Creating NetBSD images for Google Compute Engine
This repository holds tools to build a NetBSD image for use on Google Compute Engine (GCE). GCE is part of the Google Cloud Platform.
make.bash can be run under a GNU/Linux, BSD or macOS operating system. To run
the script, you need a few things to be installed:
- GNU tar (http://pkgsrc.se/archivers/gtar)
- GNU coreutils (http://pkgsrc.se/sysutils/coreutils)
- Python 2.7
- python-pexpect (http://pkgsrc.se/devel/py-pexpect)
When you run
it will download a distfile for Anita (an automated NetBSD installation tool), which will download and install NetBSD 8_BETA in a virtual machine on the local host. It then adds several tweaks to ensure that networking and storage will work on GCE and packs the image into a tar.gz file.
Optionally, you can give the script an architecture (
amd64) and a
branch name as parameters, for example
bash ./make.bash amd64 HEAD
to install a 64-bit version of NetBSD-current.
NOTE: NetBSD versions older than 7.1-RC1 will not work at all, however all NetBSD-7 releases are currently quite unstable. NetBSD-8 and NetBSD-current are recommended.
NOTE: The image will not boot under Anita once the script has finished. This
is because qemu emulates an IDE hard drive while Google Persistent Disk uses the
How to use the created image (i.e. how to get started on GCE)
The how-to below describes how to do the required operations in a web browser.
You can also use the Google Cloud SDK and its
gcloud command line tool.
make.bashas described above.
- Go to https://cloud.google.com/. Log in with your Google account or create a new one. If you never used Google Cloud Platform before, you will need to enter a credit card for billing. Yes, running stuff on GCP costs money.
- Create a new Cloud project. A project is a collection of resources, such as VMs, storage, logs, etc.
- In the left hand menu, click "Storage" and create a new bucket.
- Click on the bucket, then click the "Upload files" button and select the
output file that was created in step 1 (e.g.
- In the left hand menu, select "Compute Engine", then "Images". Click "Create Image", choose a name, and select "Cloud Storage file" as the source. Browse to the file you just uploaded.
- Select "Instances" from the left hand menu, then "Create Instance". Select a zone and the amount of CPU and memory. Under the "Boot Disk" heading, click "Change", select "Custom images" and choose the image you just created. Click the "Create" button at the bottom.
- You will be transported back to the list of instances, where the instance you created is just starting up. Congratulations! To see the console output, click on the instance name, scroll down and click on "View serial port".
Using the interactive serial console
You will soon notice that you cannot use the SSH button to connect to the VM. Unfortunately, transferring of SSH keys to the machine does not work yet. To connect to the instance now, you can use the interactive serial console. Click "Edit" on the instance details page, scroll all the way to the bottom and tick the "Enable connecting to serial ports" box.
Now you can click the button labeled "Connect to serial port". You will get a
terminal window in the browser. Log in as
root with no password. (This is the
first thing you should change!)
Now you can create user accounts and copy SSH keys as you wish. For example, to
create a user named
myuser, use the following commands:
useradd -m myuser passwd myuser
To enable the SSH daemon, use the following commands:
echo sshd=YES >> /etc/rc.conf /etc/rc.d/sshd start
Once sshd is running, you should be able to connect to the instance by pointing your ssh client to the instance's external IP address.