No description, website, or topics provided.
Switch branches/tags
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.
bespon
.gitattributes
.gitignore
CHANGELOG.md
LICENSE.txt
MANIFEST.in
README.rst
setup.cfg
setup.py

README.rst

bespon package for Python

The bespon package for Python encodes and decodes data in the BespON format.

Basic usage

Data is loaded in a manner analogous to Python's json module:

  • bespon.load(<file-like object>)
  • bespon.loads(<string or bytes>)

Similarly, dumping data to a file or string:

  • bespon.dump(<obj>, <file-like object>)
  • bespon.dumps(<obj>)

Only dicts, lists, Unicode strings, byte strings, floats, ints, bools, and None are supported for dumping by default. See the extended_types and python_types keywords for optional support of additional types.

Lossless round-trip support

There is also support for lossless round-tripping. Data can be loaded, modified, and then saved with minimal impact on the data file layout.

Data can be loaded from a file or string into an instance of the RoundtripAst class.

  • bespon.load_roundtrip_ast(<file-like object>)
  • bespon.loads_roundtrip_ast(<string or bytes>)

This class has two methods that allow data to be modified.

  • replace_val(<path>, <obj>) This replaces the object currently located at <path> within the data with <obj>. <path> must be a list or tuple consisting of dict keys and list indices. <obj> must have the same type as the object it is replacing. There is experimental support for replacing dicts and lists; all other types are fully supported.
  • replace_key(<path>, <obj>) This replaces the dict key at the end of <path> with the new key <obj> (which will map to the same value as the replaced key). <obj> must be a Unicode string, int, or bool, and must have the same type as the object it is replacing.

Experimental support for changing data types may be enabled by loading data with the option enforce_types=False.

There is also preliminary support for __getitem__-style access (ast['key'], etc.). Data accessed in this manner has the following attributes.

  • key: Key of the current location, if in a dict. Allows assignment, as long as the new object is of the same type as the old object, and the type is supported. For example, ast['key'].key = 'new_key' will rename the key.
  • key_doc_comment: Doc comment of key, if in a dict. None if there is no doc comment. Currently only supports assignment for existing doc comments.
  • key_trailing_comment: Trailing line comment (#comment) that immediately follows a key on the same line.
  • value: Value of the current location. Can be assigned, as long as the new object is of the same type as the old object, and the type is supported.
  • value_doc_comment: Doc comment of the value at the current location. None if there is no doc comment. Currently only supports assignment for existing doc comments.
  • value_trailing_comment: Trailing line comment (#comment) that immediately follows a non-collection type on the same line.
  • value_start_trailing_comment: Trailing line comment that immediately follows the start of a collection in inline-style syntax ("{" or "[").
  • value_end_trailing_comment: Trailing line comment that immediately follows the end of a collection in inline-style syntax ("}" or "]").

After data in a RoundtripAst instance has been modified, it may be encoded back into a string with the dumps() method. An example is shown below.

>>> ast = bespon.loads_roundtrip_ast("""
key.subkey.first = 123   # Comment
key.subkey.second = 0b1101
key.subkey.third = `literal \string`
""")
>>> ast.replace_key(['key', 'subkey'], 'sk')
>>> ast.replace_val(['key', 'sk', 'second'], 7)
>>> ast.replace_val(['key', 'sk', 'third'], '\\another \\literal')
>>> ast.replace_key(['key', 'sk', 'third'], 'fourth')
>>> print(ast.dumps())

key.sk.first = 123   # Comment
key.sk.second = 0b111
key.sk.fourth = `\another \literal`

Here is the same example using the preliminary __getitem__-style syntax.

>>> ast = bespon.loads_roundtrip_ast("""
key.subkey.first = 123   # Comment
key.subkey.second = 0b1101
key.subkey.third = `literal \string`
""")
>>> ast['key']['subkey'].key = 'sk'
>>> ast['key']['sk']['second'].value = 7
>>> ast['key']['sk']['third'].value = '\\another \\literal'
>>> ast['key']['sk']['third'].key = 'fourth'
>>> print(ast.dumps())

key.sk.first = 123   # Comment
key.sk.second = 0b111
key.sk.fourth = `\another \literal`

This example illustrates several of BespON's round-trip capabilities.

  • Comments and layout are preserved exactly.
  • Key renaming works with key paths. Every time a key appears in key paths, it is renamed.
  • When a number is modified, the new value is expressed in the same base as the old value.
  • When a quoted string is modified, the new value is quoted in the same style as the old value (at least to the extent that this is practical).
  • As soon as a key is modified, the new key must be used for further modifications. The old key is invalid.

Advanced loading and dumping

The loading and dumping functions support several keyword arguments to customize data handling.

