iOS WebKit Debug Proxy
The ios_webkit_debug_proxy (aka iwdp) proxies requests from usbmuxd daemon over a websocket connection, allowing developers to send commands to MobileSafari and UIWebViews on real and simulated iOS devices.
iOS WebKit Debug Proxy works on Linux, MacOS & Windows.
On a MacOS, it's easiest to install with homebrew:
brew install ios-webkit-debug-proxy
On Windows, it's easiest to install with scoop:
scoop bucket add extras scoop install ios-webkit-debug-proxy
sudo apt-get install autoconf automake libusb-dev libusb-1.0-0-dev libplist-dev libplist++-dev usbmuxd libtool libimobiledevice-dev libssl-dev git clone https://github.com/google/ios-webkit-debug-proxy.git cd ios-webkit-debug-proxy ./autogen.sh make sudo make install
On Linux, you must run the
usbmuxd daemon. The above install adds a /lib/udev rule to start the daemon whenever a device is attached.
To verify that usbmuxd can list your attached device(s), ensure that
libimobiledevice-utils is installed, or install it with:
sudo apt-get install libimobiledevice-utils
and then run
Start the simulator or device
The iOS Simulator is supported, but it must be started before the proxy. The simulator can be started in XCode, standalone, or via the command line:
# Xcode changes these paths frequently, so doublecheck them SDK_DIR="/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Platforms/iPhoneSimulator.platform/Developer/SDKs" SIM_APP="/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Applications/Simulator.app/Contents/MacOS/Simulator" $SIM_APP -SimulateApplication $SDK_DIR/iPhoneSimulator8.4.sdk/Applications/MobileSafari.app/MobileSafari
Enable the inspector
Your attached iOS devices must have ≥1 open browser tabs and the inspector enabled via:
Settings > Safari > Advanced > Web Inspector = ON
Start the proxy
--debugfor verbose output.
--frontendto specify a frontend
--helpfor more options.
Ctrl-Cto quit. Also, the proxy can be left running as a background process.
Using with DevTools
ios_webkit_debug_proxy can be used with many tools such as Chrome DevTools and Safari Web Inspector.
To use Chrome DevTools it's the recommendation to use the RemoteDebug/remotedebug-ios-webkit-adapter project, which has instructions on how to setup Chrome to remote debug iOS devices, much similar to Android debugging.
The reason is that recent versions of Chrome and Safari there're major discrepancies between Chrome Remote Debugging Protocol and Apple's Remote Web Inspector service, which means that newer versions of Chrome DevTools aren't compatible with Safari.
Safari Web Inspector
You can use Safari Web Inspector extracted from Webkit sources, e.g. artygus/webkit-webinspector.
Firefox DevTools via Valence
Another option is mozilla/valence which enables Firefox DevTools to be used with iOS.
View and inspect debuggable tabs
Navigate to localhost:9221. You'll see a listing of all connected devices.
Click through to view tabs available on each, and click through again to open the DevTools for a tab.
Setting the DevTools UI URL
Chrome DevTools UI used as a default frontend:
You can use the
-f argument to specify different frontend source, like Chrome's local DevTools, a local
Chromium checkout or another URL:
# examples: ios_webkit_debug_proxy -f chrome-devtools://devtools/bundled/inspector.html ios_webkit_debug_proxy -f ~/chromium/src/third_party/WebKit/Source/devtools/front_end/inspector.html ios_webkit_debug_proxy -f http://foo.com:1234/bar/inspector.html
If you use
-f chrome-devtools://devtools/bundled/inspector.html, you won't be able to click the links shown in
localhost:9222 as Chrome blocks clicking these URLs. However, you can copy/paste them into the address bar.
Just the same, you can apply the appropriate port (9222) and page (2) values below.
-f value must end in ".html". Due to security reasons,
https URLs will not work; use
http or force-allow with the URL bar's shield icon. As of Chrome 45, the primary URL changed from
To disable the frontend proxy, use the
The default configuration works well for most developers. The device_id-to-port assignment defaults to:
:9221 for the device list :9222 for the first iOS device that is attached :9223 for the second iOS device that is attached ... :9322 for the max device
If a port is in use then the next available port will be used, up to the range limit.
The port assignment is first-come-first-serve but is preserved if a device is detached and reattached, assuming that the proxy is not restarted, e.g.:
- start the proxy
- the device list gets :9221
- attach A gets :9222
- attach B gets :9223
- detach A, doesn't affect B's port
- attach C gets :9224 (not :9222)
- reattach A gets :9222 again (not :9225)
The port assignment rules can be set via the command line with
-c. The default is equivalent to:
ios_webkit_debug_proxy -c null:9221,:9222-9322
where "null" represents the device list. The following example restricts the proxy to a single device and port:
ios_webkit_debug_proxy -c 4ea8dd11e8c4fbc1a2deadbeefa0fd3bbbb268c7:9227
undefined reference to symbol 'log10@@GLIBC_2.2.5'
/usr/bin/ld: ios_webkit_debug_proxy-char_buffer.o: undefined reference to symbol 'log10@@GLIBC_2.2.5' //lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libm.so.6: error adding symbols: DSO missing from command line
Run this before
error while loading shared libraries: libimobiledevice.so.6
ios_webkit_debug_proxy: error while loading shared libraries: libimobiledevice.so.6: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
idevice_id not found
idevice_id executable may be found as part of the libimobiledevice-utils package.
could not start com.apple.webinspector! success
Could not connect to lockdownd (or doesn't work with iOS10+)
Could not connect to lockdownd. Exiting.: No such file or directory. Unable to attach inspector ios_webkit_debug_proxy
Check the device for a prompt to trust the connected computer. Choose "Trust" and try again.
Could not connect to lockdownd. Exiting.: Broken pipe. Unable to attach inspector
Could not connect to lockdownd, error code -<number>. Exiting.
Please upgrade libimobiledevice to version from master and rebuild ios-webkit-debug-proxy. Upcoming 1.2.1 has many fixes but not marked for release just yet. If you're on OS X:
brew update brew uninstall --force libimobiledevice ios-webkit-debug-proxy usbmuxd brew install --HEAD usbmuxd brew install --HEAD libimobiledevice brew install -s ios-webkit-debug-proxy
Inspectable pages list is empty for iOS >= 12.2
Please upgrade usbmuxd to version from master
brew update brew install --HEAD usbmuxd
Can not see Simulator
- Make sure you started simulator before the proxy
- Check that webinspector switch is enabled (Settings -> Safari -> Advanced -> Web Inspector)
- Most likely simulator's web inspector daemon listens on ipv6 interface, check that you have
::1 localhostline in
If no luck so far...
Lastly, always try replugging in the USB cable.
JSON-formatted APIs are provided for programmatic clients.
- http://localhost:9221/json will list all devices
- http://localhost:9222/json to list device ":9222"'s tabs
- ws://localhost:9222/devtools/page/1 to inspect a tab.
See the examples/README for example clients: NodeJS, C, clientside JS, websocket and more.
View the design document for an overview of the source layout and architecture.
License and Copyright
The proxy uses the following open-source packages: