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README.md

Google Cloud Java Client for Logging

Java idiomatic client for Stackdriver Logging.

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Quickstart

Add this to your pom.xml file

<dependency>
  <groupId>com.google.cloud</groupId>
  <artifactId>google-cloud-logging</artifactId>
  <version>1.55.0</version>
</dependency>

If you are using Gradle, add this to your dependencies

compile 'com.google.cloud:google-cloud-logging:1.55.0'

If you are using SBT, add this to your dependencies

libraryDependencies += "com.google.cloud" % "google-cloud-logging" % "1.55.0"

Example Application

LoggingExample is a simple command line interface that provides some of Stackdriver Logging's functionality. Read more about using the application on the LoggingExample docs page.

Authentication

See the Authentication section in the base directory's README.

About Stackdriver Logging

Stackdriver Logging allows you to store, search, analyze, monitor, and alert on log data and events from Google Cloud Platform and Amazon Web Services (AWS). Logging is a fully-managed service that performs at scale and can ingest application and system log data from thousands of VMs. Even better, you can analyze all that log data in real-time.

See the Stackdriver Logging docs for more details on how to activate Logging for your project.

See the Logging client library docs to learn how to interact with the Stackdriver Logging using this Client Library.

Getting Started

Prerequisites

For this tutorial, you will need a Google Developers Console project with the Logging API enabled. You will need to enable billing to use Stackdriver Logging. Follow these instructions to get your project set up. You will also need to set up the local development environment by installing the Google Cloud SDK and running the following commands in command line: gcloud auth login and gcloud config set project [YOUR PROJECT ID].

Installation and setup

You'll need to obtain the google-cloud-logging library. See the Quickstart section to add google-cloud-logging as a dependency in your code.

Creating an authorized service object

To make authenticated requests to Stackdriver Logging, you must create a service object with credentials. You can then make API calls by calling methods on the Logging service object. The simplest way to authenticate is to use Application Default Credentials. These credentials are automatically inferred from your environment, so you only need the following code to create your service object:

import com.google.cloud.logging.Logging;
import com.google.cloud.logging.LoggingOptions;

LoggingOptions options = LoggingOptions.getDefaultInstance();
try(Logging logging = options.getService()) {
  // use logging here
}

For other authentication options, see the Authentication page.

Creating a metric

With Logging you can create logs-based metrics. Logs-based metrics allow to keep track of the number of log messages associated to specific events. Add the following imports at the top of your file:

import com.google.cloud.logging.Metric;
import com.google.cloud.logging.MetricInfo;

Then, to create the metric, use the following code:

MetricInfo metricInfo = MetricInfo.newBuilder("test-metric", "severity >= ERROR")
    .setDescription("Log entries with severity higher or equal to ERROR")
    .build();
logging.create(metricInfo);

Writing log entries

With Logging you can also write custom log entries. Add the following imports at the top of your file:

import com.google.cloud.MonitoredResource;
import com.google.cloud.logging.LogEntry;
import com.google.cloud.logging.Logging;
import com.google.cloud.logging.Payload.StringPayload;

import java.util.Collections;

Then, to write the log entries, use the following code:

LogEntry firstEntry = LogEntry.newBuilder(StringPayload.of("message"))
    .setLogName("test-log")
    .setResource(MonitoredResource.newBuilder("global")
        .addLabel("project_id", options.getProjectId())
        .build())
    .build();
logging.write(Collections.singleton(firstEntry));

Listing log entries

With Logging you can also list log entries that have been previously written. Add the following imports at the top of your file:

import com.google.cloud.Page;
import com.google.cloud.logging.LogEntry;
import com.google.cloud.logging.Logging.EntryListOption;

Then, to list the log entries, use the following code:

Page<LogEntry> entries = logging.listLogEntries(
    EntryListOption.filter("logName=projects/" + options.getProjectId() + "/logs/test-log"));
Iterator<LogEntry> entryIterator = entries.iterateAll();
while (entryIterator.hasNext()) {
  System.out.println(entryIterator.next());
}

Add a Stackdriver Logging handler to a logger

You can also register a LoggingHandler to a java.util.logging.Logger that publishes log entries to Stackdriver Logging. Given the following logger:

private final static Logger LOGGER = Logger.getLogger(MyClass.class.getName());

You can register a LoggingHandler with the code:

LoggingHandler.addHandler(LOGGER, new LoggingHandler());

After that, logs generated using LOGGER will be also directed to Stackdriver Logging.

Notice that you can also register a LoggingHandler via the logging.properties configuration file. Adding, for instance, the following line:

com.google.cloud.examples.logging.snippets.AddLoggingHandler.handlers=com.google.cloud.logging.LoggingHandler

Complete source code

In CreateAndListMetrics.java, WriteAndListLogEntries.java and AddLoggingHandler.java we put together all the code shown above into three programs. The programs assume that you are running on Compute Engine or from your own desktop.

Transport

Logging uses gRPC for the transport layer.

Java Versions

Java 7 or above is required for using this client.

Testing

This library has tools to help make tests for code using Stackdriver Logging.

See TESTING to read more about testing.

Versioning

This library follows Semantic Versioning.

It is currently in major version one (1.y.z), which means that the public API should be considered stable.

Contributing

Contributions to this library are always welcome and highly encouraged.

See google-cloud's CONTRIBUTING documentation and the shared documentation for more information on how to get started.

Please note that this project is released with a Contributor Code of Conduct. By participating in this project you agree to abide by its terms. See Code of Conduct for more information.

License

Apache 2.0 - See LICENSE for more information.