the inlining tree index of the
call. -1 signifies no parent.

For each function, the compiler creates a local inlining tree and a
PC-value table mapping each PC to an index in the local tree.  These are
written to an object file, which is read by the linker.  The linker
re-encodes these tables compactly by deduplicating function names and
file names.

This change increases the size of binaries by 4-5%. For example, this is
how the go1 benchmark binary is impacted by this change:

section             old bytes   new bytes   delta
.text               3.49M ± 0%  3.49M ± 0%   +0.06%
.rodata             1.12M ± 0%  1.21M ± 0%   +8.21%
.gopclntab          1.50M ± 0%  1.68M ± 0%  +11.89%
.debug_line          338k ± 0%   435k ± 0%  +28.78%
Total               9.21M ± 0%  9.58M ± 0%   +4.01%

Updates #19348.

Change-Id: Ic4f180c3b516018138236b0c35e0218270d957d3
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/37231
Run-TryBot: David Lazar <lazard@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Austin Clements <austin@google.com>
gopherbot pushed a commit that referenced this issue Mar 3, 2017
The code in https://play.golang.org/p/aYQPrTtzoK now produces the
following stack trace:

goroutine 1 [running]:
main.(*point).negate(...)
	/tmp/go/main.go:8
main.main()
	/tmp/go/main.go:14 +0x23

Previously the stack trace missed the inlined call:

goroutine 1 [running]:
main.main()
	/tmp/go/main.go:14 +0x23

Fixes #10152.
Updates #19348.

Change-Id: Ib43c67012f53da0ef1a1e69bcafb65b57d9cecb2
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/37233
Run-TryBot: David Lazar <lazard@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Austin Clements <austin@google.com>
@dhananjay92
Copy link
Contributor

@dhananjay92 dhananjay92 commented Mar 4, 2017

This is awesome.

I probably missed some discussion, but is there a design doc or proposal doc I can look at?

Out of curiosity, is there a plan to emit this information as part of DWARF? It would be a nice feature if debuggers can access the InlTree info (right now they can't print correct backtraces for inlined calls; I confirmed with 781fd39).

@davidlazar
Copy link
Member Author

@davidlazar davidlazar commented Mar 6, 2017

There is an outdated proposal doc. I'll update and publish it this week. In the meantime, these slides give an overview of the approach: https://golang.org/s/go19inliningtalk

I haven't looked at the DWARF yet, but the plan is to add inlining info to the DWARF tables before we turn on mid-stack inlining for 1.9.

@gopherbot
Copy link

@gopherbot gopherbot commented Mar 6, 2017

CL https://golang.org/cl/37854 mentions this issue.

@gopherbot
Copy link

@gopherbot gopherbot commented Mar 10, 2017

CL https://golang.org/cl/38090 mentions this issue.

gopherbot pushed a commit to golang/proposal that referenced this issue Mar 11, 2017
For golang/go#19348.

Change-Id: Ibf3e3817b35226a33d961e76fedb924e15e37069
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/38090
Run-TryBot: David Lazar <lazard@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Austin Clements <austin@google.com>
@gopherbot gopherbot added this to the Proposal milestone Mar 20, 2017
@rsc
Copy link
Contributor

@rsc rsc commented Mar 27, 2017

It seems clear we're going to do this, assuming the right tuning (not yet done!). The tuning itself doesn't have to go through the proposal process. Accepting proposal.

@rsc rsc changed the title proposal: mid-stack inlining in the Go compiler cmd/compile: enable mid-stack inlining in the Go compiler Mar 27, 2017
@rsc rsc changed the title cmd/compile: enable mid-stack inlining in the Go compiler cmd/compile: enable mid-stack inlining Mar 27, 2017
@rsc rsc modified the milestones: Go1.9Maybe, Proposal Mar 27, 2017
gopherbot pushed a commit that referenced this issue Mar 29, 2017
The `skip` argument passed to runtime.Caller and runtime.Callers should
be interpreted as the number of logical calls to skip (rather than the
number of physical stack frames to skip). This changes runtime.Callers
to skip inlined calls in addition to physical stack frames.

The result value of runtime.Callers is a slice of program counters
([]uintptr) representing physical stack frames. If the `skip` parameter
to runtime.Callers skips part-way into a physical frame, there is no
convenient way to encode that in the resulting slice. To avoid changing
the API in an incompatible way, our solution is to store the number of
skipped logical calls of the first frame in the _second_ uintptr
returned by runtime.Callers. Since this number is a small integer, we
encode it as a valid PC value into a small symbol called:

    runtime.skipPleaseUseCallersFrames

For example, if f() calls g(), g() calls `runtime.Callers(2, pcs)`, and
g() is inlined into f, then the frame for f will be partially skipped,
resulting in the following slice:

    pcs = []uintptr{pc_in_f, runtime.skipPleaseUseCallersFrames+1, ...}

We store the skip PC in pcs[1] instead of pcs[0] so that `pcs[i:]` will
truncate the captured stack trace rather than grow it for all i.

Updates #19348.

Change-Id: I1c56f89ac48c29e6f52a5d085567c6d77d499cf1
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/37854
Run-TryBot: David Lazar <lazard@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Austin Clements <austin@google.com>
@bilokurov
Copy link

@bilokurov bilokurov commented Apr 7, 2017

It seems that func Caller(skip int) in runtime/extern.go also needs to be updated for this change, as it currently calls findfunc(pc), similarly to FuncForPC.

@davidlazar
Copy link
Member Author

@davidlazar davidlazar commented Apr 7, 2017

Indeed. I have a CL that updates runtime.Caller but haven't mailed it out yet.

@gopherbot
Copy link

@gopherbot gopherbot commented Apr 10, 2017

CL https://golang.org/cl/40270 mentions this issue.

lparth added a commit to lparth/go that referenced this issue Apr 13, 2017
The `skip` argument passed to runtime.Caller and runtime.Callers should
be interpreted as the number of logical calls to skip (rather than the
number of physical stack frames to skip). This changes runtime.Callers
to skip inlined calls in addition to physical stack frames.

The result value of runtime.Callers is a slice of program counters
([]uintptr) representing physical stack frames. If the `skip` parameter
to runtime.Callers skips part-way into a physical frame, there is no
convenient way to encode that in the resulting slice. To avoid changing
the API in an incompatible way, our solution is to store the number of
skipped logical calls of the first frame in the _second_ uintptr
returned by runtime.Callers. Since this number is a small integer, we
encode it as a valid PC value into a small symbol called:

    runtime.skipPleaseUseCallersFrames

For example, if f() calls g(), g() calls `runtime.Callers(2, pcs)`, and
g() is inlined into f, then the frame for f will be partially skipped,
resulting in the following slice:

    pcs = []uintptr{pc_in_f, runtime.skipPleaseUseCallersFrames+1, ...}

We store the skip PC in pcs[1] instead of pcs[0] so that `pcs[i:]` will
truncate the captured stack trace rather than grow it for all i.

Updates golang#19348.

Change-Id: I1c56f89ac48c29e6f52a5d085567c6d77d499cf1
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/37854
Run-TryBot: David Lazar <lazard@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Austin Clements <austin@google.com>
gopherbot pushed a commit that referenced this issue Apr 18, 2017
This rewrites runtime.Caller in terms of stackExpander, which already
handles inlined frames and partially skipped frames. This also has the
effect of making runtime.Caller understand cgo frames if there is a cgo
symbolizer.

Updates #19348.

Change-Id: Icdf4df921aab5aa394d4d92e3becc4dd169c9a6e
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/40270
Run-TryBot: David Lazar <lazard@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Austin Clements <austin@google.com>
@cespare
Copy link
Contributor

@cespare cespare commented Jun 8, 2017

Is -l=4 going to be the default for Go 1.9?

@dr2chase
Copy link
Contributor

@dr2chase dr2chase commented Jun 8, 2017

Not yet, it has high compilation costs, largely because we need to be much pickier about how we read export data.

@bradfitz
Copy link
Contributor

@bradfitz bradfitz commented Jun 8, 2017

Is -l=4 going to be the default for Go 1.9?

No.

Maybe in Go 1.10.

@dr2chase
Copy link
Contributor

@dr2chase dr2chase commented Nov 12, 2018

Do we call this fixed (1.12) or work-in-progress (1.13)?
Either way, we're not done with inlining, but we're also unlikely to do more in 1.12.

@randall77
Copy link
Contributor

@randall77 randall77 commented Nov 12, 2018

I'm happy to punt any future work to 1.13.

@randall77 randall77 modified the milestones: Go1.12, Go1.13 Nov 12, 2018
@ugorji
Copy link
Contributor

@ugorji ugorji commented Nov 16, 2018

@dr2chase @randall77

https://golang.org/cl/147361 sets inlineExtraCallCost = 60.

I want to make an argument for setting inlineExtraCallCost = 56. This is a similarly conservative value (like 60), preserves the original premise of allowing at most 1 call for inlining, maintains similar <5% increase in cmd/compile and cmd/go binaries, and allows slightly more code to be inlined.

I captured most of my arguments in https://golang.org/cl/147361 , but want to capture it here in the issue so it doesn't get lost.

To illustrate, I will first show the cost increases for cmd/go and cmd/compile, for various settings of inlineExtraCallCost. Then I will show some typical sample code which cost just 1-4 more than the budget - switching budget from 60 to 56 will allow these get inlined.

Cost increases for cmd/go and cmd/compile for various settings of inlineExtraCallCost

I updated $GOROOT/src/cmd/compile/internal/gc/inl.go to set inlineExtraCallCost to 80 60 56 55 54 53 50 41 40 30 1, then I ran make.bash, and collected the sizes of $GOROOT/bin/go $GOROOT/pkg/tool/darwin_amd64/compile. I then checked how each increased using the baseline of 80 (value as at go 1.11).

Results:

cc = 60: go: +2.945%, compile: +4.049%
cc = 56: go: +3.243%, compile: +4.992%
cc = 55: go: +3.362%, compile: +5.224%
cc = 54: go: +3.297%, compile: +12.178%
cc = 53: go: +3.354%, compile: +12.213%
cc = 50: go: +3.502%, compile: +12.352%
cc = 41: go: +4.133%, compile: +12.585%
cc = 40: go: +4.167%, compile: +12.621%
cc = 30: go: +4.802%, compile: +15.026%
cc = 1: go: +13.013%, compile: +32.246%

This shows that, up to about cc=55, the size increases are modest (in line with what cc=60 gives).