Loading

  • aliases (boolean, default True): Allow aliases.
  • circular_references (boolean, default False): Allow aliases to create circular references.
  • custom_parsers (dict, default None): Replace the default parser for a specified type with a custom parser. For example, using custom_parsers={'int': float} would cause all integers to be parsed with the float() function.
  • custom_types (bespon.LoadType instance, or list or tuple of bespon.LoadType): Enable preliminary support for custom types. bespon.LoadType takes up to five named arguments (for examples, see the definitions of built-in types at the end of load_types.py):
    • name (string): Type name.
    • compatible_implicit_types (string, or set or list or tuple of strings): Names of built-in implicit types with which the type being defined is compatible. Implicit types include none, bool, int, float, str, complex, rational, dict, and list.
    • parser (function): Function that converts a string (for scalar types) or dict or list (collection types) into an instance of the type being defined.
    • ascii_bytes (boolean, default False): For types based on strings. Determines whether the raw string is encoded into binary as an ASCII byte string before being passed to the parser function. If this is done, only bytes-compatible backslash escapes are allowed in the string.
    • mutable (boolean, default False): For collection types. Specifies whether instances are mutable after being created. Mutable collections have greater flexibility in terms of circular references.
  • extended_types (boolean, default False): Enable preliminary support for set and odict tagged collections (for example, (set)> [1, 2, 3]). Enable preliminary support for complex number literals and rational number literals. Complex numbers currently use the general form 1.0+2.0i, where the real part is optional, the imaginary unit is represented with i, and numbers must be floats (either in decimal or hex form). Rational numbers use the form 1/2, where the numerator and denominator must both be decimal integers, and any sign must come before the fraction.
  • float_overflow_to_inf (boolean, default False): Whether non-inf floats are permitted to overflow into inf without raising an error.
  • integers (boolean, default True): Whether integers are permitted. Otherwise they are interpreted as floats.
  • max_nesting_depth (int, default 100): Maximum permitted nesting depth for collections. When circular_references=True, this is the maximum permitted depth before a circular reference is encountered.
  • only_ascii_source (boolean, default False): Whether non-ASCII code points are allowed to appear literally in the source (without being represented via backslash-escapes).
  • only_ascii_unquoted (boolean, default True): Whether non-ASCII identifier-style strings are allowed unquoted.
  • python_types (boolean, default False): Enable preliminary support for Python-specific data types. Currently this only supports tuple.

Dumping

  • aliases (boolean, default True): Allow aliases so that a collection may appear multiple times within data.
  • baseclass (boolean, default False): Encode unknown data types as their baseclasses if supported. For example, collections.OrderedDict would be encoded as a dict, and a custom integer class would be encoded as int.
  • circular_references (boolean, default False): Allow aliases to create circular references.
  • compact_inline (boolean, default False): In inline syntax, put everything on one line to make it as compact as possible.
  • extended_types (boolean, default False): Enable preliminary support for set and odict tagged collections (for example, (set)> [1, 2, 3]). Enable preliminary support for complex number literals and rational number literals. Complex numbers currently use the general form 1.0+2.0i, where the real part is optional, the imaginary unit is represented with i, and numbers must be floats (either in decimal or hex form). Rational numbers use the form 1/2, where the numerator and denominator must both be decimal integers, and any sign must come before the fraction.
  • flush_start_list_item (string, default *<space>): How a list item starts in indentation-style syntax when it is at the top level, within another list, or otherwise in a context when the * must be aligned flush with a designated margin. Must start with a single * followed by zero or more spaces or tabs.
  • hex_floats (boolean, default False): Whether floats are dumped in hex form.
  • inline_depth (boolean, default max_nesting_depth+1): Nesting depth at which to switch from indentation-style to inline-style syntax. A value of 0 will make everything inline, 1 will make the top-level collection indentation-style but everything inside it inline-style, and so forth.
  • integers (boolean, default True): Whether integers are permitted. Otherwise they are interpreted as floats.
  • max_nesting_depth (int, default 100): Maximum permitted nesting depth of collections. When circular_references=True, this is the maximum permitted depth before a circular reference is encountered.
  • nesting_indent (string, default <space><space><space><space>): Indentation added for each nesting level.
  • only_ascii_source (boolean, default False): Whether non-ASCII code points are allowed to appear literally in the source (without being represented via backslash-escapes).
  • only_ascii_unquoted (boolean, default True): Whether non-ASCII identifier-style strings are allowed unquoted.
  • python_types (boolean, default False): Enable preliminary support for Python-specific data types. Currently this only supports tuple.
  • trailing_commas (boolean, default False): In inline syntax, leave a comma after the last item in a collection. This can minimize diffs.
  • start_list_item (string, default <space><space>*<space>): How a list item starts in indentation-style syntax. This must begin with one or more spaces or tabs and contain a single *. The leading spaces or tabs define the relative indentation from the previous indentation level.

Spec conformance

The bespon package passes the BespON test suite.