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// Go support for Protocol Buffers - Google's data interchange format
//
// Copyright 2010 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// https://github.com/golang/protobuf
//
// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
// met:
//
// * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
// * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
// distribution.
// * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
// this software without specific prior written permission.
//
// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
package proto
// Functions for parsing the Text protocol buffer format.
// TODO: message sets.
import (
"encoding"
"errors"
"fmt"
"reflect"
"strconv"
"strings"
"unicode/utf8"
)
// Error string emitted when deserializing Any and fields are already set
const anyRepeatedlyUnpacked = "Any message unpacked multiple times, or %q already set"
type ParseError struct {
Message string
Line int // 1-based line number
Offset int // 0-based byte offset from start of input
}
func (p *ParseError) Error() string {
if p.Line == 1 {
// show offset only for first line
return fmt.Sprintf("line 1.%d: %v", p.Offset, p.Message)
}
return fmt.Sprintf("line %d: %v", p.Line, p.Message)
}
type token struct {
value string
err *ParseError
line int // line number
offset int // byte number from start of input, not start of line
unquoted string // the unquoted version of value, if it was a quoted string
}
func (t *token) String() string {
if t.err == nil {
return fmt.Sprintf("%q (line=%d, offset=%d)", t.value, t.line, t.offset)
}
return fmt.Sprintf("parse error: %v", t.err)
}
type textParser struct {
s string // remaining input
done bool // whether the parsing is finished (success or error)
backed bool // whether back() was called
offset, line int
cur token
}
func newTextParser(s string) *textParser {
p := new(textParser)
p.s = s
p.line = 1
p.cur.line = 1
return p
}
func (p *textParser) errorf(format string, a ...interface{}) *ParseError {
pe := &ParseError{fmt.Sprintf(format, a...), p.cur.line, p.cur.offset}
p.cur.err = pe
p.done = true
return pe
}
// Numbers and identifiers are matched by [-+._A-Za-z0-9]
func isIdentOrNumberChar(c byte) bool {
switch {
case 'A' <= c && c <= 'Z', 'a' <= c && c <= 'z':
return true
case '0' <= c && c <= '9':
return true
}
switch c {
case '-', '+', '.', '_':
return true
}
return false
}
func isWhitespace(c byte) bool {
switch c {
case ' ', '\t', '\n', '\r':
return true
}
return false
}
func isQuote(c byte) bool {
switch c {
case '"', '\'':
return true
}
return false
}
func (p *textParser) skipWhitespace() {
i := 0
for i < len(p.s) && (isWhitespace(p.s[i]) || p.s[i] == '#') {
if p.s[i] == '#' {
// comment; skip to end of line or input
for i < len(p.s) && p.s[i] != '\n' {
i++
}
if i == len(p.s) {
break
}
}
if p.s[i] == '\n' {
p.line++
}
i++
}
p.offset += i
p.s = p.s[i:len(p.s)]
if len(p.s) == 0 {
p.done = true
}
}
func (p *textParser) advance() {
// Skip whitespace
p.skipWhitespace()
if p.done {
return
}
// Start of non-whitespace
p.cur.err = nil
p.cur.offset, p.cur.line = p.offset, p.line
p.cur.unquoted = ""
switch p.s[0] {
case '<', '>', '{', '}', ':', '[', ']', ';', ',', '/':
// Single symbol
p.cur.value, p.s = p.s[0:1], p.s[1:len(p.s)]
case '"', '\'':
// Quoted string
i := 1
for i < len(p.s) && p.s[i] != p.s[0] && p.s[i] != '\n' {
if p.s[i] == '\\' && i+1 < len(p.s) {
// skip escaped char
i++
}
i++
}
if i >= len(p.s) || p.s[i] != p.s[0] {
p.errorf("unmatched quote")
return
}
unq, err := unquoteC(p.s[1:i], rune(p.s[0]))
if err != nil {
p.errorf("invalid quoted string %s: %v", p.s[0:i+1], err)
return
}
p.cur.value, p.s = p.s[0:i+1], p.s[i+1:len(p.s)]
p.cur.unquoted = unq
default:
i := 0
for i < len(p.s) && isIdentOrNumberChar(p.s[i]) {
i++
}
if i == 0 {
p.errorf("unexpected byte %#x", p.s[0])
return
}
p.cur.value, p.s = p.s[0:i], p.s[i:len(p.s)]
}
p.offset += len(p.cur.value)
}
var (
errBadUTF8 = errors.New("proto: bad UTF-8")
)
func unquoteC(s string, quote rune) (string, error) {
// This is based on C++'s tokenizer.cc.