Typical sample code which cost just 1-4 more than the budget

The sample codebase which illustrates my usage is below. My library (github.com/ugorji/go/codec) is a encoder/decoder which can work off []byte or io.Reader/Writer.

//+build ignore

// To test this (assuming file is called inlining.go), use:
//
// go build -gcflags -m=2 inlining.go 2>&1 | grep "cannot inline" | grep -v "go:noinline"
// go run inlining.go
//
// Ideally, this is a buffered reader/writer, where you are reading/writing bytes a few at a time.
// If buffer holds 4096, and you read a token at a time (as in a decoder), then you
// may read 4096 times before having to fill again. Each read is just getting an element
// of an array, and incrementing a cursor.
//
// Paying the cost of a method call is too much.
// Yet that cost is paid, for the rare times that a fill() is needed.
//
// Note: inlineExtraCallCost=56 is best compromise, allowing some internal helper calls to be inlined.

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"io"
)

type Rh struct {
	R
}

type R struct {
	cursor int
	avail  int
	bytes  bool
	buffer []byte
}

func main() {
	var r Rh
	r.buffer = make([]byte, 64)
	for i := range r.buffer {
		r.buffer[i] = 'A'
	}
	fmt.Printf("Rh.readn  5: %s\n", r.readn(5))
	fmt.Printf("Rh.readn 17: %s\n", r.readn(17))
	fmt.Printf("Rh.readn 96: %s\n", r.readn(96))

	fmt.Printf("Rh.writen:  %d\n", r.writen([]byte("hello")))
	fmt.Printf("Rh.writen2: %d\n", r.writen2('h', 'e'))
	fmt.Printf("Rh.writen22: %d\n", r.writen22('h', 'e'))
	fmt.Printf("R.writen2: %d\n", r.R.writen2('h', 'e'))
}

//go:noinline
func (r *R) fill() { // not inlineable
	// in reality, this reaches out to the network to fill the buffer
	r.avail = len(r.buffer)
	r.cursor = 0
}

//go:noinline
func (r *R) doWriten2(b1, b2 byte) {
}

// inlineable method - to see how it affects inlining cost
func (r *R) doReadn(n int) []byte { // inlineable // cost=38
	if r.avail == 0 { // cost=5
		panic(io.EOF) // cost=3
	}
	if n > r.avail { // cost=5
		panic(io.ErrUnexpectedEOF) //cost=3
	}
	r.avail -= n                           // cost=4
	r.cursor += n                          // cost=4
	return r.buffer[r.cursor-n : r.cursor] // slicing cost=9, return = ?
}

func (r *R) readn(n int) []byte { // cost=107
	if n > r.avail { // cost=5
		r.fill() // cost=63
	}
	return r.doReadn(n) // cost=39
}

// simulate accessing methods/fields of struct
func (r *R) writen2(b1, b2 byte) int { // cost=80
	if r.bytes { // cost=2
		r.buffer = append(r.buffer, b1, b2) // cost=8
	} else {
		r.doWriten2(b1, b2) // cost = 65 (call=60 + 2 args + ???)
	}
	return len(r.buffer) // cost=5 (return cost=1, len cost=4)
}

// simulate accessing methods/fields of embedded member
func (r *Rh) writen(b []byte) int { // cost=83
	if r.bytes { // cost=3
		r.buffer = append(r.buffer, b...) // cost=9
	} else {
		r.fill() // cost = 65
	}
	return len(r.buffer) // cost=6 (return cost=1, len cost=5)
}

// simulate accessing methods/fields of struct members
func (r *Rh) writen2(b1, b2 byte) int { // cost=86
	if r.R.bytes { // cost=3
		r.R.buffer = append(r.R.buffer, b1, b2) // cost=10
	} else {
		r.R.doWriten2(b1, b2) // cost = 67 (call=60 + 2 args + ???)
	}
	return len(r.R.buffer) // cost=6 (return cost=1, len cost=5)
}

// simulate accessing methods/fields of struct members
func (r *Rh) writen22(b1, b2 byte) int { // cost=88
	return r.R.writen2(b1, b2)
}

Running

go build -gcflags -m=2 inlining.go 2>&1 | grep "cannot inline" | grep -v "go:noinline"

We get

./inlining.go:76:6: cannot inline (*R).readn: function too complex: cost 107 exceeds budget 80
./inlining.go:94:6: cannot inline (*Rh).writen: function too complex: cost 83 exceeds budget 80
./inlining.go:104:6: cannot inline (*Rh).writen2: function too complex: cost 86 exceeds budget 80
./inlining.go:114:6: cannot inline (*Rh).writen22: function too complex: cost 88 exceeds budget 80
./inlining.go:36:6: cannot inline main: unhandled op RANGE

With inlineExtraCallCost=56, writen will be inlined. This allows us do something similar in the code i.e. inline the fast-path while ensuring slow-path is not inlined, and keeping the cost under 80 so the whole thing is inlined. This allows the append(...) and b[n] calls to be inlined, eliding a function call in this fast path.

Currently, in github.com/ugorji/go/codec, in my critical path, I get:

./encode.go:999:6: cannot inline (*encWriterSwitch).writen1: function too complex: cost 81 exceeds budget 80
./encode.go:985:6: cannot inline (*encWriterSwitch).writeb: function too complex: cost 81 exceeds budget 80
./encode.go:1006:6: cannot inline (*encWriterSwitch).writen2: function too complex: cost 84 exceeds budget 80
./encode.go:992:6: cannot inline (*encWriterSwitch).writestr: function too complex: cost 81 exceeds budget 80

This is so so close, and cc=56 will allow all these functions be inlined.

It will be nice if we can validate that cc=55 or cc=56 is fair and possibly get it in for go 1.12.

Thanks much!

@cristaloleg
Copy link

@cristaloleg cristaloleg commented Nov 16, 2018

I have a not idiomatic idea but can we just export inlineExtraCallCost as a GOINLINEEXPERIMENT (like it was for vendoring) and gave it for those who need it? 😃

@dr2chase
Copy link
Contributor

@dr2chase dr2chase commented Nov 16, 2018

Thanks for doing this, I will run a bunch of benchmarks over the weekend to see how it generalizes.
It would be really interesting to know what happened between 55 and 54.

@dr2chase
Copy link
Contributor

@dr2chase dr2chase commented Nov 19, 2018

How do you feel about 57?

I ran my pile of selected benchmarks from github over the weekend, "stuff happens" for a couple of them at 56 but not at 57. There seems to be minor improvement at 57 over 60, though most changes are indistinguishable from noise. Making sense of why things sometimes gets notably worse would be interesting.

@ugorji, how much faster does your code run with the lower call cost for inlining?

Summary of binary sizes, compile times, and benchmark runs

@ugorji
Copy link
Contributor

@ugorji ugorji commented Nov 19, 2018

Thanks @dr2chase I will run my code tomorrow with 57 and report on my findings.

Also, is it possible to share your summaries outside google, or at least share with me directly so I can view - email is ugorji @ gmail dot com .

Thanks.

@ugorji
Copy link
Contributor

@ugorji ugorji commented Nov 19, 2018

@dr2chase

Ran my code with inlineExtraCallCost=80, 60 and 57, and captured run my benchmark runtimes and did some analysis:

# running with cc=80, and checking for k=60, k=57
(compared to cc=80)    cc = 60: bytes: -3.107%, io-static-buf: -2.470%, io-dynamic-buf: -1.545%
(compared to cc=80)    cc = 57: bytes: -8.395%, io-static-buf: -7.246%, io-dynamic-buf: -6.676%

# running with cc=60, and checking for k=57
(compared to cc=60)    cc = 57: bytes: -5.457%, io-static-buf: -4.896%, io-dynamic-buf: -5.211%

In plain english, with cc=57, my usecase runs about 8.4% faster compared to cc=80, and about 5.5% faster compared to cc=60, for the common case where folks just want to encode into a []byte (not io.Reader). This is a significant performance improvement in my use-case, and encourages folks to not do the codecgen path (which kubernetes did previously before they moved to another library and etcd still does).

Thanks so much for taking the time to investigate.

The simple script I used is below:

declare -a zb zi zf
# runtimes for cc=80, 60 and 57 below
zb[80]=3786935
zi[80]=4333331
zf[80]=4195797
zb[60]=3669257
zi[60]=4226259
zf[60]=4130957
zb[57]=3469019
zi[57]=4019335
zf[57]=3915682

cc=80
for k in 60 57
do
  b=$(bc -l <<< "scale=3;(${zb[${k}]}-${zb[${cc}]})*100/${zb[${cc}]}")
  i=$(bc -l <<< "scale=3;(${zi[${k}]}-${zi[${cc}]})*100/${zi[${cc}]}")
  f=$(bc -l <<< "scale=3;(${zf[${k}]}-${zf[${cc}]})*100/${zf[${cc}]}")
  echo "(compared to cc=${cc})    cc = $k: bytes: ${b}%, io-static-buf: ${i}%, io-dynamic-buf: ${f}%"
done
@dr2chase
Copy link
Contributor

@dr2chase dr2chase commented Nov 19, 2018

It is supposed to be possible to share that, but I managed not to.
I'm not sure how I did it in the past.
Here is a PDF:
Fine tuning inline call cost parameter.pdf

@ugorji
Copy link
Contributor

@ugorji ugorji commented Nov 26, 2018

Thanks @dr2chase for the extremely detailed analysis you did.

Looking forward to the CL.

@ugorji
Copy link
Contributor

@ugorji ugorji commented Nov 30, 2018

@dr2chase @khr

Any chance we get cc=57 in by beta?

@gopherbot
Copy link

@gopherbot gopherbot commented Nov 30, 2018

Change https://golang.org/cl/151977 mentions this issue: cmd/compile: decrease inlining call cost from 60 to 57

gopherbot pushed a commit that referenced this issue Dec 1, 2018
A Go user made a well-documented request for a slightly
lower threshold.  I tested against a selection of other
people's benchmarks, and saw a tiny benefit (possibly noise)
at equally tiny cost, and no unpleasant surprises observed
in benchmarking.

I.e., might help, doesn't hurt, low risk, request was
delivered on a silver platter.

It did, however, change the behavior of one test because
now bytes.Buffer.Grow is eligible for inlining.

Updates #19348.

Change-Id: I85e3088a4911290872b8c6bda9601b5354c48695
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/151977
Run-TryBot: David Chase <drchase@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Keith Randall <khr@golang.org>
@gopherbot
Copy link

@gopherbot gopherbot commented Jan 4, 2019

Change https://golang.org/cl/156362 mentions this issue: sync: make Once.Do mid-stack inlineable

@randall77
Copy link
Contributor

@randall77 randall77 commented Apr 8, 2019

I'm going to declare this issue done.
We can always work more on the heuristics, and inlining loops and such, but the basic mechanism is done.

