Permalink
Find file
56d95f2 Oct 18, 2016
@garyburd @seikichi @pwaller @wolfeidau @MaximeHeckel @y3llowcake
421 lines (367 sloc) 11.7 KB
// Copyright 2013 The Gorilla WebSocket Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
package websocket
import (
"bufio"
"bytes"
"crypto/tls"
"encoding/base64"
"errors"
"io"
"io/ioutil"
"net"
"net/http"
"net/url"
"strings"
"time"
)
// ErrBadHandshake is returned when the server response to opening handshake is
// invalid.
var ErrBadHandshake = errors.New("websocket: bad handshake")
var errInvalidCompression = errors.New("websocket: invalid compression negotiation")
// NewClient creates a new client connection using the given net connection.
// The URL u specifies the host and request URI. Use requestHeader to specify
// the origin (Origin), subprotocols (Sec-WebSocket-Protocol) and cookies
// (Cookie). Use the response.Header to get the selected subprotocol
// (Sec-WebSocket-Protocol) and cookies (Set-Cookie).
//
// If the WebSocket handshake fails, ErrBadHandshake is returned along with a
// non-nil *http.Response so that callers can handle redirects, authentication,
// etc.
//
// Deprecated: Use Dialer instead.
func NewClient(netConn net.Conn, u *url.URL, requestHeader http.Header, readBufSize, writeBufSize int) (c *Conn, response *http.Response, err error) {
d := Dialer{
ReadBufferSize: readBufSize,
WriteBufferSize: writeBufSize,
NetDial: func(net, addr string) (net.Conn, error) {
return netConn, nil
},
}
return d.Dial(u.String(), requestHeader)
}
// A Dialer contains options for connecting to WebSocket server.
type Dialer struct {
// NetDial specifies the dial function for creating TCP connections. If
// NetDial is nil, net.Dial is used.
NetDial func(network, addr string) (net.Conn, error)
// Proxy specifies a function to return a proxy for a given
// Request. If the function returns a non-nil error, the
// request is aborted with the provided error.
// If Proxy is nil or returns a nil *URL, no proxy is used.
Proxy func(*http.Request) (*url.URL, error)
// TLSClientConfig specifies the TLS configuration to use with tls.Client.
// If nil, the default configuration is used.
TLSClientConfig *tls.Config
// HandshakeTimeout specifies the duration for the handshake to complete.
HandshakeTimeout time.Duration
// Input and output buffer sizes. If the buffer size is zero, then a
// default value of 4096 is used.
ReadBufferSize, WriteBufferSize int
// Subprotocols specifies the client's requested subprotocols.
Subprotocols []string
// EnableCompression specifies if the client should attempt to negotiate
// per message compression (RFC 7692). Setting this value to true does not
// guarantee that compression will be supported. Currently only "no context
// takeover" modes are supported.
EnableCompression bool
// Jar specifies the cookie jar.
// If Jar is nil, cookies are not sent in requests and ignored
// in responses.
Jar http.CookieJar
}
var errMalformedURL = errors.New("malformed ws or wss URL")
// parseURL parses the URL.
//
// This function is a replacement for the standard library url.Parse function.
// In Go 1.4 and earlier, url.Parse loses information from the path.
func parseURL(s string) (*url.URL, error) {
// From the RFC:
//
// ws-URI = "ws:" "//" host [ ":" port ] path [ "?" query ]
// wss-URI = "wss:" "//" host [ ":" port ] path [ "?" query ]
var u url.URL
switch {
case strings.HasPrefix(s, "ws://"):
u.Scheme = "ws"
s = s[len("ws://"):]
case strings.HasPrefix(s, "wss://"):
u.Scheme = "wss"
s = s[len("wss://"):]
default:
return nil, errMalformedURL
}
if i := strings.Index(s, "?"); i >= 0 {
u.RawQuery = s[i+1:]
s = s[:i]
}
if i := strings.Index(s, "/"); i >= 0 {
u.Opaque = s[i:]
s = s[:i]
} else {
u.Opaque = "/"
}
u.Host = s
if strings.Contains(u.Host, "@") {
// Don't bother parsing user information because user information is
// not allowed in websocket URIs.
return nil, errMalformedURL
}
return &u, nil
}
func hostPortNoPort(u *url.URL) (hostPort, hostNoPort string) {
hostPort = u.Host
hostNoPort = u.Host
if i := strings.LastIndex(u.Host, ":"); i > strings.LastIndex(u.Host, "]") {
hostNoPort = hostNoPort[:i]
} else {
switch u.Scheme {
case "wss":
hostPort += ":443"
case "https":
hostPort += ":443"
default:
hostPort += ":80"
}
}
return hostPort, hostNoPort
}
// DefaultDialer is a dialer with all fields set to the default zero values.
var DefaultDialer = &Dialer{
Proxy: http.ProxyFromEnvironment,
}
// Dial creates a new client connection. Use requestHeader to specify the
// origin (Origin), subprotocols (Sec-WebSocket-Protocol) and cookies (Cookie).
// Use the response.Header to get the selected subprotocol
// (Sec-WebSocket-Protocol) and cookies (Set-Cookie).
//
// If the WebSocket handshake fails, ErrBadHandshake is returned along with a
// non-nil *http.Response so that callers can handle redirects, authentication,
// etcetera. The response body may not contain the entire response and does not
// need to be closed by the application.
func (d *Dialer) Dial(urlStr string, requestHeader http.Header) (*Conn, *http.Response, error) {
if d == nil {
d = &Dialer{
Proxy: http.ProxyFromEnvironment,
}
}
challengeKey, err := generateChallengeKey()
if err != nil {
return nil, nil, err
}
u, err := parseURL(urlStr)
if err != nil {
return nil, nil, err
}
switch u.Scheme {
case "ws":
u.Scheme = "http"
case "wss":
u.Scheme = "https"
default:
return nil, nil, errMalformedURL
}
if u.User != nil {
// User name and password are not allowed in websocket URIs.
return nil, nil, errMalformedURL
}
req := &http.Request{
Method: "GET",
URL: u,
Proto: "HTTP/1.1",
ProtoMajor: 1,
ProtoMinor: 1,
Header: make(http.Header),
Host: u.Host,
}
// Set the cookies present in the cookie jar of the dialer
if d.Jar != nil {
for _, cookie := range d.Jar.Cookies(u) {
req.AddCookie(cookie)
}
}
// Set the request headers using the capitalization for names and values in
// RFC examples. Although the capitalization shouldn't matter, there are
// servers that depend on it. The Header.Set method is not used because the
// method canonicalizes the header names.
req.Header["Upgrade"] = []string{"websocket"}
req.Header["Connection"] = []string{"Upgrade"}
req.Header["Sec-WebSocket-Key"] = []string{challengeKey}
req.Header["Sec-WebSocket-Version"] = []string{"13"}
if len(d.Subprotocols) > 0 {
req.Header["Sec-WebSocket-Protocol"] = []string{strings.Join(d.Subprotocols, ", ")}
}
for k, vs := range requestHeader {
switch {
case k == "Host":
if len(vs) > 0 {
req.Host = vs[0]
}
case k == "Upgrade" ||
k == "Connection" ||
k == "Sec-Websocket-Key" ||
k == "Sec-Websocket-Version" ||
k == "Sec-Websocket-Extensions" ||
(k == "Sec-Websocket-Protocol" && len(d.Subprotocols) > 0):
return nil, nil, errors.New("websocket: duplicate header not allowed: " + k)
default:
req.Header[k] = vs
}
}
if d.EnableCompression {
req.Header.Set("Sec-Websocket-Extensions", "permessage-deflate; server_no_context_takeover; client_no_context_takeover")
}
hostPort, hostNoPort := hostPortNoPort(u)
var proxyURL *url.URL
// Check wether the proxy method has been configured
if d.Proxy != nil {
proxyURL, err = d.Proxy(req)
}
if err != nil {
return nil, nil, err
}
var targetHostPort string
if proxyURL != nil {
targetHostPort, _ = hostPortNoPort(proxyURL)
} else {
targetHostPort = hostPort
}
var deadline time.Time
if d.HandshakeTimeout != 0 {
deadline = time.Now().Add(d.HandshakeTimeout)
}
netDial := d.NetDial
if netDial == nil {
netDialer := &net.Dialer{Deadline: deadline}
netDial = netDialer.Dial
}
netConn, err := netDial("tcp", targetHostPort)
if err != nil {
return nil, nil, err
}
defer func() {
if netConn != nil {
netConn.Close()
}
}()
if err := netConn.SetDeadline(deadline); err != nil {
return nil, nil, err
}
if proxyURL != nil {
connectHeader := make(http.Header)
if user := proxyURL.User; user != nil {
proxyUser := user.Username()
if proxyPassword, passwordSet := user.Password(); passwordSet {
credential := base64.StdEncoding.EncodeToString([]byte(proxyUser + ":" + proxyPassword))
connectHeader.Set("Proxy-Authorization", "Basic "+credential)
}
}
connectReq := &http.Request{
Method: "CONNECT",
URL: &url.URL{Opaque: hostPort},
Host: hostPort,
Header: connectHeader,
}
connectReq.Write(netConn)
// Read response.
// Okay to use and discard buffered reader here, because
// TLS server will not speak until spoken to.
br := bufio.NewReader(netConn)
resp, err := http.ReadResponse(br, connectReq)
if err != nil {
return nil, nil, err
}
if resp.StatusCode != 200 {
f := strings.SplitN(resp.Status, " ", 2)
return nil, nil, errors.New(f[1])
}
}
if u.Scheme == "https" {
cfg := cloneTLSConfig(d.TLSClientConfig)
if cfg.ServerName == "" {
cfg.ServerName = hostNoPort
}
tlsConn := tls.Client(netConn, cfg)
netConn = tlsConn
if err := tlsConn.Handshake(); err != nil {
return nil, nil, err
}
if !cfg.InsecureSkipVerify {
if err := tlsConn.VerifyHostname(cfg.ServerName); err != nil {
return nil, nil, err
}
}
}
conn := newConn(netConn, false, d.ReadBufferSize, d.WriteBufferSize)
if err := req.Write(netConn); err != nil {
return nil, nil, err
}
resp, err := http.ReadResponse(conn.br, req)
if err != nil {
return nil, nil, err
}
if d.Jar != nil {
if rc := resp.Cookies(); len(rc) > 0 {
d.Jar.SetCookies(u, rc)
}
}
if resp.StatusCode != 101 ||
!strings.EqualFold(resp.Header.Get("Upgrade"), "websocket") ||
!strings.EqualFold(resp.Header.Get("Connection"), "upgrade") ||
resp.Header.Get("Sec-Websocket-Accept") != computeAcceptKey(challengeKey) {
// Before closing the network connection on return from this
// function, slurp up some of the response to aid application
// debugging.
buf := make([]byte, 1024)
n, _ := io.ReadFull(resp.Body, buf)
resp.Body = ioutil.NopCloser(bytes.NewReader(buf[:n]))
return nil, resp, ErrBadHandshake
}
for _, ext := range parseExtensions(req.Header) {
if ext[""] != "permessage-deflate" {
continue
}
_, snct := ext["server_no_context_takeover"]
_, cnct := ext["client_no_context_takeover"]
if !snct || !cnct {
return nil, resp, errInvalidCompression
}
conn.newCompressionWriter = compressNoContextTakeover
conn.newDecompressionReader = decompressNoContextTakeover
break
}
resp.Body = ioutil.NopCloser(bytes.NewReader([]byte{}))
conn.subprotocol = resp.Header.Get("Sec-Websocket-Protocol")
netConn.SetDeadline(time.Time{})
netConn = nil // to avoid close in defer.
return conn, resp, nil
}
// cloneTLSConfig clones all public fields except the fields
// SessionTicketsDisabled and SessionTicketKey. This avoids copying the
// sync.Mutex in the sync.Once and makes it safe to call cloneTLSConfig on a
// config in active use.
func cloneTLSConfig(cfg *tls.Config) *tls.Config {
if cfg == nil {
return &tls.Config{}
}
return &tls.Config{
Rand: cfg.Rand,
Time: cfg.Time,
Certificates: cfg.Certificates,
NameToCertificate: cfg.NameToCertificate,
GetCertificate: cfg.GetCertificate,
RootCAs: cfg.RootCAs,
NextProtos: cfg.NextProtos,
ServerName: cfg.ServerName,
ClientAuth: cfg.ClientAuth,
ClientCAs: cfg.ClientCAs,
InsecureSkipVerify: cfg.InsecureSkipVerify,
CipherSuites: cfg.CipherSuites,
PreferServerCipherSuites: cfg.PreferServerCipherSuites,
ClientSessionCache: cfg.ClientSessionCache,
MinVersion: cfg.MinVersion,
MaxVersion: cfg.MaxVersion,
CurvePreferences: cfg.CurvePreferences,
}
}