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runtime: fatal: cannot map pages in arena address space #19514

mappu opened this issue Mar 12, 2017 · 4 comments


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commented Mar 12, 2017

What version of Go are you using (go version)?

go version go1.7.5 windows/amd64

What operating system and processor architecture are you using (go env)?

set GOARCH=amd64
set GOBIN=
set GOEXE=.exe
set GOHOSTARCH=amd64
set GOHOSTOS=windows
set GOOS=windows
set GOPATH=C:\DEV\_Gopath\
set GOROOT=C:\Go
set GOTOOLDIR=C:\Go\pkg\tool\windows_amd64
set CC=gcc
set GOGCCFLAGS=-m64 -mthreads -fmessage-length=0
set CXX=g++

What did you do?

Ran a bad program with a stack overflow.

What did you expect to see?

"error: Stack overflow" or "error: out of memory"

What did you see instead?

Process memory usage grows to about 4GB (this machine has 8GB physical) and then panics:

runtime: VirtualAlloc of 1048576 bytes failed with errno=1455
fatal error: runtime: cannot map pages in arena address space

runtime stack:
runtime.throw(0x50fb52, 0x30)
        c:/go/src/runtime/panic.go:566 +0x9c
runtime.sysMap(0xc136200000, 0x100000, 0x1, 0x5a8c98)
        c:/go/src/runtime/mem_windows.go:116 +0x12c
runtime.(*mheap).sysAlloc(0x58ff40, 0x100000, 0x58ff88)
        c:/go/src/runtime/malloc.go:407 +0x381
runtime.(*mheap).grow(0x58ff40, 0x29, 0x0)
        c:/go/src/runtime/mheap.go:726 +0x69
runtime.(*mheap).allocSpanLocked(0x58ff40, 0x29, 0xc04201c820)
        c:/go/src/runtime/mheap.go:630 +0x4f9
runtime.(*mheap).alloc_m(0x58ff40, 0x29, 0x100000000, 0x2a36c10)
        c:/go/src/runtime/mheap.go:515 +0xee
        c:/go/src/runtime/mheap.go:579 +0x52
        c:/go/src/runtime/asm_amd64.s:314 +0xb5
runtime.(*mheap).alloc(0x58ff40, 0x29, 0x100000000, 0x2a36c10)
        c:/go/src/runtime/mheap.go:580 +0xa7
runtime.largeAlloc(0x515c8, 0x451c00, 0x2a36c10)
        c:/go/src/runtime/malloc.go:774 +0x9a
        c:/go/src/runtime/malloc.go:669 +0x45
        c:/go/src/runtime/asm_amd64.s:298 +0x7e

goroutine 1 [running]:
        c:/go/src/runtime/asm_amd64.s:252 fp=0xc107e535e8 sp=0xc107e535e0
runtime.mallocgc(0x515c8, 0x0, 0x0, 0xc0414b7b23)
        c:/go/src/runtime/malloc.go:670 +0x94b fp=0xc107e53688 sp=0xc107e535e8
runtime.rawstring(0x515c8, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0)
        c:/go/src/runtime/string.go:289 +0x8c fp=0xc107e536c0 sp=0xc107e53688
runtime.rawstringtmp(0x0, 0x515c8, 0xc042010c00, 0xc107e53748, 0xc11790e000, 0x586f90, 0x500f40)
        c:/go/src/runtime/string.go:111 +0xa8 fp=0xc107e53700 sp=0xc107e536c0
runtime.slicebytetostring(0x0, 0xc11790e000, 0x515c8, 0x60000, 0x2, 0x2)
        c:/go/src/runtime/string.go:93 +0x45 fp=0xc107e53758 sp=0xc107e53700
fmt.Sprintf(0x50a41f, 0x11, 0xc107e538d0, 0x2, 0x2, 0x467ec0, 0xc04249e100)
        c:/go/src/fmt/print.go:197 +0x9d fp=0xc107e537b0 sp=0xc107e53758
my_application_code(0xc04225f720, 0xc1361a6000, 0x515ba, 0x2, 0xc042268480, 0x50e143, 0x21, 0xc107e539c0, 0x445312, 0x5782a8, ...)

[same frame several hundred times]

...additional frames elided...

[no other goroutines running]

I acknowledge the underlying stack overflow is entirely my own fault. But, this kind of error message from the runtime is worrying. It reads as if the runtime attempted to do something invalid or dangerous, instead of intelligently handling the low-memory condition.

Is the runtime behaving correctly here? Is this the expected error message under memory pressure conditions?


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commented Mar 12, 2017

Yes, this is an expected error. What the runtime is telling you is that it tried to get some memory from the OS and the OS refused.
It could probably use a better error message, though.


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commented Mar 12, 2017


I had originally understood the error to mean "prevented the runtime from allocating memory in space that the arena is already using". But if it's actually talking about committing reserved pages from the OS then it does make sense.

About improving the message:

Can the runtime resolve the errno=1455 into the appropriate Win32 error? It's ERROR_COMMITMENT_LIMIT "The paging file is too small for this operation to complete.", which, it's a little bit more clear.

Or "fatal: out of memory (some more detailed reason)" as is done in e.g. .


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commented Mar 18, 2017

Can the runtime resolve the errno=1455 into the appropriate Win32 error? It's ERROR_COMMITMENT_LIMIT "The paging file is too small for this operation to complete.", which, it's a little bit more clear.

You need to call FormatMessage Windows API to translate 1455 into "The paging file is too small for this operation to complete.". It might not be safe to do that if you find yourself in the "no free memory" situation. Do you think it is worth the risk getting your program into even more trouble? You might endup getting no error message printed at all. Would that be OK with you?


@bradfitz bradfitz added this to the Go1.9Maybe milestone Mar 21, 2017

@bradfitz bradfitz added the OS-Windows label Mar 21, 2017


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commented Jul 18, 2017

CL mentions this issue.

@bradfitz bradfitz modified the milestones: Go1.9Maybe, Go1.10 Jul 20, 2017

@gopherbot gopherbot closed this in fa3c517 Jul 21, 2017

@golang golang locked and limited conversation to collaborators Jul 21, 2018

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