Collection of m4 macros for use throughout the gphoto project.
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README.md

gphoto-m4

gphoto-m4 is the gPhoto projects' collection of m4 macros for use with the autoconf/automake based build systems.

It has been designed to be used in

  • gphoto2
  • libgphoto2
  • libgphoto2_port (located in libgphoto2/)
  • gtkam

Some macros are re-used ones from libexif.

Since the gPhoto project moved from SVN to git, we have not figured out yet how to properly include the gphoto-m4 files into the respective software's gphoto-m4/ subdirectory (either git subtree or git submodule come to mind).

So for the time being, we manually update and synchronize the files.

Use of gphoto-m4 after the switch to git from SVN

Since the gPhoto project moved from SVN to git, we have not figured out yet how to properly include the gphoto-m4 files into the respective software's gphoto-m4/ subdirectory. The options are:

  1. Manually update (and hopefully synchronize) the files.

    Advantages:

    • No special commands needed for users or developers.

    Disadvantages:

    • The manual work for the maintainers is exhausting and error prone.
  2. Use git submodule.

    Advantages:

    • Defined mechanism for syncing and updating the gphoto-m4/* files.

    Disadvantages:

    • Requires special git commands from everybody (users, developers, and maintainers) all the time (e.g. git clone --recursive instead of git clone).

      This is the showstopper for git submodule.

  3. Use git subtree.

    Advantages:

    • Defined mechanism for syncing and updating the gphoto-m4/* files.

    • Requires no special git commands from users or developers.

    • Not even people actually messing with the files in gphoto-m4/* strictly need special commands.

      Only the maintainers who do the syncing and updating of the gphoto-m4/* files need the special commands.

    Disadvantages:

    • Requires special knowledge of special commands instead of just copying files around. The concept is less complex than copying files round, but it does require special commands.

    • No rebasing possible across pulls to gphoto-m4/. Not really necessary anyway, though.

    • Pushes of changes to from, say, gphoto2/gphoto-m4 to upstream gphoto-m4 create a lot of commit history noise in the gphoto-m4 repository by including the complete history of the gphoto2 repository.

      Note this cannot be avoided by using git subtree split: That is executed internally by git subtree push.

      So it appears that using git subtree push will push all projects' commit history into the gphoto-m4 repo.

      That is if not a showstopper, then at least very ugly.

For the time being, we manually update and synchronize the files.

Manually syncing and updating files

This section has not been written yet.

Using git submodule

This section has not been written yet.

Using git subtree

Using gphoto-m4 as git subtree

This section describes how to use gphoto-m4 when it has been set up as a git subtree (e.g. in gphoto2 and libgphoto2).

Add a remote for gphoto-m4:

git remote add origin-gphoto-m4 git@github.com:gphoto/gphoto-m4.git

Pull changes to origin-gphoto-m4 into local gphoto-m4:

git subtree pull --prefix gphoto-m4 origin-gphoto-m4 master --squash

Now we can push local changes to 'gphoto-m4/*' back to origin-gphoto-m4 as follows:

git subtree push --prefix gphoto-m4 origin-gphoto-m4 master

FIXME: Add more typical uses cases.

Setting up gphoto-m4 as git subtree

This section describes how we initially set up gphoto-m4 as a git subtree for gphoto2. This is only required once by one person, then never needs to be done by anybody else ever again.

git subtree add --prefix gphoto-m4 origin-gphoto-m4 master --squash