// Despite its name, this is *not* parsing C syntax.
// For instance, "\0" is an invalid quoted string.
// Avoid allocation in trivial cases.
simple := true
for _, r := range s {
if r == '\\' || r == quote {
simple = false
break
}
}
if simple {
return s, nil
}
buf := make([]byte, 0, 3*len(s)/2)
for len(s) > 0 {
r, n := utf8.DecodeRuneInString(s)
if r == utf8.RuneError && n == 1 {
return "", errBadUTF8
}
s = s[n:]
if r != '\\' {
if r < utf8.RuneSelf {
buf = append(buf, byte(r))
} else {
buf = append(buf, string(r)...)
}
continue
}
ch, tail, err := unescape(s)
if err != nil {
return "", err
}
buf = append(buf, ch...)
s = tail
}
return string(buf), nil
}
func unescape(s string) (ch string, tail string, err error) {
r, n := utf8.DecodeRuneInString(s)
if r == utf8.RuneError && n == 1 {
return "", "", errBadUTF8
}
s = s[n:]
switch r {
case 'a':
return "\a", s, nil
case 'b':
return "\b", s, nil
case 'f':
return "\f", s, nil
case 'n':
return "\n", s, nil
case 'r':
return "\r", s, nil
case 't':
return "\t", s, nil
case 'v':
return "\v", s, nil
case '?':
return "?", s, nil // trigraph workaround
case '\'', '"', '\\':
return string(r), s, nil
case '0', '1', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7':
if len(s) < 2 {
return "", "", fmt.Errorf(`\%c requires 2 following digits`, r)
}
ss := string(r) + s[:2]
s = s[2:]
i, err := strconv.ParseUint(ss, 8, 8)
if err != nil {
return "", "", fmt.Errorf(`\%s contains non-octal digits`, ss)
}
return string([]byte{byte(i)}), s, nil
case 'x', 'X', 'u', 'U':
var n int
switch r {
case 'x', 'X':
n = 2
case 'u':
n = 4
case 'U':
n = 8
}
if len(s) < n {
return "", "", fmt.Errorf(`\%c requires %d following digits`, r, n)
}
ss := s[:n]
s = s[n:]
i, err := strconv.ParseUint(ss, 16, 64)
if err != nil {
return "", "", fmt.Errorf(`\%c%s contains non-hexadecimal digits`, r, ss)
}
if r == 'x' || r == 'X' {
return string([]byte{byte(i)}), s, nil
}
if i > utf8.MaxRune {
return "", "", fmt.Errorf(`\%c%s is not a valid Unicode code point`, r, ss)
}
return string(i), s, nil
}
return "", "", fmt.Errorf(`unknown escape \%c`, r)
}
// Back off the parser by one token. Can only be done between calls to next().
// It makes the next advance() a no-op.
func (p *textParser) back() { p.backed = true }
// Advances the parser and returns the new current token.
func (p *textParser) next() *token {
if p.backed || p.done {
p.backed = false
return &p.cur
}
p.advance()
if p.done {
p.cur.value = ""
} else if len(p.cur.value) > 0 && isQuote(p.cur.value[0]) {
// Look for multiple quoted strings separated by whitespace,
// and concatenate them.
cat := p.cur
for {
p.skipWhitespace()
if p.done || !isQuote(p.s[0]) {
break
}
p.advance()
if p.cur.err != nil {
return &p.cur
}
cat.value += " " + p.cur.value
cat.unquoted += p.cur.unquoted
}
p.done = false // parser may have seen EOF, but we want to return cat
p.cur = cat
}
return &p.cur
}
func (p *textParser) consumeToken(s string) error {
tok := p.next()
if tok.err != nil {
return tok.err
}
if tok.value != s {
p.back()
return p.errorf("expected %q, found %q", s, tok.value)
}
return nil
}
// Return a RequiredNotSetError indicating which required field was not set.
func (p *textParser) missingRequiredFieldError(sv reflect.Value) *RequiredNotSetError {
st := sv.Type()
sprops := GetProperties(st)
for i := 0; i < st.NumField(); i++ {
if !isNil(sv.Field(i)) {
continue
}
props := sprops.Prop[i]
if props.Required {
return &RequiredNotSetError{fmt.Sprintf("%v.%v", st, props.OrigName)}
}
}
return &RequiredNotSetError{fmt.Sprintf("%v.<unknown field name>", st)} // should not happen
}
// Returns the index in the struct for the named field, as well as the parsed tag properties.
