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// Copyright (c) 2011 The LevelDB Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file. See the AUTHORS file for names of contributors.
//
// Endian-neutral encoding:
// * Fixed-length numbers are encoded with least-significant byte first
// * In addition we support variable length "varint" encoding
// * Strings are encoded prefixed by their length in varint format
#ifndef STORAGE_LEVELDB_UTIL_CODING_H_
#define STORAGE_LEVELDB_UTIL_CODING_H_
#include <stdint.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <string>
#include "leveldb/slice.h"
#include "port/port.h"
namespace leveldb {
// Standard Put... routines append to a string
void PutFixed32(std::string* dst, uint32_t value);
void PutFixed64(std::string* dst, uint64_t value);
void PutVarint32(std::string* dst, uint32_t value);
void PutVarint64(std::string* dst, uint64_t value);
void PutLengthPrefixedSlice(std::string* dst, const Slice& value);
// Standard Get... routines parse a value from the beginning of a Slice
// and advance the slice past the parsed value.
bool GetVarint32(Slice* input, uint32_t* value);
bool GetVarint64(Slice* input, uint64_t* value);
bool GetLengthPrefixedSlice(Slice* input, Slice* result);
// Pointer-based variants of GetVarint... These either store a value
// in *v and return a pointer just past the parsed value, or return
// nullptr on error. These routines only look at bytes in the range
// [p..limit-1]
const char* GetVarint32Ptr(const char* p, const char* limit, uint32_t* v);
const char* GetVarint64Ptr(const char* p, const char* limit, uint64_t* v);
// Returns the length of the varint32 or varint64 encoding of "v"
int VarintLength(uint64_t v);
// Lower-level versions of Put... that write directly into a character buffer
// REQUIRES: dst has enough space for the value being written
void EncodeFixed32(char* dst, uint32_t value);
void EncodeFixed64(char* dst, uint64_t value);
// Lower-level versions of Put... that write directly into a character buffer
// and return a pointer just past the last byte written.
// REQUIRES: dst has enough space for the value being written
char* EncodeVarint32(char* dst, uint32_t value);
char* EncodeVarint64(char* dst, uint64_t value);
// Lower-level versions of Get... that read directly from a character buffer
// without any bounds checking.
inline uint32_t DecodeFixed32(const char* ptr) {
if (port::kLittleEndian) {
// Load the raw bytes
uint32_t result;
memcpy(&result, ptr, sizeof(result)); // gcc optimizes this to a plain load
return result;
} else {
return ((static_cast<uint32_t>(static_cast<unsigned char>(ptr[0])))
| (static_cast<uint32_t>(static_cast<unsigned char>(ptr[1])) << 8)
| (static_cast<uint32_t>(static_cast<unsigned char>(ptr[2])) << 16)
| (static_cast<uint32_t>(static_cast<unsigned char>(ptr[3])) << 24));
}
}
inline uint64_t DecodeFixed64(const char* ptr) {
if (port::kLittleEndian) {
// Load the raw bytes
uint64_t result;
memcpy(&result, ptr, sizeof(result)); // gcc optimizes this to a plain load
return result;
} else {
uint64_t lo = DecodeFixed32(ptr);
uint64_t hi = DecodeFixed32(ptr + 4);
return (hi << 32) | lo;
}
}
// Internal routine for use by fallback path of GetVarint32Ptr
const char* GetVarint32PtrFallback(const char* p,
const char* limit,
uint32_t* value);
inline const char* GetVarint32Ptr(const char* p,
const char* limit,
uint32_t* value) {
if (p < limit) {
uint32_t result = *(reinterpret_cast<const unsigned char*>(p));
if ((result & 128) == 0) {
*value = result;
return p + 1;
}
}
return GetVarint32PtrFallback(p, limit, value);
}
} // namespace leveldb
#endif // STORAGE_LEVELDB_UTIL_CODING_H_