@randall77 randall77 closed this Apr 8, 2019
@gopherbot
Copy link

@gopherbot gopherbot commented May 2, 2019

Change https://golang.org/cl/174839 mentions this issue: cmd/compile: remove outdate TODO in inl.go

gopherbot pushed a commit that referenced this issue May 2, 2019
Mid-stack inlining is enable now, see #19348, but we still can not
remove the special case for runtime.heapBits.nextArena, because
runtime.heapBits.next is too complex to be inlined
(cost 96 exceeds budget 80).

Change-Id: I04ea86509074afdc83a3f70d68b8a1a8829763d1
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174839
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
Kiku-Reise added a commit to Kiku-Reise/go that referenced this issue May 16, 2019
fix (#1)
* cmd/compile: add unsigned divisibility rules

"Division by invariant integers using multiplication" paper
by Granlund and Montgomery contains a method for directly computing
divisibility (x%c == 0 for c constant) by means of the modular inverse.
The method is further elaborated in "Hacker's Delight" by Warren Section 10-17

This general rule can compute divisibilty by one multiplication and a compare
for odd divisors and an additional rotate for even divisors.

To apply the divisibility rule, we must take into account
the rules to rewrite x%c = x-((x/c)*c) and (x/c) for c constant on the first
optimization pass "opt".  This complicates the matching as we want to match
only in the cases where the result of (x/c) is not also available.
So, we must match on the expanded form of (x/c) in the expression x == c*(x/c)
in the "late opt" pass after common subexpresion elimination.

Note, that if there is an intermediate opt pass introduced in the future we
could simplify these rules by delaying the magic division rewrite to "late opt"
and matching directly on (x/c) in the intermediate opt pass.

Additional rules to lower the generic RotateLeft* ops were also applied.

On amd64, the divisibility check is 25-50% faster.

name                     old time/op  new time/op  delta
DivconstI64-4            2.08ns ± 0%  2.08ns ± 1%     ~     (p=0.881 n=5+5)
DivisibleconstI64-4      2.67ns ± 0%  2.67ns ± 1%     ~     (p=1.000 n=5+5)
DivisibleWDivconstI64-4  2.67ns ± 0%  2.67ns ± 0%     ~     (p=0.683 n=5+5)
DivconstU64-4            2.08ns ± 1%  2.08ns ± 1%     ~     (p=1.000 n=5+5)
DivisibleconstU64-4      2.77ns ± 1%  1.55ns ± 2%  -43.90%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
DivisibleWDivconstU64-4  2.99ns ± 1%  2.99ns ± 1%     ~     (p=1.000 n=5+5)
DivconstI32-4            1.53ns ± 2%  1.53ns ± 0%     ~     (p=1.000 n=5+5)
DivisibleconstI32-4      2.23ns ± 0%  2.25ns ± 3%     ~     (p=0.167 n=5+5)
DivisibleWDivconstI32-4  2.27ns ± 1%  2.27ns ± 1%     ~     (p=0.429 n=5+5)
DivconstU32-4            1.78ns ± 0%  1.78ns ± 1%     ~     (p=1.000 n=4+5)
DivisibleconstU32-4      2.52ns ± 2%  1.26ns ± 0%  -49.96%  (p=0.000 n=5+4)
DivisibleWDivconstU32-4  2.63ns ± 0%  2.85ns ±10%   +8.29%  (p=0.016 n=4+5)
DivconstI16-4            1.54ns ± 0%  1.54ns ± 0%     ~     (p=0.333 n=4+5)
DivisibleconstI16-4      2.10ns ± 0%  2.10ns ± 1%     ~     (p=0.571 n=4+5)
DivisibleWDivconstI16-4  2.22ns ± 0%  2.23ns ± 1%     ~     (p=0.556 n=4+5)
DivconstU16-4            1.09ns ± 0%  1.01ns ± 1%   -7.74%  (p=0.000 n=4+5)
DivisibleconstU16-4      1.83ns ± 0%  1.26ns ± 0%  -31.52%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
DivisibleWDivconstU16-4  1.88ns ± 0%  1.89ns ± 1%     ~     (p=0.365 n=5+5)
DivconstI8-4             1.54ns ± 1%  1.54ns ± 1%     ~     (p=1.000 n=5+5)
DivisibleconstI8-4       2.10ns ± 0%  2.11ns ± 0%     ~     (p=0.238 n=5+4)
DivisibleWDivconstI8-4   2.22ns ± 0%  2.23ns ± 2%     ~     (p=0.762 n=5+5)
DivconstU8-4             0.92ns ± 1%  0.94ns ± 1%   +2.65%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
DivisibleconstU8-4       1.66ns ± 0%  1.26ns ± 1%  -24.28%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
DivisibleWDivconstU8-4   1.79ns ± 0%  1.80ns ± 1%     ~     (p=0.079 n=4+5)

A follow-up change will address the signed division case.

Updates #30282

Change-Id: I7e995f167179aa5c76bb10fbcbeb49c520943403
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/168037
Run-TryBot: Brian Kessler <brian.m.kessler@gmail.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Keith Randall <khr@golang.org>

* cmd/link/internal/ld: consolidate macho platform setup

Determine the macho platform once and use that the two places that
need it. This makes it easier to add a third platform check for a
follow-up change.

Updates #31447

Change-Id: I522a5fface647ab8e608f816c5832d531534df7a
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174198
Run-TryBot: Elias Naur <mail@eliasnaur.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Keith Randall <khr@golang.org>

* cmd/link/internal/ld,syscall: drop $INODE64 suffixes on simulators

Some libc functions are suffixed with "$INODE64" on macOS.
Unfortunately, the iOS simulator doesn't have the suffixes, so we can't
use GOARCH to distinguish the two platform.

Add linker support for adding the suffix, using the macho platform
to determine whether it is needed.

While here, add the correct suffix for fdopendir on 386. It's
"$INODE64$UNIX2003", believe it or not. Without the suffix,

GOARCH=386 go test -short syscall

crashes on my Mojave machine.

Fixes #31447

Change-Id: I9bd3de40ece7df62f744bc24cd00909e56b00b78
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174199
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Keith Randall <khr@golang.org>

* cmd/link/internal/ld,syscall: replace getfsstat64 with getfsstat

getfsstat64 is deprecated but not yet caught by the App Store checks.
Use the supported getfsstat$INODE64 form instead to ensure forward
compatibility.

Change-Id: I0d97e8a8b254debb3de1cfcb3778dbed3702c249
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174200
Run-TryBot: Elias Naur <mail@eliasnaur.com>
Reviewed-by: Keith Randall <khr@golang.org>

* cmd/go/internal/renameio: use ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED to check for errors

CL 172418 added code to check for "Access is denied" error.
But "Access is denied" error will be spelled differently on
non-English version of Windows.

Check if error is ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED instead.

Updates #31247

Change-Id: I7b1633013d563f7c06c1f12a9be75122106834f9
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174123
Reviewed-by: Emmanuel Odeke <emm.odeke@gmail.com>

* syscall: allow setting security attributes on processes

This allows creating processes that can only be debugged/accessed by
certain tokens, according to a particular security descriptor. We
already had everything ready for this but just neglected to pass through
the value from the user-accessible SysProcAttr.

Change-Id: I4a3fcc9f5078aa0058b26c103355c984093ae03f
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174197
Run-TryBot: Jason Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Alex Brainman <alex.brainman@gmail.com>

* runtime: remove spurious register loads for openbsd/amd64 kqueue

The kqueue system call takes no arguments, hence there should be no need
to zero the registers used for the first syscall arguments.

Change-Id: Ia79b2d4f4d568bb6795cb885e1464cf1fc2bf7c7
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174128
Run-TryBot: Benny Siegert <bsiegert@gmail.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Benny Siegert <bsiegert@gmail.com>

* cmd/compile: intrinsify math/bits.Add64 for ppc64x

This change creates an intrinsic for Add64 for ppc64x and adds a
testcase for it.

name               old time/op  new time/op  delta
Add64-160          1.90ns ±40%  2.29ns ± 0%     ~     (p=0.119 n=5+5)
Add64multiple-160  6.69ns ± 2%  2.45ns ± 4%  -63.47%  (p=0.016 n=4+5)

Change-Id: I9abe6fb023fdf62eea3c9b46a1820f60bb0a7f97
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/173758
Reviewed-by: Lynn Boger <laboger@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Run-TryBot: Carlos Eduardo Seo <cseo@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

* runtime: whitelist debugCall32..debugCall65536 in debugCallCheck

Whitelists functions debugCall32 through debugCall65536 in
runtime.debugCallCheck so that any instruction inside those functions
is considered a safe point.
This is useful for implementing nested function calls.

For example when evaluating:

	f(g(x))

The debugger should:

1. initiate the call to 'f' until the entry point of 'f',
2. complete the call to 'g(x)'
3. copy the return value of 'g(x)' in the arguments of 'f'
4. complete the call to 'f'

Similarly for:

	f().amethod()

The debugger should initiate the call to '.amethod()', then initiate
and complete the call to f(), copy the return value to the arguments
of '.amethod()' and finish its call.
However in this example, unlike the other example, it may be
impossible to determine the entry point of '.amethod()' until after
'f()' is evaluated, which means that the call to 'f()' needs to be
initiated while stopped inside a debugCall... function.

Change-Id: I575c23542709cedb1a171d63576f7e11069c7674
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/161137
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Heschi Kreinick <heschi@google.com>

* strconv: Document ParseFloat's special cases

Updates #30990

Change-Id: I968fb13251ab3796328089046a3f0fc5c7eb9df9
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174204
Reviewed-by: Benny Siegert <bsiegert@gmail.com>
Run-TryBot: Benny Siegert <bsiegert@gmail.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* cmd/go: implement Go checksum database support

This CL adds support for consulting the Go checksum database
when downloading a module that is not already listed in go.sum.
The overall system is described at golang.org/design/25530-sumdb,
and this CL implements the functionality described specifically in
golang.org/design/25530-sumdb#command-client.

Although the eventual plan is to set GOPROXY and GOSUMDB to
default to a Google-run proxy serving the public Go ecosystem,
this CL leaves them off by default.

Fixes #30601.

