Transactions

sameb edited this page Jul 7, 2014 · 1 revision

Transactions with Guice Persist

Method-level @Transactional

By default, any method marked with @Transactional will have a transaction started before, and committed after it is called.

  @Transactional
  public void myMethod() { ... }

The only restriction is that these methods must be on objects that were created by Guice and they must not be private.

Responding to exceptions

If a transactional method encounters an unchecked exception (any kind of RuntimeException), the transaction will be rolled back. Checked exceptions are ignored and the transaction will be committed anyway.

To change this behavior, you can specify your own exceptions (checked or unchecked) on a per-method basis:

  @Transactional(rollbackOn = IOException.class)
  public void myMethod() throws IOException { ... }

Once you specify a rollbackOn clause, only the given exceptions and their subclasses will be considered for rollback. Everything else will be committed. Note that you can specify any combination of exceptions using array literal syntax:

  @Transactional(rollbackOn = { IOException.class, RuntimeException.class, ... })

It is sometimes necessary to have some general exception types you want to rollback but particular subtypes that are still allowed. This is also possible using the ignore clause:

  @Transactional(rollbackOn = IOException.class, ignore = FileNotFoundException.class)

In the above case, any IOException (and any of its subtypes) except FileNotFoundException will trigger a rollback. In the case of FileNotFoundException, a commit will be performed and the exception propagated to the caller anyway.

Note that you can specify any combination of checked or unchecked exceptions.

Units of Work

A unit of work is roughly the lifespan of an EntityManager (in JPA). It is the session referred to in the session-per-* strategies. We have so far seen how to create a unit of work that spans a single transaction:

http://warp-persist.googlecode.com/svn/wiki/txn_unitofwork.png

...and one that spans an entire HTTP request:

http://warp-persist.googlecode.com/svn/wiki/request_unitofwork.png

Sometimes you need to define a custom unit-of-work that doesn't fit into either requests or transactions. For example, you may want to do some background work in a timer thread, or some initialization work during startup. Or perhaps you are making a desktop app and have some other idea of a unit of work.

http://warp-persist.googlecode.com/svn/wiki/custom_unitofwork.png

To start and end a unit of work arbitrarily, inject the UnitOfWork interface:

public class MyBackgroundWorker {
  @Inject private UnitOfWork unitOfWork;
 
  public void doSomeWork() {
    unitOfWork.begin();
    try { 
      // Do transactions, queries, etc...
      //...
    } finally {
      unitOfWork.end(); 
    }
  } 
}

You are free to call any @Transactional methods while a unit of work is in progress this way. When end() is called, any existing session is closed and discarded. It is safe to call begin() multiple times--if a unit of work is in progress, nothing happens. Similarly, if one is ended calling end() returns silently. UnitOfWork is threadsafe and can be cached for multiple uses or injected directly into singletons.

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