func structFieldByName(sprops *StructProperties, name string) (int, *Properties, bool) {
i, ok := sprops.decoderOrigNames[name]
if ok {
return i, sprops.Prop[i], true
}
return -1, nil, false
}
// Consume a ':' from the input stream (if the next token is a colon),
// returning an error if a colon is needed but not present.
func (p *textParser) checkForColon(props *Properties, typ reflect.Type) *ParseError {
tok := p.next()
if tok.err != nil {
return tok.err
}
if tok.value != ":" {
// Colon is optional when the field is a group or message.
needColon := true
switch props.Wire {
case "group":
needColon = false
case "bytes":
// A "bytes" field is either a message, a string, or a repeated field;
// those three become *T, *string and []T respectively, so we can check for
// this field being a pointer to a non-string.
if typ.Kind() == reflect.Ptr {
// *T or *string
if typ.Elem().Kind() == reflect.String {
break
}
} else if typ.Kind() == reflect.Slice {
// []T or []*T
if typ.Elem().Kind() != reflect.Ptr {
break
}
} else if typ.Kind() == reflect.String {
// The proto3 exception is for a string field,
// which requires a colon.
break
}
needColon = false
}
if needColon {
return p.errorf("expected ':', found %q", tok.value)
}
p.back()
}
return nil
}
func (p *textParser) readStruct(sv reflect.Value, terminator string) error {
st := sv.Type()
sprops := GetProperties(st)
reqCount := sprops.reqCount
var reqFieldErr error
fieldSet := make(map[string]bool)
// A struct is a sequence of "name: value", terminated by one of
// '>' or '}', or the end of the input. A name may also be
// "[extension]" or "[type/url]".
//
// The whole struct can also be an expanded Any message, like:
// [type/url] < ... struct contents ... >
for {
tok := p.next()
if tok.err != nil {
return tok.err
}
if tok.value == terminator {
break
}
if tok.value == "[" {
// Looks like an extension or an Any.
//
// TODO: Check whether we need to handle
// namespace rooted names (e.g. ".something.Foo").
extName, err := p.consumeExtName()
if err != nil {
return err
}
if s := strings.LastIndex(extName, "/"); s >= 0 {
// If it contains a slash, it's an Any type URL.
messageName := extName[s+1:]
mt := MessageType(messageName)
if mt == nil {
return p.errorf("unrecognized message %q in google.protobuf.Any", messageName)
}
tok = p.next()
if tok.err != nil {
return tok.err
}
// consume an optional colon
if tok.value == ":" {
tok = p.next()
if tok.err != nil {
return tok.err
}
}
var terminator string
switch tok.value {
case "<":
terminator = ">"
case "{":
terminator = "}"
default:
return p.errorf("expected '{' or '<', found %q", tok.value)
}
v := reflect.New(mt.Elem())
if pe := p.readStruct(v.Elem(), terminator); pe != nil {
return pe
}
b, err := Marshal(v.Interface().(Message))
if err != nil {
return p.errorf("failed to marshal message of type %q: %v", messageName, err)
}
if fieldSet["type_url"] {
return p.errorf(anyRepeatedlyUnpacked, "type_url")
}
if fieldSet["value"] {
return p.errorf(anyRepeatedlyUnpacked, "value")
}
sv.FieldByName("TypeUrl").SetString(extName)
sv.FieldByName("Value").SetBytes(b)
fieldSet["type_url"] = true
fieldSet["value"] = true
continue
}
var desc *ExtensionDesc
// This could be faster, but it's functional.
// TODO: Do something smarter than a linear scan.
for _, d := range RegisteredExtensions(reflect.New(st).Interface().(Message)) {
if d.Name == extName {
desc = d
break
}
}
if desc == nil {
return p.errorf("unrecognized extension %q", extName)
}
props := &Properties{}
props.Parse(desc.Tag)
typ := reflect.TypeOf(desc.ExtensionType)
if err := p.checkForColon(props, typ); err != nil {
return err
}
rep := desc.repeated()
// Read the extension structure, and set it in
// the value we're constructing.