Change-Id: Ie46140f93c6cc2d85573fbce0878a258819ff44d
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/173951
Run-TryBot: Russ Cox <rsc@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Emmanuel Odeke <emm.odeke@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Jay Conrod <jayconrod@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* encoding/json: add a Fuzz function

Adds a sample Fuzz test function to package encoding/json following the
guidelines defined in #31309, based on
https://github.com/dvyukov/go-fuzz-corpus/blob/master/json/json.go

Fixes #31309
Updates #19109

Change-Id: I5fe04d9a5f41c0de339f8518dae30896ec14e356
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174058
Reviewed-by: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
Run-TryBot: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* all: remove a few unused parameters

I recently modified tabwriter to reduce the number of defers due to
flush calls. However, I forgot to notice that the new function
flushNoDefers can no longer return an error, due to the lack of the
defer.

In crypto/tls, hashForServerKeyExchange never returned a non-nil error,
so simplify the code.

Finally, in go/types and net we can find a few trivially unused
parameters, so remove them.

Change-Id: I54c8de83fbc944df432453b55c93008d7e810e61
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174131
Run-TryBot: Daniel Martí <mvdan@mvdan.cc>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Benny Siegert <bsiegert@gmail.com>

* net/http: remove "number:" from Response.Status string

The behavior of Value.String method on non-string JavaScript types has
changed after CL 169757.

Update the implementation of Transport.RoundTrip method to construct the
Response.Status string without relying on result.Get("status").String(),
since that now returns strings like "<number: 200>" instead of "200".

Fixes #31736

Change-Id: I27b3e6cc95aa65fd1918b1400e88478a154aad12
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174218
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Richard Musiol <neelance@gmail.com>

* cmd/link/internal/s390x: fix s390x build

Fix breakage from CL 173437

Change-Id: If218ffaa1259fbdee641143ffbe4b38030c373b9
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174278
Reviewed-by: Michael Munday <mike.munday@ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Cherry Zhang <cherryyz@google.com>

* net: correct docs of KeepAlive field in Dialer type

KeepAlive field used to report the wording "keep-alive period"
which may be misleading. This field does not represent the whole
TCP keepalive time, that is the inactivity period upon which one
endpoint starts probing the other end. But it acctually specifies
the keepalive interval, that is the time between two keepalive
probes.

Fixes #29089

Change-Id: If99b38ba108830d0e5fe527171a2f5c96a3bcde7
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/155960
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* misc/wasm: fix command line arguments containing multi-byte characters

Command line arguments containing multi-byte characters were causing
go_js_wasm_exec to crash (RangeError: Source is too large), because
their byte length was not handled correctly. This change fixes the bug.

Fixes #31645.

Change-Id: I7860ebf5b12da37d9d0f43d4b6a22d326a90edaf
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/173877
Run-TryBot: Richard Musiol <neelance@gmail.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Emmanuel Odeke <emm.odeke@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* runtime: initialise cpu.HWCap on openbsd/arm64

OpenBSD does not provide auxv, however we still need to initialise cpu.HWCap.
For now initialise it to the bare minimum, until some form of CPU capability
detection is implemented or becomes available - see issue #31746.

Updates #31656

Change-Id: I68c3c069319fe60dc873f46def2a67c9f3d937d5
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174129
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* runtime: support all as parameter in gdb goroutine commands.

For example, can use `goroutine all bt` to dump all goroutines'
information.

Change-Id: I51b547c2b837913e4bdabf0f45b28f09250a3e34
GitHub-Last-Rev: d04dcd4f581f97e35ee45969a864f1270d79e49b
GitHub-Pull-Request: golang/go#26283
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/122589
Run-TryBot: Emmanuel Odeke <emm.odeke@gmail.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Emmanuel Odeke <emm.odeke@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: David Chase <drchase@google.com>

* os/exec: always set SYSTEMROOT on Windows if not listed in Cmd.Env

Fixes #25210

Change-Id: If27b61776154dae9b9b67bf4e4f5faa785d98105
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174318
Reviewed-by: Ian Lance Taylor <iant@golang.org>

* runtime/cgo: ignore missing Info.plist files on iOS

When running Go programs on Corellium virtual iPhones, the Info.plist
files might not exist. Ignore the error.

Updates #31722

Change-Id: Id2e315c09346b69dda9e10cf29fb5dba6743aac4
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174202
Run-TryBot: Elias Naur <mail@eliasnaur.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* syscall: don't return EINVAL on zero Chmod mode on Windows

Fixes #20858

Change-Id: I45c397795426aaa276b20f5cbeb80270c95b920c
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174320
Reviewed-by: Ian Lance Taylor <iant@golang.org>
Run-TryBot: Ian Lance Taylor <iant@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* testing: delay flag registration; move to an Init function

Any code that imports the testing package forces the testing flags to be
defined, even in non-test binaries. People work around this today by
defining a copy of the testing.TB interface just to avoid importing
testing.

Fix this by moving flag registration into a new function, testing.Init.
Delay calling Init until the testing binary begins to run, in
testing.MainStart.

Init is exported for cases where users need the testing flags to be
defined outside of a "go test" context. In particular, this may be
needed where testing.Benchmark is called outside of a test.

Fixes #21051

Change-Id: Ib7e02459e693c26ae1ba71bbae7d455a91118ee3
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/173722
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* runtime: make mmap return 0 instead of -1 on aix/ppc64

Most of the platforms are returning 0 instead of -1 when mmap syscalls
is failing. This patch corrects it for AIX in order to fix
TestMmapErrorSign and to improve AIX compatibility.

Change-Id: I1dad88d0e69163ad55c504b2b4a997892fd876cd
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174297
Run-TryBot: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Ian Lance Taylor <iant@golang.org>

* cmd/go: add XCOFF format handler for go version

Change-Id: Ib102ae95acfd89fc3c9942a4ec82c74362f62045
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174299
Run-TryBot: Ian Lance Taylor <iant@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Ian Lance Taylor <iant@golang.org>

* runtime: account for callbacks in checkdead on Windows

When a callback runs on a different thread in Windows, as in the
runtime package test TestCallbackInAnotherThread, it will use the
extra M. That can cause the test in checkdead to fail incorrectly.
Check whether there actually is an extra M before expecting it.

I think this is a general problem unrelated to timers. I think the test
was passing previously because the timer goroutine was using an M.
But I haven't proved that. This change seems correct, and it avoids
the test failure when using the new timers on Windows.

Updates #27707

Change-Id: Ieb31c04ff0354d6fae7e173b59bcfadb8b0464cd
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174037
Reviewed-by: Keith Randall <khr@golang.org>

* cmd,runtime: enable cgo for openbsd/arm64

Updates #31656.

Change-Id: Ide6f829282fcdf20c67998b766a201a6a92c3035
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174132
Run-TryBot: Ian Lance Taylor <iant@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Ian Lance Taylor <iant@golang.org>

* cmd/compile: evaluate map initializers incrementally

For the code:

m := map[int]int {
  a(): b(),
  c(): d(),
  e(): f(),
}

We used to do:

t1 := a()
t2 := b()
t3 := c()
t4 := d()
t5 := e()
t6 := f()
m := map[int]int{}
m[t1] = t2
m[t3] = t4
m[t5] = t6

After this CL we do:

m := map[int]int{}
t1 := a()
t2 := b()
m[t1] = t2
t3 := c()
t4 := d()
m[t3] = t4
t5 := e()
t6 := f()
m[t5] = t6

Ordering the initialization this way limits the lifetime of the
temporaries involved.  In particular, for large maps the number of
simultaneously live temporaries goes from ~2*len(m) to ~2. This change
makes the compiler (regalloc, mostly) a lot happier. The compiler runs
faster and uses a lot less memory.

For #26546, changes compile time of a big map from 8 sec to 0.5 sec.

Fixes #26552

Update #26546

Change-Id: Ib7d202dead3feaf493a464779fd9611c63fcc25f
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174417
Run-TryBot: Keith Randall <khr@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Matthew Dempsky <mdempsky@google.com>

* cmd/go: add test of $GONOPROXY, $GONOSUMDB behavior

Change-Id: I8a4917ce14ea22d5991226e485d43a9c9312950e
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174219
Run-TryBot: Russ Cox <rsc@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Jay Conrod <jayconrod@google.com>

* encoding/json: fix Unmarshal hang on recursive pointers

indirect walks down v until it gets to a non-pointer. But it does not
handle the case when v is a pointer to itself, like in:

	var v interface{}
	v = &v
	Unmarshal(b, v)

So just stop immediately if we see v is a pointer to itself.

Fixes #31740

Change-Id: Ie396264119e24d70284cd9bf76dcb2050babb069
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174337
Run-TryBot: Daniel Martí <mvdan@mvdan.cc>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Daniel Martí <mvdan@mvdan.cc>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* runtime: do not use heap arena hints on wasm

The address space of WebAssembly's linear memory is contiguous, so
requesting specific addresses is not supported. Do not use heap arena
hints so we do not have unused memory ranges.

This fixes go1 benchmarks on wasm which ran out of memory since
https://golang.org/cl/170950.

Change-Id: I70115b18dbe43abe16dd5f57996343d97bf94760
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174203
Run-TryBot: Richard Musiol <neelance@gmail.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Cherry Zhang <cherryyz@google.com>

* cmd/internal/obj/wasm: cache SP in a local

We use Wasm global variables extensively for simulating
registers, especially SP. V8 does not handle global variables
efficiently.

This CL reduces global variable accesses by caching the global SP
in a local variable in each function. The local cache is set on
function entry and updated after each call (where the stack could
have moved). Within a function, the SP access will use the local
variable.

Supersedes https://golang.org/cl/173979.

