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package handlers
import (
"net/http"
"regexp"
"strings"
)
var (
// De-facto standard header keys.
xForwardedFor = http.CanonicalHeaderKey("X-Forwarded-For")
xForwardedHost = http.CanonicalHeaderKey("X-Forwarded-Host")
xForwardedProto = http.CanonicalHeaderKey("X-Forwarded-Proto")
xForwardedScheme = http.CanonicalHeaderKey("X-Forwarded-Scheme")
xRealIP = http.CanonicalHeaderKey("X-Real-IP")
)
var (
// RFC7239 defines a new "Forwarded: " header designed to replace the
// existing use of X-Forwarded-* headers.
// e.g. Forwarded: for=192.0.2.60;proto=https;by=203.0.113.43
forwarded = http.CanonicalHeaderKey("Forwarded")
// Allows for a sub-match of the first value after 'for=' to the next
// comma, semi-colon or space. The match is case-insensitive.
forRegex = regexp.MustCompile(`(?i)(?:for=)([^(;|,| )]+)`)
// Allows for a sub-match for the first instance of scheme (http|https)
// prefixed by 'proto='. The match is case-insensitive.
protoRegex = regexp.MustCompile(`(?i)(?:proto=)(https|http)`)
)
// ProxyHeaders inspects common reverse proxy headers and sets the corresponding
// fields in the HTTP request struct. These are X-Forwarded-For and X-Real-IP
// for the remote (client) IP address, X-Forwarded-Proto or X-Forwarded-Scheme
// for the scheme (http|https) and the RFC7239 Forwarded header, which may
// include both client IPs and schemes.
//
// NOTE: This middleware should only be used when behind a reverse
// proxy like nginx, HAProxy or Apache. Reverse proxies that don't (or are
// configured not to) strip these headers from client requests, or where these
// headers are accepted "as is" from a remote client (e.g. when Go is not behind
// a proxy), can manifest as a vulnerability if your application uses these
// headers for validating the 'trustworthiness' of a request.
func ProxyHeaders(h http.Handler) http.Handler {
fn := func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
// Set the remote IP with the value passed from the proxy.
if fwd := getIP(r); fwd != "" {
r.RemoteAddr = fwd
}
// Set the scheme (proto) with the value passed from the proxy.
if scheme := getScheme(r); scheme != "" {
r.URL.Scheme = scheme
}
// Set the host with the value passed by the proxy
if r.Header.Get(xForwardedHost) != "" {
r.Host = r.Header.Get(xForwardedHost)
}
// Call the next handler in the chain.
h.ServeHTTP(w, r)
}
return http.HandlerFunc(fn)
}
// getIP retrieves the IP from the X-Forwarded-For, X-Real-IP and RFC7239
// Forwarded headers (in that order).
func getIP(r *http.Request) string {
var addr string
if fwd := r.Header.Get(xForwardedFor); fwd != "" {
// Only grab the first (client) address. Note that '192.168.0.1,
// 10.1.1.1' is a valid key for X-Forwarded-For where addresses after
// the first may represent forwarding proxies earlier in the chain.
s := strings.Index(fwd, ", ")
if s == -1 {
s = len(fwd)
}
addr = fwd[:s]
} else if fwd := r.Header.Get(xRealIP); fwd != "" {
// X-Real-IP should only contain one IP address (the client making the
// request).
addr = fwd
} else if fwd := r.Header.Get(forwarded); fwd != "" {
// match should contain at least two elements if the protocol was
// specified in the Forwarded header. The first element will always be
// the 'for=' capture, which we ignore. In the case of multiple IP
// addresses (for=8.8.8.8, 8.8.4.4,172.16.1.20 is valid) we only
// extract the first, which should be the client IP.
if match := forRegex.FindStringSubmatch(fwd); len(match) > 1 {
// IPv6 addresses in Forwarded headers are quoted-strings. We strip
// these quotes.
addr = strings.Trim(match[1], `"`)
}
}
return addr
}
// getScheme retrieves the scheme from the X-Forwarded-Proto and RFC7239
// Forwarded headers (in that order).
func getScheme(r *http.Request) string {
var scheme string
// Retrieve the scheme from X-Forwarded-Proto.
if proto := r.Header.Get(xForwardedProto); proto != "" {
scheme = strings.ToLower(proto)
} else if proto = r.Header.Get(xForwardedScheme); proto != "" {
scheme = strings.ToLower(proto)
} else if proto = r.Header.Get(forwarded); proto != "" {
// match should contain at least two elements if the protocol was
// specified in the Forwarded header. The first element will always be
// the 'proto=' capture, which we ignore. In the case of multiple proto
// parameters (invalid) we only extract the first.
if match := protoRegex.FindStringSubmatch(proto); len(match) > 1 {
scheme = strings.ToLower(match[1])
}
}
return scheme
}