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@nigeltao @dddent @dsymonds @chai2010 @bsiegert
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// Copyright 2011 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
// Package bmp implements a BMP image decoder and encoder.
//
// The BMP specification is at http://www.digicamsoft.com/bmp/bmp.html.
package bmp // import "golang.org/x/image/bmp"
import (
"errors"
"image"
"image/color"
"io"
)
// ErrUnsupported means that the input BMP image uses a valid but unsupported
// feature.
var ErrUnsupported = errors.New("bmp: unsupported BMP image")
func readUint16(b []byte) uint16 {
return uint16(b[0]) | uint16(b[1])<<8
}
func readUint32(b []byte) uint32 {
return uint32(b[0]) | uint32(b[1])<<8 | uint32(b[2])<<16 | uint32(b[3])<<24
}
// decodePaletted reads an 8 bit-per-pixel BMP image from r.
// If topDown is false, the image rows will be read bottom-up.
func decodePaletted(r io.Reader, c image.Config, topDown bool) (image.Image, error) {
paletted := image.NewPaletted(image.Rect(0, 0, c.Width, c.Height), c.ColorModel.(color.Palette))
if c.Width == 0 || c.Height == 0 {
return paletted, nil
}
var tmp [4]byte
y0, y1, yDelta := c.Height-1, -1, -1
if topDown {
y0, y1, yDelta = 0, c.Height, +1
}
for y := y0; y != y1; y += yDelta {
p := paletted.Pix[y*paletted.Stride : y*paletted.Stride+c.Width]
if _, err := io.ReadFull(r, p); err != nil {
return nil, err
}
// Each row is 4-byte aligned.
if c.Width%4 != 0 {
_, err := io.ReadFull(r, tmp[:4-c.Width%4])
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
}
}
return paletted, nil
}
// decodeRGB reads a 24 bit-per-pixel BMP image from r.
// If topDown is false, the image rows will be read bottom-up.
func decodeRGB(r io.Reader, c image.Config, topDown bool) (image.Image, error) {
rgba := image.NewRGBA(image.Rect(0, 0, c.Width, c.Height))
if c.Width == 0 || c.Height == 0 {
return rgba, nil
}
// There are 3 bytes per pixel, and each row is 4-byte aligned.
b := make([]byte, (3*c.Width+3)&^3)
y0, y1, yDelta := c.Height-1, -1, -1
if topDown {
y0, y1, yDelta = 0, c.Height, +1
}
for y := y0; y != y1; y += yDelta {
if _, err := io.ReadFull(r, b); err != nil {
return nil, err
}
p := rgba.Pix[y*rgba.Stride : y*rgba.Stride+c.Width*4]
for i, j := 0, 0; i < len(p); i, j = i+4, j+3 {
// BMP images are stored in BGR order rather than RGB order.
p[i+0] = b[j+2]
p[i+1] = b[j+1]
p[i+2] = b[j+0]
p[i+3] = 0xFF
}
}
return rgba, nil
}
// decodeNRGBA reads a 32 bit-per-pixel BMP image from r.
// If topDown is false, the image rows will be read bottom-up.
func decodeNRGBA(r io.Reader, c image.Config, topDown bool) (image.Image, error) {
rgba := image.NewNRGBA(image.Rect(0, 0, c.Width, c.Height))
if c.Width == 0 || c.Height == 0 {
return rgba, nil
}
y0, y1, yDelta := c.Height-1, -1, -1
if topDown {
y0, y1, yDelta = 0, c.Height, +1
}
for y := y0; y != y1; y += yDelta {
p := rgba.Pix[y*rgba.Stride : y*rgba.Stride+c.Width*4]
if _, err := io.ReadFull(r, p); err != nil {
return nil, err
}
for i := 0; i < len(p); i += 4 {
// BMP images are stored in BGRA order rather than RGBA order.
p[i+0], p[i+2] = p[i+2], p[i+0]
}
}
return rgba, nil
}
// Decode reads a BMP image from r and returns it as an image.Image.
