Switch branches/tags
Nothing to show
Find file History
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Failed to load latest commit information.



HTTP4D provides an easy entry point for providing embedded HTTP support into any D application. The library provides endpoints for the following

Supported Protocols:

  • HTTP (internal implementation)
  • AJP (internal implementation but incomplete)
  • Mongrel2 (Requires 0MQ)

It provides a very simple interface using request/response style making it very easy to dispatch, route and handle a variety of web requests.


import std.stdio;
import protocol.http;

int main( string[] args )
    httpServe( "", 8888,
                (req) => req.getResponse().
                            status( 200 ).
                            header( "Content-Type", "text/html" ).
                            content( "<html><head></head><body>Processed ok</body></html>" ) );
    return 0;

See the 'examples' folder for more.

In general no attempt is made to ensure compliance to the HTTP protocol as part of the response as that is deemed the responsibility of the developer using the library. That is, this library does not aim to be an HTTP/1.1 RFC 2616 compliant server, but rather an embeddable library that can expose an endpoint that may be interacted with via an HTTP client (such as a browser or programmatically eg. cURL).

This provides maximum flexibility to the developer, rather than implementing full server constraints. It is expected that an application would NOT expose itself to the internet, but access would be moderated via a process with better security credentials, such as Apache, Nginx, or Mongrel2. The exception to this rule is with respect to the "Connection" header, as that is used to determine the "keep-alive" nature of the underlying socket connection - ie. set the "Connection" header to "close" and the library will close the socket after transmitting the response.

That being said, by exposing an HTTP interface directly, systems may proxy requests through to a D application using this library incredibly easily. It also allows a system architecture to be built using multiple independent processes communicating via HTTP.

As it stands the library is able to process >23k requests per second using localhost on my 8GB quad core development machine without any additional tuning.


The build system I use is a modified (modified with D support) version of Premake and has been developed solely using this system.

The only external dependency required is Zeromq as this forms the basis of both the Mongrel2 support, and the core polling agent for ordinary sockets. (And no, it doesn't use std.socket.select())

For convenience, the Deimos Zeromq files are provided in the 'src/deimos' folder, but it is possible they will suffer bitrot.

Using Premake, the following should be all that's required:

$ premake4 gmake
$ make

and you will have an example 'http4d' and 'lsp' commands to execute.

To use in your own application, simply include the single interface file from the src/protocol/ directory, and link in the 0MQ library. As the code uses the Deimos 0MQ wrapper, youi will need to provide access to this code, but as stated above, this is supplied as a convenience.

If you do not wish to use Premake, the following commands are the underlying build mechanics:


$ dmd -g -w  -debug -Dddoc  -Isrc -Isrc/deimos   -L-lzmq -odobj/debug/http4d -ofhttp4d main.d src/protocol/ajp.d src/protocol/http.d src/protocol/mongrel2.d src/protocol/httpapi.d


License: Boost License 1.0

Authors: Andrew Gough

Source: github.com