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// Copyright 2013 The Gorilla WebSocket Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
// Package websocket implements the WebSocket protocol defined in RFC 6455.
//
// Overview
//
// The Conn type represents a WebSocket connection. A server application uses
// the Upgrade function from an Upgrader object with a HTTP request handler
// to get a pointer to a Conn:
//
// var upgrader = websocket.Upgrader{
// ReadBufferSize: 1024,
// WriteBufferSize: 1024,
// }
//
// func handler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
// conn, err := upgrader.Upgrade(w, r, nil)
// if err != nil {
// log.Println(err)
// return
// }
// ... Use conn to send and receive messages.
// }
//
// Call the connection's WriteMessage and ReadMessage methods to send and
// receive messages as a slice of bytes. This snippet of code shows how to echo
// messages using these methods:
//
// for {
// messageType, p, err := conn.ReadMessage()
// if err != nil {
// return
// }
// if err = conn.WriteMessage(messageType, p); err != nil {
// return err
// }
// }
//
// In above snippet of code, p is a []byte and messageType is an int with value
// websocket.BinaryMessage or websocket.TextMessage.
//
// An application can also send and receive messages using the io.WriteCloser
// and io.Reader interfaces. To send a message, call the connection NextWriter
// method to get an io.WriteCloser, write the message to the writer and close
// the writer when done. To receive a message, call the connection NextReader
// method to get an io.Reader and read until io.EOF is returned. This snippet
// shows how to echo messages using the NextWriter and NextReader methods:
//
// for {
// messageType, r, err := conn.NextReader()
// if err != nil {
// return
// }
// w, err := conn.NextWriter(messageType)
// if err != nil {
// return err
// }
// if _, err := io.Copy(w, r); err != nil {
// return err
// }
// if err := w.Close(); err != nil {
// return err
// }
// }
//
// Data Messages
//
// The WebSocket protocol distinguishes between text and binary data messages.
// Text messages are interpreted as UTF-8 encoded text. The interpretation of
// binary messages is left to the application.
//
// This package uses the TextMessage and BinaryMessage integer constants to
// identify the two data message types. The ReadMessage and NextReader methods
// return the type of the received message. The messageType argument to the
// WriteMessage and NextWriter methods specifies the type of a sent message.
//
// It is the application's responsibility to ensure that text messages are
// valid UTF-8 encoded text.
//
// Control Messages
//
// The WebSocket protocol defines three types of control messages: close, ping
// and pong. Call the connection WriteControl, WriteMessage or NextWriter
// methods to send a control message to the peer.
//
// Connections handle received close messages by sending a close message to the
// peer and returning a *CloseError from the the NextReader, ReadMessage or the
// message Read method.
//
// Connections handle received ping and pong messages by invoking callback
// functions set with SetPingHandler and SetPongHandler methods. The callback
// functions are called from the NextReader, ReadMessage and the message Read
// methods.
//
// The default ping handler sends a pong to the peer. The application's reading
// goroutine can block for a short time while the handler writes the pong data
// to the connection.
//
// The application must read the connection to process ping, pong and close
// messages sent from the peer. If the application is not otherwise interested
// in messages from the peer, then the application should start a goroutine to
// read and discard messages from the peer. A simple example is:
//
// func readLoop(c *websocket.Conn) {
// for {
// if _, _, err := c.NextReader(); err != nil {
// c.Close()
// break
// }
// }
// }
//
// Concurrency
//
// Connections support one concurrent reader and one concurrent writer.
//
// Applications are responsible for ensuring that no more than one goroutine
// calls the write methods (NextWriter, SetWriteDeadline, WriteMessage,
// WriteJSON) concurrently and that no more than one goroutine calls the read
// methods (NextReader, SetReadDeadline, ReadMessage, ReadJSON, SetPongHandler,
// SetPingHandler) concurrently.
//
// The Close and WriteControl methods can be called concurrently with all other
// methods.
//
// Origin Considerations
//
// Web browsers allow Javascript applications to open a WebSocket connection to
// any host. It's up to the server to enforce an origin policy using the Origin
// request header sent by the browser.
//
// The Upgrader calls the function specified in the CheckOrigin field to check
// the origin. If the CheckOrigin function returns false, then the Upgrade
// method fails the WebSocket handshake with HTTP status 403.
//
// If the CheckOrigin field is nil, then the Upgrader uses a safe default: fail
// the handshake if the Origin request header is present and not equal to the
// Host request header.
//
// An application can allow connections from any origin by specifying a
// function that always returns true:
//
// var upgrader = websocket.Upgrader{
// CheckOrigin: func(r *http.Request) bool { return true },
// }
//
// The deprecated Upgrade function does not enforce an origin policy. It's the
// application's responsibility to check the Origin header before calling
// Upgrade.
//
// Compression EXPERIMENTAL
//
// Per message compression extensions (RFC 7692) are experimentally supported
// by this package in a limited capacity. Setting the EnableCompression option
// to true in Dialer or Upgrader will attempt to negotiate per message deflate
// support. If compression was successfully negotiated with the connection's
// peer, any message received in compressed form will be automatically
// decompressed. All Read methods will return uncompressed bytes.
//
// Per message compression of messages written to a connection can be enabled
// or disabled by calling the corresponding Conn method:
//
// conn.EnableWriteCompression(true)
//
// Currently this package does not support compression with "context takeover".
// This means that messages must be compressed and decompressed in isolation,
// without retaining sliding window or dictionary state across messages. For
// more details refer to RFC 7692.
//
// Use of compression is experimental and may result in decreased performance.
package websocket