Running on Chrome Version 73.0.3683.103 on darwin/amd64:

name                   old time/op    new time/op     delta
BinaryTree17              15.3s ± 2%      14.5s ± 3%   -5.20%  (p=0.000 n=9+10)
Fannkuch11                8.91s ± 2%      9.48s ± 2%   +6.41%  (p=0.000 n=9+10)
FmtFprintfEmpty           197ns ± 5%      165ns ± 3%  -16.09%  (p=0.000 n=9+8)
FmtFprintfString          354ns ± 8%      325ns ± 7%   -8.33%  (p=0.001 n=10+10)
FmtFprintfInt             400ns ± 4%      368ns ± 6%   -8.01%  (p=0.000 n=10+10)
FmtFprintfIntInt          618ns ± 3%      587ns ± 6%   -4.97%  (p=0.001 n=10+10)
FmtFprintfPrefixedInt     637ns ± 4%      606ns ± 4%   -4.88%  (p=0.000 n=10+10)
FmtFprintfFloat           965ns ± 7%      898ns ± 4%   -6.97%  (p=0.000 n=10+10)
FmtManyArgs              2.34µs ± 1%     2.24µs ± 3%   -4.40%  (p=0.000 n=9+10)
GobDecode                29.8ms ± 3%     28.8ms ± 6%   -3.60%  (p=0.006 n=9+10)
GobEncode                20.5ms ± 8%     17.6ms ± 3%  -14.32%  (p=0.000 n=10+10)
Gzip                      714ms ± 3%      718ms ± 8%     ~     (p=0.971 n=10+10)
Gunzip                    148ms ± 3%      136ms ± 3%   -7.99%  (p=0.000 n=10+9)
HTTPClientServer          219µs ± 3%      215µs ± 4%     ~     (p=0.190 n=10+10)
JSONEncode               35.1ms ± 2%     31.8ms ±13%   -9.52%  (p=0.002 n=10+10)
JSONDecode                220ms ± 3%      207ms ± 5%   -5.87%  (p=0.000 n=10+10)
Mandelbrot200            5.22ms ± 1%     5.11ms ± 4%   -2.11%  (p=0.027 n=8+10)
GoParse                  17.2ms ± 6%     16.1ms ± 5%   -6.63%  (p=0.000 n=10+9)
RegexpMatchEasy0_32       375ns ± 3%      340ns ± 3%   -9.25%  (p=0.000 n=10+10)
RegexpMatchEasy0_1K      2.70µs ± 3%     2.65µs ± 4%     ~     (p=0.118 n=10+10)
RegexpMatchEasy1_32       341ns ± 2%      305ns ± 4%  -10.62%  (p=0.000 n=9+10)
RegexpMatchEasy1_1K      3.20µs ± 3%     2.99µs ± 3%   -6.35%  (p=0.000 n=10+10)
RegexpMatchMedium_32      520ns ± 3%      501ns ± 4%   -3.64%  (p=0.002 n=9+10)
RegexpMatchMedium_1K      145µs ± 7%      128µs ± 3%  -11.57%  (p=0.000 n=9+10)
RegexpMatchHard_32       7.88µs ± 3%     7.01µs ± 5%  -10.97%  (p=0.000 n=10+10)
RegexpMatchHard_1K        237µs ± 5%      207µs ± 4%  -12.71%  (p=0.000 n=9+10)
Revcomp                   2.34s ± 1%      2.31s ± 5%     ~     (p=0.230 n=7+10)
Template                  261ms ± 7%      246ms ± 5%   -5.93%  (p=0.007 n=10+10)
TimeParse                1.47µs ± 3%     1.39µs ± 5%   -5.75%  (p=0.000 n=9+10)
TimeFormat               1.52µs ± 3%     1.43µs ± 4%   -6.42%  (p=0.000 n=8+10)

name                   old speed      new speed       delta
GobDecode              25.7MB/s ± 3%   26.7MB/s ± 5%   +3.77%  (p=0.006 n=9+10)
GobEncode              37.5MB/s ± 8%   43.7MB/s ± 3%  +16.61%  (p=0.000 n=10+10)
Gzip                   27.2MB/s ± 3%   27.0MB/s ± 7%     ~     (p=0.971 n=10+10)
Gunzip                  131MB/s ± 3%    142MB/s ± 5%   +8.07%  (p=0.000 n=10+10)
JSONEncode             55.2MB/s ± 2%   61.2MB/s ±12%  +10.80%  (p=0.002 n=10+10)
JSONDecode             8.84MB/s ± 3%   9.39MB/s ± 5%   +6.28%  (p=0.000 n=10+10)
GoParse                3.37MB/s ± 6%   3.61MB/s ± 5%   +7.09%  (p=0.000 n=10+9)
RegexpMatchEasy0_32    85.3MB/s ± 3%   94.0MB/s ± 3%  +10.20%  (p=0.000 n=10+10)
RegexpMatchEasy0_1K     379MB/s ± 3%    387MB/s ± 4%     ~     (p=0.123 n=10+10)
RegexpMatchEasy1_32    93.9MB/s ± 2%  105.1MB/s ± 4%  +11.96%  (p=0.000 n=9+10)
RegexpMatchEasy1_1K     320MB/s ± 3%    342MB/s ± 3%   +6.79%  (p=0.000 n=10+10)
RegexpMatchMedium_32   1.92MB/s ± 2%   2.00MB/s ± 3%   +3.94%  (p=0.001 n=9+10)
RegexpMatchMedium_1K   7.09MB/s ± 6%   8.01MB/s ± 3%  +13.00%  (p=0.000 n=9+10)
RegexpMatchHard_32     4.06MB/s ± 3%   4.56MB/s ± 5%  +12.38%  (p=0.000 n=10+10)
RegexpMatchHard_1K     4.32MB/s ± 4%   4.96MB/s ± 4%  +14.60%  (p=0.000 n=9+10)
Revcomp                 109MB/s ± 1%    110MB/s ± 5%     ~     (p=0.219 n=7+10)
Template               7.44MB/s ± 8%   7.91MB/s ± 5%   +6.30%  (p=0.007 n=10+10)

Change-Id: I5828cf6b23ce104c02addc2642aba48dd6c48aab
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174062
Run-TryBot: Richard Musiol <neelance@gmail.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Cherry Zhang <cherryyz@google.com>

* cmd/go/internal/modfetch: fix concurrent read/write race in modfetch

On Windows systems, the failure rate for cmd/go's TestScript/mod_concurrent
is somewhere around 3-10% without this change. With the change, I have yet
to see a failure.

Fixes #31744.

Change-Id: Ib321ebb9556dd8438086cf329dfa083a9e051732
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174439
Run-TryBot: Russ Cox <rsc@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* encoding/csv: add a Fuzz function

Adds a sample Fuzz test function to package encoding/csv based on
https://github.com/dvyukov/go-fuzz-corpus/blob/master/csv/main.go

Updates #19109
Updates #31309

Change-Id: Ieb0cb6caa1df72dbb7e29df4bdeed0bfa91187d3
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174302
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
Run-TryBot: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* cmd/go: say to confirm import path when it's not found

Fixes #31366.

Change-Id: Ief26f53e7fe94bedb7db79d3d7130c4cdcec4281
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174179
Run-TryBot: Jay Conrod <jayconrod@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Jay Conrod <jayconrod@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* html: add a Fuzz function

Adds a sample Fuzz test function to package html based on
https://github.com/dvyukov/go-fuzz-corpus/blob/master/stdhtml/main.go

Updates #19109
Updates #31309

Change-Id: I8c49fff8f70fc8a8813daf1abf0044752003adbb
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174301
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
Run-TryBot: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* cmd/dist: disable cgo for darwin/386

Fixes #31751

Change-Id: Id002f14557a34accc3597cb1b9a42e838a027da4
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174497
Reviewed-by: Keith Randall <khr@golang.org>
Run-TryBot: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* runtime: implement pthread functions for darwin/arm64

They were not needed when Go only produced binaries with cgo suppport.
Now that Go is about to run self-hosted on iOS we do need these.

Updates #31722

Change-Id: If233aa2b31edc7b1c2dcac68974f9fba0604f9a3
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174300
Run-TryBot: Elias Naur <mail@eliasnaur.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Keith Randall <khr@golang.org>

* cmd/link: add .go.buildinfo in XCOFF symbol table

.go.buildinfo must be added to the symbol table on AIX. Otherwise, ld
won't be able to handle its relocations.

This patch also make ".data" the default section for all symbols inside
the data segment.

Change-Id: I83ac2bf1050e0ef6ef9c96ff793efd4ddc8e98d7
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174298
Run-TryBot: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* all: add new GOOS=illumos, split out of GOOS=solaris

Like GOOS=android which implies the "linux" build tag, GOOS=illumos
implies the "solaris" build tag. This lets the existing ecosystem of
packages still work on illumos, but still permits packages to start
differentiating between solaris and illumos.

Fixes #20603

Change-Id: I8f4eabf1a66060538dca15d7658c1fbc6c826622
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174457
Run-TryBot: Benny Siegert <bsiegert@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Benny Siegert <bsiegert@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* runtime: fix data sizes for res_search results

The return values are 32 bit, not 64 bit.

I don't think this would be the cause of any problems, but
it can't hurt to fix it.

Change-Id: Icdd50606360ab9d74070271f9d1721d5fe640bc7
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174518
Run-TryBot: Keith Randall <khr@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* cmd/go/internal/modcmd: allow mod download without go.mod

Fixes #29522

Change-Id: I48f3a945d24c23c7c7ef5c7f1fe5046b6b2898e9
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/157937
Run-TryBot: Bryan C. Mills <bcmills@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Bryan C. Mills <bcmills@google.com>

* all: refer to map elements as elements instead of values

The spec carefully and consistently uses "key" and "element"
as map terminology. The implementation, not so much.

This change attempts to make the implementation consistently
hew to the spec's terminology. Beyond consistency, this has
the advantage of avoid some confusion and naming collisions,
since v and value are very generic and commonly used terms.

I believe that I found all everything, but there are a lot of
non-obvious places for these to hide, and grepping for them is hard.
Hopefully this change changes enough of them that we will start using
elem going forward. Any remaining hidden cases can be removed ad hoc
as they are discovered.

The only externally-facing part of this change is in package reflect,
where there is a minor doc change and a function parameter name change.

Updates #27167

Change-Id: I2f2d78f16c360dc39007b9966d5c2046a29d3701
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174523
Run-TryBot: Josh Bleecher Snyder <josharian@gmail.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* encoding/gob: adding missing fuzz skip to one of the fuzz tests

It's slow & often times out randomly on longtest builders. Not useful.

Fixes #31517

Change-Id: Icedbb0c94fbe43d04e8b47d5785ac61c5e2d8750
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174522
Run-TryBot: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Bryan C. Mills <bcmills@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* cmd/dist: set the default external linker on platforms without gcc

The go tool already sets -extld to the appropriate compiler. This
CL changes cmd/dist to do the same, to fix bootstrapping on platforms
that only have clang (Android and iOS).

Updates #31722

Change-Id: I8a4fd227f85a768053a8946198eab68bbbdf9ae5
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174305
Run-TryBot: Elias Naur <mail@eliasnaur.com>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* cmd/dist: detect GOHOSTARCH on iOS

cmd/dist defaults to GOHOSTARCH=amd64 on darwin because no other
darwin host could build Go. With the upcoming self-hosted iOS
builders, GOHOSTARCH=arm64 is also possible.

