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Simple join support in Mongoose

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mongoose-joins - Plugin support for basic joins in Mongoose

Overview

Mongoose-Joins is an extension for Mongoose that provides basic join support for the Mongoose ORM that can be extended with different join styles and provides some utilities, plugins and patches that allow joins to be manipulated / followed.

Terminology

  • join : a mapping between two parties - a source party and a target party
  • party : a model that has been installed in a Mongoose instance
  • source party : the party on which the join is installed
  • target party : the party which is the type of model(s) returned when following the join
  • join binding : a lightweight object that represents the join for a given source party instance

Extension contents

The extension provides the following join types:

  • DBRefJoin : a join where one party holds a DBRef to another party
  • FkJoin : a join where one party holds a foreign key of another party
  • MappedJoin : a join where one party holds field values that can be mapped to those in another party
  • QueryJoin : a join where the mapping between parties is defined by a query generated from a function

The extension provides the following monkey-patches:

  • schema.join : used to define a join on a Schema instance (representing the source party)

Installation

npm install mongoose-joins

Setup

To install all of the types, plugins, patches and utilities provided by the extension into a Mongoose instance:

var mongoose = require("mongoose");

// Create a connection to your database
var db = mongoose.createConnection("mongodb://localhost/sampledb");

// Access the mongoose-joins module and install everything
var joins = require("mongoose-joins");
var utils = joins.utils

// Install the types, plugins and monkey patches
var loaded = joins.install(mongoose);

The loaded value returned contains 2 properties:

  • loaded.types : the join types that were loaded
  • loaded.plugins : the extension plugins that were loaded

If you want to control what is installed, you can either install types/plugins/patches separately (see below) or pass in a second argument to the install function.

If this second argument is a Function then it will be used as a filter when installing the types, plugins and patches. If it is an Object then the types property (either a filter Function or list of type names) is used when loading the types, the plugins property (either a filter Function or list of plugin names) is used when installing the plugins and the patches property (either a filter Function or list of patch names) is used when installing the patches.

Loading Types Only

To just install the types provided by the extension:

var mongoose = require("mongoose");

// Create a connection to your database
var db = mongoose.createConnection("mongodb://localhost/sampledb");

// Access the mongoose-joins module
var joins = require("mongoose-joins");
var utils = joins.utils

// Install the plugins
var loaded = joins.loadTypes(mongoose);

The loaded value returned contains the types that were loaded, keyed by the name of each type loaded.

If you just want to load a specific list of types, or want to filter the types loaded then use one of the following signatures with the loadTypes() function:

  • loadTypes(mongoose, 'dbrefJoin') : just loads the dbrefJoin type
  • loadTypes(mongoose, function(type) { return type.slice(1,2) === 'db'; }) : loads types starting with db

Installing Plugins Only

To just install the plugins provided by the extension:

var mongoose = require("mongoose");

// Create a connection to your database
var db = mongoose.createConnection("mongodb://localhost/sampledb");

// Access the mongoose-joins module
var joins = require("mongoose-joins");
var utils = joins.utils

// Install the plugins
var loaded = joins.installPlugins(mongoose);

The loaded value returned contains the plugins that were loaded, keyed by the name of each plugin loaded.

If you just want to install a specific list of plugins, or want to filter the plugins loaded then use one of the following signatures with the installPlugins() function:

  • installPlugins(mongoose, 'validateJoins') : just install the validateJoins plugin
  • installPlugins(mongoose, function(plugin) { return plugin.slice(1,2) === 'db'; }) : installs plugins starting with db

Installing Patches Only

To just install the patches provided by the extension (all patches, named named patches or filtered patches):

var mongoose = require("mongoose");

// Create a connection to your database
var db = mongoose.createConnection("mongodb://localhost/sampledb");

// Access the mongoose-joins module and the utilities
var joins = require("mongoose-joins");
var utils = joins.utils;

// Install the monkey patches
joins.installPatches(mongoose);

If you just want to install a specific list of patches, or want to filter the patches loaded then use one of the following signatures with the installPatches() function:

  • installPatches(mongoose, 'schema') : just install the schema patch
  • installPatches(mongoose, function(patch) { return patch.slice(1,2) === 'db'; }) : installs patch starting with db

How Joins are Modelled

Each join is defined as an instance of a concrete JoinType subclass, where the concrete subclass provides behaviour for following the join and (optionall) manipulating the parties at either end of the relationship. All joins have the following properties.

  • path : the virtual path that the join is installed on within the source party
  • options : a map of option values set when the join was created
  • resultSet : a Boolean which indicates whether the result of the join is 1 (false) or many (true)
  • nullOk : a Boolean which indicates whether he result of the join can be null or empty
  • targetSchema : the name of the Schema representing the target party
  • mappedBy : the mapping definition (specific to the concrete JoinType subclass)

When a join is installed on a Schema (this is what the schema.join monkey patch does) then a virtual is created on the Schema under the associated path that will yeild a join binding for an instance of the model created from the Schema.

All join bindings supply the following functions:

  • follow - follows the join for the model instance and invokes the callback supplied with (err, result)

The behavour that is executed for these functions is dependent upon the concrete JoinType subclass and the options (including target and mapping) supplied when creating the join for the Schema.

Using the join types

Join Type: DBRefJoin

The DBRefJoin join type can be used where the relationship between the two parties is controlled through a DBRef on one of the parties.

Join Type: FkJoin

The FkJoin join type can be used where the relationship between the two parties is controlled through a foreign key on one of the parties.

Join Type: MappedJoin

The MappedJoin join type can be used where the relationship between the two parties is controlled a field mapping for the two parties.

Join Type: QueryJoin

The QueryJoin join type can be used where the relationship between the two parties is controlled through a query that can be executed against the target party using properties of the source party instance.

Using the patches

Once you have installed the patches, or installed the whole extension, you can begin to use them.

Patch: schema.join

This join monkey patch to the Schema class can be used to define and install a join on the Schema representing the source party of the join.

Contributors

License

MIT License

Acknowledgements

  • Brian Noguchi for the 'mongoose-types' extension that was used as a template for this extension

Author

Stuart Hudson

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