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runtime: killed threads do not crash whole process #30753

bobrik opened this issue Mar 11, 2019 · 8 comments

runtime: killed threads do not crash whole process #30753

bobrik opened this issue Mar 11, 2019 · 8 comments


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@bobrik bobrik commented Mar 11, 2019

What version of Go are you using (go version)?

$ go version
go version go1.12 linux/amd64

Does this issue reproduce with the latest release?


What operating system and processor architecture are you using (go env)?

go env Output
$ go env
GOGCCFLAGS="-fPIC -m64 -pthread -fmessage-length=0 -fdebug-prefix-map=/tmp/go-build580235778=/tmp/go-build -gno-record-gcc-switches"

What did you do?

I have a program running under systemd and with SystemCallFilter applied. My list of allowed syscalls does not include madvise, which eventually leads to:

$ sudo strace -f -p $(pidof tracefwdr) 2>&1 | fgrep SIGSYS -C5
[pid 125587] <... futex resumed> )      = 0
[pid 125588] <... read resumed> "\202\201\0\temitBatch\34\34\30\10nginx-fl\31<\30\16jae"..., 65000) = 7271
[pid 125587] madvise(0xc000400000, 2097152, MADV_NOHUGEPAGE <unfinished ...>
[pid 125588] read(3, 0xc000438000, 65000) = -1 EAGAIN (Resource temporarily unavailable)
[pid 125587] <... madvise resumed>)     = ?
[pid 125587] +++ killed by SIGSYS +++
[pid 125588] sched_yield()              = 0

Here one thread is killed by SIGSYS for seccomp violation.

What did you expect to see?

Whole process panics, clearly indicating failure.

What did you see instead?

One thread is dead and random part of my program is not working anymore (either reads from channel or udp socket, not so sure).

@bradfitz bradfitz changed the title Killed threads do not crash whole process runtime: killed threads do not crash whole process Mar 11, 2019
@bradfitz bradfitz added the NeedsInvestigation label Mar 11, 2019
@bradfitz bradfitz added this to the Go1.13 milestone Mar 11, 2019
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@bradfitz bradfitz commented Mar 11, 2019

/cc @aclements @ianlancetaylor

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@ianlancetaylor ianlancetaylor commented Mar 12, 2019

I don't know what we can do here. I'm open to suggestions.

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@bobrik bobrik commented Mar 12, 2019

If it's not possible to detect silently crashed / killed threads from Go runtime, I guess I can ask systemd to implement SECCOMP_RET_KILL_PROCESS as an option or return an errno:

       SECCOMP_RET_KILL_PROCESS (since Linux 4.14)
              This value results in immediate termination of the process,
              with a core dump.  The system call is not executed.  By con‐
              trast with SECCOMP_RET_KILL_THREAD below, all threads in the
              thread group are terminated.  (For a discussion of thread
              groups, see the description of the CLONE_THREAD flag in

Feel free to close if it's not possible.

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@ianlancetaylor ianlancetaylor commented Mar 12, 2019

Thanks. I don't know that it's not possible. I just don't know of a way to do it.

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@aclements aclements commented Mar 12, 2019

Killing just a thread like this seems like it would break all sorts of things, not just Go. Is this really standard behavior for systemd?

I'm also confused because your strace output indicates a SIGSYS, but Go is supposed to trap SIGSYS and turn it into a fatal runtime panic. Does seccomp somehow produce a SIGSYS that can't actually be trapped?

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@bobrik bobrik commented Mar 12, 2019

Yes, by default seccomp's SIGSYS is untrappable:

              The process terminates as though killed by a SIGSYS signal.
              Even if a signal handler has been registered for SIGSYS, the
              handler will be ignored in this case and the process always
              terminates.  To a parent process that is waiting on this
              process (using waitpid(2) or similar), the returned wstatus
              will indicate that its child was terminated as though by a
              SIGSYS signal.

It can be trapped if SCMP_ACT_TRAP is used:

              The thread will be sent a SIGSYS signal when it calls a
              syscall that does not match any of the configured seccomp
              filter rules.  It may catch this and change its behavior
              accordingly.  When using SA_SIGINFO with sigaction(2), si_code
              will be set to SYS_SECCOMP, si_syscall will be set to the
              syscall that failed the rules, and si_arch will be set to the
              AUDIT_ARCH for the active ABI.

I agree that killing a thread seems a bit weird in context of systemd and mentioned it here:

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@dqminh dqminh commented Mar 12, 2019

So currently it looks like systemd can do 2 things when it comes to not allowed syscalls ( more detailed explanation can be found at

  • by default, it does SCMP_ACT_KILL, which does:
              The thread will be terminated by the kernel with SIGSYS when
              it calls a syscall that does not match any of the configured
              seccomp filter rules.  The thread will not be able to catch
              the signal

This doesn't look like what we want ever.

  • When armed with SystemCallErrorNumber, it returns the error number instead, which maybe what we want here.

One interesting thing i noted out of this is that we call madvise without checking return code ( 295a4d8 ), so returning EPERM errors doesnt signal failures in those cases. Should we do more thorough checks for madvise ? I'm not sure if there are any other occurrences.

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@ianlancetaylor ianlancetaylor commented Mar 12, 2019

I don't think it matters if madvise fails. The program won't return memory to the OS but will otherwise run unchanged.

@andybons andybons removed this from the Go1.13 milestone Jul 8, 2019
@andybons andybons added this to the Go1.14 milestone Jul 8, 2019
@rsc rsc removed this from the Go1.14 milestone Oct 9, 2019
@rsc rsc added this to the Backlog milestone Oct 9, 2019
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