Updates #31722

Change-Id: I9af47d9f8c57ea45475ce498acefbfe6bf4815b9
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174306
Run-TryBot: Elias Naur <mail@eliasnaur.com>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* cmd/go: derive executable name from package path in 'go run'

Change name of temporary executable on go run . to directory name.
Fixes #31571

Change-Id: I0a0ce74154e76205bb43805c95bd7fb8fd2dfd01
GitHub-Last-Rev: e0964983e18a1d45b55f7098c7489059708c7e5e
GitHub-Pull-Request: golang/go#31614
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/173297
Run-TryBot: Jay Conrod <jayconrod@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Jay Conrod <jayconrod@google.com>

* time: look for zoneinfo.zip in GOROOT

The zoneinfo.zip file will be in the $GOROOT in self-hsoted builds
on iOS.

Updates #31722

Change-Id: I991fae92e3dc50581b099a2d8901aed36ecc7cef
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174310
Run-TryBot: Elias Naur <mail@eliasnaur.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* cmd/go: query modules in parallel

Refactor modload.QueryPackage and modload.QueryPattern to share code.

Fine-tune error reporting and make it consistent between QueryPackage and QueryPattern.

Expand tests for pattern errors.

Update a TODO in modget/get.go and add a test case that demonstrates it.

Updates #26232

Change-Id: I900ca8de338ef9a51b7f85ed93d8bcf837621646
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/173017
Run-TryBot: Bryan C. Mills <bcmills@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Jay Conrod <jayconrod@google.com>

* net/http: make Server return 501 for unsupported transfer-encodings

Ensures that our HTTP/1.X Server properly responds
with a 501 Unimplemented as mandated by the spec at
RFC 7230 Section 3.3.1, which says:
    A server that receives a request message with a
    transfer coding it does not understand SHOULD
    respond with 501 (Unimplemented).

Fixes #30710

Change-Id: I096904e6df053cd1e4b551774cc27523ff3d09f6
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/167017
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
Run-TryBot: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* cmd/go,cmd/internal/sys,cmd/link: skip Go build ids for externally linked tools

cmd/go already skips build ids on Android where buildmode=pie is
forced. Expand the check to all externally linked tools.

Necessary for self-hosted iOS builds where PIE is not forced but
external linking is.

Updates #31722

Change-Id: Iad796a9411a37eb0c44d365b70a3c5907537e461
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174307
Run-TryBot: Elias Naur <mail@eliasnaur.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Ian Lance Taylor <iant@golang.org>

* cmd/go/internal/modfetch/codehost: disable fetch of server-resolved commit hash

We cannot rely on the server to filter out the refs we don't want
(we only want refs/heads/* and refs/tags/*), so do not give it
the full hash.

Fixes #31191.

Change-Id: If1208c35954228aa6e8734f8d5f1725d0ec79c87
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174517
Run-TryBot: Russ Cox <rsc@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Bryan C. Mills <bcmills@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* cmd/compile: remove dynamic entry handling from sinit/maplit

The order pass now handles all the dynamic entries.

Update #26552

Followup to CL 174417

Change-Id: Ie924cadb0e0ba36c423868f654f13040100b44c6
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174498
Run-TryBot: Keith Randall <khr@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Matthew Dempsky <mdempsky@google.com>

* os: fix tests on self-hosted Go builds

Updates #31722

Change-Id: I467bb2539f993fad642abf96388a58a263fbe007
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174311
Run-TryBot: Elias Naur <mail@eliasnaur.com>
Reviewed-by: Ian Lance Taylor <iant@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* cmd/asm: reject BSWAPW on amd64

Since BSWAP operation on 16-bit registers is undefined,
forbid the usage of BSWAPW. Users should rely on XCHGB instead.

This behavior is consistent with what GAS does.

Fixes #29167

Change-Id: I3b31e3dd2acfd039f7564a1c17e6068617bcde8d
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174312
Run-TryBot: Iskander Sharipov <quasilyte@gmail.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* cmd/compile: fix line numbers for index panics

In the statement x = a[i], the index panic should appear to come from
the line number of the '['. Previous to this CL we sometimes used the
line number of the '=' instead.

Fixes #29504

Change-Id: Ie718fd303c1ac2aee33e88d52c9ba9bcf220dea1
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174617
Run-TryBot: Keith Randall <khr@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* cmd/compile: add signed divisibility rules

"Division by invariant integers using multiplication" paper
by Granlund and Montgomery contains a method for directly computing
divisibility (x%c == 0 for c constant) by means of the modular inverse.
The method is further elaborated in "Hacker's Delight" by Warren Section 10-17

This general rule can compute divisibilty by one multiplication, and add
and a compare for odd divisors and an additional rotate for even divisors.

To apply the divisibility rule, we must take into account
the rules to rewrite x%c = x-((x/c)*c) and (x/c) for c constant on the first
optimization pass "opt".  This complicates the matching as we want to match
only in the cases where the result of (x/c) is not also needed.
So, we must match on the expanded form of (x/c) in the expression x == c*(x/c)
in the "late opt" pass after common subexpresion elimination.

Note, that if there is an intermediate opt pass introduced in the future we
could simplify these rules by delaying the magic division rewrite to "late opt"
and matching directly on (x/c) in the intermediate opt pass.

On amd64, the divisibility check is 30-45% faster.

name                     old time/op  new time/op  delta`
DivisiblePow2constI64-4  0.83ns ± 1%  0.82ns ± 0%     ~     (p=0.079 n=5+4)
DivisibleconstI64-4      2.68ns ± 1%  1.87ns ± 0%  -30.33%  (p=0.000 n=5+4)
DivisibleWDivconstI64-4  2.69ns ± 1%  2.71ns ± 3%     ~     (p=1.000 n=5+5)
DivisiblePow2constI32-4  1.15ns ± 1%  1.15ns ± 0%     ~     (p=0.238 n=5+4)
DivisibleconstI32-4      2.24ns ± 1%  1.20ns ± 0%  -46.48%  (p=0.016 n=5+4)
DivisibleWDivconstI32-4  2.27ns ± 1%  2.27ns ± 1%     ~     (p=0.683 n=5+5)
DivisiblePow2constI16-4  0.81ns ± 1%  0.82ns ± 1%     ~     (p=0.135 n=5+5)
DivisibleconstI16-4      2.11ns ± 2%  1.20ns ± 1%  -42.99%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
DivisibleWDivconstI16-4  2.23ns ± 0%  2.27ns ± 2%   +1.79%  (p=0.029 n=4+4)
DivisiblePow2constI8-4   0.81ns ± 1%  0.81ns ± 1%     ~     (p=0.286 n=5+5)
DivisibleconstI8-4       2.13ns ± 3%  1.19ns ± 1%  -43.84%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
DivisibleWDivconstI8-4   2.23ns ± 1%  2.25ns ± 1%     ~     (p=0.183 n=5+5)

Fixes #30282
Fixes #15806

Change-Id: Id20d78263a4fdfe0509229ae4dfa2fede83fc1d0
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/173998
Run-TryBot: Brian Kessler <brian.m.kessler@gmail.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Keith Randall <khr@golang.org>

* cmd/go: make get -u upgrade only modules providing packages

Currently, 'go get -u' upgrades modules matching command line
arguments and any modules they transitively require. 'go get -u' with
no positional arguments upgrades all modules transitively required by
the main module. This usually adds a large number of indirect
requirements, which is surprising to users.

With this change, 'go get' will load packages specified by
its arguments using a similar process to other commands
('go build', etc). Only modules providing packages will be upgraded.

'go get -u' now upgrades modules providing packages transitively
imported by the command-line arguments. 'go get -u' without arguments
will only upgrade modules needed by the package in the current
directory.

'go get -m' will load all packages within a module. 'go get -m -u'
without arguments will upgrade modules needed by the main module. It
is equivalent to 'go get -u all'. Neither command will upgrade modules
that are required but not used.

Note that 'go get -m' and 'go get -d' both download modules in order
to load packages.

Fixes #26902

Change-Id: I2bad686b3ca8c9de985a81fb42b16a36bb4cc3ea
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174099
Run-TryBot: Jay Conrod <jayconrod@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Russ Cox <rsc@golang.org>

* syscall: on wasm, do not use typed array asynchronously

The underlying buffer of a typed array becomes invalid as soon as we
grow the WebAssembly memory, which can happen at any time while Go code
runs. This is a known limitation, see https://golang.org/cl/155778.

As a consequence, using a typed array with one of the asynchronous
read/write operations of Node.js' fs module is dangerous, since it may
become invalid while the asynchronous operation has not finished yet.
The result of this situation is most likely undefined.

I am not aware of any nice solution to this issue, so this change adds
a workaround of using an additional typed array which is not backed by
WebAssembly memory and copying the bytes between the two typed arrays.

Maybe WebAssembly will come up with a better solution in the future.

Fixes #31702.

Change-Id: Iafc2a0fa03c81db414520bd45a1a17c00080b61e
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174304
Run-TryBot: Richard Musiol <neelance@gmail.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Cherry Zhang <cherryyz@google.com>

* net/http: add Transport.ReadBufferSize and WriteBufferSize

Previously transport was using the hardcoded bufio.defaultBufSize
(4096), limiting throughput and increasing cpu usage when uploading or
downloading large files.

Add options to allow users to configure the buffer sizes as needed.

I tested the maximum benefit of this change by uploading data from
/dev/zero to a server discarding the bytes. Here is an example upload
using the default buffer size:

$ time ./upload 10 https://localhost:8000/
Uploaded 10.00g in 25.13 seconds (407.49m/s)

real	0m25.135s
user	0m5.167s
sys	0m11.643s

With this change, using 128k buffer size:

$ time ./upload 10 https://localhost:8000/
Uploaded 10.00g in 7.93 seconds (1291.51m/s)

real	0m7.935s
user	0m4.517s
sys	0m2.603s

In real world usage the difference will be smaller, depending on the
local and remote storage and the network.

See https://github.com/nirs/http-bench for more info.

Fixes #22618

Change-Id: Iac99ed839c7b95d6dc66602ba8fe1fc5b500c47c
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/76410
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* net/http: make Transport.MaxConnsPerHost work for HTTP/2

Treat HTTP/2 connections as an ongoing persistent connection. When we
are told there is no cached connections, cleanup the associated
connection and host connection count.

