adb-sync is a tool to synchronize files between a PC and an Android device using the ADB (Android Debug Bridge).
Before getting used to this, please review this list of projects that are somehow related to adb-sync and may fulfill your needs better:
- rsync is a file synchronization tool for local (including FUSE) file systems or SSH connections. This can be used even with Android devices if rooted or using an app like SSHelper.
- adbfs is a FUSE file system that uses adb to communicate to the device. Requires a rooted device, though.
- adbfs-rootless is a fork of adbfs that requires no root on the device. Does not play very well with rsync.
- go-mtpfs is a FUSE file system to connect to Android devices via MTP. Due to MTP's restrictions, only a certain set of file extensions is supported. To store unsupported files, just add .txt! Requires no USB debugging mode.
First you need to enable USB debugging mode. This allows authorized computers (on Android before 4.4.3 all computers) to perform possibly dangerous operations on your device. If you do not accept this risk, do not proceed and try using go-mtpfs instead!
On your Android device:
- Go to the Settings app.
- If there is no "Developer Options" menu:
- Select "About".
- Tap "Build Number" seven times.
- Go back.
- Go to "Developer Options".
- Enable "USB Debugging".
- Install the Android SDK (the stand-alone Android SDK "for an existing IDE" is sufficient). Alternatively, some Linux distributions come with a package named like "android-tools-adb" that contains the required tool.
- Make sure "adb" is in your PATH. If you use a package from your Linux distribution, this should already be the case; if you used the SDK, you probably will have to add an entry to PATH in your ~/.profile file, log out and log back in.
git clone https://github.com/google/adb-sync
- Copy or symlink the adb-sync script somewhere in your PATH. For example:
cp adb-sync /usr/local/bin/
To get a full help, type:
To synchronize your music files from ~/Music to your device, type one of:
adb-sync ~/Music /sdcard adb-sync ~/Music/ /sdcard/Music
To synchronize your music files from ~/Music to your device, deleting files you removed from your PC, type one of:
adb-sync --delete ~/Music /sdcard adb-sync --delete ~/Music/ /sdcard/Music
To copy all downloads from your device to your PC, type:
adb-sync --reverse /sdcard/Download/ ~/Downloads
This package also contains a separate tool called adb-channel, which is a convenience wrapper to connect a networking socket on the Android device to file descriptors on the PC side. It can even launch and shut down the given application automatically!
It is best used as a
ProxyCommand for SSH (intall
first) using a configuration like:
Host sshhelper Port 2222 ProxyCommand adb-channel tcp:%p com.arachnoid.sshelper/.SSHelperActivity 1
After adding this to
Congratulations! You can now use
sshfs etc. to the host name
Patches to this project are very welcome.
Before sending a patch or pull request, we ask you to fill out one of the Contributor License Agreements:
- Google Individual Contributor License Agreement, v1.1
- Google Software Grant and Corporate Contributor License Agreement, v1.1
This is not an official Google product.