var ext reflect.Value
if !rep {
ext = reflect.New(typ).Elem()
} else {
ext = reflect.New(typ.Elem()).Elem()
}
if err := p.readAny(ext, props); err != nil {
if _, ok := err.(*RequiredNotSetError); !ok {
return err
}
reqFieldErr = err
}
ep := sv.Addr().Interface().(Message)
if !rep {
SetExtension(ep, desc, ext.Interface())
} else {
old, err := GetExtension(ep, desc)
var sl reflect.Value
if err == nil {
sl = reflect.ValueOf(old) // existing slice
} else {
sl = reflect.MakeSlice(typ, 0, 1)
}
sl = reflect.Append(sl, ext)
SetExtension(ep, desc, sl.Interface())
}
if err := p.consumeOptionalSeparator(); err != nil {
return err
}
continue
}
// This is a normal, non-extension field.
name := tok.value
var dst reflect.Value
fi, props, ok := structFieldByName(sprops, name)
if ok {
dst = sv.Field(fi)
} else if oop, ok := sprops.OneofTypes[name]; ok {
// It is a oneof.
props = oop.Prop
nv := reflect.New(oop.Type.Elem())
dst = nv.Elem().Field(0)
field := sv.Field(oop.Field)
if !field.IsNil() {
return p.errorf("field '%s' would overwrite already parsed oneof '%s'", name, sv.Type().Field(oop.Field).Name)
}
field.Set(nv)
}
if !dst.IsValid() {
return p.errorf("unknown field name %q in %v", name, st)
}
if dst.Kind() == reflect.Map {
// Consume any colon.
if err := p.checkForColon(props, dst.Type()); err != nil {
return err
}
// Construct the map if it doesn't already exist.
if dst.IsNil() {
dst.Set(reflect.MakeMap(dst.Type()))
}
key := reflect.New(dst.Type().Key()).Elem()
val := reflect.New(dst.Type().Elem()).Elem()
// The map entry should be this sequence of tokens:
// < key : KEY value : VALUE >
// However, implementations may omit key or value, and technically
// we should support them in any order. See b/28924776 for a time
// this went wrong.
tok := p.next()
var terminator string
switch tok.value {
case "<":
terminator = ">"
case "{":
terminator = "}"
default:
return p.errorf("expected '{' or '<', found %q", tok.value)
}
for {
tok := p.next()
if tok.err != nil {
return tok.err
}
if tok.value == terminator {
break
}
switch tok.value {
case "key":
if err := p.consumeToken(":"); err != nil {
return err
}
if err := p.readAny(key, props.MapKeyProp); err != nil {
return err
}
if err := p.consumeOptionalSeparator(); err != nil {
return err
}
case "value":
if err := p.checkForColon(props.MapValProp, dst.Type().Elem()); err != nil {
return err
}
if err := p.readAny(val, props.MapValProp); err != nil {
return err
}
if err := p.consumeOptionalSeparator(); err != nil {
return err
}
default:
p.back()
return p.errorf(`expected "key", "value", or %q, found %q`, terminator, tok.value)
}
}
dst.SetMapIndex(key, val)
continue
}
// Check that it's not already set if it's not a repeated field.
if !props.Repeated && fieldSet[name] {
return p.errorf("non-repeated field %q was repeated", name)
}
if err := p.checkForColon(props, dst.Type()); err != nil {
return err
}
// Parse into the field.
fieldSet[name] = true
if err := p.readAny(dst, props); err != nil {
if _, ok := err.(*RequiredNotSetError); !ok {
return err
}
reqFieldErr = err
}
if props.Required {
reqCount--
}
if err := p.consumeOptionalSeparator(); err != nil {
return err
}
}
if reqCount > 0 {
return p.missingRequiredFieldError(sv)
}
return reqFieldErr
}
// consumeExtName consumes extension name or expanded Any type URL and the
// following ']'. It returns the name or URL consumed.
func (p *textParser) consumeExtName() (string, error) {
tok := p.next()
if tok.err != nil {
return "", tok.err
}
// If extension name or type url is quoted, it's a single token.
if len(tok.value) > 2 && isQuote(tok.value[0]) && tok.value[len(tok.value)-1] == tok.value[0] {
name, err := unquoteC(tok.value[1:len(tok.value)-1], rune(tok.value[0]))
if err != nil {
return "", err
}
return name, p.consumeToken("]")
}
// Consume everything up to "]"
var parts []string
for tok.value != "]" {
parts = append(parts, tok.value)
tok = p.next()
if tok.err != nil {
return "", p.errorf("unrecognized type_url or extension name: %s", tok.err)
}
if p.done && tok.value != "]" {
return "", p.errorf("unclosed type_url or extension name")
}
}
return strings.Join(parts, ""), nil
}
// consumeOptionalSeparator consumes an optional semicolon or comma.