// Limitation: The file must be 8, 24 or 32 bits per pixel.
func Decode(r io.Reader) (image.Image, error) {
c, bpp, topDown, err := decodeConfig(r)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
switch bpp {
case 8:
return decodePaletted(r, c, topDown)
case 24:
return decodeRGB(r, c, topDown)
case 32:
return decodeNRGBA(r, c, topDown)
}
panic("unreachable")
}
// DecodeConfig returns the color model and dimensions of a BMP image without
// decoding the entire image.
// Limitation: The file must be 8, 24 or 32 bits per pixel.
func DecodeConfig(r io.Reader) (image.Config, error) {
config, _, _, err := decodeConfig(r)
return config, err
}
func decodeConfig(r io.Reader) (config image.Config, bitsPerPixel int, topDown bool, err error) {
// We only support those BMP images that are a BITMAPFILEHEADER
// immediately followed by a BITMAPINFOHEADER.
const (
fileHeaderLen = 14
infoHeaderLen = 40
v4InfoHeaderLen = 108
v5InfoHeaderLen = 124
)
var b [1024]byte
if _, err := io.ReadFull(r, b[:fileHeaderLen+4]); err != nil {
return image.Config{}, 0, false, err
}
if string(b[:2]) != "BM" {
return image.Config{}, 0, false, errors.New("bmp: invalid format")
}
offset := readUint32(b[10:14])
infoLen := readUint32(b[14:18])
if infoLen != infoHeaderLen && infoLen != v4InfoHeaderLen && infoLen != v5InfoHeaderLen {
return image.Config{}, 0, false, ErrUnsupported
}
if _, err := io.ReadFull(r, b[fileHeaderLen+4:fileHeaderLen+infoLen]); err != nil {
return image.Config{}, 0, false, err
}
width := int(int32(readUint32(b[18:22])))
height := int(int32(readUint32(b[22:26])))
if height < 0 {
height, topDown = -height, true
}
if width < 0 || height < 0 {
return image.Config{}, 0, false, ErrUnsupported
}
// We only support 1 plane and 8, 24 or 32 bits per pixel and no
// compression.
planes, bpp, compression := readUint16(b[26:28]), readUint16(b[28:30]), readUint32(b[30:34])
// if compression is set to BITFIELDS, but the bitmask is set to the default bitmask
// that would be used if compression was set to 0, we can continue as if compression was 0
if compression == 3 && infoLen > infoHeaderLen &&
readUint32(b[54:58]) == 0xff0000 && readUint32(b[58:62]) == 0xff00 &&
readUint32(b[62:66]) == 0xff && readUint32(b[66:70]) == 0xff000000 {
compression = 0
}
if planes != 1 || compression != 0 {
return image.Config{}, 0, false, ErrUnsupported
}
switch bpp {
case 8:
if offset != fileHeaderLen+infoLen+256*4 {
return image.Config{}, 0, false, ErrUnsupported
}
_, err = io.ReadFull(r, b[:256*4])
if err != nil {
return image.Config{}, 0, false, err
}
pcm := make(color.Palette, 256)
for i := range pcm {
// BMP images are stored in BGR order rather than RGB order.
// Every 4th byte is padding.
pcm[i] = color.RGBA{b[4*i+2], b[4*i+1], b[4*i+0], 0xFF}
}
return image.Config{ColorModel: pcm, Width: width, Height: height}, 8, topDown, nil
case 24:
if offset != fileHeaderLen+infoLen {
return image.Config{}, 0, false, ErrUnsupported
}
return image.Config{ColorModel: color.RGBAModel, Width: width, Height: height}, 24, topDown, nil
case 32:
if offset != fileHeaderLen+infoLen {
return image.Config{}, 0, false, ErrUnsupported
}
return image.Config{ColorModel: color.RGBAModel, Width: width, Height: height}, 32, topDown, nil
}
return image.Config{}, 0, false, ErrUnsupported
}
func init() {
image.RegisterFormat("bmp", "BM????\x00\x00\x00\x00", Decode, DecodeConfig)
}
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