Change the skeleton implementation of i18n in Git to one that can show localized strings to users for our C, Shell and Perl programs using either GNU libintl or the Solaris gettext implementation. This new internationalization support is enabled by default. If gettext isn't available, or if Git is compiled with NO_GETTEXT=YesPlease, Git falls back on its current behavior of showing interface messages in English. When using the autoconf script we'll auto-detect if the gettext libraries are installed and act appropriately. This change is somewhat large because as well as adding a C, Shell and Perl i18n interface we're adding a lot of tests for them, and for those tests to work we need a skeleton PO file to actually test translations. A minimal Icelandic translation is included for this purpose. Icelandic includes multi-byte characters which makes it easy to test various edge cases, and it's a language I happen to understand. The rest of the commit message goes into detail about various sub-parts of this commit. = Installation Gettext .mo files will be installed and looked for in the standard $(prefix)/share/locale path. GIT_TEXTDOMAINDIR can also be set to override that, but that's only intended to be used to test Git itself. = Perl Perl code that's to be localized should use the new Git::I18n module. It imports a __ function into the caller's package by default. Instead of using the high level Locale::TextDomain interface I've opted to use the low-level (equivalent to the C interface) Locale::Messages module, which Locale::TextDomain itself uses. Locale::TextDomain does a lot of redundant work we don't need, and some of it would potentially introduce bugs. It tries to set the $TEXTDOMAIN based on package of the caller, and has its own hardcoded paths where it'll search for messages. I found it easier just to completely avoid it rather than try to circumvent its behavior. In any case, this is an issue wholly internal Git::I18N. Its guts can be changed later if that's deemed necessary. See <AANLkTilYD_NyIZMyj9dHtVk-ylVBfvyxpCC7982LWnVd@mail.gmail.com> for a further elaboration on this topic. = Shell Shell code that's to be localized should use the git-sh-i18n library. It's basically just a wrapper for the system's gettext.sh. If gettext.sh isn't available we'll fall back on gettext(1) if it's available. The latter is available without the former on Solaris, which has its own non-GNU gettext implementation. We also need to emulate eval_gettext() there. If neither are present we'll use a dumb printf(1) fall-through wrapper. = About libcharset.h and langinfo.h We use libcharset to query the character set of the current locale if it's available. I.e. we'll use it instead of nl_langinfo if HAVE_LIBCHARSET_H is set. The GNU gettext manual recommends using langinfo.h's nl_langinfo(CODESET) to acquire the current character set, but on systems that have libcharset.h's locale_charset() using the latter is either saner, or the only option on those systems. GNU and Solaris have a nl_langinfo(CODESET), FreeBSD can use either, but MinGW and some others need to use libcharset.h's locale_charset() instead. =Credits This patch is based on work by Jeff Epler <email@example.com> who did the initial Makefile / C work, and a lot of comments from the Git mailing list, including Jonathan Nieder, Jakub Narebski, Johannes Sixt, Erik Faye-Lund, Peter Krefting, Junio C Hamano, Thomas Rast and others. [jc: squashed a small Makefile fix from Ramsay] Signed-off-by: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <firstname.lastname@example.org> Signed-off-by: Ramsay Jones <email@example.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <firstname.lastname@example.org>
The "x"-prefixed versions of strdup, malloc, etc. will check whether the allocation was successful and terminate the process otherwise. A few uses of malloc were left alone since they already implemented a graceful path of failure or were in a quasi external library like xdiff. Additionally, the call to malloc in compat/win32/syslog.c was not modified since the syslog() implemented there is a die handler and a call to the x-wrappers within a die handler could result in recursion should memory allocation fail. This will have to be addressed separately. Signed-off-by: Brandon Casey <email@example.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <firstname.lastname@example.org>
As the documentation says, this is primarily for debugging, and in the longer term we should rename it to test-show-index or something. In the meantime, just avoid xmalloc (which slurps in the rest of git), and separating out the trivial hex functions into "hex.o". This results in [torvalds@nehalem git]$ size git-show-index text data bss dec hex filename 222818 2276 112688 337782 52776 git-show-index (before) 5696 624 1264 7584 1da0 git-show-index (after) which is a whole lot better. Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <email@example.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <firstname.lastname@example.org>
When printing valuds of type uint32_t, we should use PRIu32, and should not assume that it is unsigned int. On 32-bit platforms, it could be defined as unsigned long. The same caution applies to ntohl(). Signed-off-by: Ramsay Jones <email@example.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Elsewhere in Git we already use PRIuMAX and cast to uintmax_t when we need to display a value that is 'very big' and we're not exactly sure what the largest display size is for this platform. This particular fix is needed so we can do the incredibly crazy temporary hack of: diff --git a/cache.h b/cache.h index e0abcd6..6637fd8 100644 --- a/cache.h +++ b/cache.h @@ -6,6 +6,7 @@ #include SHA1_HEADER #include <zlib.h> +#define long long long #if ZLIB_VERNUM < 0x1200 #define deflateBound(c,s) ((s) + (((s) + 7) >> 3) + (((s) + 63) >> 6) + 11) allowing us to more easily look for locations where we are passing a pointer to an 8 byte value to a function that expects a 4 byte value. This can occur on some platforms where sizeof(long) == 8 and sizeof(size_t) == 4. Signed-off-by: Shawn O. Pearce <email@example.com>
This was invaluable for debugging the zero-sized compression issue, and might be useful for scripting too, if people want to see the contents of a pack.