Fixes #27753

Change-Id: I6b7bd915fc7819617cb5d3b35e46e225c75eda29
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/140357
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* internal/cpu: add detection for the new ECDSA and EDDSA capabilities on s390x

This CL will check for the Message-Security-Assist Extension 9 facility
which enables the KDSA instruction.

Change-Id: I659aac09726e0999ec652ef1f5983072c8131a48
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174529
Run-TryBot: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* net: set DNSError.IsTemporary from addrinfoErrno errors

Today it is not possible (AFAICT) to detect if a DNSError if of type EAI_AGAIN, i.e. if it is something temporary that should be retried. This information is available inside addrinfoErrno but when the DNSError is created this information is lost.

This PR fixes this so that the addinfoErrno.Temporary information is added to DNSError as well. With that a user who gets a DNSError can check now is its a temporary error (for errors that resulted from a addrinfoErrno this is EAI_AGAIN).

Change-Id: I64badb2ebd904e41fc2e0755416f7f32560534d8
GitHub-Last-Rev: ced7238a6597039fb23f36f372bd1cf33d60d4a6
GitHub-Pull-Request: golang/go#31676
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174557
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* os,time: fix tests on iOS

When fixing tests for for self-hosted iOS builds, I
broke hosted builds.

Updates #31722

Change-Id: Id4e7d234fbd86cb2d29d320d75f4441efd663d12
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174698
Run-TryBot: Elias Naur <mail@eliasnaur.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* test: enable more memcombine tests for ppc64le

This enables more of the testcases in memcombine for ppc64le,
and adds more detail to some existing.

Change-Id: Ic522a1175bed682b546909c96f9ea758f8db247c
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174737
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
Run-TryBot: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* runtime: change the span allocation policy to first-fit

This change modifies the treap implementation to be address-ordered
instead of size-ordered, and further augments it so it may be used for
allocation. It then modifies the find method to implement a first-fit
allocation policy.

This change to the treap implementation consequently makes it so that
spans are scavenged in highest-address-first order without any
additional changes to the scavenging code. Because the treap itself is
now address ordered, and the scavenging code iterates over it in
reverse, the highest address is now chosen instead of the largest span.

This change also renames the now wrongly-named "scavengeLargest" method
on mheap to just "scavengeLocked" and also fixes up logic in that method
which made assumptions about size.

For #30333.

Change-Id: I94b6f3209211cc1bfdc8cdaea04152a232cfbbb4
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/164101
Run-TryBot: Michael Knyszek <mknyszek@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Austin Clements <austin@google.com>

* go/internal/gccgoimporter: skip new test with aliases with old gccgo

Add the issue31540 test to the list of tests that needs to be skipped
with old copies of gccgo. Along the way, add an explicit field to the
importer test struct that can be used to tag the test (as opposed to
having special cases by name in the test routine), so as to make it
easier to remember to tag testcases correctly.

Fixes #31764.

Change-Id: Ib9d98fea2df8ce0b51e5a886fb2c4acd6db490ff
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174738
Reviewed-by: Ian Lance Taylor <iant@golang.org>
Run-TryBot: Ian Lance Taylor <iant@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* cmd/compile/internal/ppc64: improve naming for ginsnop2

This is a follow up from a review comment at the end of the last
Go release, to provide a more meaningful name for ginsnop2.

Updates #30475

Change-Id: Ice9efd763bf2204a9e8c55ae230d3e8a80210108
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174757
Run-TryBot: Lynn Boger <laboger@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Keith Randall <khr@golang.org>

* index/suffixarray: add 32-bit implementation

The original index/suffixarray used 32-bit ints on 64-bit machines,
because that's what 'int' meant in Go at the time. When we changed
the meaning of int, that doubled the space overhead of suffix arrays
for all uses, even though the vast majority of them describe less
than 2 GB of text.

The space overhead of a suffix array compared to the text is not
insignificant: there's a big difference for many uses between 4X and 8X.

This CL adjusts names in qsufsort.go so that a global search and
replace s/32/64/g produces a working 64-bit implementation,
and then it modifies suffixarray.go to choose between the 32-bit
and 64-bit implementation as appropriate depending on the input size.
The 64-bit implementation is generated by 'go generate'.

This CL also restructures the benchmarks, to test different
input sizes, different input texts, and 32-bit vs 64-bit.

The serialized form uses varint-encoded numbers and is unchanged,
so on-disk suffix arrays written by older versions of Go will be
readable by this version, and vice versa.

The 32-bit version runs a up to 17% faster than the 64-bit version
on real inputs, but more importantly it uses 50% less memory.

I have a followup CL that also implements a faster algorithm
on top of these improvements, but these are a good first step.

name                                  64-bit speed   32-bit speed    delta
New/text=opticks/size=100K/bits=*-12  4.44MB/s ± 0%  4.64MB/s ± 0%   +4.41%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
New/text=opticks/size=500K/bits=*-12  3.70MB/s ± 1%  3.82MB/s ± 0%   +3.30%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
New/text=go/size=100K/bits=*-12       4.40MB/s ± 0%  4.61MB/s ± 0%   +4.82%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
New/text=go/size=500K/bits=*-12       3.66MB/s ± 0%  3.77MB/s ± 0%   +3.01%  (p=0.016 n=4+5)
New/text=go/size=1M/bits=*-12         3.29MB/s ± 0%  3.55MB/s ± 0%   +7.90%  (p=0.016 n=5+4)
New/text=go/size=5M/bits=*-12         2.25MB/s ± 1%  2.65MB/s ± 0%  +17.81%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
New/text=go/size=10M/bits=*-12        1.82MB/s ± 0%  2.09MB/s ± 1%  +14.36%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
New/text=go/size=50M/bits=*-12        1.35MB/s ± 0%  1.51MB/s ± 1%  +12.33%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
New/text=zero/size=100K/bits=*-12     3.42MB/s ± 0%  3.32MB/s ± 0%   -2.74%  (p=0.000 n=5+4)
New/text=zero/size=500K/bits=*-12     3.00MB/s ± 1%  2.97MB/s ± 0%   -1.13%  (p=0.016 n=5+4)
New/text=zero/size=1M/bits=*-12       2.81MB/s ± 0%  2.78MB/s ± 2%     ~     (p=0.167 n=5+5)
New/text=zero/size=5M/bits=*-12       2.46MB/s ± 0%  2.53MB/s ± 0%   +3.18%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
New/text=zero/size=10M/bits=*-12      2.35MB/s ± 0%  2.42MB/s ± 0%   +2.98%  (p=0.016 n=4+5)
New/text=zero/size=50M/bits=*-12      2.12MB/s ± 0%  2.18MB/s ± 0%   +3.02%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
New/text=rand/size=100K/bits=*-12     6.98MB/s ± 0%  7.22MB/s ± 0%   +3.38%  (p=0.016 n=4+5)
New/text=rand/size=500K/bits=*-12     5.53MB/s ± 0%  5.64MB/s ± 0%   +1.92%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
New/text=rand/size=1M/bits=*-12       4.62MB/s ± 1%  5.06MB/s ± 0%   +9.61%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
New/text=rand/size=5M/bits=*-12       3.09MB/s ± 0%  3.43MB/s ± 0%  +10.94%  (p=0.016 n=4+5)
New/text=rand/size=10M/bits=*-12      2.68MB/s ± 0%  2.95MB/s ± 0%  +10.39%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
New/text=rand/size=50M/bits=*-12      1.92MB/s ± 0%  2.06MB/s ± 1%   +7.41%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
SaveRestore/bits=*-12                  243MB/s ± 1%   259MB/s ± 0%   +6.68%  (p=0.000 n=9+10)

name                               64-bit alloc/op  32-bit alloc/op  delta
New/text=opticks/size=100K/bits=*-12    1.62MB ± 0%    0.81MB ± 0%  -50.00%  (p=0.000 n=5+4)
New/text=opticks/size=500K/bits=*-12    8.07MB ± 0%    4.04MB ± 0%  -49.89%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
New/text=go/size=100K/bits=*-12         1.62MB ± 0%    0.81MB ± 0%  -50.00%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
New/text=go/size=500K/bits=*-12         8.07MB ± 0%    4.04MB ± 0%  -49.89%  (p=0.029 n=4+4)
New/text=go/size=1M/bits=*-12           16.1MB ± 0%     8.1MB ± 0%  -49.95%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
New/text=go/size=5M/bits=*-12           80.3MB ± 0%    40.2MB ± 0%     ~     (p=0.079 n=4+5)
New/text=go/size=10M/bits=*-12           160MB ± 0%      80MB ± 0%  -50.00%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
New/text=go/size=50M/bits=*-12           805MB ± 0%     402MB ± 0%  -50.06%  (p=0.029 n=4+4)
New/text=zero/size=100K/bits=*-12       3.02MB ± 0%    1.46MB ± 0%     ~     (p=0.079 n=4+5)
New/text=zero/size=500K/bits=*-12       19.7MB ± 0%     8.7MB ± 0%  -55.98%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
New/text=zero/size=1M/bits=*-12         39.0MB ± 0%    19.7MB ± 0%  -49.60%  (p=0.000 n=5+4)
New/text=zero/size=5M/bits=*-12          169MB ± 0%      85MB ± 0%  -49.46%  (p=0.029 n=4+4)
New/text=zero/size=10M/bits=*-12         333MB ± 0%     169MB ± 0%  -49.43%  (p=0.000 n=5+4)
New/text=zero/size=50M/bits=*-12        1.63GB ± 0%    0.74GB ± 0%  -54.61%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
New/text=rand/size=100K/bits=*-12       1.61MB ± 0%    0.81MB ± 0%  -50.00%  (p=0.000 n=5+4)
New/text=rand/size=500K/bits=*-12       8.07MB ± 0%    4.04MB ± 0%  -49.89%  (p=0.000 n=5+4)
New/text=rand/size=1M/bits=*-12         16.1MB ± 0%     8.1MB ± 0%  -49.95%  (p=0.029 n=4+4)
New/text=rand/size=5M/bits=*-12         80.7MB ± 0%    40.3MB ± 0%  -50.06%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
New/text=rand/size=10M/bits=*-12         161MB ± 0%      81MB ± 0%  -50.03%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
New/text=rand/size=50M/bits=*-12         806MB ± 0%     403MB ± 0%  -50.00%  (p=0.016 n=4+5)
SaveRestore/bits=*-12                   9.47MB ± 0%    5.28MB ± 0%  -44.29%  (p=0.000 n=9+8)

https://perf.golang.org/search?q=upload:20190126.1+|+bits:64+vs+bits:32

Fixes #6816.