// It is used in readStruct to provide backward compatibility.
func (p *textParser) consumeOptionalSeparator() error {
tok := p.next()
if tok.err != nil {
return tok.err
}
if tok.value != ";" && tok.value != "," {
p.back()
}
return nil
}
func (p *textParser) readAny(v reflect.Value, props *Properties) error {
tok := p.next()
if tok.err != nil {
return tok.err
}
if tok.value == "" {
return p.errorf("unexpected EOF")
}
switch fv := v; fv.Kind() {
case reflect.Slice:
at := v.Type()
if at.Elem().Kind() == reflect.Uint8 {
// Special case for []byte
if tok.value[0] != '"' && tok.value[0] != '\'' {
// Deliberately written out here, as the error after
// this switch statement would write "invalid []byte: ...",
// which is not as user-friendly.
return p.errorf("invalid string: %v", tok.value)
}
bytes := []byte(tok.unquoted)
fv.Set(reflect.ValueOf(bytes))
return nil
}
// Repeated field.
if tok.value == "[" {
// Repeated field with list notation, like [1,2,3].
for {
fv.Set(reflect.Append(fv, reflect.New(at.Elem()).Elem()))
err := p.readAny(fv.Index(fv.Len()-1), props)
if err != nil {
return err
}
tok := p.next()
if tok.err != nil {
return tok.err
}
if tok.value == "]" {
break
}
if tok.value != "," {
return p.errorf("Expected ']' or ',' found %q", tok.value)
}
}
return nil
}
// One value of the repeated field.
p.back()
fv.Set(reflect.Append(fv, reflect.New(at.Elem()).Elem()))
return p.readAny(fv.Index(fv.Len()-1), props)
case reflect.Bool:
// true/1/t/True or false/f/0/False.
switch tok.value {
case "true", "1", "t", "True":
fv.SetBool(true)
return nil
case "false", "0", "f", "False":
fv.SetBool(false)
return nil
}
case reflect.Float32, reflect.Float64:
v := tok.value
// Ignore 'f' for compatibility with output generated by C++, but don't
// remove 'f' when the value is "-inf" or "inf".
if strings.HasSuffix(v, "f") && tok.value != "-inf" && tok.value != "inf" {
v = v[:len(v)-1]
}
if f, err := strconv.ParseFloat(v, fv.Type().Bits()); err == nil {
fv.SetFloat(f)
return nil
}
case reflect.Int32:
if x, err := strconv.ParseInt(tok.value, 0, 32); err == nil {
fv.SetInt(x)
return nil
}
if len(props.Enum) == 0 {
break
}
m, ok := enumValueMaps[props.Enum]
if !ok {
break
}
x, ok := m[tok.value]
if !ok {
break
}
fv.SetInt(int64(x))
return nil
case reflect.Int64:
if x, err := strconv.ParseInt(tok.value, 0, 64); err == nil {
fv.SetInt(x)
return nil
}
case reflect.Ptr:
// A basic field (indirected through pointer), or a repeated message/group
p.back()
fv.Set(reflect.New(fv.Type().Elem()))
return p.readAny(fv.Elem(), props)
case reflect.String:
if tok.value[0] == '"' || tok.value[0] == '\'' {
fv.SetString(tok.unquoted)
return nil
}
case reflect.Struct:
var terminator string
switch tok.value {
case "{":
terminator = "}"
case "<":
terminator = ">"
default:
return p.errorf("expected '{' or '<', found %q", tok.value)
}
// TODO: Handle nested messages which implement encoding.TextUnmarshaler.
return p.readStruct(fv, terminator)
case reflect.Uint32:
if x, err := strconv.ParseUint(tok.value, 0, 32); err == nil {
fv.SetUint(uint64(x))
return nil
}
case reflect.Uint64:
if x, err := strconv.ParseUint(tok.value, 0, 64); err == nil {
fv.SetUint(x)
return nil
}
}
return p.errorf("invalid %v: %v", v.Type(), tok.value)
}
// UnmarshalText reads a protocol buffer in Text format. UnmarshalText resets pb
// before starting to unmarshal, so any existing data in pb is always removed.
// If a required field is not set and no other error occurs,
// UnmarshalText returns *RequiredNotSetError.
func UnmarshalText(s string, pb Message) error {
if um, ok := pb.(encoding.TextUnmarshaler); ok {
return um.UnmarshalText([]byte(s))
}
pb.Reset()
v := reflect.ValueOf(pb)
return newTextParser(s).readStruct(v.Elem(), "")
}