Change-Id: Ied2fbea519a202ecc43719debcd233344ce38847
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174097
Run-TryBot: Russ Cox <rsc@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* runtime: look for idle p to run current goroutine when switching to GC or traceReader

This repairs one of the several causes of pauses uncovered
by a GC microbenchmark.  A pause can occur when a goroutine's
quantum expires "at the same time" a GC is needed.  The
current M switches to running a GC worker, which means that
the amount of available work has expanded by one.  The GC
worker, however, does not call ready, and does not itself
conditionally wake a P (a "normal" thread would do this).

This is also true if M switches to a traceReader.

This is problem 4 in this list:
https://github.com/golang/go/issues/27732#issuecomment-423301252

Updates #27732.

Change-Id: I6905365cac8504cde6faab2420f4421536551f0b
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/146817
Run-TryBot: David Chase <drchase@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Austin Clements <austin@google.com>

* cmd/go/internal/modfetch/codehost: fix pseudoversions for non-semver tags and tags on other branches

Pseudoversion determination depends in part on the results from gitRepo.RecentTag, which currently invokes:

git describe --first-parent --always --abbrev=0 --match <prefix>v[0-9]*.[0-9]*.[0-9]* --tags <rev>

The comment at https://github.com/golang/go/issues/27171#issuecomment-470134255 describes some problems with the current approach.

One problem is Docker and other repos can have tags that are not valid semver tags but that still match a glob pattern of v[0-9]*.[0-9]*.[0-9]* which are found by 'git describe' but then rejected by cmd/go, and hence those repos currently can end up with v0.0.0 pseudoversions instead of finding a proper semver tag to use as input to building a pseudoversion  (when then causes problems when the v0.0.0 pseudoversion is fed into MVS). An example problematic tag is a date-based tag such as 'v18.06.16', which matches the glob pattern, but is not a valid semver tag (due to the leading 0 in '06').

Issues #31673, #31287, and #27171 also describe problems where the '--first-parent' argument to 'git describe' cause the current approach to miss relevant semver tags that were created on a separate branch and then subsequently merged to master.

In #27171, Bryan described the base tag that is supposed to be used for pseudoversions as:

"It is intended to be the semantically-latest tag that appears on any commit that is a (transitive) parent of the commit with the given hash, regardless of branches. (The pseudo-version is supposed to sort after every version — tagged or otherwise — that came before it, but before the next tag that a human might plausibly want to apply to the branch.)"

This CL solves the glob problem and tags-on-other-branches problem more directly than the current approach: this CL gets the full list of tags that have been merged into the specific revision of interest, and then sorts and filters the results in cmd/go to select the semantically-latest valid semver tag.

Fixes #31673
Fixes #31287
Updates #27171

Change-Id: I7c3e6b46b2b21dd60562cf2893b6bd2afaae61d5
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174061
Run-TryBot: Jay Conrod <jayconrod@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Jay Conrod <jayconrod@google.com>

* cmd/go/internal/get: fix strayed verbose output on stdout

Fixes #31768

Change-Id: I3cc0ebc4be34d7c2d2d4fd655bfd0c2515ff3021
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174739
Reviewed-by: Jay Conrod <jayconrod@google.com>
Run-TryBot: Jay Conrod <jayconrod@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* cmd/dist: only build exec wrappers when cross compiling

Updates #31722

Change-Id: Ib44b46e628e364fff6eacda2b26541db2f0a4261
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174701
Run-TryBot: Elias Naur <mail@eliasnaur.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* misc/cgo/testcarchive: skip TestExtar on self-hosted iOS

iOS cannot (directly) run shell scripts.

Updates #31722

Change-Id: I69473e9339c50a77338d391c73b4e146bce3fa89
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174700
Run-TryBot: Elias Naur <mail@eliasnaur.com>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* strings, bytes: add ToValidUTF8

The newly added functions create a copy of their input with all bytes in
invalid UTF-8 byte sequences mapped to the UTF-8 byte sequence
given as replacement parameter.

Fixes #25805

Change-Id: Iaf65f65b40c0581c6bb000f1590408d6628321d0
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/142003
Run-TryBot: Martin Möhrmann <moehrmann@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* cmd/go: sort vendor/modules.txt package lists

Right now they are in a deterministic order
but one that depends on the shape of the import graph.
Sort them instead.

Change-Id: Ia0c076a0d6677a511e52acf01f38353e9895dec2
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174527
Run-TryBot: Russ Cox <rsc@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Jay Conrod <jayconrod@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* cmd/compile: fix maplit init panics for dynamic entry

golang.org/cl/174498 removes dynamic map entry handling in maplit, by
filtering the static entry only. It panics if it see a dynamic entry.
It relies on order to remove all dynamic entries.

But after recursively call order on the statics, some static entries
become dynamic, e.g OCONVIFACE node:

	type i interface {
		j()
	}
	type s struct{}

	func (s) j() {}

	type foo map[string]i

	var f = foo{
		"1": s{},
	}

To fix it, we recursively call order on each static entry, if it changed
to dynamic, put entry to dynamic then.

Fixes #31777

Change-Id: I1004190ac8f2d1eaa4beb6beab989db74099b025
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174777
Run-TryBot: Matthew Dempsky <mdempsky@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Keith Randall <khr@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>

* cmd/go/internal/web: fix log message

The web package is now used for proxy fetches, so its logs shouldn't
start with "Parsing meta tags".

Change-Id: I22a7dce09e3a681544ee4b860f93c63336e547ca
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174740
Run-TryBot: Heschi Kreinick <heschi@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* cmd/compile: disable Go1.13 language features for -lang=go1.12 and below

Fixes   #31747.
Updates #19308.
Updates #12711.
Updates #29008.
Updates #28493.
Updates #19113.

Change-Id: I76d2fdbc7698cc4e0f31b7ae24cbb4d28afbb6a3
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174897
Run-TryBot: Robert Griesemer <gri@golang.org>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Matthew Dempsky <mdempsky@google.com>

* errors: fix comment referencing the Wrapper interface

The Unwrap function performs a type assertion looking for the Wrapper
interface. The method of that interface is called Unwrap but the
interface itself is called Wrapper.

Change-Id: Ie3bf296f93b773d36015bcab2a0e6585d39783c7
GitHub-Last-Rev: 32b1a0c2f8bf8f3eaebf6de252571d82313e86e0
GitHub-Pull-Request: golang/go#31794
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174917
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* doc/go1.13: start doc, note macOS, FreeBSD deprecations

For #23011.
For #27619.

Change-Id: Id1f280993ecdfb07a7420926ca1c0f5b7872afbb
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174521
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* cmd/compile: remove outdate TODO in inl.go

Mid-stack inlining is enable now, see #19348, but we still can not
remove the special case for runtime.heapBits.nextArena, because
runtime.heapBits.next is too complex to be inlined
(cost 96 exceeds budget 80).

Change-Id: I04ea86509074afdc83a3f70d68b8a1a8829763d1
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174839
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* cmd/go: make modconv test more robust

Change-Id: I3e75201c56779eda1bcd725691c72d384da56f73
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174840
Run-TryBot: Baokun Lee <nototon@gmail.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Jay Conrod <jayconrod@google.com>

* cmd/go/internal/modload: make 'list -u' consider current pseudoversion

As pointed out by thepudds in #30634, the 'list -u' documentation states that the current version should be considered for upgrade:
The -u flag adds information about available upgrades. When the latest version of a given module is newer than the current one, list -u sets the Module's Update field to information about the newer module.

In go 1.12.4 (and current tip), an older version will be suggested as upgrade to a newer pseudo version.

Updates: #30634

Change-Id: If2c8887198884b8e7ccb3a604908065aa1f1878a
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174206
Run-TryBot: Jay Conrod <jayconrod@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Jay Conrod <jayconrod@google.com>

* cmd/dist: don't generate exec wrappers for compatible cross compiles

This change will allow android/arm64 hosts to build for android/arm,
and likewise for iOS.

Updates #31722

Change-Id: Id410bd112abbab585ebb13b61fe4d3a38a1a81fb
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/174705
Run-TryBot: Elias Naur <mail@eliasnaur.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Brad Fitzpatrick <bradfitz@golang.org>

* cmd/link: support PIE mode with internal link on linux arm64

This CL improves internal link to provide basic support for cgo and PIE:
1, add support for GOT, PLT and GOTPLT.
2, add support for following ELF relocation types which have been used by std
   packages:
     R_AARCH64_ADR_GOT_PAGE
     R_AARCH64_LD64_GOT_LO12_NC
     R_AARCH64_ADR_PREL_PG_HI21
     R_AARCH64_ADD_ABS_LO12_NC
     R_AARCH64_LDST8_ABS_LO12_NC
     R_AARCH64_LDST32_ABS_LO12_NC
     R_AARCH64_LDST64_ABS_LO12_NC
     R_AARCH64_JUMP26
     R_AARCH64_ABS64
     R_AARCH64_PREL32
     R_AARCH64_PREL64

With this change, Go toolchain can be built in internal linking mode, and
pure Go programs can be built with PIE mode in internal linking mode on arm64.

Updates #10373
The prototype of this CL is contributed by Wei Xiao <wei.xiao@arm.com>

Change-Id: I2253923c69e855fd1524d54def309a961dce6247
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/163579
Reviewed-by: Cherry Zhang <cherryyz@google.com>
Run-TryBot: Cherry Zhang <cherryyz@google.com>

* sort: simplify bootstrap

We compile package sort as part of the compiler bootstrap,
to make sure the compiler uses a consistent sort algorithm
no matter what version of Go it is compiled against.
(This matters for elements that compare "equal" but are distinguishab…
@gopherbot
Copy link

@gopherbot gopherbot commented Sep 16, 2019

Change https://golang.org/cl/195818 mentions this issue: runtime: remove unneeded noinline directives

gopherbot pushed a commit that referenced this issue Sep 17, 2019
Now that mid-stack inlining reports backtraces correctly, we no
longer need to protect against inlining in a few critical areas.

Update #19348
Update #28640
Update #34276

Change-Id: Ie68487e6482c3a9509ecf7ecbbd40fe43cee8381
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/195818
Reviewed-by: David Chase <drchase@google.com>
github-actions bot pushed a commit to zchee/golang-wiki that referenced this issue Feb 15, 2020
@golang golang locked and limited conversation to collaborators Sep 16, 2020
Sign up for free to subscribe to this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in.
Projects
None yet
Linked pull requests

Successfully merging a pull request may close this issue.

None yet
You can’t perform that action at this time.